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A fleur-de-lis
.The fleur-de-lis (or fleur-de-lys; plural: fleurs-de-lis; French pronunciation: [flœʁ də lis]) is a stylized lily (in French, fleur means flower, and lis means lily) or iris that is used as a decorative design or symbol.^ Decorative Tile: Fleur de Lis Design.
  • Fleur de Lis design on ceramic tiles 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artontiles.com [Source type: General]

^ North of France between Lieschblume, translated as fleur-de-lis and the iris flower.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de Lis is also a significant symbol in The Da Vinci Code .
  • Traveller's Tales: The Fleur de Lys 20 September 2009 14:19 UTC www.shantanughosh.com [Source type: General]

.It may be "at one and the same time, political, dynastic, artistic, emblematic, and symbolic", especially in heraldry.^ It may be purely ornamental or it may be "at one and the same time political, dynastic, artistic, emblematic and symbolic", especially in heraldry.
  • Fleur de Lis Designs For Sale | Used Fleur de Lis Designs | Cheap Fleur de Lis Designs 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC fleurdeliscorner.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may be purely ornamental or it may be "at one and the same time political, dynastic, artistic, emblematic and symbolic",[1] especially in heraldry.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The fleur-de-lis (or fleur-de-lys , plural: fleurs-de-lis; pronounced [flœʀ də lis] is a stylized design of either an iris or a lily that is now used decoratively as well as symbolically, or it may be "at one and the same time, political, dynastic, artistic, emblematic and symbolic" especially in heraldry & jewelry such as pendants, earrings, brooches & rings.
  • New Orleans Fleur de Lis Jewelry - Pendants, Earrings, Pins & Brooches 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC frenchquarterjewelry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .It is represented in Unicode at U+269C (⚜) in the Miscellaneous Symbols block.^ It is represented in Unicode at U+269C (⚜) on the Miscellaneous Symbols table.
  • New Orleans Fleur de Lis Jewelry - Pendants, Earrings, Pins & Brooches 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC frenchquarterjewelry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Flowre-deluce, her louely Paramoure is represented in Unicode at U+269C (⚜).
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Usages

.While the fleur-de-lis has appeared on countless European coats of arms and flags over the centuries, it is particularly associated with the French monarchy in a historical context, and continues to appear in the arms of the King of Spain and the Grand Duke of Luxembourg, members of the House of Bourbon.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ That the French kings long used the fleur-de-lis as an emblem of their sovereignty is irrefutable.
  • The Fleur-de-lis 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.baronage.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It remains an enduring symbol of France that appears on French postage stamps, although it has never been adopted officially by any of the French republics.^ It is an enduring symbol of France, but, being regarded most notably as the emblem of the monarchy, was not adopted officially by any of the French republics.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]
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^ It is an enduring symbol of France that appears on French postage stamps, though it has never been adopted officially by any of the French republics.
  • New Orleans Fleur de Lis Jewelry - Pendants, Earrings, Pins & Brooches 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC frenchquarterjewelry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though the symbol was never officially adopted by France, it has endured as being closely associated with the French.

In North America, the fleur-de-lis is often associated with areas formerly settled by France, such as Quebec, St. Louis, Louisville, and Louisiana, and with French-speaking people in other Canadian provinces.
.It is also the emblem of the city of Florence, and of the Swiss municipality of Schlieren.^ It is also the emblem of the city of Florence and of the Swiss municipality of Schlieren.
  • New Orleans Fleur de Lis Jewelry - Pendants, Earrings, Pins & Brooches 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC frenchquarterjewelry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is also the emblem of the Swiss Municipality of Schlieren, Zrich.
  • Fleur de Lis Designs For Sale | Used Fleur de Lis Designs | Cheap Fleur de Lis Designs 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC fleurdeliscorner.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the flag of Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1992 to 1998 contained six fleurs-de-lis and is used as a national symbol of Bosniaks taken from old medieval bosnian flag that represented bosnian kingdom.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ The fleur de lis is an immensely popular symbol today.

.In the United Kingdom, a fleur-de-lis has appeared in the official arms of the Norroy King of Arms for hundreds of years.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Best Fleur de Lis - ThisNext ThisNext .
  • Best Fleur de Lis - ThisNext 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.thisnext.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Welsh poet Hedd Wyn used Fleur de Lys as his pen name when he won his chair at the National Eisteddfod of Wales (Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru), the national poetry contest.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Best Fleur de Lis - ThisNext ThisNext .
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.Fleurs-de-lis appear on military insignia and the logos of many organizations.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Many of the photos of Fleur de Lys are evocative of those in the article.
  • Fleur de Lys, NL [Archive] - SkyscraperPage Forum 20 September 2009 14:19 UTC forum.skyscraperpage.com [Source type: General]

^ Best Fleur de Lis - ThisNext ThisNext .
  • Best Fleur de Lis - ThisNext 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.thisnext.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the 20th century the symbol was adopted by various Scouting organizations worldwide for their badges.^ It appears on military insignia and the logos of many different organizations, and during the 20th century it was adopted by various Scouting organizations worldwide for their badges.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The fleur-de-lis is a common symbol in cities with rich French heritage, like New Orleans, and can also represent the outdoors for organizations like Scouting.

^ Symbol of Scouting Main article: Fleur-de-lis in Scouting The World CrestThe fleur-de-lis is the main element in the logo of most Scouting organizations, representing a major theme in Scouting: the outdoors and wilderness.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.Architects and designers use it alone and as a repeated motif in a wide range of contexts, from ironwork to bookbinding, especially where a French context is implied.^ How did a symbol once reserved for French royalty become such a favorite design for use in home décor?

^ Fleur de lis home decorating The fleur de lis symbol is a trademark design in French, European and Mediterranean decorating, but this versatile design can be used in almost any setting.

^ Whatever the reason, fleur de lis designs are as fashionable as ever and available in a wide variety of accessories that you can use all throughout your home.

.As a religious symbol it may represent the Trinity, or be an iconographic attribute of the archangel Gabriel, notably in representations of the Annunciation.^ From France to England, to Florence, to Religious Symbolism, the Fleur-de-Lys has represented a virtuous force for good.

