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.
John Trumbull's famous painting is usually incorrectly identified as a depiction of the signing of the Declaration.
^ Signing of the Declaration of Independence , by John Trumbull, 1819.

^ John Trumbull Oil on canvas, 12' x 18' Commissioned 1817; purchased 1819; placed 1826 Rotunda This painting depicts the moment on June 28, 1776, when the first draft of the Declaration of Independence was presented to the Second Continental Congress.
  • Declaration of Independence 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.aoc.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Only two people, John Hancock and Charles Thomson signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.
  • Interesting Facts About The United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC interestingstatefacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.The painting actually depicts the five-man drafting committee presenting their work to Congress.^ What the painting actually depicts is the five-man drafting committee presenting their work to the Congress.
  • Download the History Audio Books: Founding Documents of the United States Audio Book 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC store.payloadz.com [Source type: General]

^ John Trumbull Oil on canvas, 12' x 18' Commissioned 1817; purchased 1819; placed 1826 Rotunda This painting depicts the moment on June 28, 1776, when the first draft of the Declaration of Independence was presented to the Second Continental Congress.
  • Declaration of Independence 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.aoc.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ During the convention, Hamilton constructed a draft for the Constitution on the basis of the convention debates, but he never actually presented it.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

Trumbull's painting can also be found on the back of the U.S. $2 bill.[1]
.The Founding Fathers of the United States were the political leaders who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 or otherwise took part in the American Revolution in winning American independence from Great Britain, or who participated in framing and adopting the United States Constitution in 1787-1788, or in putting the new government under the Constitution into effect.^ The United States was not founded on Christian values.
  • Founding Fathers wanted church, state separate - UAB Kaleidoscope 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.uab.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ New Hampshire was the ninth state, putting the Constitution into effect on June 21, 1788.
  • The Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.policyalmanac.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The political leaders of the 13 American colonies who signed the Declaration of Independence or the United States Constitution , or otherwise participated in the American Revolution as leaders of the Patriots are known as the “Framers” or of the United States.” .
  • Our Founding Fathers - Revolutionaries and Signers of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence | 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.thelangreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Within the large group known as "the founding fathers," there are two key subsets, the Signers (who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776) and the Framers (who were delegates to the Federal Convention and took part in framing or drafting the proposed Constitution of the United States).^ Matthew Thornton Matthew Thornton had draft State constitution, was delegate from New Hampshire State.
  • Founding Father Children Rhymes - Roger's Rhymes - www.PoetPatriot.com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.poetpatriot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was the president of the Constitutional Convention and of course became the first president of the United States.
  • The Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.lilesnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The federal United States is bankrupt.
  • The Bankruptcy of The United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]
  • The Bankruptcy of the United States Part 1 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.apfn.net [Source type: Original source]

.Most historians define the "founding fathers" to mean a larger group, including not only the Signers and the Framers but also all those who, whether as politicians or jurists or statesmen or soldiers or diplomats or ordinary citizens, took part in winning American independence and creating the United States of America.^ The United States of America was founded by radical secularists and atheists.
  • Educational CyberPlayGround: Quotes from our United States Christian Founding Fathers. 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.edu-cyberpg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States of America is being abolished.
  • Abolishing the United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.stopthespp.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States was not founded on Christian values.
  • Founding Fathers wanted church, state separate - UAB Kaleidoscope 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.uab.edu [Source type: Original source]

[2] .The eminent American historian Richard B. Morris, in his 1973 book Seven Who Shaped Our Destiny: The Founding Fathers as Revolutionaries, identified the following seven figures as the key founding fathers: Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton.^ Many of the founding fathers—Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, Madison and Monroe—practiced a faith called Deism.
  • Religious wisdom of America's founding fathers | Not About Religion Magazine and Blog 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC notaboutreligion.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Founding Fathers' Religious Wisdom 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.americanprogress.org [Source type: Original source]
  • The Founding Fathers' Religious Wisdom 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.americanprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Do we Americans glorify our Founding Fathers too uncritically?
  • Whitewashing the Founding Fathers - The Boston Globe 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Jefferson spoke for them all when he wrote in a correspondence to John Adams: .
  • The Founding Fathers Grapple With Slavery | Everyday Citizen 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.everydaycitizen.com [Source type: General]

[3]
.Warren G. Harding, then a Republican Senator from Ohio, coined the phrase "Founding Fathers" in his keynote address to the 1916 Republican National Convention.^ The phrase "Founding Fathers" is a proper noun.
  • Stand to Reason: The Faith of Our Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.str.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a Founding Father, Washington, realizing the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, presided over the convention that adopted the U.S. Constitution in 1787.
  • Founding Father Pocket Watch - George Washington, Gift Guide Collectibles , HISTORY Shop 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC shop.history.com [Source type: General]

^ Some people also consider as Americas founding fathers the 95 men who were the senators and congressmen for the First Federal Congress, bringing the total US founding fathers to 204.

.He used it several times thereafter, most prominently in his 1921 inaugural address as President of the United States.^ Who was the first President of the United States?
  • Who was the First President of the United States?: The U.S. Founding Half-Dollar Coin Act - Forgotten Founders Corporation 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.forgottenfounders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He is considered the greatest President the United States has ever had.

