Ford Focus (international): Wikis

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This is the article about the international Ford Focus. For the 2000-10 Focus sold in North America, see Ford Focus (North America).
Ford Focus
Ford Focus Mk II, facelift 5-door
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production 1998–present
Assembly Chongqing, China
General Pacheco, Argentina
Hermosillo, Mexico
Pretoria, South Africa
Saarlouis, Germany
Santa Rosa, Philippines
Setubal, Portugal
Taoyuan, Taiwan
Valencia, Spain
Wayne, United States
Vsevolozhsk, Russia
Hai Duong, Vietnam
Predecessor Ford Escort (Europe)
Ford Laser (Asia and Oceania)
Class Compact
/ Small family car
Body style(s) 3- and 5-door hatchback
4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door cabriolet
Layout FF layout
Related Ford Focus (North America)
Designer John Doughty[1] Claude Lobo[2]

The Ford Focus is a small family car manufactured by Ford and marketed globally since its introduction in 1998 in Europe, 2000 in North America, and 2002 in Australia. First generation models continued in production in North America through 2007 (with an interim re-styling) and remained in production in South America until late 2009. A second generation launched in Europe in January 2005, received styling and engineering updates in January 2008, and is marketed globally outside North and South America. The third generation model will be sold globally when it's launched in late 2010.

In Europe, South America, North America and South Africa, the Focus replaced the Ford Escort in 2002. In Australia, New Zealand and Japan, it replaced the Ford Laser.

Focus models rank as the 41st bestselling automotive nameplate worldwide, with over 5 million sold.

Contents

Ford Focus Mark 1 (1998–2004)

First generation
First Generation Ford Focus - Model Displayed European ST170
Production 1998–2004
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
4-door saloon
5-door estate
Layout FF layout
Platform Ford C170 platform
Engine(s) 1.4 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.6 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.8 L I4 Zetec-E
1.8 L I4 Diesel TDDI
1.8 L I4 Diesel TDCI
2.0 L I4 Zetec-E
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual (SVT)
Wheelbase 2,615 mm (103 in)
Length Hatchback: 4,175 mm (164 in)
Saloon: 4,380 mm (172 in)
Estate: 4,455 mm (175 in)
Width 1,700 mm (67 in)
Height Hatchback and saloon: 1,440 mm (57 in)
Estate: 1,460 mm (57 in)
Curb weight 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)-1,364 kg (3,007 lb)
Related Ford Focus (North America)
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Design and engineering

Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion , the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown at the Geneva Motor Show in 1991. Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features, such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. As a continuation of Ford's New Edge styling philosophy, first seen in the Ford Ka in 1996, and Ford Cougar in 1998, the Focus' styling had been often described as polarizing.[3][4][5][6] The styling had been overseen by Jack Telnack and executed by Claude Lobo and Australian designer, John Doughty.[2]

The decision to name the new car the Ford Focus was made in early 1998, as Ford's overheads had been planning to keep the Escort nameplate for its new generation of small family cars. A last minute problem arose in July 1998 when a Cologne court, responding to a case brought by the publishers Burda, ordered Ford to avoid the name "Focus" for the German market cars since the name was already taken by the publisher's Focus magazine.[7] This eleventh hour dispute was overcome, however, and the car was launched without a different "German market" name.

Rear suspension

Engineers for the Focus, including Richard Parry-Jones, developed a class-leading,[8] space-saving independent multi-link rear suspension, marketed as Control Blade suspension, combining the packaging of a trailing arm, with the geometry of a double wishbone suspension — at considerably lower cost.

Where many competitors in the compact class, or small family car (European) class, used the less expensive half-independent torsion beam suspension, Control Blade offered enhanced elasto-kinematic performance, i.e., strong body control, sharp and accurate steering regardless of the car's attitude, and an absorbent and quiet ride over bumps.

