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Folk music
Stylistic origins Traditional music
Cultural origins Individual nations or regions
Typical instruments See Folk instruments
Mainstream popularity Until the nineteenth century and now sub-cultural genre with occasional mainstream success
Derivative forms Popular music
Subgenres
Ballads - Carols - Children's songs - Hornpipe - Jigs - Morris dance - Protest songs - Sea shanties - Traditional music - War songs
Fusion genres
Electric folk - Folk metal - Folk rock - New Age music - Neofolk - Space music - Freak folk - Psychedelic folk
Other topics
Roots revival - World music
Béla Bartók recording Czech peasant singers in 1908
.The term folk music originated in the 19th century as a term for musical folklore.^ The term folk music originated in the 19th century as a term for musical folklore.

^ Original music, with folk and country influence.
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

.It has been defined in several ways; as music transmitted by word of mouth, music of the lower classes, music with no known composer.^ It has been defined in several ways; as music transmitted by word of mouth, music of the lower classes, music with no known composer.

^ In all parts of the world it is generally agreed that in its natural state folk song is transmitted by word of mouth.
  • The Heart of the Folk Song 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC cjtm.icaap.org [Source type: General]

^ Nanci Griffith [unit.no] Guthrie, Woody Woody Guthrie - Words and Music - contains seven songs, including Deportee, and This Land is Your Land.

.It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles.^ It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles.

.Since the middle of the 20th century the term has also been used to describe a kind of popular music that is based on traditional music.^ Folk music can also describe a particular kind of popular music which is based on traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ A term used to describe an enormous variety of music .
  • folk music@Everything2.com 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The music created by "Veena:" is devoid of the commercial string attached to the so called popular music of today and presented in its pure traditional form preserving its rich heritage.

.Fusion genres include folk rock, electric folk, folk metal and progressive folk music.^ Their genres include indie folk, folk rock, baroque pop, indie rock and indie pop.
  • Folk Music 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC folk--music.net [Source type: General]

^ Related genres include Folk rock and Progressive folk music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Rock 2 Music (metal/hard rock) .
  • FOLK MUSIC Artists Booking Roster - Corporate Event Booking Agent - Richard De La Font Agency 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC delafont.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Origins and definitions

.The terms folk music, folk song, and folk dance are comparatively recent expressions.^ Just look at the term: folk music.
  • folk music@Everything2.com 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk music folk songs are a part of history.

^ Folk Music: musical expressions of the folk (not commercial) .

They are extensions of the term folk lore, which was coined in 1846 by the English antiquarian William Thoms to describe "the traditions, customs, and superstitions of the uncultured classes."[1] The term is further derived from the German expression Volk, in the sense of "the people as a whole" as applied to popular and national music by Johann Gottfried Herder and the German Romantics over half a century earlier.[2]
Indians always distinguished between classical and folk music, although in the past even classical Indian music used to rely on the unwritten transmission of repertoire.
.A literary interest in the popular ballad was not new: it dates back to Thomas Percy and William Wordsworth.^ Most of the groups repertoire are new compositions, but it also includes traditional material: songs, ballads and tunes from Denmark, which are treated affection-ately in new interesting arrangements.
  • Go! Danish Folk Music at cdRoots - GoFolk! 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.cdroots.com [Source type: General]

^ Following William's work means that, in your Academia.edu News Feed, you will see William's: status updates new papers new research interests and other research updates.
  • Academia.edu | People | People who have Folk Music as a research interest (26) 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.academia.edu [Source type: Academic]

.English Elizabethan and Stuart composers had often evolved their music from folk themes, the classical suite was based upon stylised folk-dances and Franz Josef Haydn's use of folk melodies is noted.^ Folk song melodies and words often evolve over time.

^ Renaissance composers made extensive use of folk and popular music.
  • folk music :: Folk music in historical context -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ But folk music is often given the snub.
  • Why folk music matters : Music : Smile Politely 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.smilepolitely.com [Source type: General]

.But the emergence of the term "folk" coincided with an "outburst of national feeling all over Europe" that was particularly strong at the edges of Europe, where national identity was most asserted.^ Yet in nations or regions where folk music is a badge of cultural or national identity, the loss of folk music can be slowed; this is held to be true, for instance in the case of Hungary, Ireland, Brittany, and Galicia, all of which retain their traditional music to some degree.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ In the past the colliers' tradition of folk dance was strong, and even today some of the finest sword dance teams in Europe are to be found among the miners of Tyneside and Yorkshire.
  • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

^ Czech , like some of the other Slavic languages , uses the term narod (“nation”) and its relatives, indicating that folk music is the musical unifier of all Czechs.
  • folk music -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.Nationalist composers emerged in Eastern Europe, Russia, Scandinavia, Spain and Britain: the music of Dvorak, Smetana, Grieg, Rimsky-Korsakov, Brahms, Liszt, de Falla, Wagner, Sibelius, Vaughan Williams, Bartók and many others drew upon folk melodies.^ Folk Music, see other matches in: .
  • Brother four Folk Music - Browse Music at bizrate for the holidays 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Teach songs: arrangements or pure form of traditional folk song from Eastern Europe and/or N.America OR original & modern material.
  • Madison Folk Music Society | Facebook 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: General]

^ First coming to prominence in the 1950s, she influenced Harry Belafonte, Bob Dylan, Joan Baez and other singers who had roots in the folk music boom.
  • Folk music legend Odetta dies at 77 - Music- msnbc.com 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

.The English term "folklore", to describe traditional music and dance, entered the vocabulary of many continental European nations, each of which had its folk-song collectors and revivalists.^ Folk music folk songs are a part of history.

^ Folk music can also describe a particular kind of popular music which is based on traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Definitions of Folk or Traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

[1]
.However, despite the assembly of an enormous body of work over some two centuries, there is still no certain definition of what folk music (or folklore, or the folk) is.^ Unfortunately, despite the assembly of an enormous body of work over some two centuries, there is still no unanimity on what folk music (or folklore, or the folk) is."
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Definitions of Folk or Traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Then there is the matter of what constitutes "folk music."
  • The 111 Greatest Acts of the Anglo-American Folk Music Tradition 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC web2.wku.edu [Source type: General]

[3] .Folk music may tend to have certain characteristics[1] but it cannot clearly be differentiated in purely musical terms.^ The students will identify characteristics of folk music 2.
  • Appalachian Folk Music - Music Lesson Plan, Thematic Unit, Activity, Worksheet, or Teaching Idea 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.lessonplanspage.com [Source type: General]

^ The concept of folk music General characteristics of folk music .
  • folk music :: Folk music in historical context -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ David Harker (1985) argues that "folk music" is, in Peter van der Merwe's words, "a meaningless term invented by 'bourgeois' commentators".
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

.One meaning often given is that of "old songs, with no known composers"[4], another is that of music that has been submitted to an evolutionary "process of oral transmission....^ One man’s music is another man’s noise.
  • David McGinty | Scottish Acoustic Music | Folk Music | Edinburgh Singer Songwriter 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC davidmcginty.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ But folk music is often given the snub.
  • Why folk music matters : Music : Smile Politely 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.smilepolitely.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1954 the International Folk Music Council defined folk music as "the product of a musical tradition that has been evolved through the process of oral transmission.
  • The Heart of the Folk Song 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC cjtm.icaap.org [Source type: General]

the fashioning and re-fashioning of the music by the community that give it its folk character."[5] Such definitions depend upon "(cultural) processes rather than abstract musical types...", upon "continuity and oral transmission...seen as characterizing one side of a cultural dichotomy, the other side of which is found not only in the lower layers of feudal, capitalist and some oriental societies but also in 'primitive' societies and in parts of 'popular cultures'."[6]
.
Locations in Southern and Central Appalachia visited by the British folklorist Cecil Sharp in 1916 (blue), 1917 (green), and 1918 (red).
^ According to folklorist Maude Karpeles, while collecting songs in the southern Appalachian Mountains during the years 1916 to 1918 with her colleague Cecil Sharp, found: .
  • Folk Music - world, body, life, cause, time, person, human, Death by Accident, Trains and Death, The Supernatural and Death, Death from Natural Causes 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.deathreference.com [Source type: General]

.Sharp sought "old world" English and Scottish ballads passed down to the region's inhabitants from their European ancestors.^ Francis James Child and the Child Ballads Francis James Child's work, The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, was the first major attempt to collect the Folk tradition of Western Europe.