^ Literally translated from French as the "flower of the lily", in religious symbolism the fleur-de-lis is a symbol for the Holy Trinity.
  • Fleur de Lis Silver Pendant :: Birthday Gifts for Friends -... 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.patagoniagifts.com [Source type: General]

[2] .In such contexts, the fleur-de-lis is associated with the Virgin Mary.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Best Fleur de Lis - ThisNext ThisNext .
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^ Fleur-de-Lis Pendant .
  • Fleur-de-lis | Jewelry | Home Décor | Kitchen Décor | Bath Decor 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.frenchquartermarket.com [Source type: General]

.The symbol is also often used on a compass rose to mark the north direction, a tradition started by Flavio Gioja, a Neapolitan mariner of the fourteenth century.^ Also known as "the lily of France," the fleur de lis has been used for centuries as a symbol of royalty.
  • Fleur de Lis 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.artbeads.com [Source type: General]

^ The symbols history often has secrecy and mystique surrounding its different uses and meanings, making it even more attractive to people all over the world!
  • HISTORYThe history of the fleur de lis (sometimes spelled fleur-de-lys) is "flower of the lily". This symbol, depicticting a stylized lily or lotus flower, has many meanings. 20 September 2009 14:19 UTC www.fleurdelisfashions.com [Source type: General]

^ The fleur de lis motif is a royal and regal design dating back centuries and is a beautiful symbol to use as a wedding theme.
  • Fleur-de-lis Wedding Favors - Fleur de lis Wedding Theme 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.littlethingsfavors.com [Source type: General]

Earliest usage

Iris compared with fleur-de-lis ornament in French Dictionary of Architecture
.In French, fleur de lis literally means "lily flower". It is widely thought to be a stylized version of the species Iris pseudacorus.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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.Decorative ornaments that resemble the fleur-de-lis have appeared in artwork from the earliest human civilizations.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Decorative Tile: Fleur de Lis Design.
  • Fleur de Lis design on ceramic tiles 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artontiles.com [Source type: General]

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

.
The use for ornamental or symbolic purposes of the stylised flower usually called fleur de lis is common to all eras and all civilizations.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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.It is an essentially graphic theme found on Mesopotamian cylinders, Egyptian bas-reliefs, Mycenean pottery, Sassanid textiles, Gaulish and Mameluk coins, Indonesian clothes, Japanese emblems, and Dogon totems.^ It is an essentially graphic theme found on Mesopotamian cylinders, Egyptian bas-reliefs, Mycenean potteries, Sassanid textiles, Gaulish coins, Mameluk coins, Indonesian clothes, Japanese emblems and Dogon totems.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The many writers who have discussed the topic agree that it has little resemblance to the lily, but they disagree as to whether it derives from the iris, the broom, the lotus, or the furze; others believe it represents a trident, an arrowhead, a double axe, or even a dove or a pigeon.^ The many writers who have discussed the topic agree that it has little to do graphically with the lily, but disagree on whether it derives from the iris, the broom, the lotus or the furze, or whether it represents a trident, an arrowhead, a double axe, or even a dove or a pigeon.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tradition holds that the symbol depicts a lily or lotus flower, but the fleur-de-lis more closely resembles an iris, and there has been some debate for centuries regarding the actual flower depicted in ancient heraldry.
  • Fleur-De-Lis 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.cbguitars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I agree there are those who know how to appreciate the support of human help and those who watch too many f*&%$^ movies.

.It is in our opinion a problem of little importance.^ It is in our opinion a problem of little importance.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The essential point is that it is a very stylised figure, probably a flower, that has been used as an ornament or an emblem by almost all civilizations of the old and new worlds.^ The essential point is that it is a very stylised figure, probably a flower, that has been used as an ornament or an emblem by almost all civilisations of the old and new worlds.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica emblem (French: “lily flower”) , also spelled fleur-de-lys, also called flower-de-luce stylized emblem or device much used in ornamentation and, particularly, in heraldry , long associated with the French crown.
  • fleur-de-lis (emblem) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fleur-de-lis (or fleur-de-lys) is a stylised design of an iris flower which is used both decoratively and symbolically.
  • Fleur De Lis Jewelry - Fleur De Lis Earrings, Fleur De Lis Necklace, Fleur De Lis Pendant, Fleur De Lis Bracelet 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.newoutlet.com [Source type: General]

[3]
—Michel Pastoureau, Traité d'Héraldique
.It has consistently been used as a royal emblem, though different cultures have interpreted its meaning in varying ways.^ It has consistently been used as a royal emblem, though different cultures have interpreted its meaning in varying ways.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Heraldic and royal significance aside, the fleur de lis developed various other meanings.

^ After Hurricane Katrina many New Orleanians of varying ages and backgrounds were tattooed with "one of its cultural emblems" as a "memorial" of the storm, according to a researcher at Tulane University.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.Gaulish coins show the first Western designs which look similar to modern fleurs-de-lis.^ Decorative Tile: Fleur de Lis Design.
  • Fleur de Lis design on ceramic tiles 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artontiles.com [Source type: General]

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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[4] In the East it was found on the gold helmet of a Scythian king (illustration) uncovered at the Ak-Burun kurgan and conserved in Saint Petersburg's Hermitage Museum.[5]
Fleur-De-Lis is also the name of a small village in the South Wales Valleys, known as "The Flower of the Valley".

Royal symbol

15th century manuscript illumination of an angel sending the fleurs-de-lis to Clovis
Charlemagne, by Albrecht Dürer, the anachronistic coat-of-arms above him show the German eagle and the French Fleur-de-lis.

King Clovis I

.By the 12th century the fleur-de-lis had become the heraldic emblem of the Capetian kings of France, whose court propaganda traced the first adoption of the fleur-de-lis to the conversion of the Frankish King Clovis I in 493.[6] The story takes various forms, many of which relate to Clovis' conversion, and support the claim of the anointed Kings of France that their authority came directly from God, without the mediation of either the Emperor or the Pope.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ The term "fleur de lis" in the heraldic sense is attested in 1225.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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.Anne Lombard-Jourdan[7] traces the fleur-de-lis to a transformation of the Merovingian crista, a symbol evoking the rising sun (word derived from crescere, "to grow", alluding to the newborn Sun) represented on their coinage, which had the form of a Greek cross with the horizonals curved upwards on either side.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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Though Lombard-Jourdan associates the emblem with a Romano-Gallic sanctuary Christianized as the Basilica of Saint-Denis in a seamless continuity, most scholars[8] would hesitate to pursue the sign so far.
.Some versions of the legend enhance the mystique of royalty by describing a vial of oil sent from heaven to anoint and sanctify Clovis at his coronation,[9] perhaps brought by a dove to Saint Remigius.^ Some versions of the legend enhance the mystique of royalty by describing a vial of oil sent from heaven to anoint and sanctify Clovis as king,[7] perhaps brought by a dove to Saint Remigius.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Note the various themes: the Trinity, which the 3 petals were understood to recall, is represented; angels are bearing the shield as they are supporters of the arms of France, the dove descending from heaven recalls the legend of the baptism of Clovis when a dove brought the sacred ointment to Saint Remigius.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another variation says a lily appeared at Clovis' baptismal ceremony as a gift of blessing from an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary, who is often associated with the flower.^ Beginning in the 11th century, French royalty adopted the symbol as a baptismal symbol of purity.  One legend arose that the lily appeared as 'a gift of blessing from an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary'.
  • eBay Guides - The mysterious and spiritual fleur de lis 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One legend identifies it as the lily given at his baptism to Clovis, king of the Franks (466–511), by the Virgin Mary .
  • fleur-de-lis (emblem) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These same virtues have always been closely associated with the Virgin Mary, another very important icon of the Catholic faith.

