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Borough of Fort Lee, New Jersey
—  Borough (New Jersey)  —
Map highlighting Fort Lee's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Fort Lee, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°51′2″N 73°58′15″W / 40.85056°N 73.97083°W / 40.85056; -73.97083Coordinates: 40°51′2″N 73°58′15″W / 40.85056°N 73.97083°W / 40.85056; -73.97083
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated March 29, 1904
Government [1]
 - Type Borough (New Jersey)
 - Mayor Mark Sokolich (D, 2011)
 - Administrator Peggy Thomas[2]
Area
 - Total 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 - Land 2.5 sq mi (6.6 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)  12.15%
Elevation [3] 289 ft (88 m)
Population (2007)[4]
 - Total 36,521
 Density 14,001.7/sq mi (5,411.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07024
Area code(s) 201
FIPS code 34-24420[5][6]
GNIS feature ID 0876418[7]
Website http://www.fortleenj.org/
The George Washington Bridge, viewed from Fort Lee, across the Hudson River towards Manhattan

Fort Lee is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 35,461. Located atop the Hudson Palisades, the borough is the western terminus of the George Washington Bridge. Named for the site of an early American Revolution military encampment, it later became the birthplace of the American film industry.

Contents

Geography

Fort Lee is located at 40°51′12.32″N 73°58′29.32″W / 40.8534222°N 73.9748111°W / 40.8534222; -73.9748111 (40.853423, -73.97481).[8] It is north of Edgewater, New Jersey and is on the peninsula between the Hackensack River and the Hudson River. The borough is bisected by the confluence of roads at GWB Plaza leading to the George Washington Bridge, and lies opposite from the Washington Heights neighborhood in uptown Manhattan.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), of which, 2.5 square miles (6.6 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km2) of it (12.15%) is water.

History

A shopping center at Fort Lee. Apartment buildings can be seen in the background

Fort Lee was formed by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 29, 1904, from the remaining portions of Ridgefield Township.[9][10] With the creation of Fort Lee, Ridgefield Township became defunct and was dissolved as of March 29, 1904.[11] The Fort Lee Police Department was formed under borough ordinance on August 9, 1904, and originally consisted of six marshals.[12]

Fort Lee is named for General Charles Lee after George Washington and his troops had camped at Mount Constitution overlooking Burdett's Landing, in defense of New York City. It was during Washington's retreat in November 1776 (beginning along a road which is now Main Street) that Thomas Paine composed his pamphlet, "The American Crisis", which began with the recognized phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls". These events are recalled at Monument Park and Fort Lee Historic Park.

In recent years, Fort Lee has seen a surge of residents of Korean origin which has led to the conversion of much of the town into a large Koreatown, similar to Chinatowns of such cities as New York and San Francisco in that many traditional Korean stores and restaurants may be seen in Fort Lee, and the hangul letters of the Korean alphabet are as common as signs in English in parts of the downtown area.

The rapid increase of the Korean population has seen the decline of many other immigrant communities once centered in Fort Lee, notably the Greek and Italian communities, once quite large but now all but extinct. A sizable Russian immigrant community has also sprung up in recent years, also attracted by the urban setting of Fort Lee.

America's first motion picture industry

The history of cinema in the United States can trace its roots to the East Coast where, at one time, Fort Lee was the motion picture capital of America. The industry got its start at the end of the 19th century with the construction of Thomas Edison's "Black Maria", the first motion picture studio in West Orange, New Jersey. Cities in New Jersey offered land at costs considerably less than New York City, and the cities and towns of New Jersey near New York benefited greatly as a result of the phenomenal growth of the film industry at the turn of the 20th century.

Filmmaking began attracting both capital and an innovative workforce, and when the Kalem Company began using Fort Lee in 1907 as a location for filming in the area, other filmmakers quickly followed. In 1909, a forerunner of Universal Studios, the Champion Film Company, built the first studio. They were quickly followed by others who either built new studios or who leased facilities in Fort Lee. In the 1910s and 1920s, film companies such as the Independent Moving Pictures Company, Peerless Studios, The Solax Company, Éclair Studios, Goldwyn Picture Corporation, American Méliès (Star Films), World Pictures, Biograph Studios, Fox Film Corporation, Pathé Frères, Metro Pictures Corporation, Victor Film Company, and Selznick Pictures Corporation were all making pictures in Fort Lee. Such notables as Mary Pickford and Miles Remy got their start at Biograph Studios.

