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Flag ratio: 2:3
The national Flag of Cape Verde was
adopted on September 22, 1992, replacing the flag adopted during
Cape Verdean independence, fought for with Guinea-Bissau, another former Portuguese
colony on mainland West Africa.
The 10 stars on the flag represent the main islands of the
nation (a chain of islands off the coast of West Africa). The blue represents the ocean and the
sky. The band of white and red represents the road toward the
construction of the nation, and the colours stand for peace (white)
and effort (red). The yellow colour, circular formation of the
stars, and dark blue field show similarity to the flag of the
European Union. The stripes are in 6:1:1:1:3 ratio, and the
circle of stars is centred 3/8 along the fly.
The Constitution of the Republic does
not specify what the official proportions for the height and the
width of the flag are. The dimensions of the parts that make up the
flag are given proportionally to the dimensions of the sides,
without specifying those dimensions. However, the proportion most
widely used is 2:3, which
is the same proportion that was used in the flag prior to 1992.
Consequently, the proportion of 2:3 is the de facto (but not de jure) proportion.
The Constitution does not specify which are the official shades
of the flag's colours. However, the most widely used colour shades
are the primary colours of the RYB color model:
||0, 0, 255
||100%, 100%, 0%, 0%
||240, 100, 100%
||255, 255, 255
||0%, 0%, 0%, 0%
||0, 0, 100%
||255, 0, 0
||0%, 100%, 100%, 0%
||0, 100, 100%
||255, 255, 0
||0%, 0%, 100%, 0%
||60, 100, 100%
Consequently, these colour shades are the de facto (but
not de jure) colour shades.
The original flag was introduced on independence in 1975, with
the common African colours of red, green and yellow; it is
identical to the flag of Guinea-Bissau except for
the charge in the hoist-side stripe. Both flags are based on the PAIGC flag, and
their similarity evoke the plans to unite both countries, which
however were abandoned short after independence.