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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A flophouse (English: doss-house or dosshouse) is a place that offers very cheap lodging, generally by providing only minimal services.[1]

Contents

Characteristics

Occupants of flophouses generally share bathroom facilities and reside in very tight quarters. The people who make use of these places are often transients, although some people will stay in flophouses for long periods of time—years or decades. Some people who live in flophouses may be just a step above homelessness. In the late 20th century, typical cost might be about US $6 per night. A typical flophouse might advertise its services with a sign such as "Hotel for Men; Transients Welcome". Quarters in flophouses are typically very small, and may resemble office cubicles more than a regular room in a hotel or apartment building.[2] A cubicle might only have wire mesh for a ceiling.

In the past, flophouses were sometimes called "workingmen's hotels" and catered to hobos and transient workers such as seasonal railroad and agriculture workers, or migrant lumberjacks who would travel west during the summer to work and then return to an eastern or midwestern city such as Chicago to stay in a flophouse during the winter. This is described in the 1930 novel The Rambling Kid by Charles Ashleigh and the 1976 book The Human Cougar by Lloyd Morain. Another theme in Morain's book is the gentrification which was then beginning and which has led cities to pressure flophouses to close.

Some city districts that currently have or once had flophouses in abundance became well-known in their own right, such as the Bowery in New York City. As of 2006, building prices and value in the Bowery have significantly increased, and this combined with increased gentrification in the area seriously threatens the ability of flophouses and inexpensive boarding-style hotels to remain open.[3][4]

Cultural references

  • John Steinbeck refers to the "Palace Flophouse Grill" in his book Cannery Row where the central characters of the novel establish their residence in what is described as a storage shed that had to be cleared of fish meal prior to making it a suitable residence.
  • George Orwell discussed dosshouses in the UK in his book Down and Out in Paris and London. He described them as having rather poor cleanliness standards, often issuing unwashed and badly stained blankets, and sometimes renting beds in a large common room resembling barracks more than private rooms. He noted that at the time he wrote the book (1933) the term "dosshouse" was already falling out of use.
  • Jack Kerouac stayed in such places in San Francisco and other cities, referring to them as "skid row hotels" in his books. The low prices allowed him to stretch his money from writing, and from jobs such as firewatcher and railroad brakeman. He would often keep a typewriter and hot plate in his room.
  • The affluent fashion photographer in Blowup (1966) claims to have spent the night in a "dosshouse".
  • The film Staying Alive (1983) features its lead character living in a flophouse.
  • A slang meaning for "flophouse" was referenced in the film Kids. The definition is a house or apartment (usually apartment) where substance abusers stay to party and abuse drugs and/or alcohol. (By the time of the film Psycho II, recently-released Norman Bates discovers his family's motel is being used for this purpose.)
  • They Might Be Giants's song The Shadow Government, mentions a flophouse -- Crawling out of the flophouse/I saw the mayor stealing my junk/I doth protest, citizen's arrest/Now my body's in his trunk
  • Johnny 5 refers to his new home as a flophouse in the movie Short Circuit 2.

See also

References

  1. ^ The Last of the Mohicans—Searching for a place to flop on what was once skid row
  2. ^ N.Y. Court says flophouses fall under rent stabilization laws
  3. ^ From flophouses to fancy on the Bowery from The Real Deal Magazine
  4. ^ The Big City; Save the Flophouses

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