^ Brown's ballads were taken down by a nephew, who sent them to Sir Walter Scott, who used them as a main source of material for his Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border in 1802.
  • Folk Music in Scottish Society 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.standingstones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The native of Lamar County, Texas, sought to preserve the English and Scottish ballads he had heard at play parties in East Texas.
  • Handbook of Texas Online - FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tshaonline.org [Source type: General]

He collected hundreds of such ballads, the most productive areas being the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina and the Cumberland Mountains of Kentucky.
.For Scholes,[1] as for Cecil Sharp and Béla Bartók,[7] there was a sense of the music of the country as distinct from that of the town.^ Cecil Sharp's Revival of Morris Dancing Despite its long history, the Morris dance of today owes its survival to the work of Cecil Sharp and the English folk music revival at the beginning of the 20th century.

^ The folk music of the country reflected this new variety, and a many distinct musical styles and trends were crystallized among Israeli composers.

^ Lomax ( in Alan Lomax (American music scholar) ) Sharp ( in Cecil Sharp (British musician) ) traditions of .
  • folk music :: Folk music in historical context -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.Folk music was already "seen as the authentic expression of a way of life now past or about to disappear (or in some cases, to be preserved or somehow revived),"[8] particularly in "a community uninfluenced by art music"[5] and by commercial and printed song.^ Folk music folk songs are a part of history.

^ Folk song and music, Leicester, UK .
  • Traditional Folk Song Music Leicester UK 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC lfd.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ About music / traditional folk .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

Lloyd rejected this in favour of a simple distinction of economic class[7] yet for him too folk music was, in Charles Seeger's words, "associated with a lower class in societies which are culturally and socially stratified, that is, which have developed an elite, and possibly also a popular, musical culture." In these terms folk music may be seen as part of a "schema comprising four musical types: 'primitive' or 'tribal'; 'elite' or 'art'; 'folk'; and 'popular'."[9]
.Revivalists' opinions differed over the origins of folk music: it was said by some to be art music changed and probably debased by oral transmission, by others to reflect the character of the race that produced it.^ Some also produce local folk content.
  • Kansas Folk Music and Dance Resource Center - Folk Here and Now 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.kansasfolk.org [Source type: General]

^ Slovak folk music has regional character – songs and orchestras are different from region to region.
  • Slovak Folk Music, Dance, Songs, Costumes and Crafts | Slovak-Republic.org 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.slovak-republic.org [Source type: General]

^ Unfortunately, despite the assembly of an enormous body of work over some two centuries, there is still no unanimity on what folk music (or folklore, or the folk) is."
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

[1] .Traditionally, the cultural transmission of folk music is through playing by ear, although notation may also be used.^ The decline of folk music in a culture can be followed through three stages.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Discuss the folk music played in the video.
  • Appalachian Folk Music - Music Lesson Plan, Thematic Unit, Activity, Worksheet, or Teaching Idea 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.lessonplanspage.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk music is traditional music that has evolved through the process of aural transmission.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

.The competition of individual and collective theories of composition set different demarcations and relations of folk music with the music of tribal societies on the one hand and of "art" and "court" music on the other.^ Folk Music, see other matches in: .
  • Brother four Folk Music - Browse Music at bizrate for the holidays 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Compositional patterns Folk music in society .
  • folk music -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • folk music :: Folk music in historical context -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ CDs - that are related to traditional or folk music...
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

.The traditional cultures that did not rely upon written music or had less social stratification could not be readily categorised.^ Considered to be one of N. America's finest revival singers of traditional songs, Peggy has also written music for films, television and radio.
  • Madison Folk Music Society | Facebook 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: General]

^ This tune is also folk-like in character, and in fact is written in a traditional folk mode (modes are a type of musical scale ); the mode of "Gilligan's Island" is ambiguous between Dorian and Aeolian .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The exposure of these older voices and the newfound enthusiasm for Newfoundland and Labrador culture helped bring traditional music to new levels of popularity in the 1970s and 1980s.
  • Traditional Music: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage 20 September 2009 14:22 UTC www.heritage.nf.ca [Source type: General]

In the proliferation of popular music genres, some music became categorised as "World music" and "Roots music".
The American conception of "folk composition" has often drawn on Afro-American music
.The distinction between "authentic" folk and national and popular song in general has always been loose, particularly in America and Germany[1] - for example popular songwriters such as Stephen Foster could be termed "folk" in America.^ Give example of visayan folk songs ?
  • visayan folk songs ang 20 September 2009 14:22 UTC www.yumsearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Examples of philippine folk songs with lyrics?
  • visayan folk songs ang 20 September 2009 14:22 UTC www.yumsearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In choosing songs, we strove to include folk songs of America, Canada, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and Australia, songs that would be of general interest, and tunes that were not too difficult to sing.

[10] .The International Folk Music Council definition allows that the term "can also be applied to music which has originated with an individual composer and has subsequently been absorbed into the unwritten, living tradition of a community.^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Definitions of Folk or Traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ About music / traditional folk .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

.But the term does not cover a song, dance, or tune that has been taken over ready-made and remains unchanged."^ Song, tune and dance collections .
  • English folk and traditional music on the Internet 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC web.ukonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Its VWML Online site contains a number of indexes etc which are described in the Discographies, bibliographies and indexes and Song, tune and dance collections sections below.
  • English folk and traditional music on the Internet 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC web.ukonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ AND' AMAN PALIKARI - Tapeinos dance from Soufli, Thrace - This song tells the story of a twelve year old Greek boy taken by the Turks to be a janisary.

[11]
.The post World War 2 folk revival in America and in Britain brought a new meaning to the word.^ The folk revival of the 1950s in Britain and America had something of this character.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ In all parts of the world it is generally agreed that in its natural state folk song is transmitted by word of mouth.
  • The Heart of the Folk Song 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC cjtm.icaap.org [Source type: General]

^ An energizing and uplifting fusion of Acoustic, World, Celtic, New Age, Folk, & Rock.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

.Folk was seen as a musical style, the ethical antithesis of commercial "popular" or "pop" music, while the Victorian appeal of the "Volk" was often regarded with suspicion.^ Folk music continues to be the mothership of...styles.
  • folk music - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But folk music is often given the snub.
  • Why folk music matters : Music : Smile Politely 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.smilepolitely.com [Source type: General]

^ APA Style: folk music .
  • folk music -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]
  • folk music :: Folk music in historical context -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

The popularity of "contemporary folk" recordings caused the appearance of the category "Folk" in the Grammy Awards of 1959: in 1970 the term was dropped in favour of "Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording (including Traditional Blues)", while 1987 brought a distinction between "Best Traditional Folk Recording" and "Best Contemporary Folk Recording". The term "folk", by the start of the 21st century, could cover "singer song-writers, such as Donovan and Bob Dylan, who emerged in the 1960s and much more"[4] or perhaps even "a rejection of rigid boundaries, preferring a conception, simply of varying practice within one field, that of 'music'."[9]

Africa

Asia

.Many Asian civilisations distinguish between art/court/classical styles and "folk" music, though cultures that do not depend greatly upon notation and have much anonymous art music must distinguish the two in different ways from those suggested by western scholars.^ Folk music continues to be the mothership of...styles.
  • folk music - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Narrative verse looms large in the folk music of many cultures.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ There are as many varieties of folk music in Texas as there are cultures that came to Texas.
  • Handbook of Texas Online - FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tshaonline.org [Source type: General]

Europe and America

Celtic traditional music

.Celtic music is a term used by artists, record companies, music stores and music magazines to describe a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe.^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk music can also describe a particular kind of popular music which is based on traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Definitions of Folk or Traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.These traditions include Irish, Scottish, Manx, Cornish, Welsh, Breton traditions.^ Scottish music, Irish music, Celtic, Roots, Traditional, Folk, Cape Breton.
  • Music In Scotland - A gateway to Scottish music 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC musicinscotland.com [Source type: General]

^ The Wighton also includes a goodly selection of rare English, Irish and Welsh volumes, with RISM entries in abundance, and many unique items.
  • Grand Chain links - Scottish and Folk music 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.scottishdance.net [Source type: General]

^ Bampton Free Folk Festival 2009, North Devon sessions rock with an English, Irish, Breton traditional music flavour .

