Football at the Summer Olympics: Wikis

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Football at the Summer Olympics
Football
Governing body FIFA
Events 2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008
Medalists

Association football, usually known simply as football or soccer, has been included in every Olympiad except 1896 and 1932 as a men's competition sport. Women's football was added to the official programme in 1996.

Contents

Early history

Football was not on the programme at the first modern Olympic Games in 1896, as international football was in its infancy at the time. However, some sources claim that an unofficial football tournament was organised during the first competition, in which an Athens XI lost to a team representing Smyrna (Izmir), then part of the Ottoman Empire. Smyrna went on to be beaten (15–0) by a team from Denmark.[1] However, it is in fact unclear whether any competition took place at all; the Olympic historian Bill Mallon has written: "Supposedly a match between a Greek club and a Danish club took place. No such 1896 source supports this and we think this is an error which has been perpetuated in multiple texts. No such match occurred".[2]

Tournaments were played at the 1900 and 1904 games and the Intercalated Games of 1906, but these were contested by various clubs and scratch teams, and although the IOC considers the 1900 and 1904 tournaments to be official Olympic events, they are not recognized by FIFA; neither recognizes the Intercalated Games today. In 1906 teams from Great Britain, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and France were withdrawn from an unofficial competition and left Denmark, Smyrna (one Armenian, two Frenchmen and eight Britons), Athens and Thessaloniki Music Club to compete. Denmark won the final against Athens 9–0.

British successes

In the London Games of 1908 a proper international tournament was organised by the Football Association, featuring just six teams, rising to 11 in 1912 (at which event the competition was organised by the Swedish Football Association). These early matches were fairly unbalanced, as witnessed by some large scores; two players, Sophus Nielsen in 1908 and Gottfried Fuchs in 1912, each scored ten goals in a match, a record that stood for over 90 years. All players were amateurs, in accordance with the Olympic spirit, which meant that some countries could not send their full international team. The National Olympic Committee for Great Britain and Ireland asked the Football Association to send an English national amateur team (some of whom played with professional clubs within England, most notably Derby County's Ivan Sharpe and Chelsea's Vivian Woodward), who managed to win the first two official tournaments convincingly, beating Denmark.

The 1920s and the rise of the Uruguayans

The competition became increasingly important throughout the 1920s, although that decade witnessed a bad day in the history of the Olympic movement when, during the 1920 final, Czechoslovakia walked from the field of play, in order to raise awareness of their displeasure regarding the refereeing of John Lewis and the militarised mood within the stadium in Antwerp. In both the 1924 and 1928 editions of the competition, the Olympic movement was given an almighty fillip with the entrance of Uruguay and Argentina. The first of those teams were successful in both competitions (these were the only competitions that they have ever participated in) and FIFA became conscious that the Olympic movement was not only hindering the ability of nations to participate on an equal footing but, given that the Olympics only permitted amateurs to participate, was not representing the true strength of the international game.

The Olympics after the first World Cup

With Henri Delaunay's proposal in 1929 to initiate a professional World Championship of football (hence the launch of the World Cup in Uruguay in 1930), FIFA did not want the Olympic tournament to overshadow their own showpiece event, so football was dropped from the 1932 Los Angeles Games (the official reason was that the game was not popular in the United States), and it returned at the 1936 Berlin Games. The German organisers were intent on the return of the game to the Olympic movement since it guaranteed vital income into the organisation's coffers. In any event, it proved to be a considerable success, more so since the German national side was defeated by Norway in a second round match that was attended by Adolf Hitler. As professionalism spread around the world, the gap in quality between the two tournaments widened. The countries that benefited most were the Soviet Bloc countries of Eastern Europe, where the top athletes were state sponsored while retaining their status as amateurs. Between 1948 and 1980, 23 out of 27 Olympic medals were won by Eastern European countries, with only Sweden (gold in 1948 and bronze in 1952), Denmark (silver in 1960) and Japan (bronze in 1968) breaking their dominance.

Changes and developments

For the 1984 Los Angeles Games, the IOC felt a change was necessary to bring interest back, and decided to admit professional players. FIFA still did not want the Olympics to rival the World Cup, so a compromise was struck that allowed teams from Africa, Asia, Oceania and CONCACAF to field their strongest professional sides, while only allowing UEFA and CONMEBOL teams to pick players who had not previously played in a World Cup. Many teams therefore fielded very young teams, including France, who won the 1984 Olympic title in between two semi-final appearances at World Cups.