Unlike conventional multi-link suspension, Control Blade features a wide, simple, uniform thickness, pressed steel trailing arm with hub carrier — taking the place of two longitudinal locating rods, eliminating an expensive cast knuckle, and offering the same level of body control — with a lower center of gravity, reduced road noise, and at lower production cost. The long rear lateral arm controls toe, a pair of shorter front lateral arms, vertically above each other, control the camber, and the Control Blade reacts to brake and traction loads.

In testing the suspension in 2000, Motor Trend writer Jack Keebler noted "The Focus' average speed of 62.6 mph through our slalom makes it faster around the cones than a $62,000 Jaguar XJ8L and a $300,000 Bentley Continental. The impression is of having plenty of wheel travel for gobbling the larger stuff and big-car, full-frame isolation when encountering expansion joints and smaller road imperfections."[9]

Following the 1998 introduction of Control Blade suspension and popularization by the Focus, other manufacturers (e.g., Volkswagen with the Golf V) began offering multi-link design rear suspensions in the compact class, or small family car (European) class.[8][10]

Manufacturing

The Mark 1 Focus remains in production (along with the Mark 2 Focus) in General Pacheco, Argentina where it's marketed as the Focus One. It continues to be marketed in Brazil as well.

The Mark 1 was also previously produced in factories in Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Santa Rosa, Philippines; Chungli, Taiwan; Chongqing, China, and Vsevolozhsk, Russia.

Critical opinion

The motoring press praised the handling and ride of the Ford Focus for its rare mix of passenger comfort and lively driver responsiveness. Reviews hailed the Focus' independent rear suspension, performance and accommodation. The interior design polarised opinion. The quality of the interior materials was criticised relative to the Opel Astra and even more so relative to the Mk 4 Volkswagen Golf, although the Mk4 Golf was considerably more expensive than the Focus from new.

Safety

The Mk 1 Ford Focus received 4 out of 5 stars for occupant safety, and 2 out of 4 stars for pedestrian safety in its EuroNCAP tests (69% frontal, 83% side, 28% pedestrian).[11] In Australia, the 2002–2005 Ford Focus was assessed in the Used Car Safety Ratings 2006 as providing "average" protection for its occupants in the event of a crash.[12]

A 1999 Ford Focus Estate.

2001 facelift

A 2003 Ford Focus saloon of the Irish Garda Siochana.

The 2001 Mk 1 Focus facelift included:

  • Revised headlamps with integrated indicators and separate main and dipped bulbs
  • Revised bumpers without indicators, but with the addition of removable bump strips
  • Revised upper and lower grille and fog lights
  • Optional Xenon headlights
  • Optional 6-disc CD changer
  • Optional Navigation System
  • Optional Digital Climate Control
  • Features of certain trim levels changed
  • Modified centre console with rubber cup holders
  • Different centre dash colours
  • New seat trims
  • Different instrument cluster finishes
  • Damped and lit glovebox
  • New colours
  • Rear power point
  • TDCi Engine introduced to the range
  • Versatility Pack Option added

A new flexfuel engine was introduced, based on the European Zetec 1.6 L version. This could use both petrol and bioethanol, but only on the Swedish market. This version is still available in some countries despite the advent of an all-new Mk 2 Focus.

Engines

European introduction

Petrol engines available were the well-proven 1.8 L and 2.0 L Zetec-E units from the Ford Mondeo and 1.4 L and 1.6 L versions of the Zetec-SE units found in the Ford Fiesta and Ford Puma. The ST170 and RS performance models used modified versions of the 2.0 L Zetec-E. Originally, the only diesel engine available was the Endura TDDI (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s). This was replaced in 2002 by the Duratorq TDCI.

