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The foreign-born population of the United Kingdom includes immigrants from a wide range of countries who are resident in the United Kingdom (UK).

Contents

Size of the foreign-born population

At the time of the most recent UK census, conducted in April 2001, 8.3 per cent of the country's population were foreign-born.[1] substantially less than that of major immigration countries such as the USA (12.3%), Canada (19.3%) and Australia (23%).[2] Figures for each census since 1951 are given in the table below. In 2005, the foreign-born population was estimated at 9.1 per cent, compared to a European Union average of 8.6 per cent.[3] It has been estimated that the foreign-born population had grown to 10.6 per cent by 2007.[4]

Census Foreign-born
population
Percentage increase
over previous decade
Percentage of
total population[2]
1951 2,118,600 4.2
1961 2,573,500 21.5 4.9
1971 3,190,300 24.0 5.8
1981 3,429,100 7.5 6.2
1991 3,835,400 11.8 6.7
2001 4,896,600 27.7 8.3

Countries of origin

The table below lists the places of birth of UK residents according to the 2001 Census, as reported by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.[5] The table also lists population estimates of the foreign-born population for the top 60 foreign countries of birth in the period January to December 2008, published by the Office for National Statistics.[4][6]

Country of birth Population (2001 census) Population (2008 ONS estimate)[7] Corresponding article(s)
 United Kingdom 53,923,642 N/A British people, English people, Cornish people, Scottish people, Welsh people, Northern Irish people
 Republic of Ireland 533,901 415,000
 India 467,634 625,000 British Indian
 Pakistan 321,167 437,000 British Pakistani
 Germany 266,136 281,000 German migration to the United Kingdom (a large portion are thought to be German-born children of British military personnel)[4]
 United States 158,434 182,000 Americans in the United Kingdom
 Bangladesh 154,362 188,000 British Bangladeshi
 Jamaica 146,401 250,000 Jamaican Briton
 South Africa 141,405 223,000 South Africans in the United Kingdom
 Kenya 129,633 139,000 Kenyan migration to the United Kingdom
 Australia 107,871 117,000 Australians in Britain
 Italy 107,244 105,000 Italians in the United Kingdom
 Hong Kong 96,445 91,000 Hong Kong people in the United Kingdom
 France 96,281 131,000 French migration to the United Kingdom
 Nigeria 88,378 140,000 Nigerian British
 Cyprus 77,673 63,000 British Cypriots
 Canada 72,518 69,000 Canadians in the United Kingdom
 Sri Lanka 67,938 108,000 Sri Lankans in the United Kingdom
 Poland 60,711 497,000 Polish British
 New Zealand 58,286 47,000 New Zealanders in the United Kingdom
 Ghana 56,112 92,000 Ghanaians in the United Kingdom
 Uganda 55,213 54,000 Ugandan migration to the United Kingdom
 Spain 54,482 69,000 Spaniards in the United Kingdom
 Turkey 54,079 71,000 British Turks
 China, People's Republic of 51,078 102,000 British Chinese
 Malaysia 49,886 63,000 Malaysians in the United Kingdom
 Zimbabwe 49,524 112,000 Zimbabwean migration to the United Kingdom
 Somalia 43,515 101,000 Somalis in the United Kingdom
 Iran 42,494 60,000 Iranians in the United Kingdom
 Singapore 40,474 41,000 Singaporeans in the United Kingdom
 Netherlands 40,438 54,000 Dutch people in the United Kingdom
 Philippines 40,118 106,000 Filipinos in the United Kingdom
 Japan 37,535 32,000 Japanese in the United Kingdom
 Portugal 36,555 83,000 Portuguese in the United Kingdom
 Greece 35,169 25,000 Greek Britons
 Tanzania 32,630 32,000 Tanzanians in the United Kingdom
 Iraq 32,236 62,000 British Iraqis
 Serbia and Montenegro 31,244 (including Kosovo) N/A British Serbs
 Kosovo N/A (included in Serbia and Montenegro entry) N/A Kosovar migration to the United Kingdom
 Malta 30,178 28,000 Maltese in the United Kingdom
 Mauritius 27,078 39,000 Mauritians in the United Kingdom
 Egypt 24,700 29,000 Egyptians in the United Kingdom
 Vietnam 23,347 22,000 Vietnamese people in the United Kingdom
Africa (country not stated) 22,975 N/A
 Sweden 22,525 22,000
 Belgium 21,668 25,000
 Barbados 21,601 N/A Barbadian British
 Zambia 21,529 33,000
 Trinidad and Tobago 21,283 24,000 Trinidadian British
 Guyana 20,872 23,000 Guyanese in the United Kingdom
 Austria 19,503 N/A Austrians in the United Kingdom
 Denmark 18,695 20,000
 Sierra Leone 17,048 21,000 Sierra Leoneans in the United Kingdom
 Thailand 16,257 30,000 Thais in the United Kingdom
 Switzerland 16,010 N/A
 Brazil 15,215 56,000 Brazilians in the United Kingdom
 Russia 15,160 35,000 Russians in the United Kingdom
 Afghanistan 14,875 55,000 Afghans in Britain
 Norway 13,798 N/A
