Flensburg: Wikis

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Flensburg
Flensburg Harbour
Flensburg Harbour
Coat of arms of Flensburg
Flensburg is located in Germany
Flensburg
Coordinates 54°46′55″N 09°26′12″E / 54.78194°N 9.43667°E / 54.78194; 9.43667
Administration
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Urban district
Town subdivisions 16 Stadtbezirke
Lord Mayor Klaus Tscheuschner (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 56.38 km2 (21.77 sq mi)
Elevation 199,999 m  (656197 ft)
Population 87,065  (1 April 2006)
 - Density 1,544 /km2 (4,000 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate FL
Postal codes 24901–24944
Area code 0461
Website www.flensburg.de

Flensburg (Danish: Flensborg, Low Saxon: Flensborg, North Frisian: Flansborj, South Jutlandic: Flensborre) is an independent town in the North of the German state Schleswig-Holstein. Flensburg is the centre of the region Southern Schleswig. After Kiel and Lübeck it is the third largest town in Schleswig-Holstein.

In May 1945 Flensburg was the residence of the last government of Nazi Germany, the so-called Flensburg government led by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz, which was in power from 1 May (Hitler's death) until its dissolution on 23 May.

The nearest larger towns are Kiel (86 km south) and Odense in Denmark (92 km northeast). Flensburg's city centre lies about 7 km from the Danish border.

In Germany, Flensburg is known for

Contents

Geography

Harbour of Flensburg, western shore, with the church "Sankt Marien" (Saint Mary)

Flensburg is situated in the north of the German state Schleswig-Holstein, on the German-Danish border. After Westerland on Sylt it is Germany's northernmost town. Flensburg lies at the innermost tip of the Flensburg Fjord, an inlet of the Baltic Sea. Flensburg's eastern shore is part of the Angeln peninsula.

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Neighbouring municipalities

Clockwise from the northeast, beginning at the German side of the Flensburg Fjord, the following communities in Schleswig-Flensburg district and Denmark's Region Syddanmark all border on Flensburg:

Glücksburg (Amt-free town), Wees (Amt Langballig), Maasbüll, Hürup, Tastrup and Freienwill (all in Amt Hürup), Jarplund-Weding, Handewitt (Amt Handewitt), Harrislee (Amt-free community) and Aabenraa Municipality on the Danish side of the Flensburg Fjord.

Constituent communities

The town of Flensburg is divided into 13 communities, which themselves are further divided into 38 statistical areas. Constituent communities have a two-digit number and the statistical areas a three-digit number.

The communities with their statistical areas:

  • 01 Altstadt (Old Town) Lies somewhat down towards the sea rather than right downtown.
    • 011 St. Nikolai
    • 012 St. Marien
    • 013 Nordertor
  • 02 Neustadt (New Town)
    • 021 Duburg
    • 022 Nord
  • 03 Nordstadt
    • 031 Kreuz
    • 032 Galwik
    • 033 Klues
  • 04 Westliche Höhe
    • 041 Stadtpark
    • 042 Marienhölzung
    • 043 St. Gertrud
    • 044 Friedhof
  • 05 Friesischer Berg
    • 051 Exe
    • 052 Museumsberg
    • 053 Friedenshügel
  • 06 Weiche
    • 061 Sophienhof
    • 062 Schäferhaus
  • 07 Südstadt
    • 071 Martinsberg
    • 072 Rude
    • 073 Peelwatt
  • 08 Sandberg
    • 081 Achter de Möhl
    • 082 Adelbylund
    • 083 Sünderup
  • 09 Jürgensby
    • 091 St. Johannis
    • 092 St. Jürgen
    • 093 Jürgensgaard
    • 094 Sender
  • 10 Fruerlund
    • 101 Blasberg
    • 102 Bohlberg
    • 103 Hof
  • 11 Mürwik
    • 111 Stützpunkt
    • 112 Osbek
    • 113 Wasserloos
    • 114 Friedheim
    • 115 Solitüde
  • 12 Engelsby
    • 121 Süd
    • 122 Vogelsang
  • 13 Tarup
    • 130 Tarup

History

Middle Ages

Flensburg had been founded at the latest by 1200 at the innermost end of the Flensburg Fjord by Danish settlers. In 1284, its town rights were confirmed and the town quickly rose to become one of the most important in the Duchy of Schleswig. Unlike Holstein, however, Schleswig did not belong to the German Empire. Flensburg was not a member of the Hanseatic League, but it did maintain contacts with this important trading network.

