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Flaviviridae: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flaviviridae
Virus classification
Group: Group IV ((+)ssRNA)
Family: Flaviviridae
Genera

Flavivirus
Pestivirus
Hepacivirus

The Flaviviridae are a family of viruses that are primarily spread through arthropod vectors (mainly ticks and mosquitoes). The family gets its name from Yellow Fever virus, a type virus of Flaviviridae; flavus means yellow in Latin. (Yellow fever in turn was named because of its propensity to cause jaundice in victims.) [1].

They include the following genera:

Flaviviridae have monopartite, linear, single-stranded RNA genomes of positive polarity, 9.6- to 12.3-kilobase in length. The 5'-termini of flaviviruses carry a methylated nucleotide cap, while other members of this family are uncapped and encode an internal ribosome entry site. Virus particles are enveloped and spherical, about 40-60 nm in diameter.

Major diseases caused by the Flaviviridae family include:

References

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Regnum: Virus
Phylum: not divided
Classis: not divided
Ordo: Unassigned
Familia: Flaviviridae
Genera: Flavivirus - Hepacivirus - Pestivirus

Name

Flaviviridae

References

  • Gould, E.A., de Lamballerie, X. de, Zanotto, P.M. & Holmes, E.C. 2001: Evolution, epidemiology and dispersal of flaviviruses revealed by molecular phylogenies. Adv. Virus Res., 57: 71-103.
  • Kuno, G., Chang, G.-J.J., Tsuchiya, K.R., Karabatsos, N. & Cropp, C.B. 1998: Phylogeny of the genus Flavivirus. J. Virol., 72: 73-83.
  • Meyers, G. & Thiel, H.-J. 1996: Molecular characterization of pestiviruses. Adv. Virus Res., 47: 53-118.
  • Index of Viruses - Flaviviridae (2009). In: ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), Columbia University, New York, USA. [1]

Vernacular names

English: Flavivirus group

Simple English

Flaviviridae
Virus classification
Group: Group IV ((+)ssRNA)
Family: Flaviviridae
Genera

Flavivirus
Pestivirus
Hepacivirus

The Flaviviridae are a family of viruses that are primarily spread through arthropod vectors (mainly ticks and mosquitoes). The family gets its name from Yellow Fever virus, a type virus of Flaviviridae; flavus means "yellow" in Latin.

They include the following genera:


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