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Football at the 1952 Summer Olympics: Wikis


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The 1952 Olympic football tournament signalled the arrival (to Western Europeans at least) of the 'Golden Team'; the 'Magical Magyars': Hungary. Ferenc Puskás, the great Hungarian known as the 'Galloping Major' for his military title, said of the 1952 competition: "It was during the Olympics that our football first started to flow with real power." It was during the Games, too, that Stanley Rous of the Football Association, taken by the impression the Magyars were leaving on everyone present, first invited the Hungarians to play a friendly at Wembley the next year.



By the time of the competition the Hungarians had developed into one of the great sides in history. They had amassed an incomparable record, undefeated since May 14, 1950, but had been largely confined to the Eastern European Communist satellite states. When they had ventured outside their ken they had pulverised the Finns and Swedes. But these were mere glimpses. Their reputed supremacy was still a matter of some conjecture.

The competition also saw the first real mass entry from Eastern Europe. 6 nations from beyond the Iron Curtain were competing, all drawn to play in the preliminary round. The Soviet Union being drawn with Bulgaria and the Hungarians with Romania. Meanwhile the Scandinavian countries were exempted into the first round.


The Competition

There was nothing convincing about their win against the Romanians whom they were first drawn up against. Kocsis' goal in the second half enabled the Hungarians to record a narrow victory. In Lahti, Great Britain had succumbed to Luxembourg in an eight goal encounter and elsewhere there were solid victories for the Italians and Brazilians (5-1 victors over the Dutch). In Helsinki the Yugoslavs were drawn up against the Indians. The Indians, for whatever reason, had dispensed with the need to wear boots; a decision that cost some players frost-bite, most of them bruising and contributed to the size of their 10-1 loss.

Hungary now made three changes when drawn against Italy and all was different, running out clear winners by 3 goals to nil. Of the rest it appeared that their likely challengers would be the Austrians who were defeating the Finns and the Swedes, managed by George Raynor; easy winners against Norway. Yugoslavia, meanwhile, were having a torrid time against Russia. 5-1 up with 15 minutes of their first round match to go, the Yugoslavs, understandably, put their feet up. Arthur Ellis, the match referee, recorded what happened next in his book 'The Final Whistle' (London, 1963): 'Russia forced the most honourable draw ever recorded! Bobrov, their captain, scored a magnificent hat-trick. After Russia had reduced the lead to 5-2, he, almost single-handed, took the score to 5-5, scoring his third in the last minute. For once, use of the word sensational was justified'. Although Bobrov's early goal in their replay presaged a miraculous recovery, Yugoslavia recovered sufficiently to put out their opponents easily in the second half. The Soviet side had been expected by Moscow to win the 1952 Games, and their defeat by Yugoslavia was not mentioned in the Soviet press until after Stalin's death the following year.

The Yugoslavs took care of the Danes and Germans to reach the final. Hungary, scoring freely, against the Turks then the Swedes, would join them. And they would easily beat Yugoslavia, silver-medallists for the second successive Games, 2-0 in the Helsinki final with goals from Puskás and Zoltán Czibor. In the third place game Sweden would defeat the Olympic amateur team from Germany (de:Deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft der Amateure) .


Preliminary round

July 15, 1952
Poland  2–1  France Lahti

Referee: Karel van der Meer (NED)

Trampisz Goal 31'
Krasowka Goal 49'
Report Leblond Goal 30'

July 15, 1952
Hungary  2–1  Romania Turku

Referee: Nikolai Latychev (URS)
Attendance: 14.000

Czibor Goal 21'
Kocsis Goal 73'
Report Suru Goal 86'

July 15, 1952
Yugoslavia  10–1  India Helsinki

Referee: John Best (USA)
Attendance: 20.000

Vukas Goal 2' Goal 62'
Mitić Goal 14' Goal 43'
Zebec Goal 17' Goal 23' Goal 60' Goal 87'
Ognjanov Goal 52' Goal 67'
Report Ahmed Khan Goal 89'

July 15, 1952
Denmark  2–1  Greece Tampere

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)
Attendance: 7.000

Petersen Goal 36' Goal 37' Report Emmanouilides Goal 85'

July 16, 1952
Soviet Union  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Bulgaria Kotka

Referee: Istvan Zsolt (HUN)
Attendance: 10.000

Bobrov Goal 100'
Trofimov Goal 104'
Report Kolev Goal 95'

July 16, 1952
Italy  8–0  United States Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)
Attendance: 10.000

Gimona Goal 3' Goal 51' Goal 75'
Pandolfini Goal 16' Goal 62'
Venturi Goal 27'
Fontanesi Goal 52'
Mariani Goal 87'

July 16, 1952
Brazil  5–1  Netherlands Turku

Referee: Giorgio Bernardi (ITA)
Attendance: 16.000

Humberto Tozzi Goal 25'
Larry Goal 33' (p.k.) Goal 36'
Jansen Goal 81'
Vavá Goal 86'
Report van Roessel Goal 15'

July 16, 1952
Luxembourg  5–3 (a.e.t.)  Great Britain Lahti

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)

Roller Goal 60' Goal 95' Goal 97'
Letsch Goal 91'
Gales Goal 102'
Report Robb Goal 12'
Slater Goal 101'
Lewis Goal 118'

July 16, 1952
Egypt  5–4  Chile Kotka

Referee: John Nilsson (SWE)

Elfar Goal 27'
Mechaury Goal 43'
Eldizwi Goal 66' Goal 75' Goal 80'
Report Jara Goal 7' Goal 78'
Vial Goal 14' Goal 88'