With the offshoot businesses that sprang up to service the film studios, for nearly two decades Fort Lee experienced unrivaled prosperity. However, just as the development of Fort Lee production facilities was gaining strength, Nestor Studios of Bayonne, New Jersey, built the first studio in Hollywood in 1911. Nestor Studios, owned by David and William Horsley, later merged with Universal Studios; and William Horsley's other company, Hollywood Film Laboratory, is now the oldest existing company in Hollywood, now called the Hollywood Digital Laboratory. California's more hospitable and cost-effective climate led to the eventual shift of virtually all filmmaking to the West Coast by the 1930s. Another reason for this shift was the distance of Southern California from New Jersey, which made it more difficult for Thomas Edison to enforce his motion picture patents. At the time, Edison owned almost all the patents relevant to motion picture production and, in the East, movie producers acting independently of Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company were often sued or enjoined by Edison and his agents. But movie makers working on the West Coast could work independently of Edison's control. Some companies, such as American Méliès, moved to San Antonio, Texas, and others moved to Jacksonville, Florida.

Since 2000 the Fort Lee film commission has been charged with celebrating the history of film in Fort Lee, as well as attracting film and television production companies to the borough.

Birthplace of subliminal advertising

In 1957, market researcher James Vicary claimed that quickly flashing messages on a movie screen, in Fort Lee, had influenced people to purchase more food and drinks. Vicary coined the term subliminal advertising and formed the Subliminal Projection Company based on a six-week test. Vicary claimed that during the presentation of the movie Picnic he used a tachistoscope to project the words "Drink Coca-Cola" and "Hungry? Eat popcorn" for 1/3000 of a second at five-second intervals. Vicary asserted that during the test, sales of popcorn and Coke in that New Jersey theater increased 57.8 percent and 18.1 percent respectively.[13][14]

However, in 1962 Vicary admitted to lying about the experiment and falsifying the results, the story itself being a marketing ploy.[15][16] An identical experiment conducted by Dr. Henry Link showed no increase in cola or popcorn sales.[14] The claim that the small cinema handled 45,699 visitors in 6 weeks has led people to believe that Vicary actually did not conduct his experiment at all.[14]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 2,612
1910 4,472 71.2%
1920 5,761 28.8%
1930 8,759 52.0%
1940 9,468 8.1%
1950 11,648 23.0%
1960 21,815 87.3%
1970 30,631 40.4%
1980 32,449 5.9%
1990 31,997 −1.4%
2000 35,461 10.8%
Est. 2007 36,521 [4] 3.0%
Population 1930 - 1990.[17][18]
Episcopal Church
Young Israel Synagogue

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 35,461 people, 16,544 households, and 9,396 families residing in the borough. The population density was 14,001.7 people per square mile (5,411.7/km2). There were 17,446 housing units at an average density of 6,888.5/sq mi (2,662.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 62.75% White, 1.73% African American, 0.07% Native American, 31.43% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.87% of the population.

There were 16,544 households out of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the borough the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $58,161, and the median income for a family was $72,140 (these figures had risen to $67,500 and $83,503 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[19]). Males had a median income of $54,730 versus $41,783 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,899. About 5.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

As of the 2000 census, 17.18% of Fort Lee's residents identified themselves as being of Korean ancestry, which was the fifth highest in the United States and third highest of any municipality in New Jersey; behind neighboring Palisades Park (36.38%) and Leonia (17.24%) — for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[20] In the same census, 5.56% of Fort Lee's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry,[21] and 6.09% of Fort Lee's residents identified themselves as being of Japanese ancestry, the highest of any municipality in New Jersey for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[22]

Government

Local government

Fort Lee is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office, and only votes to break a tie. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[1]

As of 2008, the Mayor of Fort Lee is Mark J. Sokolich (D, term ends December 31, 2011). Members of the Borough Council are Council President Michael Sargenti (D, 2011), Joseph L. Cervieri, Jr. (D, 2009), Jan Goldberg (D, 2010), Ila Kasofsky (D, 2010), Armand Pohan (D, 2011) and Harvey Sohmer (D, 2009).[2][23]

Federal, state and county representation

Fort Lee is in the Ninth Congressional District, and is part of New Jersey's 38th Legislative District.[24]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District, covering the southern portion of Bergen County and sections of Hudson County and Passaic County, is represented by Steve Rothman (D, Fair Lawn). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2010-2011 Legislative Session, the 38th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert M. Gordon (D, Fair Lawn) and in the Assembly by Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee) and Connie Wagner (D, Paramus).[25] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[26] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[27]