.Galician music is often included, though significant research showing that this has any close musical relationship is lacking.^ A similar stylistic shift, without using the "folk music" name, has occurred with the phenomenon of Celtic music, which in many cases is based on an amalgamation of Irish traditional music, Scottish traditional music, and other traditional musics associated with lands in which Celtic languages are or were spoken (regardless of any significant research showing that the musics have any genuine genetic relationship; so Breton music and Galician music are often included in the genre).
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ A similar stylistic shift, without using the "folk music" name, has occurred with the phenomenon of Celtic music , which in many cases is based on an amalgamation of Irish traditional music , Scottish traditional music , and other traditional musics associated with lands in which Celtic languages are or were spoken (a significant research showing that the musics have any genuine genetic relationship is still to be done - at this point, only a book in French written by Alan Stivell studies a bit the subject of Celtic Music-); so Breton music and Galician music are often included in the genre).
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The music is uncomplicated and songs depict day-to-day relationships and chores, more often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds.

.Brittany's Folk revival began in the 1950s with the "bagadoù" and the "kan-ha-diskan" before growing to world fame through Alan Stivell's work since the mid-1960s.^ Brittany 's Folk revival began in the 1950s with the "bagadoù" and the "kan-ha-diskan" before growing to world fame through Alan Stivell 's work since the mid-1960s.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ In the folk music revival of the late 1950s and early 1960s, the major instruments were the guitar, five-string banjo, upright bass, and fiddle.
  • Folk Music - world, body, life, cause, time, person, human, Death by Accident, Trains and Death, The Supernatural and Death, Death from Natural Causes 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.deathreference.com [Source type: General]

^ Through his connection with John A. Lomax, Leadbelly became known to the New York City political Left and emerged as one of the stars of the folk revival movement that began in the 1930s and lasted for several decades.
  • Folk Music and Song: American Folklife Center: An Illustrated Guide (Libraryof Congress) 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: General]

[12]
.In Ireland, The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem (although its members were all Irish-born, the group became famous while based in New York's Greenwich Village), The Dubliners, Clannad, Planxty, The Chieftains, The Pogues, The Irish Rovers, and a variety of other folk bands have done much over the past few decades to revitalise and re-popularise Irish traditional music.^ Folk Music, see other matches in: .
  • Brother four Folk Music - Browse Music at bizrate for the holidays 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk Music Society of New York - home page .
  • Folk Music Society of New York - home page 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.minstrelrecords.com [Source type: General]

.These bands were rooted, to a greater or lesser extent, in a living tradition of Irish music and benefited from the efforts of artists such as Seamus Ennis and Peter Kennedy.^ These bands were rooted, to a greater or lesser extent, in a living tradition of Irish music, and they benefitted from collection efforts on the part of the likes of Seamus Ennis and Peter Kennedy, among others.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Live Irish Music.com .
  • Kevin & Maxine’s Celtic & Folk Music CD Reviews 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.icogitate.com [Source type: General]

^ These bands were rooted, to a greater or lesser extent, in a living tradition of Irish music, and they benefited from collection efforts on the part of the likes of Seamus Ennis and Peter Kennedy , among others.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

[12]

Eastern Europe

.During the Communist era national folk dancing was actively promoted by the state.^ Main article: Music of Eastern Europe During the Communist era national folk dancing was actively promoted by the state.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Armenian Song & Dance Ensemble & Armenian State Chorus, “Armenian Folk Songs and Dances” -$15 (1 available) .
  • Music shop of the Folk Arts Center of New England 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.facone.org [Source type: General]

^ Many ethnic groups that settled in Texas during the nineteenth century brought their own folk music and dance traditions.
  • Handbook of Texas Online - FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tshaonline.org [Source type: General]

.Dance troupes from Russia and Poland toured Western Europe from about 1937 to 1990. The Red Army Choir recorded many albums.^ They recorded many albums.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The group has successfully toured in Russia and Europe.
  • Russia-InfoCentre :: Russian Folk Music :: Music :: Culture & Arts 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.russia-ic.com [Source type: General]

^ Dance troupes from Russia and Poland toured Western Europe many times from about 1937 to 1990, and less frequently thereafter.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.A female choir from Bulgarian State Radio recorded "Le Mystere des Voix Bulgares" which was promoted by British DJ John Peel.^ The first and most famous was " Le Mystere des Voix Bulgares " which even gained a certain chic after being promoted by British DJ John Peel .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ From Bulgaria, an all-female choir from Bulgarian State Radio sold albums around Europe.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Marcel Cellier Präsentiert, “Le Mystère Des Voix Bulgares Vol.
  • Music shop of the Folk Arts Center of New England 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.facone.org [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.The Hungarian group Muzsikás played numerous American tours and participated in the Hollywood movie The English Patient while the singer Márta Sebestyén worked with the band Deep Forest.^ In Hungary , the group Muzsikás and the singer Márta Sebestyén became known throughout the world due to their numerous American tours and their participation in the Hollywood movie The English Patient and Sebestyén's work with the Deep Forest band.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ In Hungary, the group Muzsikas and the singer Marta Sebestyen became known throughout the world due to their numerous American tours and their participation in the Hollywood movie The English Patient and Marta Sebestyen's work with the Deep Forest band.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Their work preserved numerous cowboy songs, African-American spirituals, and early blues tunes.
  • Handbook of Texas Online - FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tshaonline.org [Source type: General]

.The Hungarian táncház movement, started in the 1970s, involves strong cooperation between musicology experts and enthusiastic amateurs.^ This model involves strong cooperation between musicology experts and enthusiastic amateurs, resulting in a strong vocational foundation and a very high professional level.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Another example is the Hungarian model, the táncház movement.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] However, the traditional Hungarian folk music and folk culture barely survived in some rural areas, and it has also begun to disappear in Romania.^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ About music / traditional folk .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Traditional folk music from Setesdal .
  • NORWEGIAN FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.csd.net [Source type: General]

.The movement revived broader folk traditions of music, dance, and costume together and created a new kind of music club.^ Music, dance, and costumes remained together as they once had been in the rural communities: rather than merely reviving folk music, the movement revived broader folk traditions.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ About music / traditional folk .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

.The movement spread to ethnic Hungarian communities around the world.^ The tanchaz movement spread to ethnic Hungarian communities around the world.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.Today, almost every major city in the U.S. and Australia has its own Hungarian folk music and folk dance group; there are also groups in Japan, Hong Kong, Argentina and Western Europe.^ Today, almost every major city in the U.S. and Australia has its own Hungarian folk music and folk dance group; there are also groups in Japan, Hong Kong, Argentina and Western Europe.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Folk Australia - Australian folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Then there is the matter of what constitutes "folk music."
  • The 111 Greatest Acts of the Anglo-American Folk Music Tradition 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC web2.wku.edu [Source type: General]

[citation needed]

Balkan music

.The Balkan folk music was influenced by the mingling of Balkan ethnic groups in the period of Ottoman Empire.^ Original music, with folk and country influence.
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

^ This is mainly because it was influenced by traditional music of the Balkan ethnic groups and mutual music influences of this ethnic groups in the period of Ottoman Empire .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ In the 1980s a group of artists like Phranc and The Knitters propagated a form of folk music also called country punk , cowpunk or folk punk , which eventually evolved into alt country .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.It comprises the music of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Turkey, the historical states of Yugoslavia or the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and geographical regions such as Thrace.^ It comprises the music of: Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Greece , Montenegro , Serbia , Republic of Macedonia , Albania , Turkey and other countries including the historical states such as the Ottoman Empire, Yugoslavia or the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and the geographical regions such as Thrace .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Antic, Hrvati u J. Americi, Zagreb, 1991, pp 182 and 266) The most beautiful book I know, devoted to the thorough treatment of Croatian folk songs in Croatia as well as in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia (i.e.