^ Photo of seal of the President of the United States .

[4]

Contents

Collective biography of the Framers of the Constitution

.In the winter and spring of 1786-1787, twelve of the thirteen states chose a total of 74 delegates to attend what we now know as the Federal Convention in Philadelphia.^ Twelve states had responded to the call for the Convention.
  • The Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.policyalmanac.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1787, Franklin served as a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a delegate to the United States Constitutional Convention in 1787, as well as a signer of the Constitution.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nineteen delegates chose not to accept election or attend the debates; for example, Patrick Henry of Virginia thought that state politics was far more interesting and important than national politics, though during the ratification controversy of 1787-1788 he claimed, "I smelled a rat."^ He is more interested in his image than in what he is.
  • The Legal Principles of the Founding Fathers and the Supreme Court 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.catholiceducation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During Virginia's ratification convention, (1788.
  • From the 2nd Amendment of the United States Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC njguns.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States is not a Christian nation any more than it is a Jewish or Mohammedan nation.
  • Pam's House Blend:: So what exactly WERE the views of the "Founding Fathers" we hear so much about? 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.pamshouseblend.com [Source type: General]

.Rhode Island did not send delegates, because of its politicians' suspicions of the Convention delegates' motivations.^ Delegates to the Constitutional Convention that did not sign.

^ Rhode Island had refused to send delegates because it did not want the national government to interfere with Rhode Island's affairs.
  • The Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.policyalmanac.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rhode Island did not send any Delegates.

.Of the 55 who did attend at some point, no more than 38 delegates showed up at one time.^ Attended Convention: Did Not Sign Constitution 16 Delegates to the Convention who did not sign Constitution.

^ But one of the New York delegates did.
  • American History: The Founding Fathers Meet in Philadelphia to Write a Constitution (VOA Special English 2008-01-23) 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.manythings.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who did not attend included Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Samuel Adams and, John Hancock.
  • America's Founding Fathers - Delegates to the Constitutional Convention 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • Princeton Union Eagle - Clicking on the Web 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC unioneagle.com [Source type: Original source]

[5]
.These delegates represented a cross-section of 18th century American leadership.^ Although heterogeneous in background, education, experience, and accommplishments, at the time of the signing they were practically all men of means and represented an elite cross section of 18th-century American leadership.
  • Religion of the Founding Fathers of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Blackmun represents the culmination of an attack on American civilization which began in the second century of the nation, about a hundred years ago.
  • The Legal Principles of the Founding Fathers and the Supreme Court 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.catholiceducation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the American Revolution initiated an age of democratic revolutions in the 18th century.
  • The Age of Revolution: Founding Fathers Dreamed of Uprisings 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Age of Revolution: Founding Fathers Dreamed of Uprisings, Except in Haiti 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC haitiforever.com [Source type: Original source]

.Almost all of them were well-educated men of means who were leaders in their communities.^ There are men in all ages who mean to govern well, but they mean to govern.
  • Gun Quotations of the Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.buckeyefirearms.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Almost all of them were well-educated men of means who were dominant in their communities and colonies, and many were also prominent in national affairs.
  • Our Founding Fathers - Revolutionaries and Signers of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence | 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.thelangreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "There are men in all ages who mean to govern well, but they mean to govern.
  • The Founding Fathers on the Second Amendment 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC cap-n-ball.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many were also prominent in national affairs.^ For many years, he handled the affairs of Stephen Girard, one of the nation's leading businessmen.
  • U.S. GOVERNMENT > Introduction to the U.S. System > Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC infousa.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Virtually every one had taken part in the American Revolution; at least 29 had served in the Continental Army, most of them in positions of command.^ He then served as a soldier in the American Revolution.

^ He held that position until 1779, when he served as a chaplain in the Continental Army.
  • NARA | The Constitution of the United States: America\'s Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, 68 percent of Americans surveyed knew that George Washington led the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.
  • The United States Mint Pressroom 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.usmint.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Got a dollar? Survey reveals most Americans can't name nation's founding fathers | AccountingWEB.com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.accountingweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Survey Reveals Most Americans Can't Name Nation's Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www2.prnewswire.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scholars have examined the collective biography of them as well as the signers of the Declaration and the Constitution.^ Lossing's seminal 1848 collection of biographies of the signers of the Declaration of Independence echoed widely held sentiments held then and now that there was divine intent or inspiration behind the Declaration of Independence.
  • Religion of the Founding Fathers of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Though definitions vary, the authors of the Declaration of Independence are also considered Founding Fathers along with the signers of the U.S. Constitution.
  • Government and Politics - Who Are Considered The Founding Fathers Of The United States?: History Fact Finder 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, all the signers of the Declaration and the delegates to the Constitutional Convention, as well as the delegates to the various sessions of the Continental Congress—at least so far as known—were men who believed in God and the special creation of the world and mankind.
  • The Creationism of America's Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.icr.org [Source type: Original source]

[6]

Political experience

.The framers of the Constitution had extensive political experience.^ The political leaders of the 13 American colonies who signed the Declaration of Independence or the United States Constitution , or otherwise participated in the American Revolution as leaders of the Patriots are known as the “Framers” or of the United States.” .
  • Our Founding Fathers - Revolutionaries and Signers of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence | 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.thelangreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Virginia and Massachusetts notwithstanding, religious freedom had formed a central part of the colonial experience for 150 years by the time the framers of the Constitution gathered in Independence Hall.
  • The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America | Christian Century | Find Articles at BNET 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC findarticles.com [Source type: News]