 Hungary 13,159 26,000 Hungarians in the United Kingdom
 Yemen 12,508 N/A Yemenis in the United Kingdom
 Morocco 12,348 N/A British Moroccans
 Malawi 12,340 N/A
 Colombia 12,331 N/A Colombians in the United Kingdom
 South Korea 12,310 N/A Koreans in the United Kingdom
 Czech Republic 12,220 24,000 Czech migration to the United Kingdom
 Ukraine 11,913 N/A Ukrainian diaspora in the United Kingdom
 Israel 11,892 N/A Israelis in the United Kingdom
 Gibraltar 11,830 N/A Gibraltarians in the United Kingdom
 Finland 11,322 N/A
 Sudan 10,671 N/A
 Algeria 10,670 N/A Algerians in the United Kingdom
 Lebanon 10,459 N/A Lebanese in the United Kingdom
 Burma (Myanmar) 9,924 N/A Burmese people in the United Kingdom
 Grenada 9,783 N/A
 Libya 9,141 N/A
 Saudi Arabia 8,789 23,000
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 8,569 N/A Congolese in the United Kingdom
 Saint Lucia 8,265 N/A
 Montserrat 7,983 N/A Montserratians in the United Kingdom
 Ethiopia 7,775 N/A Ethiopians in the United Kingdom
 Romania 7,631 41,000 Romanian migration to the United Kingdom
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,091 N/A
 Croatia 6,992 N/A
 Argentina 6,796 N/A Argentines in the United Kingdom
 Dominica 6,739 N/A Dominicans in the United Kingdom
 Indonesia 6,711 N/A
 Bosnia-Herzegovina 6,692 N/A
 China, Republic of (Taiwan) 6,588 N/A
 Eritrea 6,561 N/A
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 6,519 N/A
 Nepal 5,943 30,000 Nepalis in the United Kingdom
 Angola 5,914 N/A
 Kuwait 5,882 N/A
Asia (country not stated) 5,677 N/A
 United Arab Emirates 5,406 N/A
 Bulgaria 5,351 33,000 Bulgarian migration to the United Kingdom
 Slovakia 5,273 44,000
 Chile 5,131 N/A Chileans in the United Kingdom
 Mexico 5,049 N/A Mexicans in the United Kingdom
 Lithuania 4,363 57,000 Lithuanians in the United Kingdom
 Latvia 4,275 28,000
 Bahrain 4,185 N/A
 Syria 4,168 N/A
 Peru 4,066 N/A Peruvians in the United Kingdom
 Venezuela 3,996 N/A
 Gambia 3,924 N/A
 Antigua and Barbuda 3,891 N/A British people of Antigua and Barbuda descent
 Fiji 3,464 N/A Fijians in the United Kingdom
 Mozambique 3,353 N/A
 Congo 3,266 N/A
 Cameroon 3,233 N/A
 Jordan 3,115 N/A
 Tunisia 3,070 N/A
 Ecuador 3,035 N/A Ecuadorians in the United Kingdom
 Bermuda 2,986 N/A
 Seychelles 2,905 N/A
 Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) 2,794 N/A
 Brunei 2,782 N/A
 West Bank (Palestinian territories) 2,483 N/A
 Rwanda 2,373 N/A
 Saint Helena 2,355 N/A
 Albania 2,314 N/A
 Botswana 2,051 N/A
 Oman 2,024 N/A
 Burundi 2,022 N/A
 Estonia 2,005 N/A
 Bahamas 1,797 N/A
 Liberia 1,583 N/A
 Iceland 1,552 N/A
 Macau 1,490 N/A
South and Central America (country not stated) 1,338 N/A
 Macedonia 1,285 N/A
 Belize 1,233 N/A
 Namibia 1,230 N/A
 Slovenia 1,228 N/A
 Luxembourg 1,222 N/A
 Belarus 1,154 N/A
 Netherlands Antilles 1,151 N/A
 Bolivia 1,143 N/A Bolivians in the United Kingdom
 Cuba 1,083 N/A Cubans in the United Kingdom
 Qatar 1,062 N/A
 Papua New Guinea 1,057 N/A
 Falkland Islands 1,044 N/A
 Uruguay 963 N/A
 Kazakhstan 871 N/A
 Swaziland 863 N/A
 Madagascar 789 N/A
 Senegal 723 N/A
 Cambodia 706 N/A
 El Salvador 595 N/A
 Armenia 589 N/A
 Azerbaijan 561 N/A
 Togo 553 N/A
 Georgia 551 N/A
 Dominican Republic 523 N/A
 Uzbekistan 521 N/A
 Guatemala 499 N/A
 Anguilla 498 N/A
 Paraguay 493 N/A
 Panama 492 N/A
Former USSR (country not stated) 483 N/A
 Laos 464 N/A
 Moldova 455 N/A
 Honduras 420 N/A
 Guinea-Bissau 381 N/A
 Costa Rica 376 N/A
 Cayman Islands 369 N/A
 Lesotho 331 N/A
 Cape Verde 328 N/A
 Central African Republic 312 N/A
 Solomon Islands 309 N/A
 Puerto Rico 306 N/A
 Mongolia 293 N/A
Europe (country not stated) 269 N/A
 Guinea 265 N/A
 Suriname 264 N/A
 Benin 239 N/A
 Djibouti 237 N/A
 Monaco 225 N/A
 Nicaragua 223 N/A
 Maldives 200 N/A
 Chad 183 N/A
 Kiribati 179 N/A
 Haiti 164 N/A
 British Virgin Islands 163 N/A
 Tonga 143 N/A
 Gabon 135 N/A
 Vanuatu 135 N/A
 Kyrgyzstan 133 N/A
 Samoa 125 N/A
 United States Virgin Islands 124 N/A
 Mali 121 N/A
Oceania (country not stated) 108 N/A
 São Tomé and Príncipe 102 N/A
 Tajikistan 101 N/A
 Burkina Faso 99 N/A
 Turkmenistan 99 N/A
 Niger 96 N/A
 Bhutan 86 N/A
 Comoros 62 N/A
 Guam 61 N/A
 Turks and Caicos Islands 56 N/A
 Equatorial Guinea 51 N/A
 Cook Islands 37 N/A
 Andorra 35 N/A
 American Samoa 30 N/A
 Mauritania 28 N/A
 Liechtenstein 23 N/A
 North Korea 22 N/A
 British Indian Ocean Territory 19 N/A
 Nauru 14 N/A
 Tuvalu 10 N/A
 San Marino 9 N/A
 Norfolk Island 4 N/A
 Micronesia, Federated States of 3 N/A
 Niue 3 N/A
 Pitcairn Islands 3 N/A
 Palau 3 N/A
 Aruba 0 N/A
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 N/A
 Northern Mariana Islands 0 N/A
 Tokelau 0 N/A
 East Timor 0 N/A
 Vatican City 0 N/A

