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Five Wisdom Kings. Front left is a protective deity: the Heavenly King Zōchō, and back left another one: Heavenly King Kōmoku.

In Vajrayana Buddhism, the Five Wisdom Kings (五大明王; Godai Myo-o, Wǔ Dà Míngwáng), also known as the Five Guardian Kings are a group of Wisdom Kings who represent the luminescent wisdom of the Buddha and protect the Five Wisdom Buddhas. The Five Kings are usually defined as:

    • Acala (不動明王, Fudo Myo-o, Bùdòng Míngwáng)
    • Trilokavijaya (降三世明王, Gozanze Myo-o, Jiàngsānshì Míngwáng)
    • Kundali (軍荼利明王, Gundali Myo-o, Jūntúlì Míngwáng)
    • Yamantaka (大威德明王, Daiitoku Myo-o, Dàwēidé Míngwáng)
    • Vajrayaksa (金剛夜叉明王, Kongo-Yasha, Jīngāng Yèchā Míngwáng)

The Five Wisdom Kings inhabit the Womb Realm. They are organized according to the directions of the compass:

Vajrayaksa

(north)

Yamantaka

(west)

Acala

(principal deity/ meditator)

Trilokavijaya

(east)

Kundali

(south)


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