^ This set of essays is regarded as an authoritative exposition of the republican principles that informed the framers of the Constitution and a significant contribution to political theory.
  • FindLaw Constitutional Law Center: Founding Fathers: Virginia 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC supreme.lp.findlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

.By 1787, four-fifths (41 individuals), were or had been members of the Continental Congress.^ Member Continental Congress (1776-1782).
  • Party of 1776 - United States Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.partyof1776.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1780-1782.
  • Articles of Confederation, US Constitution, Constitution Day Materials, Pocket Constitution Book, Bill of Rights 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Member Continental Congress (1774-1775).
  • Party of 1776 - United States Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.partyof1776.net [Source type: Original source]

.Nearly all of the 55 delegates had experience in colonial and state government, and the majority had held county and local offices.^ The order by the government of the colony required that all males between 16 and 60 years of age own a gun and be ready to defend the community against attacks.
  • Founding of the National Guard 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Applicable Laws All matters relating to your access to, and use of, the Site shall be governed by U.S. federal law or the laws of the State of California.

^ THE BACKGROUND OF THE CONSTITUTION. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention relied greatly on past experience as they worked to create a new government.
  • The Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.policyalmanac.org [Source type: Original source]

[7]
  • Thomas Mifflin and Nathaniel Gorham had served as President of the Continental Congress.
  • The ones who lacked congressional experience were Bassett, Blair, Brearly, Broom, Davie, Dayton, Alexander Martin, Luther Martin, Mason, McClurg, Paterson, Charles Pinckney, Strong, Washington and Yates.
  • Eight men (Clymer, Franklin, Gerry, Robert Morris, Read, Sherman, Wilson, and Wythe) had signed the Declaration of Independence.
  • Six (Carroll, Dickinson, Gerry, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, and Sherman) had affixed their signatures to the Articles of Confederation.
  • Two, Sherman and Robert Morris, underwrote all three of the nation's basic documents.
  • Dickinson, Franklin, Langdon, and Rutledge had been governors.
.The 1787 delegates practiced a wide range of high and middle-status occupations, and many pursued more than one career simultaneously.^ As he told the Freedom From Religion audience, he learned later that the principal of his high school had written “letters of disrecommendation to every college I applied to.” One letter, of the more than 5,000 the Schempps received — and answered!
  • Terre Haute News, Terre Haute, Indiana- TribStar.com - Stephanie Salter: An idea the founding fathers believed in: Separation of church and state 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.tribstar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Children today are more influenced by television and comic books than by their classes,” one teacher from Baton Rouge , LA , stated.
  • Founding Fathers - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The same individual returned to Massachusetts and opened a trading post in competition with the Pilgrims, and his own enterprise always made more money than the one he managed for them.
  • Research Magazine – The University of Alabama » Founding Fathers Were Among First Auditors 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC research.ua.edu [Source type: News]

.They did not differ dramatically from the Loyalists, except they were generally younger and less senior in their professions.^ These actions were taken to undermine the "seniority" system, and to reduce the ability of a small number of senior members to obstruct legislation they did not favor.
  • United States House of Representatives at AllExperts 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the founders’ religious beliefs differed, they formed a general consensus on morality.
  • Beliefs of the Founding Fathers: Religion, Morality, and the U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC americanhistory.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They came from different social backgrounds, they professed very different political ideologies, and even their personalities clashed.

[8] .Thirty-five were lawyers or had benefited from legal education, though not all of them relied on the profession for a livelihood.^ Of the fifty-five, thirty-one had been to college, and these included all of the active participants.
  • LDS.org - Ensign Article - Wise Men Raised Up 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.lds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And this failure is attributable to a greater or lesser extent to every leadership group: to churches and churchmen, to the schools and educators, to the news media, to politicians, to the legal profession.
  • The Legal Principles of the Founding Fathers and the Supreme Court 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.catholiceducation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All of these legal actions resulted from reliance on standing armies in place of the militia.
  • The Bill of Rights: Antipathy to Militarism 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.fff.org [Source type: Original source]

