Foggia: Wikis

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Foggia
—  Comune  —
Comune di Foggia
Foggia City Hall

Coat of arms
Foggia is located in Italy
Foggia
Location of Foggia in Italy
Coordinates: 41°27′51″N 15°32′46″E / 41.46417°N 15.54611°E / 41.46417; 15.54611Coordinates: 41°27′51″N 15°32′46″E / 41.46417°N 15.54611°E / 41.46417; 15.54611
Country Italy
Region Puglia
Province Foggia (FG)
Frazioni Borgo Mezzanone, Arpinova, L'Incoronata, Cervaro, Tavernola, Segezia
Government
 - Mayor Gianni Mongielli
Area
 - Total 507 km2 (195.8 sq mi)
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
Population (1 January 2008)[1]
 - Total 153,469
 Density 302.7/km2 (784/sq mi)
 - Demonym Foggiani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 71100
Dialing code 0881
Patron saint Madonna dei Sette Veli
Saint day March 22
Website Official website
Piazza Cavour in Foggia.

Foggia About this sound listen is a city and comune of Apulia, Italy, capital of the province of Foggia. Foggia is the main city of a plain called Tavoliere, also known as the "granary of Italy".

Contents

History

The name Foggia derives from Latin "fovea", meaning "pit", referring to the pits where wheat was stored. Although the area had been settled since Neolithic times, and a Greek colony known as Argos Hippium (in Greek, Ἀργόριππα or Ἀργύριππόι) existed nearby, the first document attesting the existence of the modern city dates from 1000 AD: according to the legend, the first settlers were peasants who had found a panel portraying the Madonna, on which three flames burnt.

The area was marshy and unhealthy, being partially dried under Robert Guiscard, who therefore boosted the economic and social growth of the city. The city was the seat of Henry, Count of Monte Sant'Angelo during the last twenty years of the 11th century. In the 12th century, William II of Sicily built a cathedral here and further enlarged the settlement.

Frederick II had a palace built in Foggia in 1223, in which he often sojourned. It was also seat of his court and a studium, including figures such as Michael Scot, but little of it remains now.

In 1447 King Alfonso V of Aragon built a Custom Palace to tax the local sheep farmers, but this caused a decline of the local economy and the progressive ruin of the land, which again became marshy.

In 1456 an earthquake struck Foggia, followed by others in 1534, 1627 and 1731, the latter destroying one third of the city. The House of Bourbon, however, promoted a certain economical growth by boosting the cereal agriculture of Capitanata and rebuilding much of the settlement.

In the 19th century, Foggia received a railway station and important public monuments. The citizens also took part in the riots, which led to the annexation to Italy in 1861.

By 1865, there was a definitive shift from the custom of sheep farming in favour of an agricultural economy. The historical lack of water resources was solved with the construction of the Apulian aqueduct in 1924, when Foggia was already an important hub between northern and southern Italy.

This role pushed the Allies to bomb the city during World War II, in particular on July 22 and August 19, 1943, killing more than 20.000 civilians and reducing it to rubble. On October 1, 1943 the Allies conquered Foggia, making it a stronghold of their slow offensive towards the north of the peninsula. In 1959 and 2006 Foggia received, respectively, the Gold Medal for Civil and Military value for its role in World War II.

The makers of the well-known American TV sitcom "All in the Family" included in the biography of the main character Archie Bunker a World War II service at Foggia, in the ranks of the United States Army Air Corps.

Main sights

  • The cathedral of Santa Maria de Fovea, which is directly linked with the patron saint "Madonna dei Sette Veli" (Madonna of the Seven Veils)
  • Palazzo Dogana, the historical seat of the sheep custom.
  • Chiesa delle Croci ("Church of the Crosses").
  • I Tre Archi ("The Three Arches").
  • Arco di Federico II ("Arch of Frederick II").
  • Archaeological park of Passo di Corvo.

Economy

Although less important than once before, the agricultural sector remains the mainstay of Foggia's economy, so much that its area is nicknamed the "granary of Italy".

The few industries present are mostly devoted to food processing. Craftsmanship is also encouraged and developed.

Sport

Foggia's stadium is named after Pino Zaccheria, a local pioneer of basketball killed during World War II. It is home of the town's football team U.S. Foggia, which currently plays in Lega Pro Prima Divisione.