[10]
.Clovis' Burgundian wife, Clotilde, later to be Saint Clothilda, is usually significant in these stories.^ [He goes on to tell the story of Clovis fording the river which I narrated previously and concludes:] the flag of the Kings of France then represented three of these iris flowers.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As well as her part in encouraging her husband to become a Christian, her presence helps emphasise the importance of Burgundy's support for the monarch.^ As well as her part in encouraging her husband to become a Christian, her presence helps emphasise the importance of Burgundy's support for the monarch.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

[11]
.A story which places less emphasis on Christianity and the divine right of the French kings tells of Clovis putting a flower in his helmet just before his victory at the Battle of Vouillé, leading him to choose the fleur-de-lis as a royal symbol.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

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[12]

From Frankish to French kings

.The graphic evolution of crita to fleur-de-lis was accompanied by textual allegory.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
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^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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By the late 13th century, an allegorical poem by Guillaume de Nangis (d. .1300), written at the abbey of Joyenval at Chambourcy, relates how the golden lilies on an azure ground were miraculously substituted for the crescents on Clovis' shield, a projection into the past of contemporary images of heraldry.^ This legend reappears at the end of the 15th c, but this time the alleged arms born by Clovis before his baptism are not azure, three crescents or but azure, three toads or .
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Through this propagandist connection to Clovis, the fleur-de-lis has been taken in retrospect to symbolize all the Christian Frankish kings, most notably Charlemagne.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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.In the 14th century French writers asserted that the monarchy of France, which developed from the Kingdom of the West Franks, could trace its heritage back to the divine gift of royal arms received by Clovis.^ In the 14th century French writers asserted that the monarchy of France, which developed from the Kingdom of the West Franks, could trace its heritage back to the divine gift of royal arms received by Clovis.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ It is an enduring symbol of France, but, being regarded most notably as the emblem of the monarchy, was not adopted officially by any of the French republics.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1328, King Edward III of England inherited a claim to the crown of France, and about 1340 he accordingly quartered France Ancient with the arms of the Kingdom of England.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.This story has remained popular, even though scepticism started in the 17th century and modern scholarship has established that the fleur-de-lis was a religious symbol before it was a true heraldic symbol.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ December 17th, 2004 Download : Fleur-De-Lys .
  • WordPress Themes by Sadish » Blog Archive » Download : Fleur-De-Lys 20 September 2009 14:19 UTC wpthemes.info [Source type: General]

^ The term "fleur de lis" in the heraldic sense is attested in 1225.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .Along with true lilies, it was associated with the Virgin Mary, and in the 12th century Louis VI and Louis VII started to use the emblem, on sceptres for example, so connecting their rulership with this symbol of saintliness.^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica emblem (French: “lily flower”) , also spelled fleur-de-lys, also called flower-de-luce stylized emblem or device much used in ornamentation and, particularly, in heraldry , long associated with the French crown.
  • fleur-de-lis (emblem) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beginning in the 11th century, French royalty adopted the symbol as a baptismal symbol of purity.  One legend arose that the lily appeared as 'a gift of blessing from an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary'.
  • eBay Guides - The mysterious and spiritual fleur de lis 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One legend identifies it as the lily given at his baptism to Clovis, king of the Franks (466–511), by the Virgin Mary .
  • fleur-de-lis (emblem) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Louis VII ordered the use of fleur-de-lis clothing in his son Philip's coronation in 1179,[14] while the first visual evidence of clearly heraldic use dates from 1211: a seal showing the future Louis VIII and his shield strewn with the "flowers".[15] Until the late 14th century the French royal coat of arms was Azure semé-de-lys Or (a blue shield "seeded" (semé) with small golden fleurs-de-lis), but Charles V of France changed the design from an all-over scattering to a group of three in about 1376.[a][b] These two coats are known in heraldic jargon as France Ancient and France Modern respectively.^ Decorative Tile: Fleur de Lis Design.
  • Fleur de Lis design on ceramic tiles 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artontiles.com [Source type: General]

^ The term "fleur de lis" in the heraldic sense is attested in 1225.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

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In the reign of King Louis IX (St. Louis) the three petals of the flower were said to represent faith, wisdom and chivalry, and to be a sign of divine favour bestowed on France.[16] .During the next century, the 14th, the tradition of Trinity symbolism was established in France, and then spread elsewhere.^ During the next century, the 14th, the tradition of Trinity symbolism was established in France, and then spread elsewhere.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Symbolism in religion and art Fleur-de-lis on 14th century Syrian albarello.In the Middle Ages the symbols of lily and fleur-de-lis (lis is French for "lily") overlapped considerably in religious art.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The three petals of the heraldic design reflect a widespread association with the Holy Trinity,[21] a tradition going back to 14th century France,[22] added onto the earlier belief that they also represented faith, wisdom and chivalry.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.In 1328, King Edward III of England inherited a claim to the crown of France, and about 1340 he accordingly quartered France Ancient with the arms of the Kingdom of England.^ In 1328, King Edward III of England inherited a claim to the crown of France, and about 1340 he accordingly quartered France Ancient with the arms of the Kingdom of England.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ After the kings of France adopted France Modern, the kings of England imitated them from about 1411.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ King Louis VI became the first French monarch to use the fleur de lis on his shield.  Later, several English kings incorporated the symbol into their coats of arms to show their claims to the throne of France.
  • eBay Guides - The mysterious and spiritual fleur de lis 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[c] .After the kings of France adopted France Modern, the kings of England imitated them from about 1411.[17] The monarchs of England (and later of Great Britain) continued to quarter the French arms until 1801, when George III abandoned his formal claim to the French throne.^ In 1328, King Edward III of England inherited a claim to the crown of France, and about 1340 he accordingly quartered France Ancient with the arms of the Kingdom of England.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The monarchs of England (and later of Great Britain) continued to quarter the French arms until 1801, when George III abandoned his formal claim to the French throne (see English claims to the French throne).
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ After the kings of France adopted France Modern, the kings of England imitated them from about 1411.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.King Charles VII ennobled Joan of Arc's family on 29 December 1429 with an inheritable symbolic denomination.^ French arms after 1376King Charles VII ennobled Joan of Arc's family on 29 December 1429 with an inheritable symbolic denomination.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ It was originally was the symbol of Joan Of Arc of France.
  • WordPress Themes by Sadish » Blog Archive » Download : Fleur-De-Lys 20 September 2009 14:19 UTC wpthemes.info [Source type: General]