Some had also become judges.[9]
.
  • At the time of the convention, 13 men were merchants: Blount, Broom, Clymer, Dayton, Fitzsimons, Shields, Gilman, Gorham, Langdon, Robert Morris, Pierce, Sherman, and Wilson.
  • Six were major land speculators: Blount, Dayton, Fitzsimons, Gorham, Robert Morris, and Wilson.
  • Eleven speculated in securities on a large scale: Bedford, Blair, Clymer, Dayton, Fitzsimons, Franklin, King, Langdon, Robert Morris, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and Sherman.
  • Twelve owned or managed slave-operated plantations or large farms: Bassett, Blair, Blount, Butler, Carroll, Jenifer, Jefferson, Mason, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Rutledge, Spaight, and Washington.^ Most of the Southerners owned large plantations.
    • LDS.org - Ensign Article - Wise Men Raised Up 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.lds.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But tensions are growing between rich planters who own large plantations in the east and small farmers who must go west into the wooded frontier to find land for themselves.
    • Founding Fathers « Chester The Crab's Blog 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.chestercomix.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Other men who had much to do with writing the Constitution included John Dickinson, Gouverneur Morris, Edmund Randolph, Roger Sherman, James Wilson, and George Wythe.
    • The Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.policyalmanac.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Madison also owned slaves, as did Franklin, who later freed his slaves and was a key founder of the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society.^ Later, Madison explained how he did it.
    • American History: The Founding Fathers Meet in Philadelphia to Write a Constitution (VOA Special English 2008-01-23) 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.manythings.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [N]ever in my life did I own a slave."
    • Founding Fathers and Slavery - Were all of America's Founding Fathers racists, pro-slavery, and hypocrites? - ChristianAnswers.Net 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.christiananswers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Of the five famous founders, only Franklin, who died in 1790, did not go on to hold high federal office, whereas Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Madison were respectively the first, second, third and fourth presidents of the United States, and Hamilton was the first secretary of the treasury.
    • FOUNDING FATHERS AND FICKLE FAME (Speechwriter's Slant) 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC blog.ragan.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Alexander Hamilton was opposed to slavery and, with John Jay and other anti-slavery advocates, helped to found the first African free school in New York City.^ Alexander Hamilton and John Jay helped found a manumission society in New York to get rid of slavery in New York state, because it wasn't just a Southern thing.
    • Online NewsHour: Historians Reflect on Founding Fathers and America Today -- July 5, 2004 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He died in 1809 in New York City.

    ^ The brilliant Alexander Hamilton represented New York.
    • The Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.policyalmanac.org [Source type: Original source]

    Jay helped to found the New York Manumission Society and, when he was governor of New York in 1798, signed into law the state statute ending slavery as of 1821.
  • Broom and Few were small farmers.
  • Eight of the men received a substantial part of their income from public office: Baldwin, Blair, Brearly, Gilman, Livingston, Madison, and Rutledge.
  • Three had retired from active economic endeavors: Franklin, McHenry, and Mifflin.
  • Franklin and Williamson were scientists, in addition to their other activities.
  • McClurg, McHenry, and Williamson were physicians, and Johnson was a college president.

Family and finances

.A few of the 1787 delegates were wealthy, but many of the country's top wealth-holders were Loyalists who went to Britain.^ A few of the 1787 delegates were wealthy with a considerable number of them born into leading families while others were self-made men who had risen from humble beginnings.
  • Our Founding Fathers - Revolutionaries and Signers of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence | 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.thelangreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are thousands and thousands of people who want freedom to remain in this country, something that far too many people in key positions are attempting to take from us.
  • Founding Fathers Get High Marks - Political Radar 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC blogs.abcnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Their Yankee counterparts included many wealthy merchants who had built their success on careful attention to details.
  • LDS.org - Ensign Article - Wise Men Raised Up 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.lds.org [Source type: Original source]

.Most of the others had financial resources that ranged from good to excellent, but there are other founders who were less than wealthy.^ He lived long abroad, and was declared by others to have come home less of a Republican than when he went out.
  • The Political Depravity of the Founding Fathers - Salem-News.Com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC salem-news.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PEC, January 14, 2010 3:39 PM I have been sent to the carpet and chewed out up one side and down the other for less than this.
  • Conservatives4Palin.com: Mika Brzezinski Mocks Palin's Founding Father Answer; Then Says "Lincoln" was Her Favorite! 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.conservatives4palin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That the most acceptable Service we can render to him, is doing Good to his other Children.

.On the whole they were less wealthy than the Loyalists.^ Because they were theistic rationalists rather than orthodox Christians, these men had little use for the Christian clergy and even less use for the influence of the clergy on the policies of the government.
  • Controversial pastors, Part 2: Founding Fathers debated role of religion « Michigan Messenger 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC michiganmessenger.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With less than a week of debate, they have set the United States on the road to being a banana republic where the rule of law no longer applies.
  • Pacific Views: What Bush's Torture Law Means 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.pacificviews.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We are absolutely nothing more or less than their puppet to be used as they see fit.
  • In The News/Comentary 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.uhcg.org [Source type: Original source]

[10]

Demographics

Brown (1976) and Harris (1969) provide detailed demographic information on each man.
.
  • Most of the 1787 delegates were natives of the Thirteen Colonies.^ William Richardson Davie One of the eight delegates born outside of the thirteen colonies, Davie was born in Egremont, Cumberlandshire, England, on June 20, 1756.
    • Founding Fathers of North Carolina 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1787, Johnson played a major role as one of the Philadelphia Convention's most important and respected delegates.
    • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As a member of the congress, he, along with most of his fellow delegates, concentrated on turning the colony into an independent state.
    • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Only 9 were born elsewhere: four (Butler, Fitzsimons, McHenry, and Paterson) in Ireland, two (Davie and Robert Morris) in England, two (Wilson and Witherspoon) in Scotland, and one (Hamilton) in the West Indies.
  • Many of them had moved from one state to another.^ Hamilton was born out of wedlock in the West Indies, and moved to the colonies at the age of 17 .
    • Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC dhillman.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Butler was born in County Carlow, Ireland .
    • Pierce Butler (Founding Father) - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Morris was born to Robert Morris, Sr.
    • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