The idea of youth teams found favour at both FIFA and the IOC, and since 1992 players of the mens competition must be under 23 years of age, with three over-23 players allowed per squad. The tournament is now effectively an "Under-23 World Cup", complementing FIFA's own tournaments at Under-20 and Under-17 levels. The new format allows teams from around the world to compete equally, and African and Asian countries have taken particular advantage of this, with Nigeria and Cameroon winning in 1996 and 2000 respectively.

Because of the unusual format, several of the historically strongest footballing countries have unimpressive Olympic records. The Netherlands won bronze in the first three tournaments, but has not reached the finals since 1952. Uruguay won the tournament in their first two attempts, in 1924 and 1928, but those are their only appearances. Argentina won silver twice before the 2004 Athens Games, but its appearance in Athens, in which it won the first gold medal (the second was won in Beijing in 2008), was only their sixth overall. Brazil's two silver medals in the 1980s is the best they have achieved, and the men's team failed to qualify in 1992 and 2004. Hungary won three gold medals, in 1952, 1964 and 1968, but has not returned to the finals since 1996. Italy has only won once the Olympic title, in 1936, with two bronzes and has the most number of appearances in the tournament (15) and it is the only team present in every edition from 1984.

British non-involvement

After 1974, when the Football Association of England abolished the distinction between "amateur" and "professional" football, Great Britain no longer entered a football team into the qualifying competitions of the Olympics.

The four parts of the United Kingdom, known as the 'Home Nations' – England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales – have separate international football teams within FIFA, which includes a guaranteed position as Vice-Presidency on the FIFA Management Committee and have a 50% presence on the International Football Association Board (which sits annually to debate changes within the Laws of the Game).

With London now selected as the host for the 2012 Games there is considerable pressure within the English FA, British Olympic Committee and the British Government for the UK to field men's and women's teams at those games [1]; an idea the Football Association of Wales [2] and Scottish Football Association[3] have strongly objected to out of fear it may lead to their separate status in FIFA competitions being called into question. The Irish Football Association, which covers Northern Ireland, is less strong in its view [4].

A suggestion put forward by the English FA is for the four constituent parts of the UK to play a tournament with the winning team going on to represent the UK in the Olympics. [5]

On Thursday, 24 July 2008, speaking about the proposal for a United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland football team at the 2012 London Olympics, the Scottish Football Association's Chief Executive, Gordon Smith said:

"The Scottish FA's position on this issue remains the same – we are opposed to the concept of a British football team. As we have said many times before, we feel that such a move would threaten the independent status of the Home Nations.

"Also, when we speak to our fan groups about this issue, they tell us that they are strongly opposed to the idea. As the governing body of football in this country, we will always do what is best for the sport here in Scotland.

"On a personal note, I feel that the Olympics should be the pinnacle of any sport and it is doubtful as to whether an age restricted football competition in the Olympics would ever be able to rival the World Cup." [6]

The row amongst the four UK associations ended when they agreed on a compromise by which England would exclusively organise men's and women's teams, made up entirely of English players, to play as Great Britain teams. On 29 May 2009, the four associations sent a joint letter to FIFA stating that "the Scottish, Northern Irish and Welsh Associations recognise that England want to do this and there'll be no further opposition from them to England taking part as Team UK providing they do not attempt to include any Scottish, Welsh or Northern Irish players".[3]

Venues

Due to the great number of large stadia required for the Olympic tournament, venues in distant cities – often more than 200 km (120 miles) away from the main host city – are typically used for the football tournament, especially in the early rounds. In an extreme example, two early-round venues for the 1984 Games were on the U.S. East Coast, well over 2,000 miles (3,200 km) from the host city of Los Angeles. The next Games held in the United States, the 1996 Games, were unique in that no matches were held in the host city of Atlanta; the nearest venue and the site of all finals was about 65 miles (105 km) away on the University of Georgia campus in Athens.