.The Chamber of Accounts in France registered the family's designation to nobility on 20 January 1430. The grant permitted the family to change their surname to du Lys.^ The grant permitted the family to change their surname to du Lys.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The Chamber of Accounts in France registered the family's designation to nobility on 20 January, 1430.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ With the acutely recognizable symbol of the lily of France, this designer inspired silver fleur de lis black...
  • Fleur De Lis Jewelry - Shop Smarter.com 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.smarter.com [Source type: General]

.France Modern remained the French royal standard, and with a white background was the French national flag until the French Revolution, when it was replaced by the tricolor of modern-day France.^ Standard of the French royal family prior to 1789 and from 1815 to 1830France Modern remained the French royal standard, and with a white background was the French national flag until the French Revolution, when it was replaced by the tricolor of modern-day France.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Joan of Arc carried a white banner showing God blessing the French royal emblem while leading French troops into battle .
  • eBay Guides - The mysterious and spiritual fleur de lis 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ France Modern was also on the coat of arms of the old French province of Île-de-France (for instance, as a badge on the uniforms of the local gendarmerie).
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.The fleur-de-lis was restored to the French flag in 1814, but replaced once again after the revolution against Charles X of France in 1830.[d] In a very strange turn of events after the end of the Second French Empire, where a flag apparently influenced the course of history, Henri, comte de Chambord, was offered the throne as King of France, but he would agree only on condition that the French give up the tricolor and bring back the white flag with fleurs-de-lis.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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[18] His condition was rejected and France became a republic.
.France Modern was also on the coat of arms of the old French province of Île-de-France (for instance, as a badge on the uniforms of the local gendarmerie).^ In the French coats of arms it is much the same.
  • A GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN HERALDRY by JAMES PARKER 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldsnet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though the Fleur de Lis (French for "Flower of the Lily") has its roots in history, our Fleur de Lis jewelry offers a hip and sophisticated modern style.
  • Fleur de Lis Jewelry - Fleur de Lis Necklaces, Fleur de Lis Earrings, Fleur de Lis Rings & Bracelets 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.evesaddiction.com [Source type: General]

^ At a minimum, the arms "azure, a semis of fleur-de-lis or" are associated with French kings from 1200.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other European monarchs and rulers

Fleur-de-lis on an old concrete wall
.Fleurs-de-lis feature prominently in the Crown Jewels of England and Scotland.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.In English heraldry, they are used in many different ways, and can be the cadency mark of the sixth son.^ In English heraldry, they are used in many different ways, and can be the cadency mark of the sixth son.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ It has consistently been used as a royal emblem, though different cultures have interpreted its meaning in varying ways.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Of course it's also on the Quebec flag...it is in no way solely a symbol of French monarchy, though it has certainly been used by MANY monarchies including Spain's, and including the Bourbons....
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

The tressure flory-counterflory (flowered border) has been a prominent part of the design of the Scottish royal arms and Royal Standard since James I of Scotland.[e]
The treasured fleur-de-luce he claims
To wreathe his shield, since royal James
.In Florentine fleurs-de-lis,[f] the stamens are always posed between the petals.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

.This heraldic charge is often known as the Florentine lily to distinguish it from the conventional design.^ This heraldic charge is often known as the Florentine lily to distinguish it from the conventional design.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur-de-lis, to designate the heraldic charge, appears as early as 1400.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As an emblem of the city, it is therefore found in icons of the bishop Zenobius.[20] The currency of Florence, the fiorino, was decorated with it, and it influenced the appearance and name of the Hungarian forint and other florins. .Elsewhere in Italy, fleurs-de-lis have been used for some papal crowns[g] and coats of arms, Farnese Dukes of Parma, and by some doges of Venice.^ Crusaders Fleur-de-lis Coat of Arms .
  • Schleich Fleur-de-lis Coat of Arms at MyToyBox.Com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.mytoybox.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

.The fleur-de-lis was also the symbol of the House of Kotromanić, a ruling house in medieval Bosnia allegedly in recognition of the Angevin, where the flower is thought of as a Lilium bosniacum.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur - de - Lis Pattern.
  • Fleur De Lis Tie - Compare Prices, Reviews and Buy at NexTag - Price - Review 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nextag.com [Source type: General]

.It was used on the Bosnia and Herzegovina flag between 1992 and 1998.[h] Today, fleur-de-lis is a national symbol of Bosniaks,[i] one of three Bosnian constitutive ethnic groups, the other two being Serbs and Croats.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • eBay Store - Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry: Hook, Necklaces Pendants, Hello Kitty 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC stores.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

.Other countries using the emblem heraldically include Serbia and Spain in recognition of the Bourbons.^ National symbol of BosniaksOther countries using the emblem heraldically include Serbia and Spain in recognition of the Bourbons.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Of course it's also on the Quebec flag...it is in no way solely a symbol of French monarchy, though it has certainly been used by MANY monarchies including Spain's, and including the Bourbons....
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.The heraldic fleur-de-lis is widespread: among the numerous cities which use it as a symbol are some whose names echo the word 'lily', for example, Liljendal, Finland.^ The term "fleur de lis" in the heraldic sense is attested in 1225.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

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  • Fleur-de-Lis jewelry | Fleur de Lis Home Decor | LSU & Saints | Louisiana Gifts - Books and More 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.louisianaonlinemall.com [Source type: General]

This is called canting arms in heraldic terminology. .As a dynastic emblem it has also been very widely used: not only by noble families but also, for example, by the Fuggers, a medieval banking family.^ As a dynastic emblem it has also been very widely used: not only by noble families but also, for example, by the Fuggers medieval banking family.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The essential point is that it is a very stylised figure, probably a flower, that has been used as an ornament or an emblem by almost all civilisations of the old and new worlds.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The essential point is that it is a very stylised figure, probably a flower, that has been used as an ornament or an emblem by almost all civilizations of the old and new worlds."
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