Institute for Public Policy Research analysis

In 2005 the Institute for Public Policy Research published an analysis of data from the 2001 Census, revealing the number of people included in the census who were born outside the British Isles, where they lived, and comparing this information against the 1991 Census.[8] The results were made available on the BBC website.[9] Note that this data refers to Great Britain only, rather than the whole of the UK, because of the lack of digital boundaries in the census data for Northern Ireland.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Foreign-born: 1 in 12 in UK born overseas". Office for National Statistics. 2005-12-15. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=1312. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  2. ^ a b Rendall, Michael; Salt, John (2005). "The foreign-born population". in Office for National Statistics. Focus on People and Migration: 2005 edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 131–152. ISBN 1403993270. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_compendia/fom2005/08_FOPM_ForeignBorn.pdf. 
  3. ^ Muenz, Rainer (June 2006). "Europe: Population and migration in 2005". Migration Policy Institute. http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?id=402. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c Ellis, Amy (2009). "UK resident population by country of birth". Population Trends (135): 20–28. PMID 19391440. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/articles/population_trends/PT135POPCOBARTICLE.pdf. 
  5. ^ "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/18/23/34792376.xls. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  6. ^ "Table 1.3: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth, 60 most common countries of birth, January 2008 to December 2008". Office for National Statistics. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_population/Population-by-country-of-birth-and-nationality-Jan08-Dec08.zip. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  7. ^ Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95 per cent confidence intervals.
  8. ^ a b Kyambi, Sarah (2005). Beyond Black and White: Mapping new immigrant communities. London: Institute for Public Policy Research. http://www.ippr.org.uk/publicationsandreports/publication.asp?id=308. 
  9. ^ "Introduction and figures for Britain". Born Abroad: An immigration map of Britain. BBC News. 2005-09-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/uk/05/born_abroad/html/overview.stm. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 

External links

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