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Fort Walton Culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished near Ft. Walton Beach, Florida in the southeastern United States from approximately 1100~1550 CE. This culture was likely influenced by contact with the major Mississippian culture centers to the north and west, along the Mississippi and Ohio river valleys. It was the most important complex in the northwest Florida region. The Fort Walton peoples practiced mound building, intensive maize agriculture, made pottery in a variety of vessel shapes, and had hierarchial settlement patterns that reflected other Mississippian societies.

The Lake Jackson site was the largest known ceremonial center of the Fort Walton culture. It has been designated as the Leon-Jefferson Culture due to its artifacts expressing ceramic traditions of both Apalachee Fort Walton and Lamar Creek (from eastern Georgia). It appears that the Lamar Creek people moved south and assimilated with the Apalachee in this area.

The northwest Florida Region encompasses the Fort Walton Mound, Letchworth Mounds of Jefferson County as well as the Lake Jackson mounds. It is generally defined as encompassing the Florida Panhandle east from the Chipola River to the Aucilla River. Cultural differences were displayed between the inland groups, who relied on the resources of what are now Leon and Jefferson counties, and those who used coastal resources.

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