North America

.Fleurs-de-lis crossed the Atlantic along with Europeans going to the New World, especially with French settlers.^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

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^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

.Their presence on North American flags and coats of arms usually recalls the involvement of French settlers in the history of the town or region concerned, and in some cases the persisting presence there of a population descended from such settlers.^ In the French coats of arms it is much the same.
  • A GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN HERALDRY by JAMES PARKER 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldsnet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ English coat of arms, and the merlion, of which the wings are mentioned(the emerillion being still a French term used for a species of falcon).
  • A GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN HERALDRY by JAMES PARKER 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldsnet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The French coats of arms add to the list the demoiselle and the cousin, that is, the dragon-fly and the the gnat.
  • A GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN HERALDRY by JAMES PARKER 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldsnet.org [Source type: Original source]

.The fleur-de-lis appears on the Canadian coat of arms, the flags of Quebec[j] and Nova Scotia in Canada, and south of the border on that of Detroit (originally a French name, though at present pronounced quite differently), New Orleans, and elsewhere.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.The Acadiana[k] region and various cities in southern Louisiana, such as Lafayette, New Orleans and Baton Rouge, also use the fleur-de-lis.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.On 9 July 2008, Louisiana governor Bobby Jindal signed a bill into law making the fleur-de-lis an official symbol of the state.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ I always thought the fleur de lis was the unofficial symbol of Louisiana anyway.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

[21] .Following Hurricane Katrina, the fleur-de-lis has been widely used in New Orleans as a symbol of grassroots support for New Orleans' recovery.^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

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  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Features Fleur-de-lis Charm.
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[22]
It is also used in several places whose name came from one of the French King Louis: amongst them, the Flag of Louisville, Kentucky and of St. Louis, Missouri, where the three-petalled symbol also denotes the convergence of the Mississippi, Missouri and Illinois Rivers.

Coats of arms and flags

^ French arms before 1376
(France ancienne)



France Ancient.svg
^ French arms after 1376
(France moderne)



Blason France moderne.svg
^ The arms of Edward III (from 1340),
including the fleur-de-lis; similar
arms were used by subsequent
English monarchs until 1800

England Arms 1340.svg
^ Standard of the French
royal family prior to 1789
and from 1815 to 1830


Pavillon royal de France.svg
^ Scottish royal arms




Royal coat of arms of Scotland.svg
^ Fleur-de-lis of Florence




FlorenceCoA.svg
^ Fleur-de-lis in the coat
of arms of Pope Paul VI


Paul 6 coa.svg
^ Zlatni ljiljan (en: Golden lily) of
Bosnia and Herzegovina



Coat of Arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg
^ National symbol of the Bosniaks




Bosniak Coat of Arms.svg
^ Flag of Quebec (Fleurdelisé)




Flag of Quebec.svg
^ Flag of Acadiana




Flag of Acadiana.svg
^ Coat of Arms of Wiesbaden,
Capital of Hessen, Germany



Wappen Wiesbaden.svg

Symbolism in religion and art

Fleur-de-lis on 14th century Syrian albarello.
.In the Middle Ages the symbols of lily and fleur-de-lis (lis is French for "lily") overlapped considerably in religious art.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
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^ Features Fleur-de-lis Charm.
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^ Stores with fleur de lis rugs .
  • Fleur De Lis Rugs - Shop Smarter.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.smarter.com [Source type: General]

.Michel Pastoureau, the historian, says that until about 1300 they were found in depictions of Jesus, but gradually they took on Marian symbolism and were associated with the Song of Solomon's "lily among thorns" (lilium inter spinas), understood as a reference to Mary.^ Then, slowly, on this Christic content is added a Marial symbolic, linked to the development of the Cult of Mary, and to which the next verse of the Song of Solomon is related (2:2): "sicut lilium inter spinas, sic amica mea inter lilias" as well as many parts of the Scriptures and the Fathers of the Church, where the lily is presented as symbol of purity, virginity and chastity.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is unable to hear everything they say due to interference, but from what he does hear he believes that they are about to be murdered.
  • Moonlight: Fleur de Lis episode on TV.com 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.tv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other scripture and religious literature in which the lily symbolizes purity and chastity also helped establish the flower as an iconographic attribute of the Virgin.^ Other scripture and religious literature in which the lily symbolizes purity and chastity also helped establish the flower as an iconographic attribute of the Virgin.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ In Elizabethan English literature it is a standard name for an iris, a usage which lasted for centuries,[27] but occasionally refers to lilies or other flowers.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ In literature The symbol has featured in modern fiction on historical and mystical themes, as in the bestselling novel The Da Vinci Code and other books discussing the Priory of Sion.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.In medieval England, from the mid-12th century, a noblewoman's seal often showed the lady with a fleur-de-lis, drawing on the Marian connotations of "female virtue and spirituality".[23] Images of Mary holding the flower first appeared in the 11th century on coins issued by cathedrals dedicated to her, and next on the seals of cathedral chapters, starting with Notre Dame de Paris in 1146. A standard portrayal was of Mary carrying the flower in her right hand, just as she is shown in that church's Virgin of Paris statue (with lily), and in the centre of the stained glass rose window (with fleur-de-lis sceptre) above its main entrance.^ Before that, from 1050 at least, the seals of French kings show them sitting, holding a sceptre in their left hand and what looks like a fleur-de-lis in their right hand.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.The flowers may be "simple fleurons, sometimes garden lilies, sometimes genuine heraldic fleurs-de-lis".[15] As attributes of the Madonna, they are often seen in pictures of the Annunciation, notably in those of Sandro Botticelli and Filippo Lippi.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.Lippi also uses both flowers in other related contexts: for instance, in his Madonna in the Forest.^ Lippi also uses both flowers in other related contexts: for instance, in his Madonna in the Forest.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.The three petals of the heraldic design reflect a widespread association with the Holy Trinity, with the band on the bottom symbolizing Mary.^ The three petals of the heraldic design reflect a widespread association with the Holy Trinity,[21] a tradition going back to 14th century France,[22] added onto the earlier belief that they also represented faith, wisdom and chivalry.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ As a religious symbol it may represent the Holy Trinity, or be an iconographic attribute of the archangel Gabriel, notably in representations of the Annunciation.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.The tradition says that without Mary you can not understand the Trinity since it was she who bore The Son.^ Another variation says a lily appeared at Clovis' baptismal ceremony as a gift of blessing from an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary, who is often associated with the flower.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.[24] a tradition going back to 14th century France,[4] added onto the earlier belief that they also represented faith, wisdom and chivalry.^ The three petals of the heraldic design reflect a widespread association with the Holy Trinity,[21] a tradition going back to 14th century France,[22] added onto the earlier belief that they also represented faith, wisdom and chivalry.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Louis) the three petals of the flower were said to represent faith, wisdom and chivalry, and to be a sign of divine favour bestowed on France.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 14th century French writers asserted that the monarchy of France, which developed from the Kingdom of the West Franks, could trace its heritage back to the divine gift of royal arms received by Clovis.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