International summary

Size (L) Name Fuel Market Power (kW/bhp/PS) Torque MPG Top Speed 0-60 mph (S)
1.4 Zetec-SE Petrol Europe 55/74/75 123 N·m (91 lb·ft) 42.2 107 mph (172 km/h) 14.1
1.6 Zetec-SE Petrol Europe 74/99/101 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) 37.4 116 mph (187 km/h) 10.9
1.6 Zetec-Rocam Petrol/ethanol (Flex) Brazil 81.5/109/111
1.8 Zetec-E Petrol Europe, Brazil 85/113/115 160 N·m (118 lb·ft) 33.8 124 mph (200 km/h) 10
1.8 TDDi Diesel Europe 66/89/90 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) 51.2 115 mph (185 km/h)
1.8 TDCi Diesel Europe 85/114/116 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) 51.4 123 mph (198 km/h) 10.8
2.0 Zetec-E Petrol Europe, Brazil 96/128/130 178 N·m (131 lb·ft) 31.6 126 mph (203 km/h) 9.2
2.0 Duratec-ST Petrol Europe 127/171/173 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) 31 134 mph (216 km/h) 7.9
2.0 Duratec-RS Petrol Europe 158/212/215 310 N·m (229 lb·ft) 27.9 144 mph (232 km/h) 6.3

Transmissions

Trim levels

Trim levels (European)

  • CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (1.6 only available in UK in 5-door estate)
  • LX (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate
  • Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
  • Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate.
  • ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
  • RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback (In production from 2002–2004)

Body styles

Performance versions

Ford Focus ST170

ST170

The ST170, which was launched in 2002, is the International version of the American Focus SVT. The car was only available in some markets outside of America.

Adapted from the Facelift Mk 1 Focus, the ST170 had the following cosmetic revisions: 17" Multi-Spoke Alloy Wheels; Alarm; Side Airbags; Optional Recaro leather seats; Optional 9006 Stereo system with Subwoofer; brushed aluminium door releases; honeycomb front grills, round projector style fog lights, colour coded bumper and side beadings & door handles; and Locally developed bodykit (Australia only). The engine was developed by Cosworth and tuning bumped the horsepower from 130 to 170. Upgrades included: High-flow aluminium cylinder head; Variable valve timing; Dual state intake manifold; Stainless steel exhaust system and exhaust manifold by Cosworth; Sports catalytic converter; Larger brake discs (300 mm front, 280 mm rear); Getrag 6 speed manual gearbox; Revised power steering pump and close ratio steering rack.

Ford Focus RS

RS

In 2002 the more bespoke engineered and performance orientated RS badge made a return to a Ford product following the demise of the Escort RS 2000 in 1996. Using a turbocharged version of the 2.0 litre Zetec-E, the Focus RS produced roughly 212 horsepower (158 kW). A total of 4501 were produced at Ford's Saarlouis plant.

Mk 2 (2004-present)

Second generation
2005–2007 Ford Focus (LS) LX 5-door hatchback (Australia)
Production 2004–present
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
2-door coupé cabriolet
Layout FF layout
Platform Ford C1 platform
Engine(s) 1.4 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.6 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.6 L I4 Zetec-SE Ti-VCT
1.6 L I4 Diesel TDCI
1.6 L I4 Diesel TDCI DPF
1.8 L I4 Duratec HE
1.8 L I4 Diesel TDCI
1.8 L I4 Duratec HE FFV (Flexifuel vehicle)
2.0 L I4 Duratec HE
2.0 L I4 Diesel TDCI
2.5 L I5 Turbocharged T5
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,640 mm (104 in)
Length 2008-2010 Hatchback: 4,337 mm (170.7 in)
2005-07 Hatchback: 4,340 mm (171 in)
2005-07 Saloon: 4,480 mm (176 in)
2008-2010 Saloon: 4,481 mm (176 in)
2005-07 Estate: 4,470 mm (176 in)
2008-2010 Estate; 4,468 mm (176 in)
2005-07 ST: 4,360 mm (172 in)
2008-2010 ST: 4,360 mm (172 in)
2007 Coupé cabriolet: 4,510 mm (178 in)