    Seventeen individuals had already lived or worked in more than one state or colony: Baldwin, Bassett, Bedford, Dickinson, Few, Franklin, Ingersoll, Hamilton, Livingston, Alexander Martieno, Luther Martin, Mercer, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, Read, Sherman, and Williamson.
  • Several others had studied or traveled abroad.
.The Founding Fathers had strong educational backgrounds.^ The Founding Fathers were well educated.
  • LDS.org - Ensign Article - Wise Men Raised Up 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.lds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Founding Fathers had strong educational backgrounds with some, like Franklin, were largely self-taught or learned through apprenticeship while others had obtained instruction from private tutors or at academies.
  • Our Founding Fathers - Revolutionaries and Signers of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence | 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.thelangreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the next hundred years humanism grew bolder in its attack against the founding fathers ideas of education and more and more schools omitted the Bible.
  • Constitution of the United States of America, U.S.A., Declaration of Independence, History, Founding Fathers, Wisdom 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.christianparents.com [Source type: Original source]

[11] .Some, like Franklin, were largely self-taught or learned through apprenticeship.^ He received some formal education but was principally self-taught.
  • U.S. GOVERNMENT > Introduction to the U.S. System > Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC infousa.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Like so many other singers, she came up in the church and through gospel music, although she also taught herself how to play harmonica and drums.
  • WNEW | Where Rock Lives: Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.wnew.com [Source type: General]

^ The automatic deference to landed gentry, the learned, priests, and the like slowly eroded as people began to trust their own instincts and emphasize their self-interests.
  • Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815 (Oxford History of the United States) - gigapedia.com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC gigapedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Others had obtained instruction from private tutors or at academies.^ The Founding Fathers had strong educational backgrounds with some, like Franklin, were largely self-taught or learned through apprenticeship while others had obtained instruction from private tutors or at academies.
  • Our Founding Fathers - Revolutionaries and Signers of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence | 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.thelangreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.About half of the men had attended or graduated from college in the colonies or Britain.^ He attended King's College (later Columbia College and University) in New York City, graduating in 1768 at the age of 16.
  • U.S. GOVERNMENT > Introduction to the U.S. System > Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC infousa.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ He attended the College of William andMary and graduated in 1762.
  • FindLaw Constitutional Law Center: Founding Fathers: Virginia 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC supreme.lp.findlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Davie attended Queen's Museum College in Charlotte, North Carolina, and graduated from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) in 1776.
  • Founding Fathers of North Carolina 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: Original source]

Some men held medical degrees or advanced training in theology. .For the most part, the delegates were a well-educated group.^ This is the most essential part of education.
  • Reclaiming Oklahoma For Christ - The Faith of our Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.reclaimoklahoma.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Other Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.whateveristrue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Founders were, for the most part, profoundly influenced by the Age of Enlightenment; they were well-read and profoundly inspired by the philosophy of their time.
  • Were the Founding Fathers Christian? 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.yosemitedems.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They were for the most part young, middle class men, many of them still in their 20s, educated at Midwestern or Eastern colleges.
  • Founding Fathers, AAPG EXPL Century 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.aapg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A few lawyers had been trained at the Inns of Court in London, but most had apprenticed to an American lawyer.^ To celebrate the release they also gave out a survey about Presidential facts, most Americans knew very few of the answers regarding our Presidents.
  • Advice from the Founding Fathers - Part 3 - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Four of the delegates had studied law at the prestigious Inns of Court in London.
  • LDS.org - Ensign Article - Wise Men Raised Up 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.lds.org [Source type: Original source]

Family origins

Longevity and family life

Death age of the Founding Fathers.
.For their era, the 1787 delegates (like the 1776 signers) were average in terms of life spans.^ Between 1776 and 1788, he served various terms in the Virginia House of Delegates, the Council of State, and the Continental Congress.
  • FindLaw Constitutional Law Center: Founding Fathers: Virginia 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC supreme.lp.findlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Livingston was a delegate to the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and one of the signers of the Constitution.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a delegate to the United States Constitutional Convention in 1787, as well as a signer of the Constitution.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

[9] Their average age at death was about 67. The first to die was Houston in 1788; the last was Madison in 1836.
.The one who reached the oldest age was Johnson, who died at 92. John Adams lived to the age of 90. A few—Franklin, Jefferson, Madison, Williamson, and Wythe—lived into their eighties.^ And John Waller, who died last year, was then in his eighties.
  • How Israel and the United States Helped to Bolster Hamas 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.democracynow.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, 1819 .
  • The Founding Fathers’ Original Intent | The Founders Report 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.foundersreport.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He died at the age of 90, in Quincy.

