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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Formentera
Bandera de Formentera.svg
Flag of Formentera
Geography
Localització de Formentera respecte les Illes Balears.svg
Location Mediterranean Sea
Coordinates Coordinates: 38°42′N 1°27′E / 38.7°N 1.45°E / 38.7; 1.45
Archipelago Illes Pitiüses, Balearic Islands
Area 83.24 square kilometres (32.1 sq mi)
Country
Spain
Autonomous Community Balearic Islands
Province Balearic Islands
Largest city Sant Francesc Xavier
Demographics
Population 7,461 (as of 2002)

Formentera is the smallest and southernmost island of the Illes Pitiüses group (which includes Ibiza and Formentera) and belongs to the Balearic Islands autonomous community (Spain). It is 19 kilometres (12 mi) long and is located approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Ibiza in the Mediterranean Sea. Its major villages are Sant Francesc Xavier, Sant Ferran de ses Roques, El Pilar de la Mola and La Savina.

The island was reachable by ship only from Ibiza, making it the quieter of the two islands but in recent years regular lines from the Spanish mainland have increased the amount of tourism. It is known for its many pristine beaches and the fact that nude sunbathing is allowed on most of its beaches.

North of Formentera is the small island of Espalmador (Illa de s'Empalmador). Espalmador is separated from Formentera by a shallow sandbar, and during low tide, it is possible for one to wade between the two islands. This area is a popular stopping point for those in yachts heading between Ibiza and Formentera.

Formentera comprises one municipality, also called Formentera, and has a population of 7,461 (2002). Its land area is 83.24 square kilometres (32.1 sq mi).

A local dialect of Catalan is spoken in Formentera, while the official languages are Catalan and Spanish. Italian, Spanish and German can be heard extensively in the summer.

Contents

History

The island's name is usually said to derive from the Latin word frumentarium, meaning "granary". The island had been occupied by the Carthaginians before passing to the ancient Romans. In succeeding centuries, it passed to the Visigoths, the Byzantines, the Vandals, and the Arabs. In 1109 it was the target of a devastating attack by the Norwegian king Sigurd I at the head of the "Norwegian Crusade". The Island was conquered by the Catalans, added to the Crown of Aragon and later became part of the medieval Kingdom of Majorca.

Map of Formentera

Accommodation

You'll find most of the Hotels and other type of accommodations in Formentera at Formentera Rooms

2007 Windsurfing World Championship

From 1 September to 7 September, Formentera hosted the 2007 Techno 293 OD World Championships in windsurfing for juniors under 15 and youths under 17.[1]

Gallery

How to get to Formentera

To get to your destination, you must travel to Ibiza, and once you’re there you must catch a boat to the small island of Formentera. At Formentera Direct you can buy the ferry tickets in advance or even get a transfer that picks you up at the Ibiza airport or port and takes you directly to your accommodation in Formentera.

References

  1. ^ Techno 293 OD World Championships

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

81.250.148.150 16:31, 2 May 2009 (EDT)
Map of Formentera
Map of Formentera

Formentera is the smallest and most southerly of the Balearic Islands of Spain. From September 1st to the 7th Formentera hosted the 2007 Techno 293 OD World Championships!

Regions

The island of Formentera is split in to 14 districts, which are called vendas on the island. The vendas, in order from north to south, are:

  • Ses Salines
  • Es Brolls
  • Es Moli-s`Estany
  • Porto Salé
  • Sa Mirada-Cala Saona
  • Es Cap
  • Es Pi des Catalá
  • Sa Punta
  • Ses Roques
  • Es Ca Mari-Migjorn
  • Es Carnatge
  • Ses Clotades
  • Es Monastir
  • Sa Talaiassa
  • La Savina
  • Es Pujols
  • Sant Francesc Xavier or San Francisco /Formentera
  • Sant Ferran or San Fernando
  • Es Caló or also Caló des Sant Agusti
  • El Pilar

Other destinations

The only other destinations on Formentera are the almost Caribbean beaches. Generally they are pretty empty (especially compared to Ibiza), with clean sands and clean, transparent water. Please note that most people sunbath nude on Formentera. The sun can be very strong on the island.

Some good beaches:

  • Platja Llevant
  • Platja de ses Illetes
  • Cala Saona
  • Platja Migjorn
  • Platja Es Arenals
  • Platja Tramuntana
  • Espalmador - an island to the north of Platja de ses Illetes

When choosing a beach for the day, consider the wind direction - some beaches may be rough while others are calm. Since the island is small, it is not difficult to change your plans at short notice.

Formentera also has two large lagoons, the Estany de Peix and Estany Pudent (Fish lagoon and Stinking lagoon). It's possible to swim on the south side of the Estany de Peix; the north is a boat harbour.

For the energetic traveller Formentera has a network of cycle tracks and green lanes, both around the lagoons and beaches, and going to the more wild upland areas of the Cap de Barbaria and la Mola.

Understand

With a population of just over 7000 and no airport, Formentera is usually quieter than its neighbor Ibiza. However, in the peak season of July-August, it draws huge numbers of tourists. The overwhelming majority are Italian and the Italian language is heard more often than any other. Some are independent travellers, but many come on package holidays. In peak season, advance booking for hotels is absolutely essential. The hotels on the island are mostly small and independently owned. The majority are in the one- and two-star categories. There are also many small apartment developments. There are no high rise buildings on Formentera. Camping is forbidden on the island.

