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Foreign aid to East Timor: Wikis

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Timor Leste, since it's creation in 1999, has received aid from many different parts of the International Community to help stabilize this new country. Despite this international support the country still has stability issues.

Contents

Bilateral aid

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Military Intervention

After the East Timor Special Autonomy Referendum, the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor administered the country in order to ensure the proper creation of the government. This organization was supported by a large coalition of international troops led by Australia titled International Force for East Timor. Since then, similar coalitions of forces have had to intervene in the 2006 East Timorese crisis in Operation Astute.

United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste

The United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste, intially mandated to run through 2008[1] was extended twice, first through 2009[2] then 2010.[3]

Election Support

Part of the program was a program to support the Government of Timor-Leste (GOTL) to enhance democratic governance and facilitate political dialogue.[1] The presidential and parliamentary electoral support programs included technical and logistical support and electoral policy advice and verification.[1] One of the more significant programs was the presence of 1,635 UN police officers for elections.[1]

Subdistricts suffering from hunger in November 2007.

Food Crisis 2007

East Timor experienced extreme food shortages in November 2007.[4] The UN asked for aid from a number of international organizations.[4]

United States

Electoral Process Development

USAID began supporting the development of effective democratic electoral and political processes in Timor-Leste in 1999.[5] Between 2001 and 2008, USAID gave $2,215,997 to International Foundation for Electoral Systems(IFES), $3,619,134 to the International Republican Institute(IRI), and $3,728,490 to the National Democratic Institute(NDI).[5] This money supported IFES in developing electoral framework and process, IRI in developing political parties, and NDI on increasing citizen participation and local governance.[5]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d "Background" in ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL PROCESSES pp 6-10
  2. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 1802 S-RES-1802(2008) in 2008 (retrieved 2008-09-06)
  3. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 1867 S-RES-1867(2009) in 2009 (retrieved 2009-10-07)
  4. ^ a b Voice of America, 24.06.07, East Timor Facing Food Crisis and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Timor-Leste.
  5. ^ a b c "Executive Summary" and "Background" in ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL PROCESSES pp 1-6

Major Sources


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