Historians presume that there were several reasons for choosing this spot for settlement:

  • Shelter from heavy winds
  • Trade route between Holstein and North Jutland (namely the Hærvejen or Ochsenweg, a name for a series of roads between Schleswig-Holstein and Jutland, possibly dating from the Bronze Age)
  • Trade route between North Frisia and Angeln (Angelbovej)
  • A good herring fishery

Herrings, especially kippered, were what brought about the blossoming of the town's trade in the Middle Ages. They were sent inland and to almost every European country.

On 28 October 1412, Queen Margaret I of Denmark died on board a ship in Flensburg Harbour of the Plague.

From time to time plagues such as bubonic plague, caused mainly by rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis, a parasite found on brown rats), "red" dysentery and other scourges killed a great deal of Flensburg's population. Lepers were strictly isolated, namely at the St.-Jürgen-Hospital (Helligåndshspital, built before 1290), which lay far outside the town's gates, where the St. Jürgen Church is nowadays. About 1500, syphilis also appeared. The church hospital "Zum Heiligen Geist" ("To the Holy Ghost") stood in Große Straße, now Flensburg's pedestrian precinct.

A Flensburger's everyday life was very hard, and the old roads and paths were bad. The main streets were neither paved nor lit at night. When they got really bad, the citizens had to make the dung-filled streets passable with wooden pathways. Only the few upper-class houses had windows. In 1485, a great fire struck Flensburg. Even storm tides beset the town at times. Every household in the town kept livestock in the house and the yard. Townsfolk furthermore had their own cowherds and a swineherd.

Early modern times

After the Hanse fell in the 16th century, Flensburg was said to be one of the most important trading towns in the Scandinavian area. Even as far away as the Mediterranean, Greenland and the Caribbean, Flensburg merchants were active. The most important commodities, after herring, were sugar and whale oil, the latter from whaling off Greenland. Only the Thirty Years' War put an end to this boom time as the town was becoming Protestant and thereby ever more German culturally and linguistically, while the neighbouring countryside remained decidedly Danish.

In the 18th century, thanks to the rum trade, Flensburg had yet another boom. Cane sugar was imported from the Danish West Indies (now the US Virgin Islands) and refined in Flensburg. Only in the 19th century, as a result of industrialization, was the town at last outdone by competition from nearby cities such as Copenhagen and Hamburg.

The rum blended in Flensburg then became a secondary industry in West Indian trade, and as of 1864 no longer with the Danish West Indies, but rather with Jamaica, then ruled by the British. It was imported from there, blended, and sold all over Europe. There is nowadays only one active rum distillery in Flensburg, "A. H. Johannsen".

History as a German town

Between 1460 and 1864, Flensburg was, after Copenhagen, the second biggest port in the Kingdom of Denmark, but passed to the Kingdom of Prussia after the Second Schleswig War in 1864. There is still, however, a considerable Danish community in the town today. Some estimates put the percentage of Flensburgers who belong to it as high as 25%; other estimates put that percentage much lower. The SSW political party representing the minority usually gains 20-25% of the votes in local elections. Before 1864, more than 70% belonged to what is now the minority, witnessed even today by the great number of Danish surnames in the Flensburg telephone directory (Asmussen, Claussen, Jacobsen, Jensen, Petersen, etc.). The upper classes and the learned at that time, however, were German, and since 1864, the German language has prevailed in the town.

On 1 April 1889, Flensburg became an independent city (kreisfreie Stadt) within the Province of Schleswig-Holstein, and at the same time still kept its status as seat of the Flensburg district. In 1920, the League of Nations decided that the matter of the German-Danish border would be settled by a vote. As a result of the plebiscite, and the way the voting zones were laid out, some of Flensburg's northern neighbourhoods were ceded to Denmark, whereas Flensburg as a whole voted with a great majority to stay in Germany.

In return for this great pro-German majority, the town of Flensburg was given a large hall, the "Deutsches Haus", which was endowed by the government as "thanks for German loyalty".

During the Second World War, the town was left almost unscathed by the raids that laid other German cities waste. However, in 1943, 20 children died when their nursery school was bombarded, and shortly after the war ended, an explosion at a local munitions storage site claimed many victims.

In 1945, Admiral Karl Dönitz, who was briefly President (Reichspräsident) of Nazi Germany once Adolf Hitler had appointed him his successor and then killed himself, fled to Flensburg with what was left of his government where they were arrested and deposed at the Navy School in Mürwik by British troops. Flensburg was thereby, for a few weeks, the seat of the last Third Reich government, and also Germany's capital.

