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Folsom Site
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Nearest city: Folsom, New Mexico
Governing body: State
Added to NRHP: October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL: January 20, 1961[2]
NRHP Reference#: 66000473
A Folsom point

Folsom Site (29CX1), in Folsom, New Mexico, is the archaeological site that is the type site for the Folsom tradition, a Paleo-Indian cultural sequence dating to between 9000 BC and 8000 BC. The Folsom Site was excavated in 1926 and found to have been a marsh-side kill site or camp where 23 bison had been killed using distinctive tools, known as Folsom points.

The site was found in 1908 by George McJunkin, an ex-slave cowboy who had lived in Texas as a child. While riding across the countryside, he noticed a pile of bones that were larger than those of modern-day bison. He reported the site, and, in 1926, archaeologist Jesse Figgins from the Denver Museum of Natural History (now the Denver Museum of Nature and Science) arrived at the site to begin excavations. Figgins discovered a light, fluted projectile point buried between two of the bison's ribs, thus establishing a clear association of the point with the species of bison that had been extinct for approximately 10,000 years. Instead of extracting the projectile point from the bones, he instead cut around the bones and the embedded projectile point, removing the entire sample without disturbing the associated point.

Figgins returned to the Denver Museum of Natural History with the point and bones for further study. The original Folsom point, still embedded in the matrix between the two bison ribs, can be seen on display at the very end of the Prehistoric Journey exhibit at the Denver Museum of Nature and Science.

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  
  2. ^ a b "Folsom Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=334&ResourceType=Site. Retrieved 2007-10-17.  
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