Fort Huachuca: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fort Huachuca
Cochise County, Arizona
United States Army Intelligence Center SSI.gif11Signal Brigade.gifUastb-logo.PNGMARS-radio.png
Insignia of some units stationed at Fort Huachuca
Type Army post
Coordinates 31°33′19″N 110°20′59″W / 31.555357°N 110.349754°W / 31.555357; -110.349754Coordinates: 31°33′19″N 110°20′59″W / 31.555357°N 110.349754°W / 31.555357; -110.349754
Built 1877
In use 1877–present
Controlled by U.S. Army
Garrison Sierra Vista
Commanders Major General John M. Custer
CSM Gerardus Wykoff
Occupants United States Army Intelligence Center
9th Signal Command (A)
11th Signal Brigade
1st Battalion, 210th Aviation
Fort Huachuca
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Historic Commanding Officer's quarters
Nearest city: Sierra Vista, Arizona
Built/Founded: 1877
Architect: US Army
Governing body: DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Added to NRHP: November 20, 1974[1]
Designated NHL: May 11, 1976[2]
NRHP Reference#: 74000443
USAF Security Forces on a training exercise at Fort Huachuca.

Fort Huachuca is a United States Army installation under the command of the United States Army Installation Management Command. It is located in Cochise County, in southeast Arizona, about 15 miles north of the border with Mexico. Sierra Vista, which annexed the fort in 1971, is located south and east of the post, and Huachuca City, is to the north and east. Its major tenants are the Army Network Enterprise Technology Command (NETCOM)/9th Army Signal Command and the United States Army Intelligence Center. Libby Army Airfield is located on post and shares the runway with Sierra Vista Municipal Airport; it is on the list of alternate landing locations for the space shuttle, though it has never been used as such.

Fort Huachuca is also the headquarters of Army Military Auxiliary Radio System (MARS). Other tenant agencies include the Joint Interoperability Test Command and the Electronic Proving Ground.

The fort is also home to a radar-equipped aerostat, one of a series maintained for the Drug Enforcement Administration by Lockheed Martin. The aerostat is based northeast of Garden Canyon and, when extended, supports the DEA drug interdiction mission by detecting low-flying aircraft attempting to penetrate the United States.

The fort is also the home to the Western Division of the Advanced Airlift Tactics Training Center (AATTC) which is based at the 139th Airlift Wing, Saint Joseph, Missouri.

Contents

History

Following the Gadsden Purchase, prospectors and ranchers began moving to the new southern portion of the Arizona Territory in increased numbers. The Chiricahua Apache, who had battled fiercely against the Spanish and Mexicans in the area, posed a threat to Americans in the area. In February 1877, The United States Army decided a new installation was needed to counter the Chiricahua threat and to help secure the border with Mexico. On March 3, 1877, Captain Samuel Marmaduke Whitside, accompanied by two companies of the 6th Cavalry, chose a site at the base of the Huachuca Mountains that offered sheltering hills and a perennial stream. In 1882, Camp Huachuca was redesignated a fort. General Nelson A. Miles controlled the Fort Huachuca as his headquarters and against Geronimo in 1886. After the surrender of Geronimo in 1886, the Apache threat was essentially extinguished, but Fort Huachuca was kept open because of its strategic border position. In 1913, The base was home to the "Buffalo Soldiers" of the 10th Cavalry Regiment for twenty years. It was used as a forward logistics and supply base during Pershing's failed Punitive Expedition of 1916-1917. In 1933, the 25th Infantry Regiment had replaced the 10th Cavalry for the Fort Huachuca.

During World War Two, the fort had an area of 71,253 Acres, and had quarters for 1,251 Officers and 24,437 Enlisted soldiers[3]. The 92nd and 93rd Infantry Divisions (Colored) were trained at Huachuca at that time. The post was essentially closed in the late 1940s, but was given a new lease on life with the arrival of the Signal Corps and the Electronics Proving Ground (EPG). In 1967, Fort Huachuca became the headquarters of the U.S. Army Strategic Communications Command, which became the U.S. Army Communications Command in 1973; and U.S. Army Information Systems Command (USAAISC) in 1984. It is now known as the United States Army Network Enterprise Technology Command (NETCOM)/9th Army Signal Command.[4]

Fort Huachuca was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[2][5][6]

Advertisements

Football

The Arizona Wildcats football team holds late summer practice and training camp, in addition to other off-the-field exercises, On post.[7]

Signal

Fort Huachuca is home to the 11th Signal Brigade, which is one of the Army's tactical Signal Brigades. It is a major subordinate command of the Army Network Enterprise Technology Command (NETCOM)/9th Army Signal Command, which is located in Greely Hall on Fort Huachuca. The 11th Signal Brigade has the mission of rapidly deploying worldwide to provide and protect Command, Control, Communications, and Computer support for Army Service Component Commanders and Combatant Commanders as well as, Joint Task Force and Coalition Headquarters across the full range of military operations. The "Thunderbirds" constantly train in and around the desert conditions of southeast Arizona and were deployed to provide signal operations during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Military Intelligence

In addition to the US Army Intelligence Center, the proponent for intelligence activities, doctrine, and training within the US Army, Fort Huachuca is the home of the 111th Military Intelligence Brigade, which conducts Military Intelligence (MI) MOS-related training for the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps. The Military Intelligence Officer Basic Leadership Course Phase Three (MIBOLCIII), Military Intelligence Captain's Career Course (MICCC), and Warrant Officer Basic and Advanced Courses are also taught on the installation. The Army's MI branch also held the proponency for unmanned aerial vehicles due to their intelligence-gathering capabilities until April 2006, when the Aviation branch activated the 1st Battalion, 210th Aviation Regiment. Additional training in human intelligence (e.g. interrogation, counterintelligence), imagery intelligence, and electronic intelligence and analysis is also conducted within the 111th. The 111th MI BDE hosts the Joint Intelligence Combat Training Center (JICTC) at Fort Huachuca.

Fort Huachuca in popular culture

Captain Newman, MD, starring Gregory Peck as the title character, was filmed at Fort Huachuca in 1963. The movie's setting was the fictional Colfax Army Airfield (AAF), which was actually Libby Army Airfield located at Fort Huachuca.

The opening sequence of Suppose They Gave a War and Nobody Came was filmed at Ft. Huachuca, and shows the U.S. Army Communications Command (USACC) shield in painted rocks on the mountains overlooking the fort.

In Clear and Present Danger, Ft. Huachuca equipment intercepts, via voice pattern recognition and analysis, a cell phone conversation of a drug dealer.

In Scent Of A Woman, Al Pacino's character makes reference to being stationed at Fort Huachuca.

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/. 
  2. ^ a b "Fort Huachuca". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1424&ResourceType=District. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  3. ^ Stanton, Shelby L. (1984). Order of Battle: U.S. Army World War II. Novato, California: Presidio Press. pp. 600. ISBN 0-89141-195-X. 
  4. ^ Fort Huachuca - General History, U.S. Army Intelligence Center and Fort Huachuca, Accessed May 14, 2008.
  5. ^ George R. Adams (1976-01). ""Fort Huachuca", National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/74000443.pdf. 
  6. ^ "Fort Huachuca--Accompanying photos, 12 from 1976, 4 from c.1890, 5 from 1975; National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. 1976-01. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/74000443.pdf. 
  7. ^ 'Camp Huachuca' success leads to extra day , Arizona Daily Star, Accessed June 3, 2009.

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message