From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fort Okanogan (also spelled Fort
Okanagan) was founded as a fur trade outpost by John Jacob
Astor’s Pacific Fur Company in 1811. It was built at the confluence
of the Okanogan and Columbia Rivers, in what is now Okanogan County, Washington. The fort was
the first American-owned settlement in what is now
although its ownership soon passed to the North West
Company when the Pacific Fur Company sold out its assets and
posts to its rival.
Originally built for the Pacific Fur Company, the North West
Company purchased the fort, along with the rest of the Pacific
Fur Company, in 1813. In 1821 the North West Company was merged
into Hudson's Bay Company, which took
over operation of Fort Okanogan as part of its Columbia
District. The fort was an important stop on the York
Factory Express trade route to London via Hudson Bay.
HBC Governor Sir George Simpson
commented about Fort Okanagan during his 1841 visit to the Columbia
...is an outpost from the establishment of Thompson's River
[Fort Thompson/Fort Shuswap], maintained more for the purpose of
facilitating the transport business of that post and New
Caledonia than for trade as there are few or no Fur bearing
animals in the surrounding country.
In 1846, the Oregon Treaty was ratified, ending the Oregon boundary dispute and the
joint-occupation of Oregon Country, though Hudson's Bay
Company was allowed to continue use of the fort. However, due to
the decline of the transport business in the area, HBC abandoned
the fort in 1860.
The site of the fort was flooded in 1967 by the reservoir Lake Pateros due to
the construction of Wells
Okanogan State Park
Today, Fort Okanogan State Park overlooks the fort site and the
River. Comprising 45-acre (180,000 m2), the
park is for day use and features the Fort Okanogan
Interpretive Center, a museum with exhibits about the
fort, area pioneers and the fur trapping
The park is located five miles (8 km) north of Brewster,
It is closed during the winter. Admission is free.
- ^ "National Register Information
System". National Register of Historic Places.
National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.
- ^ a
Gulick, Bill. A Traveler's History of Washington. Caxton
Press, 1996. ISBN 0-8700-4371-4. p. 339
British Columbia from the
Earliest Times to the Present, E.O.S. Scholefield and F.W.
Howay, p. 406
- ^ a
Tate, Cassandra. "Fort Okanogan". HistoryLink
October 26, 2005. (June 24, 2008).
Coordinates: 48°06′01″N 119°40′44″W / 48.10032397915222°N