Since the Second World War

After the Second World War, the town's population broke the 100,000 mark for a short time, thereby making Flensburg a city (Großstadt) under one traditional definition. The population later sank below that mark, however.

In the years after the Second World War, there was in South Schleswig, and particularly in Flensburg a strong pro-Danish movement connected with the idea of the "Eider Politics". Their goal was for the town, and indeed all or most of Schleswig – the whole area north of the river Eider–-to be united with Denmark. In the years following 1945, Flensburg's town council was dominated by Danish parties, and the town had a Danish mayor.

The town of Flensburg profited from the planned location of military installations. Since German Reunification, the number of soldiers has dropped to about 8,000. Since Denmark's entry into the European Economic Community (now the European Union), border trade has played an important role in Flensburg's economic life. Some Danish businesses, such as Danfoss, have set up shop just south of the border for tax reasons.

In 1970, the Flensburg district was expanded to include the municipalities in the Amt of Medelby, formerly in the Südtondern district, and in 1974 it was united with the Schleswig district to form the district of Schleswig-Flensburg, whose district seat was the town of Schleswig. Flensburg thereby lost its function as a district seat, but it remained an independent (district-free) town.

Amalgamations

Until the middle of the 19th century Flensburg's municipal area comprised a total area of 2 639 ha. Beginning in 1874, however, the following communities or rural areas (Gemarkungen) were annexed to the town of Flensburg:

Year Place(s) Area added in ha
1874 Süder- and Norder-St. Jürgen 36
1874 Fischerhof 3
27 July 1875 Duburg 10.5
1877 Hohlwege and Bredeberg 5.5
1 December 1900 Jürgensgaarde 205
1 April 1909 Klues 19
1 April 1910 Twedt, Twedterholz/Fruerlund and Engelsby 1458
1916 part of Kluesries Forest (incl. open waters) 146.5
26 April 1970 Adelbylund 132
10 February 1971 demerger of Wassersleben Beach -147.5
22 March 1974 Sünderup and Tarup  ?

Population development

Population figures are for respective municipal areas through time. Until 1870, figures are mostly estimates, and thereafter census results (¹) or official projections from either statistical offices or the town administration itself.

Population development
Year Population figure
1436 3000
1600 6000
1760 6842
1835 12,483
1 December 1875 ¹ 26,474
1 December 1890 ¹ 36,894
1 December 1900 ¹ 48,937
1 December 1910 ¹ 60,922
16 June 1925 ¹ 63,139
16 June 1933 ¹ 66,580
17 May 1939 ¹ 70,871
13 September 1950 ¹ 102,832
6 June 1961 ¹ 98,464
27 May 1970 ¹ 95,400
30 June 1975 93,900
30 June 1980 88,200
30 June 1985 86,900
27 May 1987 ¹ 86,554
30 June 1997 86,100
31 December 2003 85,300
31 December 2004 85,762

¹ Census results

Danish minority

Oluf Samson Gang in the oldest part of the town with the Danish Library in the background

The Danish minority in Flensburg and the surrounding towns run their own schools, libraries and Lutheran churches from which the German majority is not excluded. The co-existence of these two groups is considered a sound and healthy symbiosis.

In Denmark, Flensburg seems to be mainly associated with its duty-free shops where, amongst other things, spirits, beer and candy can be purchased at cheaper prices than in Denmark. Currently the duty free shops are able to sell canned beer to Scandinavians without paying deposits as long as the beverage is not consumed in Germany. However, owing to the vagaries of the money markets, the bargains are not as great as they once were.

Politics

The town council was led for centuries by two mayors, one for the north town (St. Marien) and the other for the south town (St. Nikolai and St. Johannis). The council members and the mayors were chosen by the council itself, that is, retiring officials had their successors named by the remaining councillors in such a way that both halves of the town had as many members. These councillors usually bore the title "Senator".

This "town government" lasted until 1742 when the "northern mayor" was made the "directing mayor" by the Danish King. From this position came what was later known as the First Mayor. The second mayor simply bore the title "mayor" ("Bürgermeister"). After the town had been ceded to Prussia, the mayors were elected by the townsfolk as of 1870, and the First Mayor was given the title Oberbürgermeister, still the usual title in German towns and cities. During the Third Reich, the town head was appointed by those who held power locally at the time.

