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The First Spouse of the Philippines is the unofficial title of the hostess/host of the Malacañang Palace, the nation's residence of its head of state. Because this position is traditionally filled by the wife or husband of the President of the Philippines, the title is sometimes taken to apply only to the spouse of a sitting president.


Role of the First Spouse

The first spouse is not an elected position, carries no official duties, and brings no salary. Nonetheless, she atcipates in humanitarian and charitable work. Furthermore, many have taken an active role in campaigning for the president with whom they are associated. Imelda Marcos was given a formal job as Governor of Metro Manila and as Minister of [orld of Philippine politics by winning a seat in the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978, and also in 2001, Luisa Estrada became the first former First Lady to win a seat in the Senate.

The wife or husband of the Vice President of the Philippines is sometimes referred to as the Second Spouse of the Philippines, however this title is less common than First Lady.

The husband of a female president is known as the "First Gentleman".

The First Spouses of the Philippines

# First Lady/Gentleman Relation to President Government Start End
1 Hilaria del Rosario-Aguinaldo first wife of Emilio Aguinaldo
(officially recognized as the first President)
First Philippine Republic (1899) January 23, 1899 April 1, 1901
2 Mrs quezon1.jpg Aurora Aragon-Quezon wife of Manuel L. Quezon Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935) November 15, 1935 August 1, 1944
3 Pacencia Hidalgo-Laurel wife of José P. Laurel Second Philippine Republic (1943) October 14, 1943 August 14, 1945
4 Esperanza Limjap-Osmeña wife of Sergio Osmeña Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935) August 1, 1944 May 28, 1946
5 Trinidad de León-Roxas wife of Manuel Roxas Third Philippine Republic (1946) May 28, 1946 April 15, 1948
6 Victoria Quirino-Delgado daughter of widower Elpidio Quirino Third Philippine Republic (1946) April 17, 1948 December 30, 1953
7 Luz Banzon-Magsaysay wife of Ramon Magsaysay Third Philippine Republic (1946) December 30, 1953 March 17, 1957
8 Leonila Dimataga-Garcia wife of Carlos P. Garcia Third Philippine Republic (1946) March 23, 1957 December 30, 1961
9 Evangelina Macaraeg-Macapagal wife of Diosdado Macapagal Third Philippine Republic (1946) December 30, 1961 December 30, 1965
10 Irm.jpg Imelda Romualdez-Marcos wife of Ferdinand E. Marcos Third Philippine Republic (1946)
Philippines under Martial Law (1972)
Fourth Philippine Republic (1981)
December 30, 1965 February 25, 1986
11 Maria Elena Aquino-Cruz daughter of widow Corazon Aquino Fifth Philippine Republic (1986)
12 Amelita Martinez-Ramos wife of Fidel V. Ramos Fifth Philippine Republic (1986) June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998
13 Luisa Pimentel-Estrada wife of Joseph Ejercito Estrada Fifth Philippine Republic (1986) June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001
14 Fgmikearroyo.jpg Jose Miguel Tuason Arroyo husband of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Fifth Philippine Republic (1986) January 20, 2001 incumbent


  • Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. was assassinated in 1983 before his wife Corazon Aquino served as the first president of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines from 1986-1992. However, Ballsy Aquino-Cruz serves as proxy to Mrs. Aquino in few social functions and accompany the President in state visits. The title of first lady was never used during Mrs. Aquino's term.

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