|1903||December 17, 1903||10 ft||3 m||Wilbur Wright, Orville Wright||Wright Flyer||propeller||Record uncertified. The Wrights made hundreds of flights with increasing altitude in 1904 and 1905, none witnessed by an official body.|
|1906||October 23, 1906||10 ft||3 m||Alberto Santos-Dumont||14-bis||propeller||First officially witnessed and certified flight.|
|1906||November 12, 1906||13 ft||4 m||Alberto Santos-Dumont||14-bis||propeller|
|1908||December 18, 1908||360 ft||110 m||Wilbur Wright||Biplane||propeller||at Auovors|
|1909||July 1909||492 ft||150 m||Louis Paulhan||Farman||propeller||Douai Air Show|
|1909||3,018 ft||920 m||Louis Paulhan||Farman||propeller||Lyon|
|1910||January 9, 1910||4,164 ft||1,269 m||Louis Paulhan||Farman||propeller||Los Angeles air meet |
|1910||June 17, 1910||4,603 ft||1,403 m||Walter Brookins||Wright biplane||propeller||Washington Post; June 18, 1910; Indianapolis, Indiana, June 17, 1910. Walter Brookins, in a Wright biplane, broke the world's aeroplane record for altitude today, when he soared to a height of 4,603 feet (1,403 m), according to the measurement of the altimeter. His motor stopped as he was descending, and he made a glide of 2 miles (3.2 km), landing easily in a wheat field.|
|1910||October 30, 1910||8,471 ft||2,582 m||Ralph Johnstone||Wright biplane||propeller||International Aviation Tournament was at the Belmont Park race track in Elmont, New York |
|1912||June 21, 1912||900 ft||270 m||Curtiss A-1||propeller||seaplane record |
|1932||16 September||43,976 ft||13,407 m||Cyril Unwins||Vickers Vespa||propeller|
|1936||28 September||49,967 ft||15,230 m||Sqn Ldr Francis Ronald Swain||Bristol Type 138||propeller|
|1938||30 June||53,937 ft||16,440 m||M J Adam||Bristol Type 138||propeller|
|1938||22 October||56,850 ft||17,083 m||Lt.Col Mario Pezzi||Caproni Ca.161||propeller record to date|
|1957||28 August 1957||70,310 ft||21,430 m||Mike Randrup||English Electric Canberra B.2 With Scorpion Rocket Motor||Turbojet plane|
|5 years of records go here.|
|1962||17 July 1962||59.6 mi||95.9 km||Robert Michael White||X-15||rocket plane|
|1963||19 July 1963||65.8 mi||105.9 km||Joseph Albert Walker||X-15||rocket plane|
|1963||22 August 1963||66.9 mi||107.7 km||Joseph Albert Walker||X-15||rocket plane|
|2001||13 August 2001||18.3 mi||29.5 km||unmanned||Helios||propeller||solar-electric aircraft - record for non-rocket plane|
|2004||4 October 2004||69.6 mi||112.0 km||Brian Binnie||SpaceShipOne||rocket plane|
The highest altitude obtained in a piston-driven propeller aeroplane (without a payload) was 17,083 m (56,047 ft) on October 22, 1938 by Mario Pezzi at Montecelio, Italy in a Caproni Ca.161 driven by a Piaggio XI R.C. engine.
The highest altitude for horizontal flight without a payload is 14,301 m (46,919 ft) set on November 15, 2003 by Bruce Bohannan flying his Bohannon B-1 driven by a Mattituck/Lycoming IO-540 (350 hp) engine over Angleton, Texas.
The highest current world absolute general aviation altitude record -General Aviation World Records- achieved by a manned air-breathing jet propelled aircraft is 37,650 meters (123,523 feet) set by Alexandr Fedotov, in a Mikoyan Gurevitch E-266M (MiG-25M), on 31 August 1977.
The highest American altitude obtained by a manned air-breathing jet propelled aircraft is 103,000 ft (31,394 m) by the Streak Eagle aircraft. The highest such altitude obtained in level flight is 25,929 m (85,069 ft) set by Robert C. Helt and Larry A. Elliott, in a Lockheed SR-71, on 28 July 1976.
The highest altitude obtained by a manned aeroplane (launched from another aircraft) is 111,996 m (367,441 ft) by Brian Binnie in the Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne (powered by a Scaled Composite SD-010 engine with 18,000 lb of thrust) on 4 October 2004 at Mojave, CA. The previous (unofficial) record was 107,960 m (354,199 ft) set by Joseph A. Walker in an X-15 on August 22, 1963.
The highest altitude obtained by a rocket propelled aeroplane (self-launched—i.e. not launched from another aircraft) was 24,217 m (79,452 ft) on May 2, 1958 by Roger Carpentier over Istres, France in a Sud-Ouest Trident II aircraft.
(see discussion page for correct altitude values)
|2004||December 13, 2004||4.1 mi (22,000 ft)||6.614 km (6,614 m)||David Hempleman-Adams||Boland Rover A-2||Fédération Aéronautique Internationale record for hot air balloon as of 2007|
|1783||15 October 1783||0.016 mi (84 ft)||0.026 km (26 m)||Pilâtre de Rozier||Montgolfier||tethered balloon|
On November 26, 2005, Vijaypat Singhania set the world altitude record for highest hot air balloon flight, reaching 21,290 m (69,800 ft). He took off from downtown Bombay, India and landed 240 km (150 mi) south in Panchale. The previous record of 19,811 m (65,000 ft) had been set by Per Lindstrand on June 6, 1988 in Plano, Texas.
The altitude record for unmanned balloons was (1991 edition of Guinness Book) 51.8 km (170,000 ft). The vehicle was a Winzen-Balloon with a volume of 1.35 million cubic metres, which was launched in October 1972 in Chico, California, USA.
In 2002 Japan achieved a new record: an ultra-thin-film balloon named BU60-1 made of polyethylene film 3.4 µm thick with a volume of 60,000 m³ was launched from Sanriku Balloon Center at 6:35 on May 23, 2002. The balloon kept ascending slowly at a speed of 260 m per minute and successfully reached the altitude of 53.0 km (174,000 ft), establishing a new world record for the first time in 30 years. 
The highest altitude obtained in an unpowered aircraft is 50,722 ft (15,460 m) on 30 August 2006 by Steve Fossett (pilot) and Einar Enevoldson (co-pilot) in their high performance research glider, breaking the previous record by 1,713 ft (522 m). This record was set as part of the Perlan Project. The previous record was 49,009 ft (14,938 m) on February 17, 1986 by Robert Harris in lee waves over California City, USA.