In 1945, after the Second World War, a twofold leadership based on a British model was introduced. Heading the town stood foremost the Oberbürgermeister, who was chosen by the town council and whose job was as chairman of council and the municipality. Next to him was an Oberstadtdirektor ("Higher Town Director") who was leader of administration. In 1950, when Schleswig-Holstein brought its new laws for municipalities into force, the title Oberbürgermeister was transferred (once again) to this latter official. At first, and for a while, he was chosen by the council. Since that time, the former official has been called the Stadtpräsident ("Town President"), and is likewise chosen by the council after each municipal election. However, since 1999, the Oberbürgermeister has been chosen directly by the voters as once before.

The first directly elected Oberbürgermeister Hermann Stell died on 4 May 2004 of a stroke. On 14 November of the same year, the independent candidate suggested by the CDU Klaus Tscheuschner was elected to replace Stell with 59% of the vote. Since the last municipal election in 2003, Hans Hermann Laturnus has been Flensburg's Stadtpräsident.

Represented on the Flensburg town council are the CDU, the SPD, the South Schleswig Voter Federation (Südschleswigscher Wählerverband) and the Greens.

Coat of arms

Flensburg's coat of arms shows in gold above blue and silver waves rising to the left a six-sided red tower with a blue pointed roof breaking out of which, one above the other are the two lions of Schleswig and Denmark; above is a red shield with the silver Holsatian nettle leaf on it. The town's flag is blue, overlaid with the coat of arms in colour.

The lions symbolize Schleswig, and the nettle leaf Holstein, thus expressing the town's unity with these two historic lands. The tower recalls Flensburg's old town rights and the old castle that was the town's namesake (Burg means "castle" in German). The waves refer to the town's position on the Flensburg Fjord.

The coat of arms was granted the town by King Wilhelm II of Prussia in 1901, and once again in modified, newly approved form on 19 January 1937 by Schleswig-Holstein's High President (Oberpräsident)

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Flensburg maintains partnerships with the following towns:

Economy and infrastructure

Transport

West of Flensburg runs the A 7 Autobahn, leading north to the Danish border, whence it continues as European route E45. Furthermore, Federal Highways (Bundesstraßen) B 200 and B 199 pass through the municipal area.

Also west of the town lies the Flensburg-Schäferhaus airport.

Local transport is provided by several buslines such as "Aktiv Bus GmbH" and "Allgemeinen Flensburger Autobus Gesellschaft" (AFAG) along with others. They all operate within an integrated fare system within the Flensburg transport community (Verkehrsgemeinschaft Flensburg). They also all subscribe to the Schleswig-Holstein tariff system whereby anyone travelling from anywhere in Schleswig-Holstein or Hamburg may use Flensburg buses free to connect with their final destinations. It works both ways, of course, and a rider boarding any bus in Flensburg need only name his destination anywhere in Schleswig-Holstein or Hamburg, pay his fare, and travel all the way to that destination on the one ticket.

Flensburg's main railway station has lain since 1929 south of the Old Town. From there, trains run on the mainline joining Hamburg, Neumünster and Fredericia, among them some InterCity connections as well as trains serving the line running to Eckernförde and Kiel. Another stop for regional trains to Neumünster is to be found in Flensburg-Weiche. The stretch of line to Niebüll has been out of service since 1981, efforts to open it again notwithstanding. The secondary line to Husum and the lesser lines to Kappeln and Satrup no longer exist. Even the tramway, which opened in 1881 to horse-drawn trams, was electrified in 1906 and at one point ran four lines was replaced with buses in 1973.

Established businesses

Media

In Flensburg, the "Flensburger Tageblatt", from the Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag (newspaper publisher) is published daily, as is the bilingual (German and Danish) Flensborg Avis. There are also two weekly advertising flyers, "MoinMoin" (named for a common regional greeting) and "Wochenschau" ("Newsreel") as well as an illustrated town paper ("Flensburg Journal"), the Flensburg "campus newspaper" and a town magazine ("Partout"). Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) runs one of its oldest studios right near the Deutsches Haus. Flensburg is the site of a number of radio transmission facilities: on the Fuchsberg in the community of Engelsby, Norddeutscher Rundfunk runs a transmission facility for VHF, television and medium wave. A cage aerial is mounted on a 215 m-high guyed, earthed steel-lattice mast. This transmitter is successor to the Flensburg transmitter through which the announcement of Germany's surrender was broadcast on 8 May 1945.

The broadcasting tower on the Fuchsberg is used for the programmes of Norddeutscher Rundfunk and Danmarks Radio while the countrywide VHF radio programmes of R.SH, delta radio, Deutschlandfunk and Deutschlandradio are aired from the Flensburg-Freienwill tower.