Bergen County's County Executive is Dennis McNerney (D).[28] The executive, along with the seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders administer all county business. As of 2008, Bergen County's Freeholders are Chairman James M. Carroll (D, Demarest), Vice-Chairwoman Julie O'Brien (D, Ramsey), Elizabeth Calabrese (D, Wallington), David L. Ganz (D, Fair Lawn), Bernadette P. McPherson (D, Rutherford), Tomas J. Padilla (D, Park Ridge) and Vernon Walton (D, Englewood).[29]

Other countywide elected officials are Sheriff Leo McGuire (D), Surrogate Court Judge Mike Dressler (D, Cresskill) and County Clerk Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford).[30]

Politics

As of April 1, 2006, out of a 2004 Census estimated population of 37,310 in Fort Lee, there were 17,434 registered voters (46.7% of the population, vs. 55.4% in all of Bergen County). Of registered voters, 4,788 (27.5% vs. 20.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,016 (11.6% vs. 19.2% countywide) were registered as Republicans and 10,628 (61.0% vs. 60.1% countywide) were registered as Undeclared. There were two voters registered to other parties.[31]

In the 2008 presidential election Democrat Barack Obama received 61% of the vote here defeating Republican John McCain who received around 37%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 61% of the vote here, defeating Republican George W. Bush, who received around 38%.[32]

Education

The Fort Lee School District serves public school students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[33]) include four K-6 elementary schools — School 1 (544 students), School 2 (397 students), School 3 (498 students) and School 4 (466 students) — Lewis F. Cole Middle School (grades 7 and 8; 533 students) and Fort Lee High School (grades 9-12; 1,083 students).

Private schools

Private schools in the area include Christ the Teacher (PK-8, 314 students), First Step Day Care Center (PK, 101 students), Fort Lee Education Center (7-12, 78 students), Fort Lee Montessori Pre-School (PK, 49 students), Fort Lee Youth Center Playgroup (PK, 30 students), Futures Best Nursery Academy (PK, 98 students), Green House Preschool and Kindergarten (PK-K, 125 students), Happy Kids Pre-School (PK, 75 students), Hooks Lane School (PK, 54 students), Les Enfants Day Care Center (PK, 60 students), Palisades Pre-School (PK, 108 students), Rainbow School DC (PK, 88 students), and Small World Montessori School (PK, 51 students).[34]

Transportation

The George Washington Bridge connecting Fort Lee to Manhattan.
Route 67 (Lemoine Avenue) at Main Street

Fort Lee is served by Palisades Interstate Parkway, New Jersey Route 4, New Jersey Route 5, New Jersey Route 67, Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike, U.S. Route 9W, U.S. Route 1-9, U.S. Route 46, and County Route 505. The George Washington Bridge crosses the Hudson River from Fort Lee to Manhattan. Many of these roads converge at GWB Plaza, a busy crossroads at the northern end of the borough.

Fort Lee is also served by New Jersey Transit buses 154, 156, 158 and 159 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178, 181, 182, 186 and 188 lines to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal; and local service on the 751, 753, 755 and 756..[35]

In addition, China Airlines provides private bus service to John F. Kennedy International Airport from the Citibank to feed its flight to Taipei, Taiwan.[36]

Miscellaneous

Constitution Park in Fort Lee. In the background are the Mediterranean Towers apartment complex.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Fort Lee include:

Sources

  • "History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923;" by "Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858-1942."
  • "Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties)" prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.