.Either 15 or 16 (depending on Fitzsimons's exact age) died in their seventies, 20 or 21 in their sixties, eight in their fifties, and five only in their forties.^ Only 2 years later, on December 10, 1789, Pierce died in Savannah at age 49 leaving tremendous debts.
  • NARA | The Constitution of the United States: America\'s Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Madison died at the age of eighty-five in 1836, survived by his wife and stepson.
  • FindLaw Constitutional Law Center: Founding Fathers: Virginia 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC supreme.lp.findlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

.Three (Alexander Hamilton, Richard Dobbs Spaight and Button Gwinnett) were killed in duels.^ On 24 March 1788, Spaight married Mary Leach; their son Richard Dobbs Spaight, Jr., later became Governor of North Carolina in 1835.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hamilton was shot and killed by Aaron Burr in a duel on July 12, 1804.
  • James Watkins: Were the Founding Fathers of the United States Christians? 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.jameswatkins.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They quickly appointed three men: George Wythe of Virginia, Alexander Hamilton of New York, and Charles Pinckney of South Carolina.
  • American History Series: The Founding Fathers Meet in Philadelphia to Write a Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most of the delegates married and raised children.^ In 1773 he married Rachel Pierce, and together they raised eight children.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sherman fathered the largest family: 15 children by two wives.^ He abandoned her after fathering two children.
  • AmericanHeritage.com / Happy Birthday, Whenever, Alexander Hamilton 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.americanheritage.com [Source type: News]

^ Baldwin was born at Guilford, Conn., in 1754, the second son of a blacksmith who fathered 12 children by 2 wives.
  • NARA | The Constitution of the United States: America\'s Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Justices attack the rights and obligations of children and parents inherent in the family unit which is implied in the 5th Commandment, Honour thy father and mother.
  • The Legal Principles of the Founding Fathers and the Supreme Court 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.catholiceducation.org [Source type: Original source]

.At least nine (Bassett, Brearly, Johnson, Mason, Paterson, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Sherman, Wilson, and Wythe) married more than once.^ Suddenly, the idea seemed more plausible than ever -- not least because it had been put into words by one of the great victors of World War II. .
  • Founding Fathers: Europeans Behind the Union | Europe | Deutsche Welle | 23.03.2007 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.dw-world.de [Source type: News]

^ (The actual number of ancestors in that generation is smaller, because of some being ancestors more than once.
  • USA Founding Fathers' DNA 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.roperld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deprogramming the masses and awakening once again a pride in one’s state house is more cultural than legal, more art than science but it must be done.
  • The Federal Government is NOT the United States | Tenth Amendment Center Blog 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com [Source type: Original source]

Four (Baldwin, Gilman, Jenifer, and Alexander Martin) were lifelong bachelors.

Religion

.Lambert (2003) has examined the religious affiliations and beliefs of the Founders.^ FACT: It does not matter what personal religious beliefs the founders held.
  • Misquoting Our Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The religious belifs of the founders or the People did not make the Constitution more or less valid, nor did the personal beliefs of the People of the U.S. make the constiturion 'christian."
  • Founding Fathers Religious Comments 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC greenspun.com [Source type: Original source]

Some of the 1787 delegates had no affiliation. .The others were Protestants except for three Roman Catholics: C. Carroll, D. Carroll, and Fitzsimons.^ Puritanism was a Protestant movement in England to "purify" Anglicanism from elements of the Roman Catholic religion, which they considered superstitious.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "CIA WORLD FACTBOOK section on USA: Religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.
  • The Political Depravity of the Founding Fathers - Salem-News.Com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC salem-news.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Twenty-eight were Episcopalians, eight were Presbyterians, seven were Congregationalists, two were Lutheran, two were Dutch Reformed, two were Methodist, two were Roman Catholic, one is unknown, and only three were deists .

.Among the Protestant delegates to the Constitutional Convention, 28 were Church of England (Episcopalian, after the Revolutionary War was won), eight were Presbyterians, seven were Congregationalists, two were Lutherans, two were Dutch Reformed, and two were Methodists, the total number being 49. Some of the more prominent Founding Fathers were anti-clerical or vocal about their opposition to organized religion, such as Thomas Jefferson[12][13] (who created the "Jefferson Bible"), and Benjamin Franklin[14].^ That was well after the Revolutionary War was won.
  • Illuminati News: The Masonic Founding of The United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.illuminati-news.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I was talking about the founding fathers.
  • The United States has a real opportunity with Barack Obama | RickLatona.com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.ricklatona.com [Source type: General]

^ Following are some of the words of the Founding Fathers.
  • HEDONIA 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.hedonia.net [Source type: Original source]

.However, other notable founders, such as Patrick Henry, were strong proponents of traditional religion.^ It is idle to say, as some do, that no such being exists.” On the other hand, John Adams believed morality could not exist without religion.
  • Beliefs of the Founding Fathers: Religion, Morality, and the U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC americanhistory.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Madison devoted himself to ratification of the new Constitution, defending it against opponents such as Patrick Henry , George Mason , and Richard Henry Lee .
  • James Madison | Fourth President of the United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www2.lucidcafe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Patrick: When Patrick Henry said, "Give me liberty or give me death," did he mean that it is our responsibility to send citizens to other countries to fight for freedom?
  • USA WEEKEND Magazine 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.usaweekend.com [Source type: Original source]

.Several of the Founding Fathers considered themselves to be deists or held beliefs very similar to that of deists.^ Founding Fathers' religious beliefs .
  • Religious beliefs of the Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC skeptically.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most of the Founding Fathers were deists, not Christians.
  • Stillwater Gazette > Opinion > Letters > Your Voices: Letter draws 'amusing' incorrect voicemail 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC stillwatergazette.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Founding Fathers were a very diverse group.