Flensburg has no local transmitter of its own because Schleswig-Holstein's state broadcasting laws only allow transmitters that broadcast statewide. From 1993 to 1996, "Radio Flensburg" tried to establish a local Flensburg radio station by using a local transmitter just across the border in Denmark. It had to be shut down, however, owing to the Danish transmitter's own financial problems. From October 2006 Radio Flensburg broadcast as an internet radio.

The "Offener Kanal" ("Open Channel") shows programmes made by local citizens seven days a week, mostly in the evenings, and can also be seen on cable television.

Public institutions

Flensburg is home to the following institutions:

  • Handwerkskammer Flensburg ("Handicraft Chamber")
  • IHK Flensburg ("Chamber of Industry and Trade")
  • Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (government office in charge of road traffic)

Education

  • University of Flensburg with about 4,000 students; founded in 1946 as a Pedagogical College, raised to university in 1994. Unlike the University of Kiel, however, it is not a full university – theology, medicine, law and some other programs are not offered here. The college does, however, have the right to confer doctorates.
  • Fachhochschule Flensburg, a Fachhochschule with more than 3,000 students; in 1886 a royal steamship machinist school was established, out of which developed a ship's engineers' school. From this grew the Fachhochschule for Technology, which was converted into the current Fachhochschule Flensburg in 1973, at which time the economics programme was also introduced.
  • Marineschule Mürwik (Naval Academy at Mürwik), main educational establishment for all German Navy officers.
  • Flensburger Volkshochschule (German)
  • Voksenundervisningen (Danish)

Also on hand in Flensburg is a complete range of training and professional schools, including a number of Danish ones. Flensburg is home to Schleswig-Holstein's Central State Library, a university library, a town bookshop and the Danish Central Library for South Schleswig. The last named offers not only intensive courses in Danish, but also, with its "Slesvigsk samling" collection, a vast repository of unique material about the border area's history and culture. Flensburg has an extensive town archive. The Danish minority's archive is housed at the Danish Central Library.

Culture and sightseeing

Theatre

  • Schleswig-Holsteinisches Landestheater (at the Stadttheater) and Symphony Orchestra
  • Niederdeutsche Bühne der Stadt Flensburg ("Low German Stage of the city of Flensburg")
  • Det Lille Teater (Danish theatre)
  • Theaterwerkstatt Pilkentafel (Theatre Workshop)
  • Orpheus-Theater

Archives and libraries

  • Town Archive, a very comprehensive collection, at the town hall
  • Dansk Centralbibliotek for Sydslesvig, with archive of the Danish minority and Schleswig book collection
  • Town Library
  • State Central Library and Zentrale Hochschulbibliothek (Central College Library)

Museums

  • Museumsberg – Museum for artistic and cultural history.
  • Schifffahrtsmuseum – Museum for shipping and shipbuilding.
  • Rummuseum – History of the "Rum Town" of Flensburg.
  • Naturwissenschaftliches Museum – Animal and plant worlds of northern Schleswig-Holstein.
  • Museumshafen – Private initiative for maintaining old traditional working boats mainly from the Baltics (Segelschiffe).
  • Museumswerft – Shipbuilding (sail) of bygone centuries. The place also has a children's boatyard.
  • Fischereimuseum – Initiative of the fishery association, lies on the old Fischery harbour.
  • Phänomenta – For experiencing and understanding nature and technology.
  • Salondampfer "Alexandra" – Passenger Steamer built 1908. The "Alexandra" regularly makes small trips in the Flensburg Förde (Bay)
  • Klassische Yachten Flensburg – Classic Yacht Harbour. Private Initiative to present classic yachts typical for the Baltics.
  • Gerichtshistorische Sammlung – a collection of legal history at the Flensburg State Court.
  • Bergmühle – Association for maintaining the historic windmill from 1792.
  • Johannesburger Heimatstube – Documents, pictures and writings from East Prussia.

Buildings

Willy-Brandt-Platz
Nordermarkt; also visible is Große Straße

Flensburg has a well preserved Old Town with many things to see from centuries gone by. Characteristic is the row along the waterfront. Three of the four old town cores are found along this north-south axis. The building boom in Imperial times led to a partial rebuilding of the Old Town, but without destroying its structure, and rather leading to notable expansion of the town. Virtually unscathed in the Second World War, Flensburg, like other places in Germany, adopted a policy of getting rid of old buildings and building anew in the style of the times. This trend was limited in Flensburg by a lack of money, but before the policy was finally stopped in the late 1970s, countless old buildings had been demolished in the north and east Old Town to be replaced by newer structures. Despite great losses, Flensburg still comes across as having a compact, well preserved Old Town in the valley with good additions to what was built in the founders' time on the surrounding heights.