Here is a list of all the venues used in the Olympic football tournaments

Edition of the Olympic Games City Stadium
France Paris 1900 Paris Vélodrome de Vincennes
United States Saint Louis 1904 St. Louis, Missouri Francis Field
United Kingdom London 1908 London White City Stadium
Sweden Stockholm 1912 Stockholm Stockholms Olympiastadion
Råsunda Stadium
Tranebergs Idrottsplats
Belgium Antwerp 1920 Antwerp Olympisch Stadion
Royal Antwerp Football Club Stadium
Brussels Stade de l’Union St. Gilloise
Ghent Stade d’A.A. La Gantoise
France Paris 1924 Paris Stade Olympique, Colombes
Stade Bergeyre
Stade de Paris, Saint-Ouen
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928 Amsterdam Olympisch Stadion
Rotterdam Het Kasteel
De Kuip
Arnhem Monnikenhuize
United States Los Angeles 1932 No football tournament
Germany Berlin 1936 Berlin Olympiastadion
Poststadion, Tiergarten
Mommsenstadion, Charlottenburg
Hertha-BSC-Platz
United Kingdom London 1948 London Empire Stadium, Wembley
White Hart Lane, Tottenham
Selhurst Park, Crystal Palace
Craven Cottage, Fulham
Griffin Park, Brentford
Arsenal Stadium, Highbury
Cricklefield Stadium, Ilford
Green Pond Road Stadium, Walthamstow
Champion Hill, Dulwich
Brighton Goldstone Ground
Portsmouth Fratton Park
Finland Helsinki 1952 Helsinki Olympiastadion
Football Grounds
Turku Kupittaa Stadium
Tampere Ratina Stadion
Lahti Kisapuisto
Kotka Kotka Stadion
Australia Melbourne 1956 Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground
Football and Athletics Ground, Olympic Park
Italy Rome 1960 Rome Stadio Flaminio
Florence Stadio Comunale
Grosseto Stadio Comunale
Livorno Stadio Ardenza
Pescara Stadio Adriatico
L'Aquila Stadio Comunale
Naples Stadio Fuorigrotta
Japan Tokyo 1964 Tokyo National Olympic Stadium
Prince Chichibu Memorial Field
Komazawa Stadium
Saitama, Saitama Omiya Football Stadium
Yokohama Mitsuzawa Stadium
Mexico Mexico City 1968 Mexico City Estadio Azteca
Puebla Estadio Cuauhtémoc
Guadalajara Estadio Jalisco
León Estadio León
Germany Munich 1972 Munich Olympiastadion
Augsburg Rosenaustadion
Ingolstadt ESV-Stadion
Regensburg Jahnstadion
Nuremberg Frankenstadion
Passau Drei Flüsse Stadion
Canada Montreal 1976 Montreal Olympic Stadium
Sherbrooke Municipal Stadium
Toronto Varsity Stadium
Ottawa Lansdowne Stadium
Soviet Union Moscow 1980 Moscow Lenin Stadium
Dynamo Stadium
Leningrad Kirov Stadium
Kiev Republican Stadium
Minsk Dinamo Stadium
United States Los Angeles 1984 Pasadena, California Rose Bowl
Boston, Massachusetts Harvard Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Stanford, California Stanford Stadium
South Korea Seoul 1988 Seoul Jamsil Olympic Stadium
Dongdaemun Stadium
Daegu Daegu Stadium
Busan Busan Stadium
Gwangju Gwangju Stadium
Daejeon Daejeon Stadium
Spain Barcelona 1992 Barcelona Camp Nou
Estadio Sarriá
Sabadell Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta
Zaragoza Estadio La Romareda
Valencia Estadio Luis Casanova
United States Atlanta 1996 Athens, Georgia Sanford Stadium
Orlando, Florida Citrus Bowl
Birmingham, Alabama Legion Field
Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
Washington, D.C. Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
Australia Sydney 2000 Sydney Olympic Stadium
Sydney Football Stadium
Brisbane Brisbane Cricket Ground
Adelaide Hindmarsh Stadium
Canberra Bruce Stadium
Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground
Greece Athens 2004 Athens Athens Olympic Stadium
Karaiskaki Stadium
Patras Pampeloponnisiako Stadium
Volos Panthessaliko Stadium
Thessaloniki Kaftanzoglio Stadium
Iraklion Pankritio Stadium
People's Republic of China Beijing 2008 Beijing Beijing National Stadium
Workers' Stadium
Tianjin Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
Shanghai Shanghai Stadium
Qinhuangdao Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Centre Stadium
Shenyang Shenyang Olympic Sports Centre Stadium
United Kingdom London 2012 London Wembley Stadium
Glasgow Hampden Park
Cardiff Millennium Stadium
Manchester Old Trafford
Newcastle upon Tyne St James' Park
Brazil Rio de Janeiro 2016 Rio de Janeiro Maracanã
São Paulo Morumbi
Brasília Estádio Nacional de Brasília
Salvador Fonte Nova
Belo Horizonte Mineirão