^ They currently have folk music they've recorded in Greece, Romania and Bulgaria on the site with more coming.
  • Folk Music Links 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.oldsongs.org [Source type: General]

.Some music is characterised by complex rhythm.^ The music is sometimes characterised by complex rhythm.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Top Celtic instrumetal music, with some excellent gypsy rhythms as well : Laura Targett , Lucy Randall and Pete Gazey .
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

.An important part of the whole Balkan folk music is the music of the local Romani ethnic minority.^ An important part of the whole Balkan folk music is the music of the local Romani ethnic minority.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ British and Celtic figures because of their important influence on American folk music trends).
  • The 111 Greatest Acts of the Anglo-American Folk Music Tradition 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC web2.wku.edu [Source type: General]

^ EW Folk Roots List This roots, world and folk music web site is part the EntsWeb Entertainment & Music directory.
  • EntsWeb Folk Roots List - Folk artistes, events, folk music and dance 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.folkrootslist.co.uk [Source type: General]

Notable venues

.It is sometimes claimed that the earliest folk festival was the Mountain Dance and Folk Festival, 1928, in Asheville, North Carolina, founded by Bascom Lamar Lunsford.^ It is sometimes claimed that the earliest folk festival was the Mountain Dance and Folk Festival, 1928, in Asheville, Carolina, founded by Bascom Lamar Lunsford .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Swannanoa - A series of summer workshops in various folk arts held on the campus of Warren Wilson College near Asheville in the heart of North Carolina's beautiful Blue Ridge Mountains.
  • Folk Music Links 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.oldsongs.org [Source type: General]

^ EntsWeb provides lists of folk musicians, folk music, folk dance, world music, blues and festivals for this folk resource.
  • EntsWeb Folk Roots List - Folk artistes, events, folk music and dance 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.folkrootslist.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Sidmouth Festival began in 1954, and Cambridge Folk Festival began in 1965. The Cambridge Folk Festival in Cambridge, England is noted for having a very wide definition of who can be invited as folk musicians.^ The Cambridge Folk Festival in Cambridge , England is noted for having a very wide definition of who can be invited as folk musicians.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Sidmouth Festival began in 1954, and Cambridge Folk Festival began in 1965.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ England's finest and most popular female folk singer presents a very special collection of South Yorkshire Christmas carols in her own glorious style.
  • Music In Scotland - A gateway to Scottish music 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC musicinscotland.com [Source type: General]

.The "club tents" allow attendees to discover large numbers of unknown artists, who, for ten or 15 minutes each, present their work to the festival audience.^ Utah Phillips was a great American artist who never stopped thinking, laboring, and singing for the hard-working and the long-suffering of the world.

^ A large number of people find that a contemporary jazz band fits their mood while working.
  • Folk Music 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC folk--music.net [Source type: General]

^ O pening the evening will Danielle Miraglia , who was selected for the prestigious Emerging Artist Showcase at the 2009 Falcon RIdge Folk Festival.
  • THE HURDY GURDY FOLK MUSIC CLUB at the FAIR LAWN COMMUNITY CENTER 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC hurdygurdyfolk.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.Folk music is still popular among some audiences today, with folk music clubs meeting to share traditional-style songs, and there are major folk music festivals in many countries, e.g.^ Original music, with folk and country influence.
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk music can also describe a particular kind of popular music which is based on traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

the .Woodford Folk Festival, National Folk Festival and Port Fairy Folk Festival are amongst Australia's largest major annual events, attracting top international folk performers as well as many local artists.^ Folk music is still popular among some audiences today, with folk music clubs meeting to share traditional-style songs, and there are major folk music festivals in many countries, eg the Port Fairy Folk Festival is a major annual event in Australia attracting top international folk performers as well as many local artists.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The largest free folk festival in the nation!
  • Folk Music Links 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.oldsongs.org [Source type: General]

^ Folk music is still extremely popular among some audiences today, with folk music clubs meeting to share traditional-style songs, and there are major folk music festivals in many countries, eg the Port Fairy Folk Festival is a major annual event in Australia attracting top international folk performers as well as many local artists.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

.This includes the music of Americana, Naturalismo, Bonnie "Prince" Billy, Devendra Banhart and others.^ Indeed, even for those who consider themselves hip, the arrival of Americana and Naturalismo including the music of Bonnie "Prince" Billy , Devendra Banhart , Tin Pan Caravan, Moses Atwood and many others have shown that folk music can still be cutting edge.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Another fabulous CD from the Bukkene Bruse group that includes Christmas music and other traditional songs.
  • NORWEGIAN FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.csd.net [Source type: General]

^ Read More: Flannel , Breaking Entertainment News , Grunge , Fleet Foxes , Sub Pop , Folk Music , Fashion , Seattle , Music , Freak Folk , Devendra Banhart , Entertainment News .

.Anti-folk now has a home at the Antihootenany in the East Village, where artists like Beck, Regina Spektor, the Moldy Peaches and Nellie McKay got their starts.^ It now has a home at the Antihootenany in the East Village, where artists like Beck, Regina Spektor, the Moldy Peaches and Nellie McKay got their starts, and artists continue to push the envelope of "folk."
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ In the 1980s a group of artists like Phranc and The Knitters propagated a form of folk music also called country punk , cowpunk or folk punk , which eventually evolved into alt country .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ BEGIN TO HOPE finds anti-folk chanteuse Regina Spektor taking a small step away from piano balladry into the brave new world of the pop song.
  • Folk Music Stores Online - Compare Prices, Reviews and Store Ratings at BizRate 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

European folk revival

.The first folk revival influenced western classical music.^ Original music, with folk and country influence.
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk Music influenced many composers of classical and modern music.
  • Slovak Folk Music, Dance, Songs, Costumes and Crafts | Slovak-Republic.org 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.slovak-republic.org [Source type: General]

^ But it is also crucial to appreciate that umf and ‘folk’ is also a broader area in which elements of jazz, classical, and rock music are welcome and furthermore share common artistes, boundaries and genres.
  • uk.music.folk - Frequently Asked Questions 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.lesession.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Such composers as Percy Grainger, Ralph Vaughan Williams and Béla Bartók, made field recordings or transcriptions of folk singers and musicians.^ Using early types of recording equipment Bartok and Grainger made field recordings of folk singers and musicians.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Ralph Vaughan Williams made choral arrangement of English folk songs.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ All of the recordings I listed above (and others like them) were either field-recorded or made for a very specific share of the European and North American markets.
  • Bulgarian folk music - Jazz Bulletin Board 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC forums.allaboutjazz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Spain Isaac Albéniz (1860–1909) produced piano works reflect his Spanish heritage, including the Suite Iberia (1906–1909). Enrique Granados (1867–1918) composed zarzuela, Spanish light opera, and Danzas Españolas - Spanish Dances. .Manuel de Falla (1876–1946) became interested in the cante jondo of Andalusian flamenco, the influence of which can be strongly felt in many of his works, which include Nights in the Gardens of Spain and Siete canciones populares españolas ("Seven Spanish Folksongs", for voice and piano).^ With the ever-increasing success of popular music, the musical life of many individuals eventually ceased to include any folk music at all.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

Composers such as Fernando Sor and Francisco Tarrega established the guitar as Spain's national instrument. .Modern Spanish Folk artists abound (Mil i Maria, Russian Red et al.^ Folk Songs of Canada (Wat 1954) Fowke, Edith et al.

^ Green Envy plays classic acoustic rock powerhouse tunes and folk music from the 60's through to modern hits from current popular artists.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

) modernizing whilst respecting the traditions of their forebears.
.Flamenco grew in popularity through the 20th century, as did northern styles such as the Celtic music of Galicia.^ Mike did not have formal folklore training but he was one of the most influential folklorists of the 20th century.
  • John McCutcheon » Bio + Blog 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC folkmusic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the turn of the 20th century, many like popular, jazz, classical, folk, rock or soundtracks.
  • Folk Music 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC folk--music.net [Source type: General]

^ We are pleased to play for you our unique style of Irish Celtic music blend in comtemporary and traditional folk music.
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

French classical composers, from Bizet to Ravel, also drew upon Spanish themes, and distinctive Spanish genres became universally recognised.

