Foreign relations of Lithuania: Wikis

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Lithuania

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Politics and government of
Lithuania



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Lithuania became a member of the United Nations on September 18, 1991, and is a signatory to a number of its organizations and other international agreements. It is also a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, NATO and its adjunct North Atlantic Coordinating Council, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization on May 31, 2001. It also seeks membership in the OECD and other Western organizations.

Lithuania maintains foreign diplomatic missions in 94 countries on six continents and consular posts in two countries that are not represented by an embassy. Lithuania's liberal "zero-option" citizenship law has substantially erased tensions with its neighbors. Lithuania's suspension of two strongly ethnic Polish district councils on charges of blocking reform or disloyalty during the August 1991 coup had cooled relations with Poland, but bilateral cooperation markedly increased with the holding of elections in those districts and the signing of a bilateral Friendship Treaty in 1994. Relations with Poland are now among the closest enjoyed by Lithuania. Although a similar bilateral friendship agreement was signed with Belarus in 1995, Lithuania has joined the United States and other European nations in urging the Government of Belarus to adopt democratic and economic reforms.

Lithuania has established diplomatic relations with 149 countries.[1]

Contents

Disputes

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Latvia

  • Talks continue over a maritime boundary dispute with Latvia, primarily concerning oil exploration rights.

Russia

  • There are ongoing popular demands to formally condemn the crimes committed by the Soviet regime, including the occupation and annexation of the country to the Soviet Union.
  • In 2005, a fighter aircraft accompanying a Russian spy plane over the Baltic Sea violated Lithuanian airspace for about 20 minutes before crashing near Kaunas [2]
  • In October 2006, Russia's FSB security service arrested an official in the Kaliningrad region accused of spying for Lithuania [3]
  • In August 2009, Russian customs officers had imposed special customs on Lithuanian trucks, lining up more than 20 kilometres of trucks from the Republic of Lithuania.

Baltic States

Lithuania is in warm and good relations with Latvia and Estonia. Latvia takes the 1st place on the list of Lithuanian investments abroad.[4]

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

Germany

Latvia

Date started--> 1991-10-05

  • Latvia has an embassy in Vilnius.[5]
  • Lithuania has an embassy in Riga.[6]
  • The two states share 588 kilometres (365 mi) of commone border. Both countries are full members of the European Union.

Poland

Relations with Poland are now among the closest enjoyed by Lithuania, while they were very strained in the interwar period. Lithuanian President Brazauskas mentioned that relations with Poland were the best they had been in the history of modern statehood.[8] Lithuania concluded the treaty of friendship with Poland in April 1994.

Russia

  • Lithuania has an embassy in Moscow.[9]
  • Russia has an |embassy in Vilnius, with consulates in Klaipeda.[10]
  • Ambassador to Russian Federation is Rimantas Šidlauskas, ambassador to the Republic of Lithuania is Vladimir Chkhikvadze.

Europe - other

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Austria
 Belarus 1991-10-24
 Bulgaria See Bulgaria–Lithuania relations
 Croatia See Foreign relations of Croatia
 Czech Republic See Foreign relations of the Czech Republic
 France See Foreign relations of France
 Georgia See Foreign relations of Georgia
 Greece See Foreign relations of Greece
 Holy See See Foreign relations of the Holy See
 Hungary See Foreign relations of Hungary
 Iceland 1991-08-26 See Iceland–Lithuania relations
  • Iceland was the first country which recognised Lithuania's Independence from the USSR on January 11, 1991.[16]
 Ireland See Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland
 Italy See Foreign relations of Italy
 Kosovo 2008-07-16 See Kosovan–Lithuanian relations
  • Lithuania recognized Kosovo on 6 May 2008.[17] Diplomatic relations commenced on 16 July 2008.[18]
 Malta
 Romania 1924-08-26 See Lithuania–Romania relations
 Serbia 2000-12-14
 Slovakia 1993
 Ukraine See Lithuania–Ukraine relations
 United Kingdom 1991-10 See Lithuania – United Kingdom relations

Asia

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia
 Azerbaijan 1995-11-27
 India
  • India has a Honorary Consulate in Vilnius
  • [1]
  • Lithuania has an embassy in New Delhi and a Honorary Consulate in Mumbai,India.
  • [2]
 Israel See Israel–Lithuania relations

Israel recognized Lithuania’s independence in 1991. Both countries established diplomatic relation in 1992. Israel is represented in Lithuania through its embassy in Riga (Latvia). Lithuania has an embassy in Tel Aviv and 2 honorary consulates (in Herzliya and Ramat Gan).

 Japan See Japan–Lithuania relations

Relations between Lithuania and Japan started on December 20, 1922, when Lithuania was recognized by Japan de jure.[28][29] In 1939 the Consulate of Japan, headed by vice-consul Chiune Sugihara, was opened in Kaunas. It was closed in 1940 when Lithuania was annexed by the Soviet Union.