Events

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 Years
Men's event X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Women's event X X X X 4

Participating nations

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Men

(Note: Where applicable, numbers refer to the number of teams from each country)

Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 Years
Afghanistan Y 1
Algeria Y 1
Argentina Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 7
Australia Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 7
Austria Y Y Y Y 4
Belgium Y Y Y Y Y 5
Brazil Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Bulgaria Y Y Y Y Y 5
Burma Y 1
Cameroon Y Y Y 3
Canada Y Y Y 3
Chile Y Y Y Y 4
China Y Y Y Y 4
Chinese Taipei Y 1
Colombia Y Y Y Y 4
Costa Rica Y Y Y 3
Côte d'Ivoire Y 1
Cuba Y Y 2
Czech Republic Y 1
Czechoslovakia Y Y Y Y Y 5
Denmark Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
North Korea Y 1
East Germany[4] Y Y Y Y 4
Egypt Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 10
El Salvador Y - 1
Estonia Y 1
Finland Y Y Y Y - 4
France Y 2 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Germany[5] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
Ghana Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
Great Britain Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y - 9
Greece Y Y Y 3
Guatemala Y Y Y - 3
Guinea Y - 1
Honduras Y Y 2
Hungary Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y - 10
India Y Y Y Y 4
Indonesia Y - 1
Iran Y Y Y - 3
Iraq Y Y Y Y 4
Ireland Y Y - 2
Israel Y Y - 2
Italy Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 15
Japan Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
South Korea Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
Kuwait Y Y Y - 3
Latvia Y - 1
Lithuania Y - 1
Luxembourg Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
Malaysia Y 1
Mali Y - 1
Mexico Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y - 8
Morocco Y Y Y Y Y Y - 6
Netherlands Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
New Zealand Y 1
Netherlands Antilles Y 1
Nigeria Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
Norway Y Y Y Y Y - 5
Paraguay Y Y - 2
Peru Y Y - 2
Poland Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 7
Portugal Y Y Y 3
Qatar Y Y 2
Romania Y Y Y 3
Russia Y - 1
Saudi Arabia Y Y 2
Serbia Y 1
Serbia and Montenegro Y 1
Slovakia Y - 1
Soviet Union Y Y Y Y Y Y - 6
Spain Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 9
Sudan Y - 1
Sweden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 9
Switzerland Y - 1
Syria Y 1
Thailand Y Y 2
Tunisia Y Y Y Y 4
Turkey Y Y Y Y Y - 5
United States 2[6] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Uruguay Y Y 2
Venezuela Y 1
Yugoslavia Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y - 10
Zambia Y Y 2
Total nations 3 2 5 11 14 22 17 16 18 25 11 16 14 16 16 13 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

Women

Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games.

Nation 96 00 04 08 Years
Argentina =11 1
Australia 7 5 2
Brazil 4 4 2 2 4
Canada 8 1
China 2 5 9 5 4
Denmark 8 1
Germany 5 3 3 3 4
Greece 10 1
Japan 7 7 4 3
Mexico 8 1
New Zealand 10 1
Nigeria 8 6 =11 3
North Korea 9 1
Norway 3 1 7 3
Sweden 6 6 4 6 4
United States 1 2 1 1 4
Total nations 8 8 10 12

Men's tournament

The qualifying tournament, like that for the World Cup, is organised along continental lines. Most continental confederations organise a special Under-23 qualifying tournament, although the European qualifiers are drawn from the finalists of the UEFA Under-21 Championship (in practice, an U-23 event). For the 2008 Beijing Games, the number of places allocated to each continent was:

Women's tournament

The women's tournament is contested between full national sides, with no age restrictions. The teams are chosen from the best of the previous year's World Cup, with one spot reserved for the host country.

The first women's tournament was at the 1996 Atlanta Games. The US won the gold medal, and picked up silver in 2000 after an extra time defeat by Norway. The finals of the next two tournaments, in 2004 and 2008, also went to extra time, with the USA defeating Brazil both times.