First round

July 19, 1952
Finland  3–4  Austria Helsinki

Referee: William Ling (GBR)
Attendance: 33.053

Stolpe Goal 11' Goal 34'
Rytkönen Goal 36'
Report Gollnhuber Goal 8' (p.k.) Goal 30'
Stumpf Goal 59'
Grohs Goal 79'

July 20, 1952
Brazil  2–1  Luxembourg Kotka

Referee: Mayan Macancic (YUG)

Larry Goal 42'
Humberto Tozzi Goal 49'
Report Gales Goal 86'

July 20, 1952
Yugoslavia  5–5 (a.e.t.)  Soviet Union Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)
Attendance: 17.000

Mitić Goal 29'
Ognjanov Goal 33'
Zebec Goal 44' Goal 59'
Bobek Goal 46'
Report Bobrov Goal 53' Goal 77' Goal 87'
Trofimov Goal 75'
Petrov Goal 89'
July 22, 1952
Yugoslavia  3–1  Soviet Union Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)
Attendance: 17.000

Mitić Goal 19'
Bobek Goal 29' (p.k.)
Čajkovski Goal 54'
Report Bobrov Goal 6'

July 20, 1952
Germany  3–1  Egypt Turku

Referee: Giorgio Bernardi (ITA)

Klug Goal 33'
Schröder Goal 38' Goal 61'
Report Eldizmwi Goal 64'

July 21, 1952
Denmark  2–0  Poland Turku

Referee: Finn Balstad (NOR)
Attendance: 8.000

Seebach Goal 17'
S. Nielsen Goal 69'

July 21, 1952
Sweden  4–1  Norway Tampere

Referee: Johan Aksel Alho (FIN)
Attendance: 4.200

Brodd Goal 23' Goal 35'
Rydell Goal 81'
Bengtsson Goal 89'
Report Sorensen Goal 83'

July 21, 1952
Hungary  3–0  Italy Helsinki

Referee: Karel van der Meer (NED)
Attendance: 20.000

Palotás Goal 11' Goal 20'
Kocsis Goal 83'

July 21, 1952
Turkey  2–1 Netherlands Antilles Lahti

Referee: Carl Jorgensen (DEN)

Tokac Goal 9'
Bilge Goal 76' (p.k.)
Report Briezen Goal 79'


July 23, 1952
Sweden  3–1  Austria Helsinki

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)
Attendance: 10.000

Sandberg Goal 80'
Brodd Goal 85'
Rydell Goal 87'
Report Grohs Goal 40'

July 24, 1952
Germany  4–2 (a.e.t.)  Brazil Helsinki

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Schröder Goal 75' Goal 96'
Klug Goal 89'
Zeitler Goal 120'
Report Larry Goal 12'
Zózimo Goal 74'

July 24, 1952
Hungary  7–1  Turkey Kotka

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)
Attendance: 20.000

Palotás Goal 18'
Kocsis Goal 32' Goal 90'
Lantos Goal 48'
Puskás Goal 54' Goal 72'
Bozsik Goal 70'
Report Guder Goal 57'

July 25, 1952
Yugoslavia  5–3  Denmark Helsinki

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)
Attendance: 10.000

Čajkovski Goal 19'
Ognjanov Goal 35'
Vukas Goal 41'
Bobek Goal 78'
Zebec Goal 81'
Report Lundberg Goal 63'
Seebach Goal 85'
J. Hansen Goal 87'


July 28, 1952
Hungary  6–0  Sweden Helsinki

Referee: William Ling (GBR)
Attendance: 22.000

Puskás Goal 1'
Palotás Goal 16'
Lindh Goal 36' (o.g.)
Kocsis Goal 65' Goal 69'
Hidegkuti Goal 67'

July 29, 1952
Yugoslavia  3–1  Germany Helsinki

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)
Attendance: 20.000

Mitić Goal 3' Goal 24'
Čajkovski Goal 30'
Report Stollenwerk Goal 12'

Bronze medal match

August 1, 1952
Sweden  2–0  Germany Helsinki

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)
Attendance: 20.000

Rydell Goal 11'
Löfgren Goal 86'

Final (Gold medal match)

August 2, 1952
Hungary  2–0  Yugoslavia Olympic Stadium, Helsinki
Attendance: 60,000
Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)
Puskás Goal 70'
Czibor Goal 88'


Gold: Silver: Bronze:
Gyula Grosics
Jenő Dálnoki
Imre Kovács
László Budai
Ferenc Puskás
Zoltán Czibor
Lajos Csordás
Jenő Buzánszky
Gyula Lóránt
Mihály Lantos
József Bozsik
József Zakariás
Nándor Hidegkuti
Sándor Kocsis
Péter Palotás
Vladimir Beara
Branko Stanković
Tomislav Crnković
Zlatko Čajkovski
Ivan Horvat
Vujadin Boškov
Tihomir Ognjanov
Rajko Mitić
Bernard Vukas
Stjepan Bobek
Branko Zebec
Dušan Cvetković
Milorad Diskić
Ratko Čolić
Slavko Luštica
Zdravko Rajkov
Vladimir Čonč
Vladimir Firm
Karl Svensson
Lennart Samuelsson
Erik Nilsson
Holger Hansson
Bengt Gustavsson
Gösta Lennart Lindh
Sylve Bengtsson
Gösta Löfgren
Ingvar Rydell
Yngve Brodd
Gösta Sandberg
Olof Ahlund



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