Folk revival of the 1950s in Britain and America

Woody Guthrie
.While the Romantic nationalism of the folk revival had its greatest influence on art-music, the "second folk revival" of the later 20th century brought a new genre of popular music with artists marketed by amplified concerts, recordings and broadcasting.^ Original music, with folk and country influence.
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

^ The emergence of popular folk artists .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ In other words, a new genre of popular music had arisen.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

.The American Woody Guthrie collected folk music in the 1930s and 1940s and also composed his own songs, as did Pete Seeger.^ OPM songs / Music Collection .
  • bicolano folk songs ako 20 September 2009 14:22 UTC www.yumsearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later, in the 1930s and 1940s, Guthrie both collected folk music and also composed his own songs, as did Pete Seeger, who was the son of a professional musicologist.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Later, in the 1930s and 1940s, Guthrie collected folk music and also composed his own songs, as did Pete Seeger , who was the son of a professional musicologist .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

In the 1930s Jimmie Rodgers, in the 1940s Burl Ives and in the 1950s Seeger's group The Weavers, Harry Belafonte, The Kingston Trio, and The Limeliters found a popularity that culminated in the Hootenanny television series[13] and the associated magazine ABC-TV Hootenanny in 1963–1964. Sing Out! magazine helped spread both traditional and composed songs, as did folk-revival-oriented record companies.
.In the 1960s, folk singers and songwriters such as Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Phil Ochs, and Tom Paxton followed in Guthrie's footsteps, writing "protest music" and topical songs and expressing support for the American Civil Rights Movement.^ Folk song and music, Leicester, UK .
  • Traditional Folk Song Music Leicester UK 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC lfd.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ Barb Ryman is a Singer-songwriter of Acoustic Folk Music and author of the song 'The Pain'.
  • TagTooga : music / folk acoustic 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Some know me for writing topical songs.
  • John McCutcheon » Bio + Blog 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC folkmusic.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Canadians Gordon Lightfoot, Leonard Cohen, Bruce Cockburn and Joni Mitchell were all invested with the Order of Canada.^ Read More: Judy Collins Cafe Carlyle , '60s Pop Music , Cafe Carlyle , Leonard Cohen , Judy Collins , Joni Mitchell , Folk Music , Bob Dylan , Music , Joan Baez , Entertainment News .

^ From album 'Sit Down Young Stranger'.Gordon Lightfoot was born on November 17, 1938 in Orillia, Ontario, Canada.
  • Folk Music // Current 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dylan's use of electric instruments helped inaugurate the genres of folk rock and country rock, particularly by his album John Wesley Harding and his support for the music of The Band.^ The band plays a variety of Irish, folk, country and rock music.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

^ Original music, with folk and country influence.
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

^ Writing mainly in the country and folk genres, he has been to Nashville and played numerous writer's nights and open mic venues, showcasing his unique and original style of writing and playing.
  • TagTooga : music / folk acoustic 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

.Many of the acid rock bands of San Francisco began by playing acoustic folk and blues.^ I play a mix of rock, folk, country and blues..
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

^ The band plays a variety of Irish, folk, country and rock music.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

^ Minnesota Blue is a band who plays bluegrass and other music we love.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

.In 1950 Alan Lomax came to Britain and met A.L.'Bert' Lloyd and Ewan MacColl, a meeting credited as inaugurating the second British folk revival.^ The most individual and prolific voice of the second generation of folk revivalists who followed in the pioneer footsteps of Ewan MacColl and A.L. Lloyd - The Independent .

^ The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles .
  • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

^ The Highwaymen had but one major success-- 'Michael' --but it came just at the right time, the summer of 1961, helping propel the folk revival movement to national awareness.
  • The 111 Greatest Acts of the Anglo-American Folk Music Tradition 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC web2.wku.edu [Source type: General]

.In London the colleagues opened The Ballads and Blues Club, eventually renamed the Singers' Club, possibly the first folk club: it closed in 1991. As the 1950s progressed into the 1960s, the folk revival movement built up in both Britain and America.^ The folk revival of the 1950s in Britain and America had something of this character.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The two colleagues went back to London where they formed the Ballads and Blues Club which eventually became renamed the Singers' Club and was possibly the first of what became known as folk clubs .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ As the 1950s progressed into the 1960s, the folk revival movement built up in both Britain and America.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.In the United Kingdom, the folk revival fostered young artists like Martin Carthy and Roy Bailey and a generation of singer-songwriters such as Bert Jansch, Ralph McTell, Donovan and Roy Harper.^ I am a solo folk/rock singer songwriter.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

^ DESCRIPTION: Since the 1970s a genre of "contemporary folk", fueled by new singer-songwriters, has continued to make the coffee-house circuit and keep the tradition of acoustic non-classical music alive in the United States.
  • Contemporary Folk | Exotic Japanese CDs | motivational music for advertising specialty | promo items 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC customlabelmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Colin Reid is a virtuoso guitarist, acclaimed as such by no less than Bert Jansch, and on these recordings he shows that as composer he can folk, jazz and blues into a unique blend of music that defies classification.

.Bob Dylan, Paul Simon and Tom Paxton visited Britain for some time in the early 1960s, the first two, particularly, making later use of the traditional English material they heard.^ Thus, in the 1960s such singers as Baez, Dylan, Phil Ochs , and Tom Paxton , followed in Guthrie's footsteps and to begin writing " protest music " and topical songs , particularly against the Vietnam War , and likewise expressed in song their support for the American Civil Rights Movement .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Bob Dylan came to London to check out the growing folk scene of the early 1960s, Paul Simon spent several months there and Tom Paxton stayed even longer; Simon's version of “Scarborough Fair” owed a lot to Carthy's take on the song.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, many traditional folk singers are quite creative and deliberately modify the material they learn.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

.The late 1960s saw the advent of electric folk groups, a key moment being the release of Fairport Convention's album Liege and Lief.^ In the folk music revival of the late 1950s and early 1960s, the major instruments were the guitar, five-string banjo, upright bass, and fiddle.
  • Folk Music - world, body, life, cause, time, person, human, Death by Accident, Trains and Death, The Supernatural and Death, Death from Natural Causes 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.deathreference.com [Source type: General]

^ She was a finalist in the BBC Radio 2 Young Folk Award in 2003 and has now released her eponymous first album.

^ Lidia Ruslanova's BIOGRAPHY New Folk Wave The 1960s saw a keen interest in 'the olden times' upsurging.
  • Russia-InfoCentre :: Russian Folk Music :: Music :: Culture & Arts 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.russia-ic.com [Source type: General]

.Guitarist Richard Thompson declared that the music of The Band demanded a corresponding "English Electric" style, while bassist Ashley Hutchings formed Steeleye Span in order to pursue a wholly traditional repertoire.^ Dec 2009: Founding member of Steeleye Span who took traditional songs to a global audience Friends pay tribute to Vic Chesnutt .
  • Folk music | Music | guardian.co.uk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Sometimes, however, the exponents of amplified music were bands such as Fairport Convention, Pentangle and Steeleye Span who saw the electrification of traditional musical forms as a means whereby to reach a far wider audience, and their efforts have been largely recognised for what they were by even some of the most die-hard of purists.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Dec 2008 From Richard Thompson's quirky sense of humour to Eliades Ochoa, one of Cuba's greatest rousing guitarists .
  • Folk music | Music | guardian.co.uk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

.In the second half of the 1990s, once more, folk music made an impact on the mainstream music via a younger generation of artists such as Eliza Carthy, Kate Rusby and Spiers and Boden.^ Once more folk music made an impact on mainstream music.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ In the 1980s a group of artists like Phranc and The Knitters propagated a form of folk music also called country punk , cowpunk or folk punk , which eventually evolved into alt country .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ But it is also crucial to appreciate that umf and ‘folk’ is also a broader area in which elements of jazz, classical, and rock music are welcome and furthermore share common artistes, boundaries and genres.
  • uk.music.folk - Frequently Asked Questions 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.lesession.co.uk [Source type: General]