Allocation of places for each continent in the 2008 Games was:

Records

Men's medal table

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Hungary (HUN) 3 1 1 5
2  Great Britain (GBR) 3 0 0 3
3  Argentina (ARG) 2 2 0 4
4  Soviet Union (URS) 2 0 3 5
5  Uruguay (URU) 2 0 0 2
6  Yugoslavia (YUG) 1 3 1 5
7  Poland (POL) 1 2 0 3
 Spain (ESP) 1 2 0 3
9  East Germany (GDR)[4] 1 1 2 4
10  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 0 2
 France (FRA) 1 1 0 2
 Nigeria (NGR) 1 1 0 2
13  Italy (ITA) 1 0 2 3
 Sweden (SWE) 1 0 2 3
15  Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
16  Cameroon (CMR) 1 0 0 1
 Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
18  Denmark (DEN) 0 3 1 4
19  Brazil (BRA) 0 2 2 4
20  United States (USA) 0 1 1 2
 Bulgaria (BUL) 0 1 1 2
22  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
 Paraguay (PAR) 0 1 0 1
 Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 0 1
25  Netherlands (NED) 0 0 3 3
26  Chile (CHI) 0 0 1 1
 Ghana (GHA) 0 0 1 1
 Japan (JPN) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
 West Germany (FRG) 0 0 1 1

Men's results

Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1900
Details
France Paris United Kingdom
Great Britain
[7]
France

Belgium
[7] only three teams entered
1904
Details
United States St. Louis
Canada
[8]
United States

United States
[8] only three teams entered
1908
Details
United Kingdom London United Kingdom
Great Britain
2 – 0
Denmark

Netherlands
2 – 0
Sweden
1912
Details
Sweden Stockholm United Kingdom
Great Britain
4 – 2
Denmark

Netherlands
9 – 0 Russian Empire
Finland
1920
Details
Belgium Antwerp
Belgium
[9]
Spain

Netherlands
[9]
Italy
1924
Details
France Paris
Uruguay
3 – 0
Switzerland

Sweden
1 – 1
aet

Netherlands
Match replay: 3 – 1
1928
Details
Netherlands Amsterdam
Uruguay
1 – 1
aet

Argentina

Italy
11 – 3
Egypt
Match replay: 2 – 1
1932 United States Los Angeles No football tournament
1936
Details
Germany Berlin
Italy
2 – 1
aet

Austria

Norway
3 – 2
Poland
1948
Details
United Kingdom London
Sweden
3 – 1
Yugoslavia

Denmark
5 – 3 United Kingdom
Great Britain
1952
Details
Finland Helsinki
Hungary
2 – 0
Yugoslavia

Sweden
2 – 0
West Germany
1956
Details
Australia Melbourne
Soviet Union
1 – 0
Yugoslavia

Bulgaria
3 – 0
India
1960
Details
Italy Rome
Yugoslavia
3 – 1
Denmark

Hungary
2 – 1
Italy
1964
Details
Japan Tokyo
Hungary
2 – 1
Czechoslovakia

East Germany[4]
3 – 1
United Arab Republic
1968
Details
Mexico Mexico City
Hungary
4 – 1
Bulgaria

Japan
2 – 0
Mexico
1972
Details
Germany Munich
Poland
2 – 1
Hungary

Soviet Union
2 – 2[10]
aet

East Germany
1976
Details
Canada Montreal
East Germany
3 – 1
Poland

Soviet Union
2 – 0
Brazil
1980
Details
Soviet Union Moscow
Czechoslovakia
1 – 0
East Germany

Soviet Union
2 – 0
Yugoslavia
1984
Details
United States Los Angeles
France
2 – 0
Brazil

Yugoslavia
2 – 1
Italy
1988
Details
South Korea Seoul
Soviet Union
2 – 1
aet

Brazil

West Germany
3 – 0
Italy
1992
Details
Spain Barcelona
Spain
3 – 2
Poland

Ghana
1 – 0
Australia
1996
Details
United States Atlanta
Nigeria
3 – 2
Argentina

Brazil
5 – 0
Portugal
2000
Details
Australia Sydney
Cameroon
2 – 2
asdet

Spain

Chile
2 – 0
United States
5 – 3 on penalty shootout
2004
Details
Greece Athens
Argentina
1 – 0
Paraguay

Italy
1 – 0
Iraq
2008
Details
People's Republic of China Beijing
Argentina
1 – 0
Nigeria