The island is flat and sandy with magnificent, unspoilt beaches. There are a few places where the land rises to present spectacular cliffs to the sea. It is perfect for cycling, walking, snorkelling and sailing. However, it has very few cultural or historical attractions such as museums, castles, churches or art galleries. Its cultural attractions include some megalithic sites, a roman road, some watch-towers (18th century), the 18th century chapel of Sant Francesc Xavier and a small Ethnological museum.

Some of the islanders make their living from small-scale traditional fishing. In parts of the island, the soil is good enough to support vines and fruit trees. Several parts of the island are covered in Mediterranean pine trees. Salt marshes (now abandoned) are defining features of parts of the island. However, tourism is the biggest sector of the local economy.

Outside the peak season when the tourists are high spenders, Formentera has an atmosphere of simplicity and back-to-nature that is the heritage of its past hippy phase. More and more, parts of the island are actively managed as a national park with, for example, board-walks through the sand dunes to enable them to regenerate their vegetation. In addition, areas of the surrounding seas are designated as zones of particular scientific interest in which certain plant and fish species are protected.

The public authorities pursue a policy of responsible, sustainable tourism. It is questionable whether the saturation of tourists in the peak weeks of July and August is compatible with such a policy although, in reality, the revenues from this period are very important for the local economy.

Talk

On Formentera the Catalan dialect formenterenq is the main language, but Standard Spanish is spoken by everyone as well.

Get in

Getting to Formentera is quite easy, as you can catch a boat from the Spanish mainland with your car from either Barcelona or Denia to Ibiza (Eivissa) and from there catch another ferry to Formentera. Alternatively, you can fly to Ibiza and Formentera can be reached by regular ferries from the Estacion Maritima in Ibiza Town and by tourist ferries from other parts of Ibiza during high season. The boat from Ibiza (Eivissa) to Formentera takes around half an hour, and leaves every half hour in the summer. The boat trip costs between 17 and 20 euros per person for a return trip. You can buy the ticket on the boat, and you do not need to reserve.

Get around

Regular buses during the summer season go to all parts of the island from the port, where most visitors arrive by ferry, but are less frequent during the winter months. Normally they leave every half hour. When planning your bus trip, make sure that you check that the bus stops at your destination, because strangely each bus stops at different stops. The bus charges a fixed fee of between € 1 and € 2, independently of where you get on or off. You can pay cash. All buses are tourbuses, so you can easily put your (big) travelling luggage in the bottom of the bus.

See

On Formentera you must see under water. All of the waters are perfectly transparent, and with goggles and a snorkel you can see all the beautiful fish and the bottom of the waters. You can buy a set of goggles and a snorkel everywhere on the island, for a price ranging between € 10 and € 20.

  • Renting a moped is what most people do, so you can easily and quickly get to your preferred beach.
  • Rent a bicycle and cycle around the island.
  • Snorkel in the crystal clear waters. Beware of poor quality snorkel and goggles.
  • Relax and chill out in one of the birth places of the hippie movement.
  • Formentera has a strong nude beach culture. Try it out, it's actually pretty nice!

Eat

Formentera has many, many small restaurants, varying in price and quality. Most are run by hippies, and are very cheap with medium quality.

  • Cafe de Lago in La Savina the best choice in the island
  • Sud on the road to Cala Sahona
  • No Stress, main street Es Pujols, next to Banana
  • Casa Paco at night, by the port in La Savina
  • Big Sur on the beach just east of La Savina for watching the sunset
  • The beach bar in Cala Sahona
  • Xueno in Es Pujols,
  • 10.7 Migjorn beach, exit on km 10.7 of La Mola road
  • Gecko Beach Club, Playa Migjorn, Ca Mari, 971 328024, [1]. 9 - 02.00. Cool modern boutique hotel with beach side restaurant  edit

Stay safe

There appears to be very little crime on Formentera (especially compared to Ibiza). You do not have to worry about leaving your bag on the beach when you take a swim, or worry about leaving your moped out on the street.

Be careful with walking on the (asphalt) road in the dark. The island is notorious for people (often tourists) drinking and driving. In general the car driving style on the island is not very subtle.

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Simple English

Formentera is the smallest of the 4 baleraric islands with population.

Contents

Geography and population

It is located south of Ibiza (about 10 kilometres), south-west of Mallorca (about 50 kilometres). It's area is 83.24 km² (32.14 sq mi). Formentera has about 7,500 inhabitants. The island was built by vulcano erruptions. It has two high areas in the east and the south and a falt area in between. Main town is Sant Francesc Xavier.

History

First people, who settled on Formentera, were the Carthaginians, later the Romans came there. Often the island lost its complete population, for example after the Vandals came there. In the middle age Arabs governed the balearic island, then Catalans took over the island, Formentera became part of the new kingdom of Mallorca. Later that kingdom became a part of Spain.

Economy

The island lives mainly on tourism. Most tourist are from Germany, the United Kingdom and Italy and France. Even the other economic activities like fishing deal with tourism.

Other websites

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