."Flower of light" symbolism has sometimes been understood from the archaic variant fleur-de-luce (see Latin lux, luc- = "light"), but the Oxford English Dictionary suggests this arose from the spelling, not from the etymology.^ "Flower of light" symbolism has sometimes been understood from the archaic variant fleur-de-luce (see Latin lux, luc- = "light"), but the Oxford English Dictionary suggests this arose from the spelling, not from the etymology.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Light Switch Plate Covers in 50+ sizes and configurations in Fleur De Lis design - scroll down for specialty size links.
  • Fancy Fleur De Lis Switch Plates, Rockers and Outlet Covers 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.kyledesigns.com [Source type: General]

^ I always thought the fleur de lis was the unofficial symbol of Louisiana anyway.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

[25]

Architecture

Fleurs-de-lis on railings at Buckingham Palace
.In building and architecture, the fleur-de-lis is often placed on top of iron fence posts, as a pointed defence against intruders.^ Features Fleur-de-lis Charm.
  • Fleur de lis necklace diamond Necklaces & Pendants at BizRate - Shop online for Jewelry & Watches. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Stores with fleur de lis rugs .
  • Fleur De Lis Rugs - Shop Smarter.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.smarter.com [Source type: General]

^ Woodward on the fleur-de-lis .
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It may ornament any tip, point or post with a decorative flourish, for instance, on finials, the arms of a cross, or the point of a gable. .The fleur-de-lis can be incorporated in friezes or cornices, although the distinctions between fleur-de-lis, fleuron, and other stylized flowers are not always clear,[26] or be used as a motif in an all-over tiled pattern, perhaps on a floor.^ Decorative Tile: Fleur de Lis Design.
  • Fleur de Lis design on ceramic tiles 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artontiles.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • eBay Store - Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry: Hook, Necklaces Pendants, Hello Kitty 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC stores.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

Fleur-de-lis floor at Saint Denis Basilica
.It may appear in a building for heraldic reasons, as in some English churches where the design paid a compliment to a local lord who used the flower on his coat of arms.^ English coat of arms, and the merlion, of which the wings are mentioned(the emerillion being still a French term used for a species of falcon).
  • A GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN HERALDRY by JAMES PARKER 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldsnet.org [Source type: Original source]

.Elsewhere the effect seems purely visual, like the crenellations on the 14th century Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan.^ During the next century, the 14th, the tradition of Trinity symbolism was established in France, and then spread elsewhere.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

Modern usage

Fleurs-de-lis in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina, 2005
.Also see North America section above.^ Modern usage Fleurs-de-lis in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina, 2005Also see North America section above.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

Some modern usage of the fleur-de-lis reflects "the continuing presence of heraldry in everyday life", often intentionally, but also when users are not aware that they are "prolonging the life of centuries-old insignia and emblems".[27]
.Fleurs-de-lis feature on military badges like those of the Israeli Intelligence Corps, the First World War Canadian Expeditionary Force, the 256th Infantry Brigade Combat Team and the Corps of Cadets at Louisiana State University.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

They may be chosen for sports teams, especially when it echoes a local flag, as with the former Quebec Nordiques National Hockey League team and the former Montreal Expos Major League Baseball team, the Fiorentina association football team, the New Orleans Saints American football team and the New Orleans Hornets basketball team, and in coats of arms and logos for universities (like the University of Louisiana at Lafayette and Saint Louis University and Washington University in Missouri), schools (in St. Peter, Minnesota) and companies (like the Royal Elastics shoe company). .The Lady Knights of the University of Arkansas at Monticello have also adopted the fleur de lis as one of the symbols associated with their coat of arms.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.The flag of Lincolnshire, adopted in 2005, has a fleur-de-lis for the city of Lincoln.^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The Lincolnshire, England flag has a fleur-de-lis in the middle.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Customized Fleur-de-lis Bands .
  • Fleur-de-lis Wedding Rings & Fleur-de-lis Jewelry: Affordable & Unique deSigns! 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.custom-fleur-de-lis.com [Source type: General]

It is one of the symbols of the American woman's fraternity Kappa Kappa Gamma, the American men's fraternities Alpha Epsilon Pi and Sigma Alpha Epsilon as well as the international co-ed service fraternity Alpha Phi Omega. It is also used by the high school and college fraternity Scouts Royale Brotherhood of the Philippines. .Marc-André Fleury, a Canadian ice hockey goaltender, has a fleur-de-lis logo on his mask.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

The symbol may be used in less traditional ways. After Hurricane Katrina many New Orleanians of varying ages and backgrounds were tattooed with "one of its cultural emblems" as a "memorial" of the storm, according to a researcher at Tulane University.[28] The US Navy Blue Angels have named a looping flight demonstration manoeuvre after the flower as well, and there are even two surgical procedures called "after the fleur."
.The emblem of the Chevrolet Corvette also includes the fleur-de-lis.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Customized Fleur-de-lis Bands .
  • Fleur-de-lis Wedding Rings & Fleur-de-lis Jewelry: Affordable & Unique deSigns! 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.custom-fleur-de-lis.com [Source type: General]

The current UFC Welterweight Champion, Georges St. Pierre, has a tattoo of the fleur-de-lis on his right calf.
.In the "Warhammer 40,000" universe, the Fleur-de-lis is the symbol of the "Sisters of Battle", often tattood on their cheeks or present on their helmets and the shoulders of their armor.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Customized Fleur-de-lis Bands .
  • Fleur-de-lis Wedding Rings & Fleur-de-lis Jewelry: Affordable & Unique deSigns! 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.custom-fleur-de-lis.com [Source type: General]

.In the video games "Saints Row" and "Saints Row 2" the Fleur-de-lis is the symbol of the Third Street Saints street gang.^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Customized Fleur-de-lis Bands .
  • Fleur-de-lis Wedding Rings & Fleur-de-lis Jewelry: Affordable & Unique deSigns! 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.custom-fleur-de-lis.com [Source type: General]

^ Features Fleur-de-lis Charm.
  • Fleur de lis necklace diamond Necklaces & Pendants at BizRate - Shop online for Jewelry & Watches. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

The Campbells soup company uses it on it's soup can labels.