  • Johanniskirche, town's oldest church, 12th century
  • Marienkirche, High Gothic, Baroque additions, tower from 1885, well decorated
  • Nikolaikirche, Gothic main church, famous organ design by Hinrich Ringeringk
  • Heiliggeistkirche (Helligåndskirken), former chapel of the Hospital zum Heiligen Geist
  • Franziskanerkloster, ruins from 1263
  • Nordertor, a gate, and the town's landmark
  • Kompagnietor another gate, built in 1602, shipping company and harbour gate
  • Alt-Flensburger Haus, where the Eckener brothers' parents lived, Norderstraße 8
  • Flensborghus, a former orphanage, today seat of the Danish minority, Norderstraße 76
  • Many merchants' houses running from the main streets Holm-Große Straße-Norderstraße, the town's greatest architectural attraction
  • Südermarkt 9 (market) with the town's oldest house
  • Nordermarkt (market) with the Schrangen (market hall) and Neptunbrunnen (fountain)
  • Rote Straße with nice craftsmen's houses
  • Jürgenstraße with the Gängeviertel ("Warren Neighbourhood", ie with very dense building and narrow streets), former suburb.
  • Oluf-Samson-Gang, picturesque lane with little half-timbered houses, Flensburg's historic red light district.
  • Row of warehouses
  • Pontoon bridge
  • Scanty ruins of the town wall, at the Nikolaikirche and at the Franciscan monastery
  • Bergmühle and Johannismühle (mills)
  • Deutsches Haus, gathering and event hall in the town core
  • Hauptbahnhof (Main Railway Station), completed in 1929
  • Town Hall, seventeen-floor cube from 1964, in 1997 totally renovated, popularly known as the "Umzugskarton" ("Moving Carton")
  • Altes Gymnasium, built in 1914, Flensburg's oldest Gymnasium (school)Gymnasium, founded in 1566 as "Gymnasium trilingue" (Latin, Greek, Hebrew)
  • Duborg Skolen, Flensburg's Danish Gymnasium, as well as other school buildings
  • Walzenmühle (Flensburg) Business complex with mostly IT companies including Athena IT-Group and Servage Hosting
  • West Indies Warehouse

Lost buildings

  • Gertrudenkirche, church in the Ramsharde (former neighbourhood where Neustadt now stands), folded after the Reformation, graveyard maintained until 1822
  • Jürgen-Hospital, abandoned after the Reformation, the new St. Jürgen-Kirche stands there today
  • Old Town Hall, 15th century, demolished in 1883
  • Government building, appellate court and house of the estates, from 1850 to 1864 political centre of the Duchy of Schleswig, gave way to a department store in 1964
  • Speicher Johannisstraße 78 (warehouse), bombed in 1945
  • Town fortifications

Others

  • Flensburg Fjord
  • Old Cemetery, parkland with noteworthy grave markers from the 19th century
  • Christiansenspark, remnant of a very big landscape park
  • Volkspark in the town's east end
  • Marienhölzung (Danish Frueskov), woods in the town's west end

Regular events

  • May/June: Rumregatta (yearly)
  • May/June: Danske Årsmøder (yearly)
  • June/December: Campusfete (twice yearly)
  • June: Rote-Straße-Fest (yearly)
  • July: Dampf-Rundum (every two years)
  • July/August: Flensburger Hofkultur (yearly summer cultural programme)
  • August: Flensburger Tummelum (Old Town Festival) (every two years)
  • October: Apfelfahrt des Museumshafen (yearly)
  • October: "Flensburg Shortfilmfestival" (yearly)
  • December: Christmas market (yearly)

Personalities

Honorary citizens

The town of Flensburg has bestowed honorary citizenship upon the following persons, named here in chronological order:

  • 1851: Friedrich Ferdinand Tillisch, Minister for the Duchy of Schleswig
  • 1857: Christian Rönnekamp, salesman and shipowner
  • 1867: Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel, Prussian King's Governor
  • 1872: Karl von Wrangel, General
  • 1895: Otto Fürst von Bismarck, Reich Chancellor
  • 1911: Friedrich Wilhelm Selck, Commercial Councillor
  • 1917: Heinrich Schuldt, Town Councillor
  • 1924: Dr. Hugo Eckener, Aviation pioneer
  • 1930: Dr. Hermann Bendix Todsen, Oberbürgermeister
  • 1999: Beate Uhse, Pilot and businesswoman

