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Fokker 70
Austrian Arrows Fokker 70
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Fokker
First flight 4 April 1994
Introduced October 1994 with Ford Motor Company
Primary users KLM Cityhopper
Austrian Arrows
Malev Hungarian Airlines
Régional
Number built 47 + 1 prototype
Developed from Fokker 100

The Fokker 70 is a 70 seat, twin engine jet airliner developed as a smaller version of the 100 seat Fokker 100 jetliner.

Contents

Design and development

The Fokker company of the Netherlands started to develop the airliner in November 1992 with an aim to replace its aging Fokker F28 airliner, with a more modern and fuel efficient aircraft. The Fokker 70's first flight occurred on April 4, 1993 in the company's base at Woensdrecht in southern Netherlands, and had a duration of three hours. After its first flight, the Fokker 70 was taken to Granada, Spain, where many hours were realized in order to obtain the certification at the end of 1994. The first production aircraft flew for the first time in July 1994. Certification was granted on October 14, 1994, while the first delivery of a Fokker 70 to a customer, Ford Motor Company (in an "Executive Jet" configuration), occurred later in the same month.

The development of the Fokker 70 was based on the need of some airlines for which the Fokker 50 or ATR 42 was too small and Boeing 737 or MD-80 too large for their needs. The development consisted in cutting various sections of the fuselage of the Fokker 100, removing 4.62 m of the plane's total length but keeping wings and tail. With these specifications, total capacity is 79 passengers, 70 in the US due more so to meet "scope clause" requirement than to any FAA certification.

The Fokker 70 has two Rolls-Royce Tay 620 turbofans placed at the back of the fuselage with 61.6 kN (13,849 lb) of thrust. The weight varies from 22,673 kg (49,985 lb) in empty weight to 36,965 kg (81,494  lb) at maximum weight at take-off.

The avionics suite is similar to the Fokker 100, but optimized for regional flights.

Most Fokker 70 aircraft were delivered for service in Europe, but in 1995 two aircraft were delivered to America West Express as part of an effort to try to introduce the Fokker 70 to the United States. Although the earlier Fokker 100 did moderately well in the United States with orders from American Airlines and USAir (now US Airways), only two aircraft were delivered for service in the United States. After Fokker's March 1996 bankruptcy ended any hopes of further production for the U.S. market, the two America West Express aircraft became an expensive subfleet and were sent to Europe in 1997, ending the very short tenure of Fokker 70 operation in the United States.

The last Fokker 70 was delivered in April 1997, when the production line closed following Fokker's bankruptcy the previous year. Over the 70's short production life, 47 were built.

Although official production of the Fokker 70 is completed, Rekkof ("Fokker" spelt backwards) has, since 1999, tried to negotiate the re-opening of both the Fokker 100 and Fokker 70 lines, but failed.

Operators

Vietnam Airlines Fokker 70 taxiing at Luang Prabang airport, Laos

As of November 2009 43 aircraft are still in operational use with airlines[1].

Other users:

  • Silkair is a past operator of Fokker 70 (2)

Specifications

Fokker 70 Fokker 70A (1) Fokker 70 "Executive Jet"
Length: 30.91 m
Seating capacity: 79 70 As desired
Wing area: 93.50 m²
Max takeoff weight: 34,020 kg 32,659 kg
Max cruising speed: Mach 0.81[540 mph 869 km/h at 10,688 m
Range: 2,000 km with 9 t of weight
Service ceiling: 35,000 ft (10,700 m)

(1): Specially designed variant for the regional North American market, with less weight without fuel and at landing.

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Capacity: 80 passengers, 8,300 kg (18,300 lb)
  • Length: 30.91 m (101 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.08 m (95 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 8.51 m (27 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 93.5 m2 (1,006 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 22,673 kg (49,985 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 38,100 kg (83,996 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Tay Mk.620 turbofans, 61.6 kN (13,800 lbf) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 743 km/h (462 mph; 401 kn)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.75
  • Range: 2,040 km (1,268 mi; 1,102 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,700 m (35,105 ft)

See also

Related development

Related lists

References

  1. ^ "World Airliner Census". Flight International: 37–59. 2009-08-18.  
  2. ^ "Reactores Comerciales (1999a) (en: Comercial Jetliners) ISBN 84-95088-87-8" (in Spanish). Antonio López Ortega. Agualarga Editores S.l.. http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/libro?codigo=237370. Retrieved 2008-09-26.  

External links

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