Popular subgenres

.Contemporary country music descends ultimately from a rural American folk tradition, but has evolved.^ FOLK AUSTRALIA - Australian folk music at its best - - both traditional and contemporary Australian folk music.
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk music is traditional music that has evolved through the process of aural transmission.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

.Bluegrass music is a professional development of American old time music, intermixed with blues and jazz.^ A third example is contemporary bluegrass, which is a modified development of American old time music.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Minnesota Blue is a band who plays bluegrass and other music we love.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

^ These days he is an active participant in the vibrant Old Time, Bluegrass, Country and Blues scene in the New York City and maintains a busy schedule teaching harmonica and producing events for PBS. Don’t miss this opportunity to experience old-time music at its contemporary best!!
  • THE HURDY GURDY FOLK MUSIC CLUB at the FAIR LAWN COMMUNITY CENTER 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC hurdygurdyfolk.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

Exponents of electric folk music such as Fairport Convention, Pentangle, Alan Stivell, Mr. Fox and Steeleye Span saw electrification of traditional musical forms as a means to reach a far wider audience. .Traditional folk music merged with rock and roll to form folk rock performers such as The Byrds, Simon & Garfunkel and The Mamas & the Papas.^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Definitions of Folk or Traditional music .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Celtic Folk Rock und Traditionals .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

.Since the 1970s a genre of "contemporary folk" fueled by new singer-songwriters has continued with such artists as Chris Castle, Steve Goodman, and John Prine.^ I am a solo folk/rock singer songwriter.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

^ Such artists include Chris Castle, Steve Goodman, and John Prine.
  • Contemporary Folk | Exotic Japanese CDs | motivational music for advertising specialty | promo items 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC customlabelmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ DESCRIPTION: Since the 1970s a genre of "contemporary folk", fueled by new singer-songwriters, has continued to make the coffee-house circuit and keep the tradition of acoustic non-classical music alive in the United States.
  • Contemporary Folk | Exotic Japanese CDs | motivational music for advertising specialty | promo items 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC customlabelmusic.com [Source type: General]

.The Pogues and Ireland's The Corrs brought traditional tunes back into the album charts.^ While from London The Pogues and Ireland The Corrs brought traditional tunes back into the album charts.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]
  • Contemporary Folk | Exotic Japanese CDs | motivational music for advertising specialty | promo items 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC customlabelmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Traditional tunes from Ireland, Scotland and beyond .
  • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

.In the 1980s artists like Phranc and The Knitters propagated cowpunk or folk punk, which eventually evolved into alt country.^ In the 1980s a group of artists like Phranc and The Knitters propagated a form of folk music also called country punk , cowpunk or folk punk , which eventually evolved into alt country .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Rusted Soul performances typically include folk rock, soul, alt, R & B, classic rock, reggae, country, and the blues.
  • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

^ While it eventually developed into a different style of folk music entirely, it still retains its fair share of parodies.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.More recently the same spirit has been embraced and expanded on by performers such as Dave Alvin, Miranda Stone and Steve Earle.^ More recently the same spirit has been embraced and expanded on by performers such as Dave Alvin, Ani DiFranco, and Steve Earle.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ The band is the same one assembled for the previous album are now even more assured in performance.

^ He conjures up more intriguing images and characters on this his latest CD, produced by Steve Earle in Nashville, Tennessee.

.Hard rock and heavy metal bands such as Korpiklaani, Skyclad, Waylander and Finntroll meld elements from a wide variety of traditions, including in many cases instruments such as fiddles, tin whistles, accordions and bagpipes.^ The appropriation of folk has even continued into hard rock and heavy metal, with bands such as Skyclad, Waylander and Finntroll melding distinctive elements of folk styles from a wide variety of traditions, including in many cases traditional instruments such as fiddles, tin whistles and bagpipes as an element of their sound.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ The appropriation of folk has even continued into hard rock and heavy metal , with bands such as Korpiklaani , Skyclad , Waylander and Finntroll melding distinctive elements of folk styles from a wide variety of traditions, including in many cases traditional instruments such as fiddles , tin whistles , accordions and bagpipes as an element of their sound.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Watson leads an ensemble centred on four fiddles, with accompaniment including cello, Scottish harp, guitar and accordion, in a piece that also incorporates alternative tunings, graphic scoring and a strong improvisational element.

.Folk metal often favours pagan inspired themes.^ Unlike other folk-related genres, folk metal shies away from monotheistic religion in favour of more ancient pagan inspired themes.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Unlike other folk-related genres, folk metal often shies away from traditional religion in favour of a more neo-pagan theme.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

.Black metal and viking metal are defined on their folk stance, incorporating folk interludes into albums (e.g., Bergtatt and Kveldssanger, the first two albums by once-black metal, now-experimental band Ulver).^ Folk inspirations are a massive part of subgenres of black metal , with genres such as viking metal being defined on their folk stance, and many a band incorporating folk interludes into albums (eg, Bergtatt and Kveldssanger , the first two albums by once-black metal, now- experimental band Ulver ).
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Ladysmith Black Mambazo first came to many American's attention when Paul Simon incorporated their music into his Graceland album, over 20 years ago.

^ The effect of this is that I have decided, for the first time since I began naming my album of the year two decades ago, to place two albums - one new, one a compilation - in joint first place.

.Filk music can be considered folk music stylistically and culturally (though the 'community' it arose from, science fiction fandom, is an unusual and thoroughly modern one).^ Most filk music can also be considered folk music both stylistically and culturally (though the 'community' it arose from, science fiction fandom , is an unusual and thoroughly modern one).
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Jim Ringer was a mainstay of the California folk music community in the 1970's, and this collection of tracks drawn from his various Philo and Flying Fish LP's shows why.
  • American Folk Music - Rainbow Sign -> Tom Russell 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.rootsandrhythm.com [Source type: General]

^ Narrative verse looms large in the folk music of many cultures.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

[14] .Neofolk began in the 1980s, fusing traditional European folk music with post-industrial music, historical topics, philosophical commentary, traditional songs and paganism.^ Indonesian traditional folk song, Sunda .
  • Folk midi music 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.saturn-soft.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Crasdant traditional Welsh folk music .
  • TagTooga : music / traditional folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.tagtooga.com [Source type: General]

^ Traditional folk music from Setesdal .
  • NORWEGIAN FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.csd.net [Source type: General]

.The genre is largely European.^ Fusing traditional European folk music with post-industrial music forms, historical topics, philosophical commentary, traditional songs and paganism , the genre is largely European.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.Anti folk, began in New York City in the 1980s by Lach in response to the "confined" American folk music revival.^ New American Folk Music discussion List .
  • folkmusic FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS v.5.0b 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.folkmusic.org [Source type: General]

^ Another trend is "anti-folk", begun in New York City in the 1980s by Lach in response to the "confined" American folk music revival .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ New York City, 1998 .
  • Russian folk music free MP3 download 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.barynya.com [Source type: General]

.Folk punk, (known in its early days as rogue folk), is a fusion of folk music and punk rock.^ In the 1980s a group of artists like Phranc and The Knitters propagated a form of folk music also called country punk , cowpunk or folk punk , which eventually evolved into alt country .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ But it is also crucial to appreciate that umf and ‘folk’ is also a broader area in which elements of jazz, classical, and rock music are welcome and furthermore share common artistes, boundaries and genres.
  • uk.music.folk - Frequently Asked Questions 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.lesession.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Traditional folk music forms also merged with rock and roll to form the hybrid generally known as folk rock which evolved through performers such as The Byrds , Simon and Garfunkel and The Mamas and the Papas .
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.It was pioneered by the London-based Irish band The Pogues in the 1980s.^ The pioneering Dubliners Irish folk band, initially known as The Ronnie Drew Group, formed in 1962 and made a reputation for themselves playing in ODonoghues Pub in Dublin.