Symbol of Scouting

.The fleur-de-lis is the main element in the logo of most Scouting organizations, representing a major theme in Scouting: the outdoors and wilderness.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur de lis clipart and illustrations .
  • Fleur de lis Clip Art Royalty Free. 64 Fleur de lis clipart vector EPS illustrations and images available to search from over 15 stock illustration companies. 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.The World Scout Emblem of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, has elements of which are used by most national Scout organizations.^ The World Crest of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, has elements of which are used by most national Scout organizations.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Symbol of Scouting Main article: Fleur-de-lis in Scouting The World CrestThe fleur-de-lis is the main element in the logo of most Scouting organizations, representing a major theme in Scouting: the outdoors and wilderness.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ The essential point is that it is a very stylised figure, probably a flower, that has been used as an ornament or an emblem by almost all civilisations of the old and new worlds.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The symbol was chosen by Sir Robert Baden-Powell as it had been the arm-badge of those soldiers qualified as "Scouts" (reconnaissance specialists) when he served in the British Army.^ The symbol was chosen by Baden-Powell as it had been the arm-badge of those soldiers qualified as "Scouts" (reconnaissance specialists) when BP served in the British Army.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

The classical description of this shape in Scouting literature connects the compass rose with the purpose of Scouting's principles—namely that Scouting gives one's life direction.

In literature

.The symbol has featured in modern fiction on historical and mystical themes, as in the bestselling novel The Da Vinci Code and other books discussing the Priory of Sion.^ In literature The symbol has featured in modern fiction on historical and mystical themes, as in the bestselling novel The Da Vinci Code and other books discussing the Priory of Sion.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.It recurs in French literature, where examples well-known in English translation include the fleur-de-lis character in The Hunchback of Notre Dame by Victor Hugo, and the reference in Dumas' The Three Musketeers to the old custom of branding a criminal with the sign.^ Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry .
  • Fleur de lis Treasures Jewelry eBay Store About My Store 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC cgi3.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They can't have our fleur de lis!
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ Features Fleur-de-lis Charm.
  • Fleur de lis necklace diamond Necklaces & Pendants at BizRate - Shop online for Jewelry & Watches. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

(Fleurdeliser in French). .During the reign of Elizabeth I of England, known as the Elizabethan era, it was a standard name for an iris, a usage which lasted for centuries,[29] but occasionally refers to lilies or other flowers.^ In Elizabethan English literature it is a standard name for an iris, a usage which lasted for centuries,[27] but occasionally refers to lilies or other flowers.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

^ In England this flower is known as 'flagflower'.
  • The Fleur-de-Lys 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ItFleur-de-lis is literally translated from French as "flower of lily", and is widely thought to be a stylized version of the species Iris pseudacorus.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

.It also appeared in the novel A Confederacy of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole on a sign composed by the main character.^ It also appeared in the novel A Confederacy of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole on a sign composed by the main character.
  • Fleur de lis may become official state symbol - NOLA.com 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.nola.com [Source type: General]

The lilly, Ladie of the flowring field,
The Flowre-deluce, her louely Paramoure
Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, 1590[30]

In film

  • In the movie L.A. Confidential (1997), "Fleur-de-Lys" is the name of an underground service employing call-girls altered by plastic surgery to look like movie stars.
  • In The Da Vinci Code the fleur-de-lis appears as a one of a series of clues that leads to discovery of the supposed Holy Grail.
  • In the movie The Three Musketeers (1993), a traitor is branded with a fleur-de-lis.
  • In the first three seasons of the television series Weeds, a fleur-de-lis is the emblem of the housing development Agrestic.
  • In Death Note, the anime, it is seen as Misa Amane's jewelry.

See also

References

  1. ^ Michel Pastoureau, Heraldry: Its Origins and Meaning, Francisca Garvie trans. (Thames and Hudson 1997), ISBN 0-500-30074-7, p. 98.
  2. ^ Hall, James (1974). Dictionary of Subjects & Symbols in Art. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-433316-7. p. 124.
  3. ^ Michel Pastoureau (2006) Traité d'Héraldique (Treatise on Heraldry, translated by François R. Velde
  4. ^ a b Michel Pastoureau, Heraldry: its origins and meaning p.99
  5. ^ Gold helmet of Scythian chief found at Ak Burun, 6th century B.C.
  6. ^ Lewis, Philippa and Gillian Darley (1986) Dictionary of Ornament
  7. ^ Lombard-Jourdan, 1991. Fleur-de-lis et oriflamme:signes céleste du royaume de France (Paris: C.N.R.S.); Lombard-Jourdan traces an archaeology of beliefs through material representations.
  8. ^ Such as Brigitte Bedos-Rezak, reviewing Lombard-Jourdan in Speculum 69.1 (January 1994):205-207).
  9. ^ Ralph E. Giesey, "Models of Rulership in French Royal Ceremonial" in Rites of Power: Symbolism, Ritual, and Politics Since the Middle Ages ed. Wilentz (Princeton 1985) p43
  10. ^ A.C. Fox-Davies, A Complete Guide to Heraldry (London 1909) p273
  11. ^ British Library commentary on the legend presented in the Bedford Book of Hours.
  12. ^ François R. Velde
  13. ^ Michel Pastoureau, Heraldry: its origins and meaning p.99-100
  14. ^ Fox-Davies, A Complete Guide to Heraldry p274
  15. ^ a b Michel Pastoureau, Heraldry: its origins and meaning p.100
  16. ^ Chronicles of Guillaume de Nangis quoted in Nouvelle collection des mémoires pour servir a l'histoire de France (1839)]
  17. ^ Fox-Davies
  18. ^ Pierre Goubert, The Course of French History, translator Maarten Ultee, (Routledge 1991) p.267
  19. ^ Sir Walter Scott (1833) The Complete Works of Sir Walter Scott, Volume 1 of 7, Canto Fourth, VIII, NY: Conner and Cooke
  20. ^ Hall, James (1974). Dictionary of Subjects & Symbols in Art. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-433316-7. p.124.
  21. ^ Fleur-de-lis Now Official State Symbol KTAL NewsChannel 6 - NBC. Accessed 09 July 2008
  22. ^ "Frenzy on for fleur de lis", AP in The Advertiser (Lafayette, La.), November 26, 2009.
  23. ^ Susan M. Johns, Noblewomen, Aristocracy and Power in the Twelfth-Century Anglo-Norman Realm (Manchester 2003) p130
  24. ^ F.R.Webber, Church Symbolism 1938 (Kessinger 2003) p.178
  25. ^ A "fanciful derivation", Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
  26. ^ fr:wikisource
  27. ^ Michel Pastoureau, Heraldry: its origins and meaning p.93-94
  28. ^ Times-Picayune, July 16, 2006
  29. ^ OED
  30. ^ Edmund Spenser, Faerie Queene 2:vi