References

  1. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 160.
  2. ^ a b "County of Bergen: 2008 County and Municipal Directory", Bergen County, New Jersey, p. 44. Accessed July 3, 2008.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Borough of Fort Lee, Geographic Names Information System, accessed September 17, 2007.
  4. ^ a b Census data for Fort Lee, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 78.
  10. ^ "History of Bergen County," Vol. 1, pp. 361-364 shows a creation date of April 18, 1904, for Fort Lee.
  11. ^ "Municipal Incorporations," Extinct List p. 81.
  12. ^ "Police Department History". http://www.fortlee.com/htm/history/police.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  13. ^ The Straight Dope: Does subliminal advertising work?, The Straight Dope, http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a1_187.html, retrieved 2006-08-11 
  14. ^ a b c Urban Legends Reference Pages: Business (Subliminal Advertising), The Urban Legends Reference Pages, http://www.snopes.com/business/hidden/popcorn.asp, retrieved 2006-08-11 
  15. ^ Boese, Alex (2002). The Museum of Hoaxes: A Collection of Pranks, Stunts, Deceptions, and Other Wonderful Stories Contrived for the Public from the Middle Ages to the New Millennium, E. P. Dutton, ISBN 0-525-94678-0. pages. 137-38.
  16. ^ The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry: The Cargo-Cult Science of Subliminal Persuasion by Anthony R. Pratkanis
  17. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  18. ^ Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900 - 2000), Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed December 23, 2007.
  19. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Lee,_New_Jersey#Demographics
  20. ^ Korean Communities, Epodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
  21. ^ Chinese Communities, Epodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
  22. ^ Japanese Communities, Epodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
  23. ^ Fort Lee Mayor & Borough Council, Borough of Fort Lee. Accessed February 1, 2007.
  24. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 57. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  25. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  26. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  27. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  28. ^ Bergen County Executive, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2009.
  29. ^ Freeholder Home Page, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2009.
  30. ^ Constitutional Officers, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2009.
  31. ^ "County of Bergen: Voter Statistics by Municipality, Ward & District," Bergen County, New Jersey, dated April 1, 2006.
  32. ^ 2004 Presidential Election results: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety: Division of Elections, dated December 13, 2004.
  33. ^ Data for the Fort Lee School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 3, 2008.
  34. ^ Fort Lee Private Schools, greatschools. Accessed May 13, 2009.
  35. ^ Routes by County: Bergen County, New Jersey Transit. Accessed August 8, 2008.
  36. ^ "Complimentary Bus Service Provided To/From JFK International Airport Terminal One," China Airlines
  37. ^ Fort Lee Film Commission. "Fort Lee: Birthplace of the Motion Picture Industry", Accessed May 14, 2007. "The most interesting film shot in Fort Lee in the modern era was Goodfellas (Warner Brothers, 1990). Director Martin Scorsese, who is a leading film scholar, knows the history of film in Fort Lee and shot key scenes of this film blocks away from locations used by D. W. Griffith in the first classic gangster film, The Musketeers of Pig Alley (Biograph, 1912)."
  38. ^ Filming Locations for Goodfellas, Internet Movie Database. Accessed May 14, 2007.
  39. ^ Wall Street Journal, March 11, 2009, A2.
  40. ^ King of the Brooklyn Docks, accessed March 29, 2007. "In the mid-1940s, Anastasia decided to move away from Brooklyn and follow his longtime friend Joe Adonis to the country setting of Fort Lee, New Jersey. The Brooklyn home held in the name of his wife was sold for $25,000. The Anastasias built a new, 35-room, 5-bathroom house, valued at more than $75,000 at #75 Bluff Road in Fort Lee."
  41. ^ "Frank closer to big money", The Record (Bergen County), August 3, 2006. "All were eliminated along with pros Mickey Appleman of Fort Lee and Teaneck native David Sklansky."
  42. ^ Levin, Jay. "Grammy winner M. Berniker", The Record (Bergen County), September 23, 2008. Accessed September 23, 2008.
  43. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang. "Balfour Brickner, Activist Reform Rabbi, Dies at 78", The New York Times, September 1, 2005. Accessed November 4, 2007. "Rabbi Balfour Brickner, a voice of Reform Judaism on issues like race and abortion and the rabbi emeritus of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in Manhattan, died on Monday at Mount Sinai Hospital. He was 78 and lived in Fort Lee, N.J., and Stockbridge, Mass."
  44. ^ Ft. Lee's Dr. Brothers to be honored, The Record (Bergen County), December 3, 2006. "But right now, she's getting ready for a photo shoot at her spacious Fort Lee co-op."