Brazil
3 – 0
Belgium
2012
Details
United Kingdom London

Men's top scorers by tournament

Year Player Goals
1900 Unknown
1904 Canada Alexander Hall
Canada Tom Taylor
3
1908 Denmark Sophus Nielsen 11
1912 Germany Gottfried Fuchs 10
1920 Sweden Herbert Karlsson 7
1924 Uruguay Pedro Petrone 8
1928 Argentina Domingo Tarasconi 9
1936 Italy Annibale Frossi 7
1948 Denmark John Hansen
Sweden Gunnar Nordahl
7
1952 Yugoslavia Rajko Mitic
Yugoslavia Branko Zebec
7
1956 Yugoslavia Todor Veselinovic
Bulgaria Dimitar Milanov
India Neville D'Souza
4
1960 Denmark Harald Nielsen 8
1964 Hungary Ferenc Bene 12
1968 Japan Kunishige Kamamoto 7
1972 Poland Kazimierz Deyna 9
1976 Poland Andrzej Szarmach 6
1980 Soviet Union Sergei Andreev 5
1984 Yugoslavia Borislav Cvetković
Yugoslavia Stjepan Deveric
France Daniel Xuereb
5
1988 Brazil Romario 7
1992 Poland Andrzej Juskowiak 7
1996 Brazil Bebeto
Argentina Hernán Crespo
6
2000 Chile Iván Zamorano 6
2004 Argentina Carlos Tévez 8
2008 Italy Giuseppe Rossi 4

Women's medal table

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 3 1 0 4
2  Norway (NOR) 1 0 1 2
3  Brazil (BRA) 0 2 0 2
4  China (CHN) 0 1 0 1
5  Germany (GER) 0 0 3 3

Women's results

Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1996
Details
United States Atlanta
United States
2 – 1
China

Norway
2 – 0
Brazil
2000
Details
Australia Sydney
Norway
3 – 2
asdet

United States

Germany
2 – 0
Brazil
2004
Details
Greece Athens
United States
2 – 1
aet

Brazil

Germany
1 – 0
Sweden
2008
Details
People's Republic of China Beijing
United States
1 – 0
aet

Brazil

Germany
2 – 0
Japan

Women's top scorers by tournament

Year Player Goals
1996 Norway Ann Kristin Aarønes
Norway Linda Medalen
Brazil Pretinha
4
2000 People's Republic of China Sun Wen 4
2004 Brazil Cristiane
Germany Birgit Prinz
5
2008 Brazil Cristiane 5

See also

References

  1. ^ Goldblatt, David. The Ball Is Round : A Global History of Football. Penguin Books. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-141-01582-8.  
  2. ^ Mallon, Bill; & Widlund, Ture (1998). The 1896 Olympic Games. Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson: McFarland. pp. 118. ISBN 0-7864-0379-9.  
  3. ^ "Nations pave way for 2012 GB team". BBC Sport. 2009-05-29. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympic_games/8072981.stm. Retrieved 2009-05-29.  
  4. ^ a b c The East German team represented the United Team of Germany in 1964, winning the bronze medal.
  5. ^ The team represented the United Team of Germany in 1956, and the Federal Republic of Germany (i.e., West Germany) in 1972, 1984 and 1988, and winning the bronze medal in 1988.
  6. ^ The United States had two of the three teams at the 1904 Games, taking the silver and bronze medals.
  7. ^ a b The 1900 tournament was originally a pair of demonstration matches between the three teams, but has subsequently been upgraded to official status by the IOC with medals attributed to the teams based upon the match results.
  8. ^ a b The 1904 tournament was originally a set of demonstration matches between the three teams (two from the United States), but has subsequently been upgraded to official status by the IOC with medals attributed to the teams based upon the round-robin results.
  9. ^ a b In 1920, Czechoslovakia abandoned the final match against Belgium after 40 minutes with the latter up 2–0. They were disqualified, and a mini-tournament to figure out the other medalists was held, with Spain beating the Netherlands for second place 3–1.
  10. ^ In 1972, the third place match between the Soviet Union and East Germany was a 2–2 tie after extra time had expired. Both teams were awarded bronze medals.

Simple English

Football (soccer) has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932 as a men's competition sport. Women's football was added to the official programme in 1996.

History

Football was not on the original modern Olympic Games programme as international football was in its infancy in 1896. However an unofficial football tournament was organised during the first competition. Complete records have been lost but it seems that only two games may have been played. An Athens XI lost to a team representing Smyrna (Izmir), then part of the Ottoman Empire. Smyrna went on to be beaten 15-0 by a team from Denmark. Demonstration tournaments were played at the 1900 and 1904 games and the "Intercalated Games" of 1906, but these were contested by various clubs and scratch teams, and are not considered to be official Olympic events. In 1906 teams from Great Britain, Germany, Austria, Netherlands and France were withdrawn from an unofficial competition and left Denmark, Smyrna (one Armenian, two Frenchmen and eight Britons), Athens and Thessaloniki Music Club to compete. Denmark won the final against Athens 9-0.


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