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.FLEUR-DE-LIS (Fr.^ Jacquard Fleur De Lis Large Tote .
  • Jacquard Fleur De Lis Large Tote 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.handbagbug.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de Lys Sunday, July 02, 2006 .
  • Round the Rock: Fleur de Lys 20 September 2009 14:19 UTC www.cackletv.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur-de-Lis Brooch for Princess Cut Gemstone .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Jewelry 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.stuller.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Fleur de Lis Designs 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.stuller.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."lily flower"), an heraldic device, very widespread in the armorial bearings of all countries, but more particularly associated with the royal house of France.^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica emblem (French: “lily flower”) , also spelled fleur-de-lys, also called flower-de-luce stylized emblem or device much used in ornamentation and, particularly, in heraldry , long associated with the French crown.
  • fleur-de-lis (emblem) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fleur-de-lis translated literally, means lily flower and is often associated with France, Quebec and Louisiana.
  • Fleur-de-lis Wedding Favors - Fleur de lis Wedding Theme 22 September 2009 17:58 UTC www.littlethingsfavors.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur-de-lis A stylized three-petaled iris flower tied by an encircling band, used as the heraldic bearing of the royal family of France.

.The conventional fleur-de-lis, as Littre says, represents very imperfectly three flowers of the white lily (Lilium) joined together, the central one erect, and each of the other two curving outwards.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Fleur de lis Pins .

^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

.The fleur-de-lis is a common device in ancient decoration, notably in India and in Egypt,where it was the symbol of life and resurrection, the attribute of the god Horus.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Fleur de lis Pins .

^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

.It is common also in Etruscan bronzes.^ It is common also in Etruscan bronzes.

.It is uncertain whether the conventional fleur-de-lis was originally meant to represent the lily or white iris - the flower-de-luce of Shakespeare - or an arrow-head, a spear-head, an amulet fastened on date-palms to ward off the evil eye, &c.^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de Lis Wear .

.In Roman and early Gothic architecture the fleur-de-lis is a frequent sculptured ornament.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Fleur de lis Pins .

^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

.As early as I120 three fleurs-de-lis were sculptured on the capitals of the Chapelle Saint-Aignan at Paris.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Fleur de lis Pins .

^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

.The fleur-de-lis was first definitely connected with the French monarchy in an ordonnance of Louis le Jeune (c. 1147), and was first figured on a seal of Philip Augustus in 1180. The use of the fleur-de-lis in heraldry dates from the 12th century, soon after which period it became a very common charge in France, England and Germany, where every gentleman of coat-armour desired to adorn his shield Middle Ages.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ Fleur de lis Pins .

^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

17th century. 18th and 19th centuries.
with a .loan from the shield of France, which was at first d'azur, seme de fleurs delis d'or. In February 1376 Charles V.^ France, which was at first d'azur, seme de fleurs delis d'or.

^ The reduction to three fleurs-de-lis, today designated as France Modern , was commanded by Charles V in 1376, reportedly in honour of the Holy Trinity.
  • fleur-de-lis (emblem) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His grandson Louis VII was the first to adopt the Azure sem-de-lis Or (a blue shield with a tight pattern of small golden fleur-de-lis) as his badge, and this came to be so closely associated with his country that it is now known as "France Ancient".
  • The French Fleur-de-Lis Flag Source - Anthem Flag & Gift 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.anthemflag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

of .France reduced the number of fleurs-de-lis to three - in honour of the Trinity - and the kings of France thereafter bore d'azur, d trois fleurs de lis d'or. Tradition soon attributed the origin of the fleur-de-lis to Clovis, the founder of the Frankish monarchy, and explained that it represented the lily given to him by an angel at his baptism.^ Fleur de Lis Events .
  • Event Gallery | Fleur de Lis Events 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC fdleventsinc.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de Lis on Black...
  • Fleur-De-Lis Paintings and Art at Artist Rising 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artistrising.com [Source type: General]

^ Historical Flags - Fleur-de-lis .
  • Historical Flags - Fleur-de-lis 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.annin.com [Source type: General]

.Probably there was as much foundation for this legend as for the more rationalistic explanation of William Newton (Display of Heraldry, p.^ Probably there was as much foundation for this legend as for the more rationalistic explanation of William Newton ( Display of Heraldry, p.

^ There is: else much more wretched were the cace Of men, then beasts.
  • The Faerie Queene: Book II. 11 September 2009 5:41 UTC darkwing.uoregon.edu [Source type: Original source]

.145), that the fleur-de-lis was the figure of a reed or flag in blossom, used instead of a sceptre at the proclamation of the Frankish kings.^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de Lis Wear .

^ Fleur de Lis Buckle .

.Whatever be the true origin of the fleur-de-lis as a conventional decoration, it is demonstrably far older than the Frankish monarchy, and history does not record the reason of its adoption by the royal house of France, from which it passed into common use as an heraldic charge in most European countries.^ Fleur de Lis.

^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

^ Decorative Tile: Fleur de Lis Design.
  • Fleur de Lis design on ceramic tiles 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.artontiles.com [Source type: General]

.An order of the Lily, with a fleur-de-lis for badge, was established in the Roman states by Pope Paul III.^ "Fleur de Lis - White Irises" .
  • Flowers - Fleur de Lis - White Irises - Collin Bogle Flower Prints - Fleur de Lis - Iris Art Print 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.freespiritart.com [Source type: General]

^ Details Fleur-de-Lis Glassware .
  • Fleur-de-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]
  • Fleur-De-Lis Glassware - Neiman Marcus 7 January 2010 4:41 UTC www.neimanmarcus.com [Source type: General]

^ Fleur de Lis Wear .

in .1546; its members were pledged to defend the patrimony of St Peter against the enemies of the church.^ St Peter against the enemies of the church.

.Another order of the Lily was founded by Louis XVIII.^ Another order of the Lily was founded by Louis XVIII .

in 1816, in memory of the silver fleurs-de-lis which the comte d'Artois had given to the troops in 1814 as decorations; it was abolished by the revolution of 1830.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 15, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Fleur-de-lis, which are similar to those in the above article.








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