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Florianus
Emperor of the Roman Empire
Antoninianus Florianus-unpub ant hercules.jpg
Hercules crowning Florianus. This coin celebrates the AETERNITAS AVG, the eternal life of the emperor, but Florianus ruled only 88 days.
Reign 276
Full name Marcus Annius Florianus (from birth to accession);
Caesar Marcus Annius Florianus Augustus (as emperor)
Died 276
Predecessor Marcus Claudius Tacitus
Successor Probus

Marcus Annius Florianus (died 276), commonly known as Florian in English, was a Roman Emperor who ruled in 276.

Contents

Biography

Florian was reportedly a maternal half-brother to Marcus Claudius Tacitus. According to sources, he was chosen by the army in the West to succeed Tacitus in 276, without the Roman Senate consensus. However he minted coins bearing the "SC" legend, thus showing some bonds to the Senate.

He was fighting against the Heruli when the army in the East elected Probus. He had the support of Italia, Gaul, Hispania, Britain, Africa, and Mauretania. The two rival emperors met in battle in Cilicia. Florianus had the larger army, but Probus was a more experienced general, and avoided a direct clash. Probus likely secured a small victory, and Florian was assassinated by his own troops near Tarsus once their confidence was lost. Florianus died in September 276, having been emperor for only 88 days.

In the Middle Ages the von Blumenthal family claimed descent from him, apparently because both names refer to flowers.[citation needed]

References

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Primary sources

…"Florian succeeded him. But when the majority of the troops chose Equitius Probus, a man experienced in military affairs, Florian, on the sixtieth day of his reign, as if exhausted in the contest for power, when he had cut open his veins, was consumed by loss of blood…"
"…FLORIANUS, who succeeded Tacitus, was on the throne only two months and twenty days, and did nothing worthy of mention..…"

Secondary sources

External links

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Marcus Claudius Tacitus
Roman Emperor
276
Succeeded by
Probus

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