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Fleming's right hand rule

Fleming's right hand rule (for generators) shows the direction of induced current flow when a conductor moves in a magnetic field.

The right hand is held with the thumb, first finger and second finger mutually perpendicular to each other {at right angles}, as shown in the diagram .

  • The Thumb represents the direction of Motion of the conductor.
  • The First finger represents the direction of the Field. (north to south)
  • The Second finger represents the direction of the induced or generated Current (current flows, from negative to positive).
  • One particular way of remembering the rule is the "FBI" acronym for Force(or otherwise motion), B as the magnetic field sign and I as the current. The subsequent letters correspond to subsequent fingers, counting from the top. Thumb -> F; First finger -> B; Second finger -> I
  • Another mnemonic for this rule is "Middlesbrough Football Club - starting from the thumb and taking the initial letters gives "MFC", as described above.

There is also a Fleming's left hand rule (for electric motors). The appropriately-handed rule can be recalled from the letter "g", which is in "right" and "generator".

These mnemonics are named after British engineer John Ambrose Fleming, who invented them.

Symmetry

Vector Left-Motor or Right-Generator Left-Motor or Right-Generator Left-Motor or Right-Generator Right-Motor or Left-Generator Right-Motor or Left-Generator Right-Motor or Left-Generator
B or Field Index Thumb Fingers or Palm First or Index Thumb Fingers or Palm
E.M.F. Enduced Voltage (+ to - flow) Fingers or Palm First or Index Thumb Thumb Fingers or Palm First or Index
Force, Motion, or Thrust Thumb Fingers or Palm First or Index Fingers or Palm First or Index Thumb

See also

External links

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