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Somaliland (Somali: Soomaaliland, Arabic: أرض الصومالArḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl) is a de facto independent republic which is currently recognized as being independent only by Israel[1]. Much of the rest of the world regards it as part of Somalia or has no opinion on the subject. It is located in the Horn of Africa.[2][3] The Republic of Somaliland considers itself to be the successor state of the former British Somaliland protectorate. Having established its own government in 1991, the region's self-declared independence remains partially recognized.

Due to its status, the Somaliland government currently has no official contacts with any nation. The current foreign policy of Somaliland is to try to secure widespread international recognition as a sovereign, stable country, so that international aid can be more readily secured.

The position of the Arab League, Organization of Muslim Countries, and United Nations and the African Union favoring the preservation of existing national borders has so far prevented recognition of Somaliland's sovereignty.

An African Union fact-finding mission that visited Somaliland in early 2005 recently published a report that recommended favorable consideration for recognizing Somaliland's independence. [1]


Foreign Minister

Abdillahi Mohamed Dualeh has been the Foreign Minister of Somaliland since 2006.

Diplomatic Representative Offices

As Somaliland is currently recognized as sovereign by only one other country, no foreign embassies are located in the region. Somaliland does have representative (liaison) offices in several countries, but these missions do not have formal diplomatic status under the provisions of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.

Such offices exist in the following cities:


Somaliland is in dispute with an autonomous region of Somalia, neighbouring Puntland, over the Sanaag and Sool areas, some of whose inhabitants have allegiances to Puntland.

Somaliland's leaders have distanced themselves from Somalia's central Transitional Federal Government, which they see as a threat to their independence.

Organizational membership

Somaliland is a member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO).


Somaliland issues its own passports.[5]




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