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Lütke Namens (1497–1574), the last Franciscan monk in Flensburg and critic of the Reformation.
  • Johan Lorentz (about 1610–1689), Danish composer.
  • Georg Waitz (1813–1886), Historian.
  • Hans Christiansen (1866–1945), artistic craftsman and Art Nouveau founder.
  • Elvira Madigan (1867–1889), tragic Danish circus performer.
  • Hugo Eckener (1868–1954), pioneer of German Zeppelin aviation.
  • Emmy Hennings (1885–1948), writer and dadaist
  • Hans von Luck (1911–1997), army colonel and author the book Panzer Commander
  • Rolf Boysen (born 1920), actor.
  • Dieter Thomas Heck (born 1937), television moderator and singer.
  • Kay Nehm (born 1941), jurist and Generalbundesanwalt (≈Federal Prosecutor General).
  • Jutta Lampe (born 1943), actress.
  • Marion Maerz (born 1946), hit singer
  • Andreas Delfs(born 1959), Conductor
  • Dorothea Röschmann (b. 1967), Opera soprano
  • Kim Frank (b. 1982), actor
  • Echt (popular about 1997–2001), five-man music group.
  • Theodor Mommsen, Germany's first Nobel Prize winner for literature, lived in Flensburg for many years.

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Flensburg [1] (danish: Flensborg) is a city in Schleswig-Holstein located on the east coast. The 85000 inhabitants live around the Flensburger Förde (Flensborg fjord).

St.Nikolaikiche
St.Nikolaikiche
The bus station
The bus station

Most people arrive here by car. Flensburg is situated at the border of Germany and Denmark, beside the motorway ( in Denmark) leading to Hamburg in the south and to Kolding and further north in Denmark. There are bus and train connections both from Denmark and Hamburg.

Get around

Walking is the best way to get around in the city centre.

See

Flensburg offers a nice shopping district with old houses and gardens as well as a variety of museums and churches. The habour is the hosting place for sailing regatta and events.

Museums:

  • Museumsberg Flensburg-a museum on a hill in the center of Flensburg exhibiting local history artefacts and art by not only local artists. On Fridays entry is for free, otherwise varying between 4€ and 0.5€. On Mondays it is closed, otherwise open from 10-4(November to March) or 10-5(May to October).
  • Naturwissenschaftliches Museum und Eiszeit-Haus (Science Museum and Ice-Age House)- located on the museum hill next to the other museum, same opening times, entry is free.
  • Phänomenta- an interactive science museum, where you can try experiments on you own, especially interesting for families and children and anybody interested in science. Prices vary from 9,50€ for adults to 7€ for youth and 2€ for children. Opening times on weekdays are 9-5 (October to May) and 10-6 (July to September) and 11-6 on weekends.
  • Museumswerft (Shipyard museum)-this museum shows and builds old ships and boats and offers courses for children, teenagers and adults. Free entry, open from 8-5 (weekdays) and 10-5 (weekends), tours can be given when informed in advance. It is located directly on the harbour.

Churches: The following churches have an interesting architecture and are located in the centre of Flensburg. Click http://www.flensburg-online.de/kirchen/index.html for an (almost) complete list of churches in Flensburg.

  • St. Nikolai (Lutheran)
  • St. Marien (Lutheran)
  • St. Johannis (Lutheran)
  • St. Marien, schmerzhafte Mutter (Roman-Catholic)
  • Helligåndskirken (Church of the Holy Spirit, Danish church, Lutheran)
New harbour, old military area
New harbour, old military area

Tours around the city can be booked at the tourist infomation center near the main bus train, they are available in German, English, French, Swedish and Low German.

A nice way to enjoy the maritime atmosphere of Flensburg is to take a tour on one of the 5 different ferries.

  • Alexandra, +49 461-212 32, [3]. The Alexandra just celebrated her 100th birthday and is so the oldest passenger stream boat which is still in use in whole Germany.  edit
  • MS Viking, +49 174 - 15 85 555, [4].  edit
  • MS Möwe, +49 461 - 62 945, [5].  edit
  • MS Flora II, +49 177 - 55 11 114.  edit
  • MS Feodora, +49 172 - 45 16 791, [6].  edit
Shopping and eating pedestrian street Holm
Shopping and eating pedestrian street Holm

Lots of people arrive in Flensburg from Denmark and the other Nordic countries for shopping. In addition to the numerous small shops along the pedestrian street Holm (Danish: Holmen) and Große Straße and the new shopping mall Flensburg Galerie [7] with 80 shops in the city there's a shopping centre some 2 km south of the city, Fördepark [8] as well as Poetsch [9] at Kupfermühle near the Danish border. Other shopping centres are Scandinavien Park [10] and Citti Park [11]. The Scandinavian Park is conveniently located right off the northernmost exit of A7 motorway in Germany. Due to its location and tourists visiting it is allowed to open all week long and attracts locals from both sides of the border, who go there for a Sunday grocery run. Price differences between Denmark and Germany may make a certain item a bargain for Danish people but it might be expensive for Germans.