.Radical Folk of the present claims to tackle age old political issues such as workers rights and capital punishment.^ Folk songs such as Green grow the rushes, O present religious lore in a mnemonic form.
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Xue Linda : I am doing an oral presentation on Russian folk music and wondering how can I download some of the music samples on this website such as Greshny cheloveche.
  • Russia-InfoCentre :: Russian Folk Music :: Music :: Culture & Arts 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.russia-ic.com [Source type: General]

^ Folk music is easily identified with the ordinary working people who created it, and preserving treasured things against the claimed relentless encroachments of capitalism is likewise a goal of many politically progressive people.
  • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]
  • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

It is represented by groups such as such as The Last Internationale of New York.
Other subgenres include:

Media

  • .
    Barbara Allen
    .Barbara Allen is a traditional folk ballad.^ Barbara Allen is a traditional folk ballad .
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ These ballads heavily influenced the folk tradition, but did not override it.
    • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

    ^ Because variants proliferate naturally, it is naïve to believe that there is such a thing as the "authentic" version of a ballad such as "Barbara Allen."
    • Folk Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - FolkMusic Videos 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.music.us [Source type: General]

  • Problems listening to the files?^ Problems listening to the files?
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    See media help.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Percy Scholes, The Oxford Companion to Music, OUP 1977, article "Folk Song".
  2. ^ A.L.Lloyd, Folk Song in England, Panther Arts, 1969, page 13.
  3. ^ Richard Middleton, Studying Popular Music, Philadelphia: Open University Press (1990/2002). ISBN 0-335-15275-9, p. 127.
  4. ^ a b Ronald D. Cohen Folk music: the basics (CRC Press, 2006), pp. 1-2
  5. ^ a b International Folk Music Council definition (1954/5), given in Lloyd (1969) and Scholes (1977).
  6. ^ Charles Seeger (1980), citing the approach of Redfield (1947) and Dundes (1965), quoted in Middleton (1990) p.127
  7. ^ a b A.L.Lloyd, Folk Song in England, Panther Arts, 1969, page 14-5.
  8. ^ Middleton 1990, p.127.
  9. ^ a b Charles Seeger (1980) quoted in Middleton (1990) p.127
  10. ^ Example given by both Scholes (1977) and Lloyd (1969)
  11. ^ Quoted by both Scholes (1977) and Lloyd (1969)
  12. ^ a b Sawyers, June Skinner (2000). Celtic Music: A Complete Guide. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81007-7. 
  13. ^ http://www.tvtome.com/Hootenanny/ TVtome.com Retrieved on 05-03-07
  14. ^ Hall of Fame acceptance speeches by Sally and Barry Childs-Helton

Further reading

  • Farsani, Mohsen (2003) Lamentations chez les nomades bakhtiari d'Iran. .Paris: Université Sorbonne Nouvelle.
  • Bayard, Samuel Preston (1950).^ Bayard, Samuel Preston.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ."Prolegomena to a Study of the Principal Melodic Families of British-American Folksong", Journal of American Folklore pp.1–44. Reprinted in McAllester, David Park (ed.^ "Prolegomena to a Study of the Principal Melodic Families of British-American Folksong", Journal of American Folklore (1950), 1-44.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Abrahams, Roger; & George Foss / Anglo-American Folksong Style , Prentice-Hall , Sof (1968), 2-4 [1962] Morris, David .
    • Folk Music Index - A to Aiq 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: General]

    ) .(1971) Readings in ethnomusicology New York: Johnson Reprint.^ New York: MacMillan, 1971.
    • Women's Folk Music Resources - Gerri Gribi 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC creativefolk.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Reprint edition, New York: Geordie Music Publishing, 1980.
    • Women's Folk Music Resources - Gerri Gribi 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC creativefolk.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Tamburitza instruments exhibited in the Museum of Croatian Fraternal Union in Pittsburgh, USA. Source: George Prpic, The Croatian Immigrants in America , New York, 1971.

    OCLC 2780256
  • Bearman, C. J. (2000). "Who Were the Folk? .The Demography of Cecil Sharp's Somerset Folk Singers."^ The Demography of Cecil Sharp's Somerset Folk Singers."
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Cecil Sharp House - the headquarters of the English Folk Dance and Song Society.
    • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Cecil James Sharp (1859 - 1924) was England's most prolific folk music and dance collector.
    • EntsWeb Folk Roots List - Folk artistes, events, folk music and dance 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.folkrootslist.co.uk [Source type: General]

    .The Historical Journal (September 2000) Vol.^ The Historical Journal (2000), 43: 751-75.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    43 No.3 pp.751-75. JSTOR 3020977
  • Bevil, Jack Marshall (1984). .Centonization and Concordance in the American Southern Uplands Folksong Melody: A Study of the Musical Generative and Transmittive Processes of an Oral Tradition.^ Miramichi Folksong Festival The website for the popular Miramichi Folksong Festival, which focuses on authentic, traditional, and contemporary folk music.

    ^ The Water Is Wide Really Free Music A beautiful traditional Scottish / Celtic folk melody.
    • Contemporary Folk | Exotic Japanese CDs | motivational music for advertising specialty | promo items 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC customlabelmusic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This excellent album shows how the music of Scots, Irish, African and native Americans has been continually reinterpreted and recycled through generations to become something uniquely American.

    .PhD Thesis, North Texas University, Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International.^ Centonization and Concordance in the American Southern Uplands Folksong Melody: a Study of the Musical Generative and Transmittive Processes of an Oral Tradition (Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, International, 1984).
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ PhD thesis, Open University.
    • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

    .OCLC 12903203
  • Bevil, Jack Marshall (1986).^ Bevil, J. Marshall, "Scale in Southern Appalachian Folksong: a Reexamination", College Music Symposium (1986), 77-91.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ."Scale in Southern Appalachian Folksong: a Reexamination", College Music Symposium Vol.^ Bevil, J. Marshall, "Scale in Southern Appalachian Folksong: a Reexamination", College Music Symposium (1986), 77-91.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    26, 77-91.
  • Bevil, Jack Marshall (1987). ."A Paradigm of Folktune Preservation and Change Within the Oral Tradition of a Southern Appalachian Community, 1916-1986." Unpublished.^ "A Paradigm of Folktune Preservation and Change Within the Oral Tradition of a Southern Appalachian Community, 1916-1986."
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Bevil, J. Marshall, "Scale in Southern Appalachian Folksong: a Reexamination", College Music Symposium (1986), 77-91.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .Read at the 1987 National Convention of the American Musicological Society, New Orleans.
  • Carson, Ciaran (1997).^ Carson, Ciaran (1997).
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Read at the 1987 National Convention of the American Musicological Society, New Orleans.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .Last Night's Fun: In and Out of Time with Irish Music.^ Also check out Kristina Olsens most recent release, the late night music of In Your Darkened Room (TAB 2010).

