Foreign relations of Denmark: Wikis


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Danish foreign policy is founded upon four cornerstones: the United Nations, NATO, the EU, and Nordic cooperation. Denmark also is a member of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund; the World Trade Organization (WTO); the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE); the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); the Council of Europe; the Nordic Council; the Baltic Council; and the Barents Council. Denmark emphasizes its relations with developing nations and contributes 0.8% of GNP to development assistance.[1]

In the wake of the Cold War, Denmark has been active in international efforts to integrate the countries of Central and Eastern Europe into the West. It has played a leadership role in coordinating Western assistance to the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania). The country is a strong supporter of international peacekeeping. Danish forces were heavily engaged in the former Yugoslavia in the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR), with IFOR, and now SFOR. Denmark also strongly supported American operations in Afghanistan and has contributed both monetarily and materially to the ISAF. These initiatives are a part of the "active foreign policy" of Denmark. Instead of the traditional adaptative foreign policy of the small country, Denmark is today pursuing an active foreign policy, where human rights, democracy and other crucial values is to be defended actively. In recent years, Greenland and The Faroe Islands have been guaranteed a say in foreign policy issues, such as fishing, whaling and geopolitical concerns.

Following World War II, Denmark ended its two-hundred year long policy of neutrality. Denmark has been a member of NATO since its founding in 1949, and membership in NATO remains highly popular. There were several serious confrontations between the U.S. and Denmark on security policy in the so-called "footnote era" (1982–88), when an alternative parliamentary majority forced the government to adopt specific national positions on nuclear and arms control issues. The alternative majority in these issues was because the Social liberal Party (Radikale Venstre) supported the governing majority in economic policy issues, but was against certain NATO policies and voted with the left in these issues. The conservative led Centre-right government accepted this variety of "minority parliamentarism", i.e. without making it a question of the government's parliamentary survival. With the end of the Cold War, however, Denmark has been supportive of U.S. policy objectives in the Alliance. Denmark is not a member of the Western European Union but does hold observer status.

Danes have enjoyed a reputation as "reluctant" Europeans. When they rejected ratification of the Maastricht Treaty on June 2, 1992, they put the EC's plans for the European Union on hold. In December 1992, the rest of the EC agreed to exempt Denmark from certain aspects of the European Union, including a common defense, a common currency, EU citizenship, and certain aspects of legal cooperation (the 4 Danish Opt-outs). The Amsterdam Treaty was approved in the referendum of May 28, 1998. In the autumn of 2000, Danish citizens rejected membership of the Euro currency group in a referendum. The Lisbon treaty was ratified by the Danish parliament alone. It was not considered a surrendering of national sovereignty, which would have implied the holding of a referendum according to article 20 of the constitution. Eventually the Danish government want a referendum om the opt-outs from the EU-treaty, but the prospect of them perhaps being rejected does not look appealing. The issue is being postponed for the time being, or until a large coalition of political parties support holding a referendum.


Disputes - international

  • Rockall. A continental shelf dispute involving Iceland, Ireland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)
  • Hans Island. An island located between Greenland and Canadian Arctic islands. Unresolved boundary disputed between Canada and Denmark (Denmark controls Greenland's foreign relations). This dispute flared up again in July 2005 following the visit of a Canadian minister to the disputed island.
  • North Pole. Denmark is trying to prove that the North Pole is geographically connected to Greenland. If such proof is established, Denmark will claim the North Pole.
  • Maritime border with Poland. Denmark and Poland have still not agreed on the location of the maritime border between the two countries. Denmark supports a border half-way between the two countries; Poland wants to be awarded an even greater share of the Baltic Sea. The Polish position is based on the argument that Poland owns a longer coast line than Danish island of Bornholm.


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania See Foreign relations of Albania
 Armenia 1992 See Foreign relations of Armenia


 Austria See Foreign relations of Austria
 Belarus See Foreign relations of Belarus
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria See Bulgaria–Denmark relations
 Croatia 1992-02-01 See Foreign relations of Croatia
 Cyprus See Foreign relations of Cyprus
 Czech Republic See Foreign relations of the Czech Republic
 Estonia 1991-08-24
 Finland 1918-02-18
 Germany See Danish-German relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Berlin and 3 General Consulates in Flensburg, Hamburg and Munich. Both countries closely border each other.
 Iceland See Denmark–Iceland relations

Iceland was a part of the Kingdom of Denmark from 1814 to 1918 and a separate kingdom in a personal union with Denmark until 1944, when Iceland declared independence. Denmark has an embassy in Reykjavík. Iceland has an embassy in Copenhagen.