2008-2010 Coupé cabriolet: 4,509 mm (178 in)
Width 2008-2010 Coupé cabriolet: 1,834 mm (72 in)
2007 Coupé cabriolet: 1,835 mm (72 in)
2005-07 saloon, hatchback and estate: 1,840 mm (72 in)
2008-2010 Saloon, Hatchback & Estate: 1,839 mm (72 in)
Height Coupé cabriolet: 1,448 mm (57 in)
2005-07 Hatchback & Wagon: 1,500 mm (59 in)
2008-2010 Hatchback & Saloon: 1,497 mm (59 in)
2005-07 Saloon: 1,495 mm (59 in)
2008-2010 Estate: 1,503 mm (59 in) & 1,537 mm (61 in)
Coupé cabriolet: 1,455 mm (57 in)
ST: 1,537 mm (61 in)
Curb weight 1,229 kg (2,709 lb)-1,630 kg (3,594 lb)
Related Ford C-MAX
Ford Kuga
Mazda3
Mazda5
Volvo C30
Volvo S40
Volvo V50

The all-new Mk 2 Ford Focus was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and an estate, although the new car was previewed, in 4-door saloon form, as the 'Focus Concept' developed by Ford Europe at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004.

Design and engineering

The Mk 2, codenamed C307, uses the Ford C1 platform which is shared with the Volvo S40, V50 and C70, Mazda3 and Focus C-MAX. Ford calls this platform sharing programme "Global Shared Technologies".

The basic suspension design, which contributed much to the Mk 1's success, has been carried over largely unchanged from its predecessor which, along with a 10% stiffer bodyshell, offers even better handling and ride according to Ford. The same body styles as the Mk 1 Focus were offered, though the saloon did not appear until mid-2005.

The Focus Mk 2 is much larger than its predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. As a result the interior and boot space have increased. New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems.

It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission, the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual.

Stylistically, the Mk 2's styling features the same design language found in the Mondeo and Fiesta. Although still recognisable as a Focus the new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which never reached production.

The interior and dashboard follows on from the Mk 2 Mondeo and is constructed from higher quality plastics than before.

Availability

The Focus Mk 2 is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand. However shortly after launch, Ford New Zealand surrendered its supply to satisfy Australia's high demand, and now receives vehicles from the German factory in Saarlouis. In 2006 the Mk 2 made its debut in the Americas with its launch on the Mexican market as the 4-door sedan or the sporty 3-door in ST trim. The Mk 2 Focus is now available alongside base versions of the Mk I model in some other markets worldwide such as Brazil, Argentina and Chile. In Argentina, the Mk 1 Focus is built alongside the Mk 2 in the Pacheco Factory.

In the U.S. and Canada, the Mk 1 Focus is offered in a much revised North American version, currently only as a sedan or coupe, the hatchbacks and wagon having been dropped after the 2008 redesign. Sales of the coupe model have been only a small fraction of the previous 3-door hatchback, despite rising sales of the Focus sedan and compact cars in general.

Safety

The new car has gained the best ever EuroNCAP ratings for its class (5 stars for adult protection, 4 of 5 for child protection and 2 of 5 for pedestrian protection),[13] beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf, including full (16/16) marks for the front impact test.

Engines

The engine line up for the Mk 2 is a mixture of old and new. Revised versions of the 1.4 L and 1.6 L all aluminium Zetec-SE engines from the previous generation Focus were carried over, although the units were now renamed Duratec, with the addition of 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT engine with variable valve timing. For the South African market, the 1.6L BZ inline-four engine was used in their Mk2. For the 2009 facelift it was replaced by the 1.8 Duratec.

The 1.8 L and 2.0 L Zetec petrol engines of the original were replaced with the Duratec HE.

The Duratorq Diesel engine in 'Tiger' Duratorq 1.6 L 90 hp (67 kW) and 110 hp (82 kW) editions, 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp (86 kW) diesel carried over from the previous model and the diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo).

