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A country's foreign policy, also called the international relations policy, is strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve its goals in international relations.[1] The approaches are strategically employed to interact with other countries. In the recent time, due to the deepening level of globalization and transnational activities, the states will also have to interact with non-state actors. The aforementioned interaction is evaluated and monitored in attempts to maximize benefits of multilateral international cooperation. Since the national interests are paramount, foreign policies are designed by the government through high-level decision making processes. National interests accomplishment can occur as a result of peaceful cooperation with other nations, or through exploitation. Usually, creating foreign policy is the job of the head of government and the foreign minister (or equivalent). In some countries the legislature also has considerable oversight. As an exception, in France and Finland, the head of state is responsible for foreign policy, while the head of government mainly deals with internal policy. In the United States, the head of state (the President) also functions as the head of government. According to Graham T. Allison, there are three models of Foreign Policy decision making process: 1). Rational Actor model, 2). Organizational Process model, and 3). Bureaucratic Politics model.[2]

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International relations theory

The sub-discipline that specializes in the study of foreign relations is known as foreign policy analysis (FPA). FPA contributes to overall communication between nations.

See also

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Individual administrations

External links

Notes

  1. ^ citation needed
  2. ^ See: Graham T. Allison,The Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis Little Brown, 1971

Simple English

A country's foreign policy (also called the international relations policy) is a set of goals about how the country will work with other countries economically, politically, socially and militarily. Foreign policy also involves dealing with groups that are not countries but that are still important. These are called non-state actors, and might include religious groups, large companies, or even terrorist groups. The study of foreign relations is known as foreign policy analysis (FPA).

krc:Тыш политика



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