[15]

Post-convention careers

.The 1787 delegates' subsequent careers reflected their abilities as well as the vagaries of fate.^ He was a delegate to the United States Constitutional Convention in 1787, as well as a signer of the Constitution.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

[16] .Most were successful, although seven (Fitzsimons, Gorham, Luther Martin, Mifflin, Robert Morris, Pierce, and Wilson) suffered serious financial reverses that left them in or near bankruptcy.^ Although wealthy most of his life, Mifflin was a lavish spender.
  • U.S. GOVERNMENT > Introduction to the U.S. System > Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC infousa.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ His financial affairs, like those somewhat earlier of his associate and fellow-signer Robert Morris, took a disastrous turn in 1805.
  • U.S. GOVERNMENT > Introduction to the U.S. System > Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC infousa.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ During 1781 Congress appointed Wilson as one of the directors of the Bank of North America, newly founded by his close associate and legal client Robert Morris.
  • U.S. GOVERNMENT > Introduction to the U.S. System > Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC infousa.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Two, Blount and Dayton, were involved in possibly treasonous activities. .Yet, as they had done before the convention, most of the group continued to render public service, particularly to the new government they had helped to create.^ In 1942 New Zealand began to create its first diplomatic service.
  • Sir Geoffrey Cox: War reporter, diplomat and soldier who became a founding father of television journalism - Obituaries, News - The Independent 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The instability, injustice, and confusion introduced into the public councils, have, in truth, been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have everywhere perished; as they continue to be the favorite and fruitful topics from which the adversaries to liberty derive their most specious declamations.
  • Federalist No. 10 - Founding Fathers' View of the Maximum Size of a Democracy 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.cusdi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ THE BACKGROUND OF THE CONSTITUTION. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention relied greatly on past experience as they worked to create a new government.
  • The Constitution of the United States of America 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.policyalmanac.org [Source type: Original source]

Legacy

.According to Joseph J. Ellis, the concept of the Founding Fathers of the U.S. emerged in the 1820s as the last survivors died out.^ He was an enemy to the natural law concepts of the Founding Fathers.
  • The Legal Principles of the Founding Fathers and the Supreme Court 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.catholiceducation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to St Paul, "Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities"; but according to the founding fathers, the people have the right to abolish these authorities.
  • "The United States is a Christian Nation" - SkepticWiki 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.skepticwiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Joseph Ellis wrote in his book Founding Brothers : .
  • The Founding Fathers Grapple With Slavery | Everyday Citizen 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.everydaycitizen.com [Source type: General]

.Ellis says the "the founders," or "the fathers," comprised an aggregate of semi-sacred figures whose particular accomplishments and singular achievements were decidedly less important than their sheer presence as a powerful but faceless symbol of past greatness.^ What would the Founding Fathers say to learn that their most important documents and correspondence were only available to a select group of academic historians?
  • Testimony of Rebecca W. Rimel to the Senate Judiciary Committee on The Founding Fathers Project - The Pew Charitable Trusts 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.pewtrusts.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In decoding the symbolic meaning of the Great Seal's reverse, we discover the unique opportunities our current era presents for achieving our Founding Fathers' spiritual vision.
  • Founding Fathers, Secret Societies by Dr. Robert R. Hieronimus 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC secretdestiny.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That beginning, when you read Las Casas -- even if his figures are exaggerations (were there 3 million Indians to begin with, as he says, or less than a million, as some some historians have calculated, or 8 million as others now believe?
  • A People's History of the United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

.For the generation of national leaders coming of age in the 1820s and 1830s — men like Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and John C. Calhoun — "the founders" represented a heroic but anonymous abstraction whose long shadow fell across all followers and whose legendary accomplishments defied comparison.^ He may also be key figure from the nation's history whose perceived heroism and moral authority make him a source of patriotic inspiration and worthy of respect or veneration.
  • Father of the Nation at AllExperts 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The men who wrote the Declaration of Independence declared within it their undying faith towards God for all generations to see and follow.

^ It would be difficult to name a single Founding Father who did not believe in a God who judges men and nations in this life or in the life to come.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists" and "Infidels?" 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC vftonline.org [Source type: Original source]

."We can win no laurels in a war for independence," Webster acknowledged in 1825. "Earlier and worthier hands have gathered them all.^ The Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights all acknowledge the prior genius of Christian Science; it was Christian Science, which is as ageless as God, that made possible these documents.
  • Chapter IV - America: Cradle for the Second Coming of the Christ 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.mbeinstitute.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Believing the establishment of schools "is, on all hands, justly acknowledged to be an object of first importance;" he worked for the improvement of education in Wilmington.
  • Founding Fathers - U.S. Constitution 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.constitutionday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Paine was a pamphleteer whose manifestoes encouraged the faltering spirits of the country and aided materially in winning the War of Independence.
  • Notes on the Founding Fathers and the Separation of Church and State 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.theology.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Quartz Hill School of Theology 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.theology.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Nor are there places for us ...^ This clause guaranteeing the obligation of Contracts was not put there for us, it was placed there for the bankers.
  • The Constitution of the United States: A man inspireddocument! 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.iahushua.com [Source type: Original source]

[as] the founders of states. Our fathers have filled them. .But there remains to us a great duty of defence and preservation."^ Citizens of this great United States, I will leave you with the wise words of our Founding Fathers reminding us of our duties: .
  • We The People « Common Sense from a Common Man 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC blog.flecksoflife.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe these great men continue to speak to us today and there are three important lessons they have to teach us.