  45. ^ "It's not easy being pink: Cameron Giles, better known as Cam'ron, triggered the pink fad. Now he wants to change color and cash in as a trendsetter", Taipei Times, October 18, 2004. Accessed May 13, 2007. "In a gated condominium community in Fort Lee, New Jersey, the dense shrubbery suggests a botanical garden more than a residential one.... That is how you can tell the house of Cameron Giles. For the better part of two years, pink has been the dominant color in the life of Giles, a rapper who performs as Cam'ron."
  46. ^ The Last Adman, New York (magazine), April 8, 2002. "When I started to get friendly with Jay, he couldn't explain either, at least not with any clear logic, how he went from being a Jewish kid from the Bronx and Fort Lee, New Jersey, to ending up in the agency business."
  47. ^ Spelling, Ian. " From Bulls & Bears to Bergen: Fox Business Network anchor Liz Claman loves coming home to Edgewater", (201) magazine, October 2009. Accessed October 12, 2009. "I love Edgewater. I lived in Fort Lee and jogged into the Edgewater Colony, and I thought 'One day, I'd love to live here.'"
  48. ^ Latin music icon Celia Cruz dies, CNN.com, July 17, 2003. "But she spent her final days at her home in Fort Lee, New Jersey, trying to recover from a December surgery to remove a brain tumor."
  49. ^ [Peter Pettinger. Bill Evans: How My Heart Sings. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.],
  50. ^ Wilson, John S. "Bill Evans, Jazz Pianist Praised For Lyricism and Structure, Dies; 'In Touch With His Feelings' Trouble With Scales", The New York Times, September 17, 1980. Accessed June 30, 2009. "Mr. Evans, who lived in Fort Lee, N.J., toured in Europe this summer."
  51. ^ COMEDIAN BUYS HOME; Buddy Hackett New Owner of Anastasia House in Fort Lee, The New York Times, August 30, 1958. "Buddy Hackett is the owner of Albert Anastasia's Spanish stucco home on the edge of the Palisades in Fort Lee."
  52. ^ Barboza, Craigh. "Friend Or foe?", USA Weekend, January 28, 2001. Accessed May 14, 2007. "Jay-Z, himself, has a two-floor penthouse in Fort Lee, N.J., with a view of Manhattan."
  53. ^ Sciolino, Elaine. "BENEATH THE TURBAN: A special report.; Mullah Who Charmed Iran Is Struggling to Change It", The New York Times, February 1, 1998. Accessed October 31, 2007. "Still, the Khatami children were encouraged to earn their own money, said Ali Khatami, 44, the President's brother, a businessman who lived in Fort Lee, N.J., for a year and a half while he was getting his master's degree in industrial engineering."
  54. ^ Harvin, Al. "An Offseason Game; New Jersey Sports", The New York Times, January 12, 1973. Accessed November 16, 2008. "Some of the other Jersey residents on the team, according to Davis, are Bob Tucker, the New York Giants' tight end from Lincroft; Phil Villapiano, Oakland Raider linebacker from Ocean Township, and Ron Johnson, Giant running back, now a resident of Fort Lee."
  55. ^ Super Sunday tallies up a record $5,165,961 in contributions for United Jewish Fund, The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, March 3, 2000. "Levine, who was present at the opening of Valley Alliance's Milken Gym, told The Journal that Super Sunday reminded him of the community spirit of his home town -- Fort Lee, New Jersey."
  56. ^ La Gorce, Tammy. "Finding Emo", The New York Times, August 14, 2005. Accessed October 22, 2007. "Richard Reines, who owns Drive-Thru Records, which is based in the San Fernando Valley in California, believes in the New Jersey scene; Drive-Thru's roster includes Hidden in Plain View from Stanhope and the Early November from Hammonton. We came back, because as label owners we couldn't be away from it, said Mr. Reines, who is from Fort Lee."
  57. ^ Strauss, Robert. "IN PERSON; In a Club Full of Comics, The King Is Also a Jester", The New York Times, December 11, 2005. "Three or four times a week, Mr. Roman travels into Manhattan from his house in Fort Lee, where he has lived for six years, and holds court in one of the dining rooms at the Friars Club, formerly a doctor's town house on East 55th Street."
  58. ^ [1]
  59. ^ Araton, Harvey. "Sports of The Times; Golden Windfall for the Russians", The New York Times, February 17, 2002. Accessed November 4, 2007. "At 25, Anton Sikharulidze is already a citizen of the world, more than familiar with the culture of the West. He lived in Fort Lee, N.J., for two years, trained in Hackensack."
  60. ^ Friedman, Roger. "Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie Likely Guests at Cannes", Fox news, March 22, 2007. "Phoebe and Valerie lived in a small apartment in Fort Lee."
  61. ^ Darryl Strawberry leaves hospital after cancer surgery, CNN.com, October 16, 1998. "He will convalesce at his home in Fort Lee, New Jersey."
  62. ^ Ramirez, Anthony. "Lyle Stuart, Publisher of Renegade Titles, Dies at 83", The New York Times, June 26, 2006. Accessed November 4, 2007. "He was 83 and lived in Fort Lee, N.J."
  63. ^ Chen, Albert. "Chien-Ming Wang Has A Secret (cont.)", CNN Sports Illustrated, April 16, 2008. Accessed May 4, 2008. "During the baseball season Chien-Ming and his wife, Chia-Ling, whom he met in his first year of college and married in December 2003, live in a modest three-bedroom house in Fort Lee, N.J."

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