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See also: Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument and Florissant, Colorado.
Florissant, Missouri
—  City  —
Location of Florissant, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°47′52″N 90°19′32″W / 38.79778°N 90.32556°W / 38.79778; -90.32556
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Founded 1767
Government
 - Mayor Robert G. Lowery, Sr.
 - City Council
Area
 - Total 11.7 sq mi (30.3 km2)
 - Land 11.4 sq mi (29.4 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 574 ft (175 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 50,497
 Density 4,442.4/sq mi (1,715.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63031, 63032, 63033, 63034
Area code(s) 314
FIPS code 29-24778[1]
GNIS feature ID 0756063[2]
Website http://www.florissantmo.com/

Florissant is a second-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in northern St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The city has a total population of 51,387.[3]

Contents

History

The exact date the first settlers came to the rich, fertile Valley of Florissant is unknown, but it is one of the oldest settlements in the state of Missouri. Some historians believe it was settled about the same time as St. Louis. The first civil government was formed in 1786 by Francois Dunegant dit Borosier who served as the civil and military commandant. Spanish archives in Havana reveal there were 40 people and 7 plantations in Florissant at the time of the 1787 census. The village called "Fleurissant" by its French settlers and "St. Ferdinand" by its Spanish rulers was a typical French village with its commons and common fields.[4]

Originally a separate town, and now an inner suburb of St. Louis, the community was centered on (and frequently called after) the parish of St. Ferdinand. As late as 1889, the town was predominantly French speaking (while the southern portion of the metropolis was populated by German-speakers).[5].

Geography

Florissant is located at 38°47′52″N 90°19′32″W / 38.79778°N 90.32556°W / 38.79778; -90.32556 (38.797800, -90.325570)[6]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30.3 km²), of which, 11.4 square miles (29.4 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (2.82%) is water.

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Climate

Climate data for Florissant, Missouri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3.3)
43
(6.1)
55
(12.8)
67
(19.4)
76
(24.4)
85
(29.4)
89
(31.7)
87
(30.6)
80
(26.7)
69
(20.6)
55
(12.8)
42
(5.6)
65
(18.3)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(-6.1)
25
(-3.9)
36
(2.2)
46
(7.8)
56
(13.3)
66
(18.9)
70
(21.1)
68
(20)
61
(16.1)
48
(8.9)
38
(3.3)
26
(-3.3)
47
(8.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.8
(45.7)
2.1
(53.3)
3.6
(91.4)
3.5
(88.9)
4
(101.6)
3.7
(94)
3.9
(99.1)
2.9
(73.7)
3.1
(78.7)
2.7
(68.6)
3.3
(83.8)
3
(76.2)
37.5
(952.5)
Snowfall inches (mm) 6.5
(165.1)
5.3
(134.6)
3.7
(94)
.6
(15.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.5
(38.1)
4.6
(116.8)
22.2
(563.9)
% Humidity 81 80 79 77 81 82 83 86 86 82 81 82 82
Source: Weatherbase[7] Jan 2009 and NOAA [8] Jan 2009

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 50,497 people, 20,399 households, and 13,687 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,442.4 people per square mile (1,714.8/km²). There were 21,027 housing units at an average density of 1,849.8/sq mi (714.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.66% White, 10.51% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.

There were 20,399 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 817
1890 769 −5.9%
1900 752 −2.2%
1910 765 1.7%
1920 682 −10.8%
1930 1,039 52.3%
1940 1,369 31.8%
1950 3,737 173.0%
1960 38,166 921.3%
1970 65,908 72.7%
1980 55,372 −16.0%
1990 51,206 −7.5%
2000 50,497 −1.4%
Est. 2006 51,387 1.8%

The median income for a household in the city was $44,462, and the median income for a family was $52,195. Males had a median income of $37,434 versus $27,247 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,622. About 2.7% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public

Florissant is home to the Hazelwood and Ferguson-Florissant public school districts. McCluer North High School and McCluer High School of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, and North Technical High School[9] are high schools found within Florissant. Hazelwood Central is the only High School in Florissant belonging to the Hazelwood School District Hazelwood Northwest Middle School and several elementary schools are within the limits.[10][11]

Private

North County Christian School is a preschool through grade 12 Christian school that is theologically associated with the Church of the Nazarene.[12][13]

Several kindergarten through 8th grade parochial schools reside in Florissant. These include Sacred Heart, St Dismas, St Ferdinand, St Rose Philippine Duchesne, and St Sabina schools.[14]

Higher Education

Florissant is home to two theological colleges, an extension campus, and barber college. Saint Louis Christian College is a private four year undergraduate institution that is theologically and ecclesiastically associated with the Christian Churches and Churches of Christ.[15] The Gateway College of Evangelism is located at the former St. Stanislaus Jesuit monastery and is theologically associated with the United Pentecostal Church International.[16] Lindenwood University has its offsite North County Campus located in the former Our Lady of Fatima School.[17] Missouri School of Barbering and Hairstyling-St Louis is also located in Florissant.[18]

Florissant Valley Community College and University of Missouri-St. Louis are located in close proximity to the city.

Public libraries

St. Louis County Library operates the Florissant Valley Branch in Florissant.[19][20]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ United States Census Estimates 2006
  4. ^ Old St. Ferdinand Shrine, Official Site
  5. ^ St. Louis Post-Dispatch, January 27, 1889; cited in Missouri Historical Review, April 1957, p. 330
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Hazelwood, Missouri, United States of America". Weatherbase. 2009. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weatherall.php3?s=554732&refer=&units=us. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  8. ^ "Comparative Climatic Data". National Climatic Data Center, NOAA. 2001. http://ggweather.com/ccd/avgrh.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  9. ^ "North Technical High School". http://www.ssd.k12.mo.us/Tech_ed/Schools/North_Tech/n_tech.html. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  10. ^ "Hazelwood School District Maps" (PDF). Hazelwood School District. http://hsdportal.hazelwood.k12.mo.us/AboutUs/DistrictMap/Documents/HSD%20District%20Map(PDF).pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  11. ^ St. Louis County Department of Planning. City of Florissant-Municipal Wards [map], August 2005 edition. Retrieved on 2008-06-29.
  12. ^ "About NCCS". North County Christian School. http://nccsedu.org/pageview.asp?PageID=1492. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  13. ^ "Statement Of Beliefs". North County Christian School. http://nccsedu.org/pageview.asp?PageID=1435. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  14. ^ "Parochial Schools of Missouri". National Parochial School Association. http://www.parochial.com/missouri/list.html. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  15. ^ "About SLCC". Saint Louis Christian College. http://www.slcconline.edu/futurestudents/about/index.php. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  16. ^ "Gateway College of Evangelism". http://gatewaycollege.net/. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  17. ^ "Lindenwood's Off-site Campuses - North County". Lindenwood University. http://www.lindenwood.edu/about/florissant.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  18. ^ "Missouri School of Barbering and Hairstyling-St Louis". Missouri Community Colleges. 50States.com. http://www.50states.com/cc/detail/mo/178314.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  19. ^ "Florissant Valley Branch." St. Louis County Library. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  20. ^ "Florissant city, Missouri." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  21. ^ "Roster". Guelph Storm. http://www.guelphstorm.com/roster/show/id/282. Retrieved 2009-01-29. 

External links


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