    ^ For fun, traditional country music, check out the Old South Jamboree, Walker LA. (I wish they had a website!
    • Baton Rouge Folk Music on WRKF 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC hootenannypower.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Stout Pounders is a Celtic Folk band that brings new energy and comedic twists to time tested Irish and Scottish Folk music.
    • folk music bands for hire 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC gigs4all.com [Source type: General]

    .North Point Press.^ North Point Press.
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ISBN 9780865475151
  • Cartwright, Garth (2005). .Princes Amongst Men: Journeys with Gypsy Musicians.^ Cartwright, Garth Princes Amongst Men: Journeys with Gypsy Musicians (Serpent's Tail, 2005) Cowdery, James R. The Melodic Tradition of Ireland (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1990).
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    London: Serpent's Tail. ISBN 1852428775
  • Cowdery, James R. (1990). The Melodic Tradition of Ireland. .Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.^ Cartwright, Garth Princes Amongst Men: Journeys with Gypsy Musicians (Serpent's Tail, 2005) Cowdery, James R. The Melodic Tradition of Ireland (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1990).
    • The Classical Folk music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ISBN 9780873384070
  • Harker, David (1985). .Fakesong: The Manufacture of British 'Folksong', 1700 to the Present Day.^ Harker, Dave (1985) Fakesong: The manufacture of British "folksong", 1700 to the Present Day.
    • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

    .Milton Keynes [Buckinghamshire]; Philadelphia: Open University Press.^ Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0335150667
  • Hogeland, William (2004). "Emulating the Real and Vital Guthrie, Not St. Woody". New York Times (March 14).
  • Jackson, George Pullen (1933). .White Spirituals in the Southern Uplands: The Story of the Fasola Folk, Their Songs, Singings, and "Buckwheat Notes".^ Songs, Stories and Verse from Kentish Folk : .
    • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

    ^ SKJEMT OG SJANTI. Sea shanties and other folk songs from Agder, a region around Kristiansand in southern Norway.
    • NORWEGIAN FOLK MUSIC 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.csd.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Seventy traditional and contemporary folk songs from women with excellent historical notes.
    • Women's Folk Music Resources - Gerri Gribi 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC creativefolk.com [Source type: General]

    Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. LCCN 33-003792 OCLC 885331 Reprinted by Kessinger Publishing (2008) ISBN 9781436690447
  • Keller, Marcello Sorce (1984). "The Problem of Classification in Folksong Research: A Short History", Folklore Vol. 95, no. 1:100–104. JSTOR 1259763
  • Matthews, Scott (2008). ."John Cohen in Eastern Kentucky: Documentary Expression and the Image of Roscoe Halcomb During the Folk Revival".^ The classic recordings in this outstanding collection date from from the 1950s and early '60s, when Bob and Ron Copper came to prominence during the early part of the folk revival.

    Southern Spaces. .http://www.southernspaces.org/contents/2008/matthews/1a.htm.  (August 6)
  • Middleton, Richard (1990).^ TOP ARTISTS OF 2009 Compiled by Richard Gillmann from FOLKDJ-L radio playlists Based on 166046 airplays from 195 different DJs www.folkradio.org 1.
    • Baton Rouge Folk Music on WRKF 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC hootenannypower.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Feminist Events, Feminist Majority Foundation http://www.feminist.org/calendar/Calendar.asp .
    • Women's Folk Music Resources - Gerri Gribi 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC creativefolk.com [Source type: General]

    ^ FOLKDJ-L http://www.folkradio.org/ .
    • Women's Folk Music Resources - Gerri Gribi 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC creativefolk.com [Source type: General]

    Studying Popular Music. .Milton Keynes; Philadelphia: Open University Press.^ Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0-335-15276-7 (cloth), ISBN 0-335-15275-9 (pbk).
  • Mills, Isabelle (1974). .The Heart of the Folk Song, Canadian Journal for Traditional Music Vol.^ Damien and Lucinda offering Traditional, Celtic and Contemporary Folk and Original tunes and Song.
    • Kent Folk 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC kentfolk.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Highly influential among the early releases from Topic was a series of "theme" albums covering various aspects of traditional music and song of the British Isles.
    • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Traditional folk music of European origin has been present in Canada since the arrival of the first French and British settlers in the 16th and 17th centuries (see Folk Music, Anglo-Canadian; Folk music, Franco-Canadian).

    2
  • Pegg, Carole (2001). ."Folk Music". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell.^ New Grove dictionary of music and musicians vol.
    • The concertina as an emblem of the folk music revival in the British Isles 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.concertina.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ever since her eponymous debut album (see below), Cara Dillon has been acclaimed as one of the outstanding new voices in folk music.

    ^ Tim Moon Folk music, news & guests.
    • Folk Music on the Radio 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC www.mudcat.org [Source type: General]

    London: Macmillan.
  • Scully, Michael F. (2008). .The Never-Ending Revival: Rounder Records and the Folk Alliance.^ The classic recordings in this outstanding collection date from from the 1950s and early '60s, when Bob and Ron Copper came to prominence during the early part of the folk revival.

    Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
  • Warren-Findley, Jannelle (1980). "Journal of a Field Representative : Charles Seeger and Margaret Valiant" Ethnomusicology, Vol. 24, No. 2 (May, 1980), pp. 169-210 JSTOR 851111
  • van der Merwe, Peter (1989). .Origins of the Popular Style: The Antecedents of Twentieth-Century Popular Music.^ Kiss my blues away Pete Bax Sad Guitar instrumental with a modern folk style make a good background original Folk Music • Contemporary Folk .
    • Contemporary Folk | Exotic Japanese CDs | motivational music for advertising specialty | promo items 10 January 2010 6:12 UTC customlabelmusic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The performers style is in sympathy with the traditional origins of the music and shows a considerable experience and the love of the sea.

    ^ Whispering Pines A review of a book that surveys the Canadian origin of some of the 20th century’s most famous American popular music.

    Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-316121-4.

External links


Simple English

Folk music is music that is played or sung by ordinary people (not professional musicians). It is traditional music that people learn by listening to other people playing it and then copying them. We say that the tradition is “orally transmitted” or “handed down orally”, meaning that the music is not written down but taught by speaking (“oral” means “belonging to the mouth”). Every country has its own traditional music. Folk song is part of folk music. ( And, a folksinger is a person who can sing folk songs.)

In the 1960s a new type of music was started by Bob Dylan who mixed traditional folk song with rock and roll. This music is sometimes called “folk” .

Folk music is music for everybody to play and listen to. In this way it is different from classical music which is mainly developed by professional musicians for a smaller group of people. Folk music is part of a popular culture, although the term “popular music” or “pop music” today refers to a kind of music which people can hear through television, radio and other means of recording.

In many parts of the world nearly all music is folk music. The term “folk music” is usually used for European and American music which is part of an oral tradition. Folk music as an oral tradition, is much less important than it used to be, in part, because of new technology (radio, television etc , and recordings of music ). Folk tunes are now often written down, and they have influenced other kinds of music, so that the differences between various types of music are harder to see.

The traditional origins

singing and dancing]]

In older times folk music was part of “communal recreation”. This means that small communities such as villages or families would relax by playing and singing music together. People would often make up a new song or new piece of music, or make changes to music that they already knew. In this way music was always changing. People would get musical ideas from other groups nearby. This is why folk music from neighbouring countries often sound similar.

Ballads were a popular kind of folk music. These were folk songs which told a story (they were “narrative”). Sometimes they had a refrain after each verse so that everybody could join in. Ballads told stories of love, myths or folklore. This is how stories were handed down from one generation to another.

Instrumental folk music was used for dancing. Some of the instruments may have been very simple, such as a pair of sticks, rattle or a simple drum. Other instruments may include fiddle (the folk word for “violin”), bagpipes, harp, zither, or various wind instruments, depending on the time of history and the country.

Some singing was polyphonic, i.e. there were two or more parts (voices). Very often two voices would sing in parallel (going up and down together). In countries such as Russia people sang in three or four parts, e.g. in the tradition of “podgolosnaya” (“underneath the voice”). In countries such as Britain this polyphonic tradition did not exist. Folk songs there were sung by one singer, unaccompanied.

Folk music used different scales. These are called modes. The Ionian mode (like our major scale) was the most common in Western Europe. In some parts of Eastern Europe modes with several semitones were used.

Folk music also includes simple children’s songs and lullabies.

Folk music was sung by people as they worked. In the early days of European immigration in America the pioneers sang as they travelled, cowboys sang as they worked, slaves sang in the cottonfields.

Influence on classical music

In the 18th century folk music started to have an influence on classical music (or “art music”). People from the higher classes started to be interested in folk music because they were conscious of being part of a tradition. Composers such as Mozart and Schubert wrote folk dances for orchestras or small groups of instruments.

Folk music was used by many composers in the Romantic period. Gustav Mahler used folk song in a lot of his music. In the early twentieth century some composers travelled around collecting folk music which was being played or sung by people in the country. They often used some of these ideas in their music. Bartok did this in Hungary as well as in Bulgaria and in the United States, and people such as Cecil Sharp and the composer Ralph Vaughan Williams collected folk music in England. In the United States the influence of jazz on classical music is all part of the story of folk music.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 12, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Folk music, which are similar to those in the above article.








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