Petrol

Diesel

Trim levels

The main trim levels of the pre-facelift Focus Mk 2 in the United Kingdom are listed below. For other countries, the range is either a cut down version of this list (e.g., for New Zealand) or it is almost completely different altogether (e.g., for South Africa, or Australia, which continues to use the old CL/LX/Zetec/Ghia trim levels)

  • Studio (Base model)
  • LX (as Studio, adds air-conditioning)
  • Style (as LX, adds alloy-style wheel trims, front fog lights and a sports steering wheel)
  • Sport (as Style, adds alloy wheels)
  • Zetec (as Sport, adds Sport Suspension, sport seats and various interior/exterior styling enhancements)
  • Zetec Climate (as Zetec, adds Quikclear heated front windscreen)
  • Ghia (adds auto-dimming rear-view mirror, Quikclear heated front windscreen, front fog lights, a number of interior styling enhancements and only model to have Cruise Control as standard)
  • Titanium (adds Sony CD/MP3 player as standard, privacy glass and sports seats)

From September 2006, Ford revised the standard trim specifications slightly, to allow for the introduction of further options called X-Packs.

Ford Focus Turnier

2008 facelift

2008 Ford Focus
2008-09 Ford Focus sedan (Mexico)

Ford unveiled a facelifted Mk2 Ford Focus at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007, to go on sale in early 2008 in the hatchback, estate and saloon bodystyles, with the Coupé-Cabriolet and ST to follow in Spring 2008. Went on sale in the UK on 2nd Feb 2008. Changes include:

  • Cosmetically, the facelift brings the Focus in line with the Kinetic Design language seen on the 2007 Ford Mondeo, and 2006 Ford S-MAX and Ford Galaxy, whilst keeping with the general shape of the pre-facelift model. Every exterior panel (except the roof) underwent a reworking with the following key detail changes: trapezoidal grilles, swept back headlamps, bold wheel arches, newly shaped rear glass, a contoured tailgate and new tail lamps
  • Greater use of soft-touch plastics in the interior
  • Revised instrument binnacle and interior controls, now with red lighting
  • New design centre console primarily for the top line Titanium trim and optional Zetec
  • Ford PowerShift transmission (similar to Volkswagen's DSG) added to range
  • Introduction of a Ford Power Button
  • Introduction of a 110PS version of the 2.0 Duratorq TDCi engine.
  • Revised trim range consisting of Studio, Style, ECOnetic, Zetec, Titanium, ST - 1, ST - 2 and ST - 3 trims.

Late 2008 saw the introduction of the 'Zetec S' trim, adding a body kit of front and rear spoilers, side skirts and the large roof spoiler from the ST. It includes aluminium pedals, a silver hand brake cover, and an optional WRC pack which adds flag decals and WRC scuff plates. Some controversy has arisen due to many vehicles being delivered without 'S' badging on the rear and sides of the cars.

Prices are set to be similar (if not identical) to that of the pre-facelift Focus (Prices being at least £250 pounds more, the price of stability control as an option on the previous model, now included as standard), as its lead at the top of the British car sales charts has quickly been cut by the Vauxhall Astra in the last couple of years.

Ford collaborated with dance floor superstar Alesha Dixon in January 2008 to create an exclusive special edition remix and video to celebrate the launch of the new Ford Focus.[14]

In June 2009, the Focus Sedan/Saloon was removed from the UK model line up (although still available in right hand drive in Ireland).

Additional variants

Focus ST

Ford Focus "facelift" ST 2008 (Europe) and XR5 2008 (Australia and New Zealand)

In 2005 Ford unveiled a hot hatch version of the Mk 2 Focus. Called Focus ST, and available in either three or five door hatchback variant, the car uses the Ford Duratec ST, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine producing 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS). The Ford Focus Mk 2 ST is also known as the XR5 Turbo in the Australian and New Zealand market, but is sold as a five door hatchback only. In 2008 Ford, in conjunction with Mountune Racing, unveiled a power upgrade kit which raises the power output to 260 bhp (190 kW). the kit consists of: a K&N panel filter, larger intercooler and a re-map.