  • Dionysos, Glücksburger Straße 174, +49 461 140 800, [12]. A Greek restaurant in the first floor of Hotel Fruerlund.  edit
  • Marien-Café, Norderstrasse 13, +49 461 500 9711.  edit
  • Goldene Lilie, Angelburger Straße 10-16 (opposite of the side entrance of the Fensburg Galerie), +49 461/26294 (fax: (o461/1505443)), [13]. 11:30am-3pm and 5:30pm-11pm. A Chinese restaurant offering a tasty buffet and a good menu.  edit
  • Pazific, Ochsenweg 39 (located in Weiche, a district in Flensburg). Another Chinese restaurant offering a menu and a 'normal' buffet as well as a Mongolian buffet where you can compose your own meal out of different kinds of rare meat, fish, clams, vegetables and sauces. Your choice is then fried before your eyes by a cook. Very friendly service.  edit
  • Galerie, Holm 66 (located in a garden, opposite the Holm). A restaurant offering a variety of pizza and pasta, non-vegetarian and vegetarian food.  edit
  • Landhaus Eric, Glücksburger Stasse 177 (The hotel is situated about 2 km northeast of the city centre. There are signs showing the way to the hotel.), +49 461 64895 (, fax: +49 461 63000), [14].  edit
  • Jugendherberge Flensburg, [15].  edit
  • Backpacker's Inn, Schleswiger Straße 10, +49 461 90 90 833 (, fax: +49 4619090834), [16]. checkin: 4pm-9pm; checkout: till 12pm. between 16 and 30€ per person per night.  edit
  • Gästehaus Seewarte, Mürwikerstrasse 164, 24944 Flensburg, 0461 35 0 25, [17]. checkin: 14-21; checkout: 7-12. Inexpensive hotel outside the city center. Not without reason sometimes compared to British comedy "Fawlty Towers", but the staff is very kind and helpful. No credit cards accepted €35-50.  edit
Inside Glucksburg Castle
Inside Glucksburg Castle
Glücksburg Castle
Glücksburg Castle
  • Glücksburg Castle, (just outside Flensburg), [18]. Beautiful old white castle. 5 €.  edit
Åbenrå ← (Danish border) ←  N noframenoframe S  → Schleswig → Hamburg
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1911 encyclopedia

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Flensburg

  1. independent city in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Translations


German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Flensburg

Wikipedia de

  1. Flensburg

Simple English

Flensburg
File:Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Flensburg in
Coordinates 54°46′55″N 09°26′12″E / 54.78194°N 9.43667°E / 54.78194; 9.43667
Administration
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Urban district
Town subdivisions 16 Stadtbezirke
Lord Mayor Klaus Tscheuschner (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 56.38 km2 (21.77 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m  (39 ft)
Population 87,065  (1 April 2006)
 - Density 1,544 /km2 (4,000 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate FL
Postal codes 24901 – 24944
Area code 0461
Website www.flensburg.de

Flensburg (Danish: Flensborg, Low Saxon: Flensborg, North Frisian: Flansborj) is a city in Germany, next to the border to Denmark. There are about 87,000 people living in Flensburg. The city has an university and a small marine harbour. It lives on tourism, students and the German marine forces.

History

There was a first settlement about 1200 A.D., which became a city in 1284. In the following century, Flensburg became economic centre of the Duchy of Schleswig. In 1409 there were battles between people of the Duchy of Holstein and the Danish crown about the control of Schleswig. In 1412 and 1500 there were bad plagues in Flensburg. In 1485, there was a big fire in the city.

Between 1460 and 1864 was Flensburg the second important harbour to Denmark after Copenhagen. Since the 16th century Flensburg was an important place for trade. Flensburg became a part of Prussia in 1864, after the Danish-Pussian War.

In 1920, there was an election in Schleswig. The vote was to decide if the people wanted to belong to Denmark or Germany. South of Flensburg and Flensburg wanted to stay in Germany, north of Flensburg the people decides to became Dans.

In 1945, many German were driven out their homes in the eastern German provinces. These people went to Flensburg. The city had more than 100,000 inhabitants for a couple of years. Nowadays Flensburg has about 87,000 inhabitants.frr:Flensborag


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