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Florida's 1st congressional district
United States House of Representatives, Florida District 1 map.png
Current Representative Jeff Miller (R)
Area 5,241 mi²
Distribution 77.5% urban, 22.5% rural
Population (2000) 639,295
Median income $36,738
Ethnicity 78.0% White, 14.0% Black, 1.9% Asian, 3.0% Hispanic, 0.9% Native American, 0.2% other
Cook PVI R+21

Florida's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida, covering the state's western Panhandle.

It includes all of Escambia, Holmes, Washington, and Santa Rosa counties and portions of Okaloosa and Walton counties.

The current U.S. Representative from the district is Jeff Miller, who was elected in a special election following the resignation of Joe Scarborough.

Contents

Demographics

Date from the 2000 Census indicates that the district has a total population of roughly 650,000 residents and covers 5,241 square miles (13,570 km2). The median income is just under the national average at around $36,738.

Politics and economics

Although Democrats have a slight plurality in registration, the 1st is a conservative district.

The district encompasses the western part of the Florida Panhandle, in the extreme western portion of the state, stretching from Pensacola and the Alabama border east to include Walton, Holmes, and Washington counties.

The territory now in the 1st was originally part of the 3rd district from 1903 to 1963; it has been numbered as the 1st District since then. It cast aside its Democratic roots far sooner than most other areas of Florida. It has not supported a Democrat for president since 1960. In 1964, Republican Barry Goldwater carried the district by such a large margin that it nearly pushed Florida's electoral votes into the Republican column. Nonetheless, it continued to elect conservative Democrats until the 1994 Republican Revolution, when Joe Scarborough became its first-ever Republican congressman. Since then, the district has become arguably the most Republican district in Florida, with Republicans dominating every level of government. John McCain received 67% of the vote in this district in 2008. The district has a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of R +21.

The area comprising the 1st district has maintained a large military presence ever since John Quincy Adams persuaded Spain to sell Florida to the United States in 1819, in part to gain a deep-water port at Pensacola. The Air Force also has a large presence in Eglin Air Force Base, which is economically important to the district. Slightly under 14,000 people are employed at the base, which is one of the largest air bases in the world and has approximately 100,000 square miles (260,000 km2) of airspace stretching over the Gulf of Mexico to the Florida Keys. Hurlburt Field is an auxiliary field at Eglin AFB and is the location of the Air Force Special Operations Command. Eglin AFB spreads over three counties. Pensacola Naval Air Station was the first Navy base devoted to the specific purpose of aviation, and is the home of the Blue Angels. Saufley Field, used for training, is slightly north of Pensacola NAS.

A large number of veterans who retire to this district. Tourism, particularly in Destin, is a major economic activity.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Note
Data unknown or missing. (You can help!) March 4, 1875 – January 3, 1963 44th
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Robert L. F. Sikes Democratic January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1979 88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Redistricted from the 3rd district;
Not a candidate for reelection in 1978
Earl Dewitt Hutto Democratic January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1995 96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
Not a candidate for reelection in 1994
Joe Scarborough Republican January 3, 1995 – September 5, 2001 104th
105th
106th
107th
Resigned
Vacant September 5, 2001 – October 16, 2001 107th
Jeff Miller Republican October 16, 2001 – present 107th
108th
109th
110th
111st
Elected in a special election;
Incumbent

Recent election results

  • 2006:
    • Republican (Miller) 134,928 (69%)
    • Democrat (Roberts) 61,851 (31%)

References

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