Coupé-Cabriolet

Ford Focus Coupé-Cabriolet
Ford Focus Coupé-Cabriolet

The Focus Coupé-Cabriolet, a two-piece retractable hardtop, was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in February 2006 and went on sale in October 2006. Originally named the Vignale by designer Pininfarina, it was previewed at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show. Pininfarina performs final assembly. Ford plans to sell about 20,000 annually in Europe.

In February 2008, Ford revealed a new Focus Coupé-Cabriolet sporting the new 'Kinetic Design' front end of the generic Ford Focus. Notably however, unlike the generic Focus models, the side and rear body panels were not changed, and neither were the door mirrors upgraded to the new-style units, as on the rest of the new Focus models. Nor were bodyside mouldings removed, as with the rest of the Focus range. Some press outlets had expected such changes in line with the rest of the range.

Focus ECOnetic

Shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007 as part of the facelifted range, the Focus ECOnetic is an emissions-friendly model, similar to Volkswagen's BlueMotion range, using a 109PS 1.6 Duratorq TDCi engine with a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). Aerodynamic features including low-resistance tyres contribute to 65mpg (4.3 L/100km or 54mpg US) fuel consumption figure with average CO2 emissions of 115g/km.

Focus RS Mk 2

Ford Focus RS Mk II

On December 17 2007 Ford of Europe confirmed that a Mk 2 Focus RS would be launched in 2009. The press release also notes that a concept version of the RS is due in mid-2008.[15] Contrary to numerous rumours and speculation[16] [17] [18] the RS was announced by Ford to have a conventional FWD layout with an upgraded Duratec ST engine with 305PS Duratec RS, gearbox, suspension, and LSD. As announced, the Focus RS MK2 hit the road on 5th of January 2009.[19][20]

Figures[21]

  • 0-100 kilometres per hour (62 mph): 5.9 s
  • 31-62 miles per hour (100 km/h): 5.3 s (in 4th gear)
  • Top speed: 263 kilometres per hour (163 mph)

Ford UK claim: "It’s as close as you’ll come to driving a full-spec rally car."[22]


Mk 3 (2011-)

Third generation
Production 2011–present
Body style(s) 5-door hatchback
4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Platform Ford C1 platform
Engine(s) 2.0 L I4
Transmission(s) 6-speed dual-clutch manual
Related Ford C-MAX

Ford unveiled the 2011 global Ford Focus at the 2010 North American International Auto Show. The car was shown in 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback configurations, also debuting a new 2.0L direct injection I4 engine. The new generation will launch simultaneously in North America and Europe in late 2010. [23]

Focus ECOnetic second generation

Next generation Focus ECOnetic for 2010 will be available with new eco technologies including Ford Auto-Start-Stop also with Smart Regenerative Charging, Ford Eco Mode and Low Tension FEAD (Front End Accessory Drive) targeting 99g/km average CO2 emissions and 74.2mpg.[24] Second generation Focus ECOnetic will have improved Ford's 109 PS (80 kW) 1.6-litre Duratorq TDCi engine with standard coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF).[24]

All-electric Focus RV

A prototype all-electric (battery powered) Focus was demonstrated in August 2008. The variant, known as the Focus RV, is planned for commercial launch in 2011. Ford plans to have 10,000 of these cars on the road beginning in 2011 in partnership with Magna International. The Focus RV will be a global vehicle that will be sold in the three key markets of North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific. The car can travel about 160 km (99 mi) on a single charge.[25][26][27] A prototype of this car is featured on some episodes of The Jay Leno Show in the Green Car Challenge segment. The car is raced Top Gear style around a mini race track and the times are recorded again in a Top Gear fashion on a strip of magnet and displayed for all to see. http://jalopnik.com/5362125/jay-lenos-reasonably-priced-electric-car-a-euro+spec-ford-focus

Motorsport

The first Focus World Rally Car made its debut in rallying and the World Rally Championship on the 1999 Monte Carlo Rally with Colin McRae and Simon Jean-Joseph at the wheels of the two cars, replacing, for the first time in a generation, the venerable Escort. It was immediately on the pace, setting many fastest stage times, but a vehicle weight issue meant that the two cars were excluded from that event. McRae went on to give the Focus WRC its maiden victory on the Safari Rally in February of the same year and took victory again in the following rally, the Rally Portugal.