Famous people

Twin cities

See also

References

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Foggia is a city in Apulia (Puglia) in Italy.

Understand

Foggia is the capital of the province of Foggia in the Puglia region. The area is known for agriculture: olives, grains, grapes, and Buffalo Mozzerella. The population is about 150,000.

Get in

By plane

Currently, you can fly into Rome, Naples or Bari. Bari is the closest.

Foggia is currently served by a flight from Milan Malpensa with Itali airlines

By train

There are good connections from Rome 3.5 hours or a high speed train from Milan will get you there in just under 7 hours.

By car

The train station is a block away from a National Rental car office.

Farmer's Market
Farmer's Market

Visit the farmer's market east of Centro. Also, Foggia is close to Lucera, an old walled city, and adjacent to the Gargano peninsula.

Eat

There are an abundance of restaurants in Foggia.

  • Da Nino al Grottino, Teatro 13 on the edge of "Old Town", around the corner from the Teatro. This is a fun pizza place with a nice antipasta spread. It is often packed after 8:30PM. Wood fired pizza oven and good service.
  • Giordano Da Pompeo, On the opposite side of the Teatro is a nice restaurant with white linen table cloths. Vico al Piano 14
  • Del Cacciatore Di Gaetana, v. Mascagni 12. A family style restaurant that has great food. Just a block from Grottino.

There are several nice restaurants in this area of the Old Town.

  • Hotel Mercure Cicolella [1] - This hotel is conveniently located next to the Train Station, rental car agency and downtown businesses. The hotel has high speed internet for an extra fee and breakfast is included. The rooms facing inside are quieter.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FOGGIA, a town and episcopal see (since 1855) of Apulia, Italy, the capital of the province of Foggia, situated 243 ft. above sea level, in the centre of the great Apulian plain, 201 m. by rail S.E. of Ancona and 123 m. N.E. by E. of Naples. Pop. (1901) town, 49,031; commune, 53, 1 34. The name is probably derived from the pits or cellars (foveae) in which the inhabitants store their grain. The town is the medieval successor of the ancient Arpi, 3 m. to the N.; the Normans, after conquering the district from the Eastern empire, gave it its first importance. The date of the erection of the cathedral is probably about 1179; it retains some traces of Norman architecture, and the facade has a fine figured cornice by Bartolommeo da Foggia; the crypt has capitals of the 11th (?) century. The whole church was, however, much altered after the earthquake of 1731. A gateway of the palace of the emperor Frederick II. (1223, by Bartolommeo da Foggia) is also preserved. Here died his third wife, Isabella, daughter of King John of England. Charles of Anjou died here in 1284. After his son's death, it was a prey to internal dissensions and finally came under Alphonso I. of Aragon, who converted the pastures of the Apulian plain into a royal domain in 1445, and made Foggia the place at which the tax on the sheep was to be paid and the wool to be sold. The other buildings of the town are modern. Foggia is a commercial centre of some importance for the produce of the surrounding country, and is also a considerable railway centre, being situated on the main line from Bologna to Brindisi, at the point where this is joined by the line from Benevento and Caserta. There are also branches to Rocchetta S. Antonio (and thence to either Avellino, Potenza, or Gioia del Colle), to Manfredonia, and to Lucera.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Foggia

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Foggia

Plural
-

Foggia

  1. Province of Apulia, Italy.
  2. City and capital of Foggia.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
  • Bulgarian: Фоджа (1, 2)
  • Maltese: Foġġja

Italian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Foggia

Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Foggia f.

  1. Foggia (province)
  2. Foggia (city)

Derived terms

Anagrams


Simple English

Comune di Foggia
Country Italy
Region Puglia
Province Foggia (FG)
Mayor Orazio Ciliberti
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
Area 507 km2 (196 sq mi)
Population (as of December 31, 2004)
 - Total 154,780
 - Density 305/km² (790/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 41°27′51″N, 15°32′46″E
Gentilic Foggiani
Dialing code0881
Postal code 71100
Frazioni Borgo Mezzanone, Arpinova, L'Incoronata, Cervaro, Tavernola, Segezia
Patron Madonna dei Sette Veli
 - Day March 22


Location of Foggia in Italy
Website: www.comune.foggia.it

Foggia is a city in the region of Apulia, Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Foggia.


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