 Ireland 1920s
 Kosovo 2008-02-21

Denmark recognized Kosovo on 21 February 2008.[28] Ambassador of Denmark to Kosovo, subordinate to the Embassy in Vienna, Austria from 6 March 2008.[29]

 Latvia 1921-02-07
 Lithuania 1991-08-24
 Malta see Foreign relations of Malta
  • Denmark is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and through an honorary general consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta has an embassy in Copenhagen and 3 honorary consulates (in Aarhus, Copenhagen and Odense).
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Moldova 1992-01-20 see Foreign relations of Moldova
 Montenegro 15 June 2006
  • Denmark is represented in Montenegro through its embassy in Belgrade (Serbia) and through an honorary general consulate in Podgorica.[40][41]
  • Denmark recognized Montenegro on 15 June 2006.[42]
 Norway 1905 See Denmark–Norway relations

Both countries have a very long history together, both countries were part of the Kalmar Union between 1397 and 1523. Norway was in Union with Denmark between 1537 and 1814.

 Romania 1917-04-13
 Russia 1924-06-18 See Denmark–Russia relations
 San Marino
 Slovakia 1993
 Slovenia 1992-01-20
 Sweden See Denmark–Sweden relations
 Turkey See Danish–Turkish relations
 Ukraine 1992
 United Kingdom See Denmark – United Kingdom relations
 Vatican City


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina 1841-01-20
 Brazil See Foreign relations of Brazil
 Canada See Foreign relations of Canada
 Costa Rica
 Mexico 1827 See Denmark–Mexico relations

Diplomatic relations were started in 1827 with a Treaty of Friendship, Trade and Navigation[81] and a commercial treaty based on the treaty Porfirio Díaz had signed with England.[82]

 United States See Denmark – United States relations

Denmark is a close NATO ally, and overall U.S.-Danish relations are excellent.



Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  • Afghanistan is represented in Denmark through its embassy in Oslo (Norway).
  • Denmark has an embassy in Kabul.
 Bhutan 1985 See Foreign relations of Bhutan
  • The ambassador of the Embassy of Bhutan to Belgium in Brussels is accredited to Denmark.
  • The ambassador of the Danish Embassy in New Delhi is accredited to Bhutan.
  • The Danish ministry of foreign affairs operates a liaison office in Thimphu.
  • Bhutan maintains a consulate in Copenhagen.
 Burma 1955 See Foreign relations of Burma
 Iran See Denmark–Iran relations

In 1933, a Danish consulate was established in Tehran which was later upgraded to an embassy. Following a state visit in 1958, Iran established an embassy in Copenhagen.

 Iraq See Denmark–Iraq relations

On March 21, 2003, the Danish Parliament made a fateful decision to support U.S. military action in Iraq and, in fact, contribute naval assets to the war. In 2006, the Iraqi Transport Minister Salam al-Malki announced freezing all economic relations with Danish and Norwegian companies in protest against insulting cartoons published in the countries newspapers.[94]

 Israel 1949
 Japan 1867
 Kuwait 1964 See Foreign relations of Kuwait

On November 6, 2006, the Kuwaiti parliament voted 22-15 to approve severing diplomatic ties with Denmark over the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy and spending about US$50 (€39.20) million to defend the prophet's image in the West. Both votes were nonbinding, meaning the Cabinet does not have to abide by them. Kuwaiti lawmaker Abdulsamad voted in favor of cutting diplomatic ties, saying, ""We have to cut diplomatic and commercial ties with Denmark...We don't have to eat Danish cheese." Al-Rashid voted against cutting diplomatic ties, arguing that Muslims have to be positive and remember that it were some individuals, not governments, who insulted the Prophet Muhammad. Al-Rashid was quoted as saying, "We here in Kuwait curse Christians in many of our mosques, should those (Christian) countries boycott Kuwait?" In February 2008, MP Abdullah Al-Roumi called for an end to Kuwait's Demark boycott and was quoted as saying, "No Muslim can accept this insult against the Prophet... It is a form of terrorism." [104][105]

 Maldives See Foreign relations of the Maldives
 Nepal 15 December 1967
 North Korea
 Palestine See Foreign relations of Palestine
 Pakistan See Denmark–Pakistan relations
  • Pakistan has an embassy in Copenhagen.
  • Denmark has an embassy in Islamabad.
 People's Republic of China See Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China
 Saudi Arabia
 South Korea 1959-03-31
 Syria 1992-08-29 See Denmark–Syria relations
 Thailand 1858
 Timor Leste
 Vietnam 1971-11-25 See Denmark–Vietnam relations
  • Since April 1, 1994, Denmark has an embassy in Hanoi.
  • Since August 12, 2000, Vietnam has an embassy in Copenhagen.
  • There are around 8,500 Vietnamese living in Denmark.