The MkI Focus WRC went on scoop further victories over the years for McRae, Carlos Sainz and Markko Märtin from then until it was phased out in favour of the MkII offering in late 2005.[28] This car, a winner in both Marcus Grönholm's and Mikko Hirvonen's hands in the two-car factory BP-Ford World Rally Team that contested the 2006 World Rally Championship season, duly racked up the manufacturers' title,[29] spelling the end of a formidable twenty-seven year wait for such an honour in this series for the Blue Oval. The team successfully defended the manufacturers' title in the 2007 season.[30]

All the rally cars are built, prepared and run for Ford by M-Sport, the motorsport team based in Cockermouth, Cumbria in Northern England. The team is managed by Malcolm Wilson, a well known former British rally driver.[31]

Besides rallies, the Focus has also been used in the SCCA Speed World Challenge Touring Car Series, the TC 2000, resulting champion in 2003 and 2005.

The Ford Focus ST made its debut in the 2009 British Touring Car Championship, with Arena Motorsport. It's being prepared for its second BTCC season in 2010.

Overall sales and history

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling body style. Ford attempted to market the saloon in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the saloon.

Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models. This was the best-selling car in the world in 1999 through 2004. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style in the U.S.; however, a commercial Focus is available in Europe - most commonly in Ireland.

Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. A convertible version was another notable omission that was rectified with the Mk2 Coupe-Cabriolet.

Reliability

The European Focus, in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between one and three years old in the German car market.[32] This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability.

Awards

Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time.

Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk 2 "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards.

What green car in 2008 named the "green" version of the Focus, The Ford Focus ECOnetic as its Green Car of the year 2008. It won for its class-leading low emissions and high fuel economy.[33]

Focus in the UK

The first British buyers of the Focus took delivery of their cars during the autumn of 1998. Its predecessor, the Escort, continued in limited production alongside the Focus for two years, as the Focus was a distinctive design that Ford feared might take time for buyers to get used to.

But the Focus quickly became popular thanks to its competitive asking price, sharp handling, generous equipment, spacious interior and comfortable seats. It has been Britain's best-selling new car every year since 1999, and the second generation model (on sale since the end of 2004) has just strengthened its position.

The majority of motoring surveys have given the Focus a good rating for reliability, build quality, driver appeal and overall satisfaction, and helped it compete with reputable Japanese and German brands in terms of quality.

In November 2007, the BBC reported Sheffield University survey data as showing that 40% of UK families owned two cars, and one was 'likely to be a Focus'.[34]

The Focus was Britain's best selling car once again for 2007 - the ninth successive year that it has achieved this success. It is now just one year away from achieving the Ford Cortina's record of ten successive years as Britain's best selling car.[35]

In 2008, the Focus matched the Cortina's 27-year-old record as Britain's best selling new car for 10 successive years, but its dominance was ended in 2009 when it was edged into second place by the smaller Fiesta. [36]

