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Floriano Peixoto: Wikis

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Floriano Vieira Peixoto


In office
November 23, 1891 – November 15, 1894
Vice President None
Preceded by Deodoro da Fonseca
Succeeded by Prudente de Morais

In office
November 15, 1889 – November 23, 1891
President Deodoro da Fonseca
Preceded by office created
Succeeded by Manuel Vitorino Pereira (1894)

Born April 30, 1839(1839-04-30)
Maceió, Alagoas
Died July 29, 1895 (aged 56)
Barra Mansa, Rio de Janeiro
Nationality Brazilian
Political party None

Floriano Vieira Peixoto (April 30, 1839, Maceió, Brazil — July 29, 1895, Rio de Janeiro; Portuguese pronunciation: [floɾiˈɐnu viˈejɾɐ pejˈʃotu], born in Ipioca (today a district of the city of Maceió in the State of Alagoas), was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the War of the Triple Alliance, and the second President of Brazil.

Election and Succession as President

Floriano Peixoto was an Army Marshal when elected vice-president in 1891 and later rose to the Presidency following the resignation of Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca in November 1891, first President of Brazil following the end of the Monarchy in 1889. Floriano Peixoto came to the Presidency in a difficult period of the young First Republic and his ascendancy to the Presidency was deemed unconstitutional since the Article 42 of the Constitution indicated that, in the case of resignation of the incumbent, the Vice-President could only assume the Presidency if half of the President's mandate was completed.

Government

Floriano Peixoto defeated a naval officers' rebellion against him (1893-1894) and a seditious military movement in the State of Rio Grande do Sul and in the State of Santa Catarina. His government was marked by increased centralization of power and nationalism.

Legacy

He is often referred to as "the Consolidator of the Republic" or "The Iron Marshal". He left the Presidency in November 15, 1894 but despite his unpopularity, the "Iron Marshal" was responsible for the consolidation of the new Republican Government.

Desterro, the capital of the state of Santa Catarina, was renamed Florianópolis as punishment for its participation in the Federalist Revolution in 1894.

Preceded by
Deodoro da Fonseca
President of Brazil
1891–1894
Succeeded by
Prudente de Morais
Preceded by
Office created
Vice-President of Brazil
1889–1891
Succeeded by
Manuel Vitorino Pereira
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