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Burkina Faso
 Egypt See Foreign relations of Egypt
 Sierra Leone
 South Africa

Danish-Sudanese relations are extremely poor. On February 27, 2008, Sudan decided to boycott Danish goods after the controversial Muhammad cartoons have been reprinted by a series of newspapers in Denmark and other European countries. Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir has backed up the country and other Muslim states, requiring them to boycott Danish products just as Sudan did. He even stated that "No Danes shall ever again be able to set foot in Sudan." Due to the tensions, the two countries have closed their embassies.

 Tunisia 1959

Australia and Oceania

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia See Foreign relations of Australia
 New Zealand See Denmark – New Zealand relations
  • Neither country has a resident ambassador.
  • Denmark is represented in New Zealand through its embassy in Canberra (Australia), through a Trade Commission in Auckland and an honorary consulate in Wellington.
  • New Zealand is represented in Denmark through its embassy in The Hague (Netherlands) and an honorary consulate in Copenhagen.

See also


  1. ^ Ny Mål 8-rapport - 2015 Målene
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  10. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Copenhagen
  11. ^ Danish embassy in Sofia
  12. ^ Danish embassy in Tallinn
  13. ^ Estonian embassy in Copenhagen
  14. ^ Danish Embassy in Helsinki
  15. ^ Danish embassy in Paris (in Danish and French only)
  16. ^ French embassy in Copenhagen
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  19. ^ Danish embassy in Athens
  20. ^ Greek embassy in Copenhagen
  21. ^ Danish embassy in Budapest
  22. ^ Hungarian embassy in Copenhagen (Hungarian only)
  23. ^ Danish embassy in Dublin
  24. ^ Irish embassy in Copenhagen
  25. ^ Danish embassy in Rome (in Danish and Italian only)
  26. ^ Danish general consulate in Milan (in Danish only)
  27. ^ Italian embassy in Copenhagen
  28. ^ "DENMARK RECOGNISES KOSOVO"". 22 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  29. ^ "Denmark's relations with Kosovo" (in Danish). 6 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  30. ^ Danish embassy in Riga
  31. ^ Latvian embassy in Copenhagen
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  33. ^ Danish embassy in Vilnius
  34. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Copenhagen
  35. ^ Embassy of Denmark in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
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  43. ^ Danish embassy in The Hague (in Danish and Dutch only)
  44. ^ Dutch embassy in Copenhagen
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  47. ^ Danish embassy in Bucharest
  48. ^ Romanian embassy in Copenhagen
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  51. ^ Danish embassy in Belgrade
  52. ^ Danish embassy in Bratislava
  53. ^ Slovak embassy in Copenhagen
  54. ^ Danish embassy in Ljubljana
  55. ^ Slovenian embassy in Copenhagen
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  60. ^ Danish embassy in Kiev
  61. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Copenhagen
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  81. ^ "President Calderón Begins Activities in Denmark". Mexico. Retrieved 2009-06-03. "President Felipe Calderón hailed the fact that Denmark is Mexico's largest investor among the Nordic countries. He highlighted the participation of major Danish firms in Mexico such as Maersk, Grundfos, Lego, Danisco, Novo Nordisk, FLSmidth and Danfoss." 
  82. ^ Bancroft, Hubert Howe; William Nemos, Thomas Savage, Joseph Joshua Peatfield (1888). History of Mexico : 1861-1887.. A.L. Bancroft. p. 488. 
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  92. ^ Danish embassy in New Delhi
  93. ^ Indian embassy in Copenhagen
  94. ^ Iraq-Denmark-Freeze
  95. ^ Danish embassy in Tel Aviv
  96. ^ Israeli embassy in Copenhagen
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  99. ^ Danish embassy in Tokyo
  100. ^ Japanese embassy in Copenhagen
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  120. ^ Danish embassy in Seoul
  121. ^ Korean embassy in Copenhagen
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  123. ^ Danish embassy in Bangkok
  124. ^ Thai embassy in Copenhagen
  125. ^ Danish-Thai Chamber of Commerce
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  128. ^!lang=ru-RU/embassies/danish-embassy-united-arab-emirates.aspx
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  173. ^ Danish embassy in Pretoria
  174. ^ Danish embassy in Algiers, also accredited to Tunisia (in Danish and French only)
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External links

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