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Fort Mose Historic State Park
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Site of the old fort
Fort Mose Historic State Park is located in Florida
Location: St. Johns County, Florida, USA
Nearest city: St. Augustine, Florida
Coordinates: 29°55′39.68″N 81°19′30.61″W / 29.9276889°N 81.3251694°W / 29.9276889; -81.3251694Coordinates: 29°55′39.68″N 81°19′30.61″W / 29.9276889°N 81.3251694°W / 29.9276889; -81.3251694
Governing body: Florida Department of Environmental Protection
Added to NRHP: October 12, 1994[1]
Designated NHL: October 12, 1994[2]

Fort Mose Historic State Park (originally known as Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose) is a U.S. National Historic Landmark (designated as such on October 12, 1994)[2], located two miles north of St. Augustine, Florida, on the eastern edge of a marsh. It is also a Florida State Park. Also spelled Fort Moosa or Fort Mossa.

History

Fort Mose (pronounced "Moh-say") was the first free black settlement legally sanctioned in what would become the United States. The community began when Florida was a Spanish colony. The Colonial Governor, Manuel de Montiano, established the fortified town in 1738, where it became a haven for escaped slaves from the English colonies to the north. Because of this, it is considered a precursor site of the Underground Railroad.[3]

The military leader at the fort was a man of African origin named Francisco Menendez[4]

Sources

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-06-21. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  
  2. ^ a b "Fort Mose Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2008-06-20. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=2214&ResourceType=Site.  
  3. ^ Aboard the Underground Railroad - Fort Mose Site
  4. ^ Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone. p. 74

External links

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