On September 6, 1991, Japan recognized the independence of the Republic of Lithuania from USSR and on October 10, Diplomatic relations were restored.

In 1997, Embassy of Japan was established in Lithuania, in 1998, Embassy of Lithuania was established in Japan.

In 2006 May, Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs Taro Aso visited Lithuania, and Kirkilas, the Prime Minister of Lithuania, visited Japan just three months later. Bilateral relations were strengthen by the official state visit of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko in 2007 May.[30]

 Kazakhstan
 Pakistan 1992
 People's Republic of China 1991-09-14 See People's Republic of China-Lithuania relations

PR China has an embassy in Vilnius. Lithuania has a embassy in Beijing. In 1992, Embassy of China was established in Vilnius, in 1995, Embassy of Lithuania was established in Beijing.

North America

Canada

United States

In 1998, the United States signed a "Charter of Partnership" with Lithuania and the other Baltic countries establishing bilateral working groups focusing on improving regional security, defense, and economic issues.

Lithuania has friendly relations with and support from the United States, who never recognized their forced incorporation into the Soviet Union. Since the fall of the U.S.S.R. in 1991, the United States and Lithuania have maintained strong economic and military ties, and the efforts of Lithuanian-Americans are said to have been an important factor both in restoring Lithuania's independence and in her admittance to NATO in 2004.[33] Then-President George W. Bush visited Lithuania in November 2002[34] and again in February 2007,[35] and expressed pride in Lithuania's determined commitment to democracy over the last two decades.[36]

Issues

Illicit drug trafficking

Lithuania has been a trans-shipment point for opiates and other illicit drugs from Russia, Southwest Asia, Latin America, and Western Europe to Western Europe and Scandinavia[37]

Anti-terrorism

Lithuania is a signatory to 8 of the 12 International Conventions related to counter- terrorist activities [38]

Human trafficking

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) reports that about 1,000 citizens of Lithuania fall victim to trafficking annually. Most are women between the ages of 21 and 30 who are sold into prostitution [39]

See also

References

  1. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs: List of countries with which Lithuania has established diplomatic relations
  2. ^ Russian military aircraft crashes near Kaunas
  3. ^ Russian arrest of an officer accused of spying for Lithuania
  4. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Lithuania's Cooperation with Latvia
  5. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Latvia in the Republic of Lithuania
  6. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania in the Republic of Latvia
  7. ^ (Polish) Informacje o Polsce - informacje ogólne. Page gives Polish PWN Encyklopedia as reference.
  8. ^ Timothy Snyder. The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003, p.285.
  9. ^ (Russian) (Lithuanian) Embassy of Lithuania in Moscow
  10. ^ (Russian) (Lithuanian) Embassy of Russia in Vilnius
  11. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Vienna (in German and Lithuanian only)
  12. ^ Belarussian embassy in Vilnius
  13. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Minsk (in Lithuanian and Russian only)
  14. ^ Lithuanian general consulate in Hrodna (in Lithuanian and Russian only)
  15. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Vilnius
  16. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Lithuania’s Cooperation with Iceland
  17. ^ "Seimas nutarė pripažinti Kosovo Respublikos nepriklausomybę (Seimas recognizes Republic of Kosovo's independence)" (in Lithuanian). Parliament (Seimas) official proceedings. 2008-05-06. http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/INTER/w5_show?p_r=4445&p_d=76728&p_k=1. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  18. ^ "Vyriausybė užmegs diplomatinius santykius su Kosovu" (in Lithuanian). lrt.lt (Vilnius, Lithuania: Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija. (Lithuanian national radio and television)). http://lrt.lt/news.php?strid=5042&id=4698767. 
  19. ^ Direction of the Maltese representations in Lithuania
  20. ^ Lithuania embassy in Rome (also accredited to Malta)
  21. ^ embassy in Bucharest
  22. ^ Romanian embassy in Vilnius
  23. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Budapest (also accredited to Serbia)
  24. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Kiev (in Lithuanian and Ukrainian only)
  25. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Vilnius
  26. ^ British embassy in Vilnius
  27. ^ Lithuanian embassy in London
  28. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Lithuania's Cooperation with Japan
  29. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania in Tokyo: Bilateral relations
  30. ^ "Japan's Emperor Akihit, Empress Michiko visit Lithuania". International Herald Tribune. 2007-05-26. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/05/26/europe/EU-GEN-Lithuania-Japan-Imperial-Couple.php. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  31. ^ Kazakh embassy in Vilnius
  32. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Astana (in Lithuanian and Russian only)
  33. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania to the United States of America and to the United Mexican States: Lithuanian-US Political Relations
  34. ^ President's Visit to Eastern Europe and Russia: Nov. 19-23, 2002
  35. ^ US-Lithuania Relations - US Embassy Vilnius, Lithuania
  36. ^ Bush Interview by Lithuanian State Television - US Embassy Vilnius, Lithuania
  37. ^ Drug issues in the Baltics
  38. ^ Interpol
  39. ^ Human Trafficking in the Baltics

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