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b "10 Years Ford Focus, 2008 Anniversary Press Kit". Ford Media Europe. http://www.fordmedia.eu/presskits/2008anniversaries/Booklet_Focus.pdf.  
  3. ^ "2000 Ford Focus Road Test Review". Edmunds.com, Christian Wardlaw, 01-01-1999. http://www.edmunds.com/apps/vdpcontainers/do/vdp/articleId=44114/pageNumber=1?synpartner=edmunds&pageurl=www.edmunds.com/used/2008/ford/focus/100924402/roadtestarticle.html&articleId=44114.  
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  6. ^ "Spy Shots: Next Ford Focus mules caught testing". Autoblog.com, Jonathon Ramsey, Mar 26th 2009. http://www.autoblog.com/2009/03/26/spy-shots-next-ford-focus-mules-caught-testing/2.  
  7. ^ "Focus nur fuer Auslands-Modelle: Gerichtsurteil gegen Ford". Auto, Motor und Sport 1998 Heft 15: Seite 9. date 15 July1998.  
  8. ^ a b "Flexible control arm transforms thinking". European Automotive Design, 01/06/2006. http://www.europeanautomotivedesign.com/article/11056/Flexible-control-arm--transforms-thinking.aspx.  
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  11. ^ "Euro NCAP - For safer cars - Ford Focus 1999". EuroNCAP. http://www.euroncap.com/tests/ford_focus_1999/34.aspx. Retrieved 2008-02-27.  
  12. ^ "Light & small cars' Used Car Safety Ratings". mynrma.com.au. http://www.mynrma.com.au/cps/rde/xchg/mynrma/hs.xsl/ucsr_sports.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-27.  
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  18. ^ Whitworth, Ben (2007-06-29). "Ford Focus RS". carmagazine.co.uk. http://www.carmagazine.co.uk/Secret-new-cars/Search-Results/Spyshots/Ford-Focus-RS/. Retrieved 2008-02-27.  
  19. ^ "New Ford Focus RS unveiled with 300 PS inline-5". Paul Tan. 2008-07-04. http://paultan.org/archives/2008/07/04/new-ford-focus-rs-unveiled-with-300-ps-inline-5/. Retrieved 2008-07-04.  
  20. ^ http://www.ford.de/cs/BlobServer?blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobcol=urldata&blobheadervalue1=attachment%3Bfilename%3D%22Preisliste+Focus+RS.pdf%22&blobheadervalue2=abinary%3Bcharset%3DUTF-8&blobheadername1=Content-Disposition&blobheadername2=MDT-Type&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobwhere=1214322917162&blobkey=id
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  22. ^ "Driving technology - Ford of Britain". ford.co.uk. http://www.ford.co.uk/Cars/NewFocusRS/Performance. Retrieved 2009-01-26.  
  23. ^ Ford Motor Company (2009-01-11). "DYNAMIC NEXT-GENERATION FORD FOCUS DEBUTS". Press release. http://media.ford.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=31755. Retrieved 2010-01-11.  
  24. ^ a b "FRUGAL NEW FORD FOCUS ECONETIC USES AUTO-START-STOP TO ACHIEVE 99G/KMCO2 & 74.2 MPG FUEL ECONOMY | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. 2009-09-16. http://media.ford.com/news/frugalnewfordfocuseconeticusesautostartstoptoachieve99gkmco2742mpgfueleconomy.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-16.  
  25. ^ Ford Motor Company (2009-01-11). "FORD BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLE TEST UNIT". Press release. http://media.ford.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=29675. Retrieved 2009-10-15.  
  26. ^ Greg Keenan (2009-01-12). "reportonbusiness.com: Magna, Ford unveil battery-powered Focus". Theglobeandmail.com. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/LAC.20090112.RAUTOMAGNA12/TPStory/TPBusiness/?page=rss&id=GAM.20090112.RAUTOMAGNA12. Retrieved 2009-05-09.  
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  29. ^ "Wilson Sr: I will treasure this moment forever.". crash.net. 2006-11-20. http://www.crash.net/motorsport/wrc/news/140474-0/wilson_sr_i_will_treasure_this_moment_forever.html. Retrieved 2008-02-27.  
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  31. ^ "BP-Ford Abu Dhabi World Rally Team". WRC.com. http://www.wrc.com/jsp/index.jsp?lnk=601&featureid=71&desc=BP-Ford%20Abu%20Dhabi%20World%20Rally%20Team. Retrieved 2008-02-27.  
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  33. ^ Focus ECOnetic Green Car of the Year 2008
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