[17]

List of the Founding Fathers

Signers of the Declaration of Independence

Delegates to the Constitutional Convention

Delegates who signed

Delegates who left the Convention without signing

Delegates who refused to sign

Other Founders

See also

Notes

  1. ^ americanrevolution.org Key to Trumbull's picture
  2. ^ R. B. Bernstein, The Founding Fathers Reconsidered (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).
  3. ^ Richard B. Morris, Seven Who Shaped Our Destiny: The Founding Fathers as Revolutionaries (New York: Harper & Row, 1973).
  4. ^ Bernstein, Founding Fathers Reconsidered, prologue (which collects all citations for Harding's uses of the phrase or variants thereof between 1912 and 1921).
  5. ^ See the discussion of the Convention in Clinton L. Rossiter, 1787: The Grand Convention (New York: Macmillan, 1966; reprint ed., with new foreword by Richard B. Morris, New York: W. W. Norton, 1987).
  6. ^ See Brown (19764); Martin (19739); "Data on the Framers of the Constitution," at [1]
  7. ^ Martin (1973); Greene (1973)
  8. ^ Greene (1973)
  9. ^ a b Brown (1976)
  10. ^ Greene (1973).
  11. ^ Brown (1976); Harris (1969)
  12. ^ Letter to Alexander von Humboldt, December 6, 1813 "History, I believe, furnishes no example of a priest-ridden people maintaining a free civil government,"
  13. ^ Letter to Horatio G. Spafford, March 17, 1814 "In every country and in every age, the priest has been hostile to liberty. He is always in alliance with the despot, abetting his abuses in return for protection to his own."
  14. ^ Quoted in The New England Currant (July 23, 1722), "Silence Dogood, No. 9; Corruptio optimi est pessima." "And it is a sad Observation, that when the People too late see their Error, yet the Clergy still persist in their Encomiums on the Hypocrite; and when he happens to die for the Good of his Country, without leaving behind him the Memory of one good Action, he shall be sure to have his Funeral Sermon stuff'd with Pious Expressions which he dropt at such a Time, and at such a Place, and on such an Occasion; than which nothing can be more prejudicial to the Interest of Religion, nor indeed to the Memory of the Person deceas'd. The Reason of this Blindness in the Clergy is, because they are honourably supported (as they ought to be) by their People, and see nor feel nothing of the Oppression which is obvious and burdensome to every one else."
  15. ^ See, e.g., Religioustolerance.org/Deism, [ http://earlyamericanhistory.net/founding_fathers.htm Jim Peterson (2007) "The Revolution of Belief: Founding Fathers, Deists, Orthodox Christians, and the Spiritual Context of 18th Century America] Robert L. Johnson, "The Deist Roots of the United States of America"
  16. ^ Martin (1973)
  17. ^ Joseph J. Ellis; Passionate Sage: The Character and Legacy of John Adams. (2001) p. 214.

References

.
  • American National Biography Online, (2000).
  • Richard B. Bernstein, Are We to Be a Nation?^ Help The American Chronicle, California Chronicle, Los Angeles Chronicle, World Sentinel, and affiliates are online magazines for national, international, state, and local news.
    • American Chronicle | McCain - Last Republican President and Father of the One Party System 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.americanchronicle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [Jerome B. Agel, ed., We the People: Great Documents of the American Nation (New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 2000), 198.
    • The Legality of Secession in the United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.historyvortex.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The Making of the Constitution
    (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987).
  • R. B. Bernstein, The Founding Fathers Reconsidered (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).
  • Richard D. Brown.^ The U.S. Constitution The United States Constitution serves as the law of the land for America and indicates the intent of our Founding Fathers.
    • Faith of Our (Founding) Fathers - Backpage.com Forums 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC forums.backpage.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Corsi earned his Ph.D. in Political Science from Harvard University, and co-authored the New York Times best-selling book, Unfit for Command: Swift Boat Veterans Speak Out Against John Kerry : .
    • Abolishing the United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.stopthespp.us [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sep, 2009 at 4:42 pm The united States of America is the federal government according to the founding fathers.
    • The Federal Government is NOT the United States | Tenth Amendment Center Blog 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ."The Founding Fathers of 1776 and 1787: A Collective View," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., Vol.^ Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), US Founding Father, drafted the Declaration of Independence, 3rd US President .
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    ^ Founding Fathers Cry • View forum - Washington Watch: The United States Government Founding Fathers Cry .
    • Founding Fathers Cry • View forum - Washington Watch: The United States Government 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC foundingfatherscry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most of the founding fathers were pluralistic and democratic in their views on religion.
    • OpEdNews - Article: Most of the Founding Fathers and Early Presidents Were Deists and Freemasons, Not Christians 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.opednews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    33, No. 3 (Jul., 1976), pp. .465-480 online at JSTOR.
  • Henry Steele Commager, "Leadership in Eighteenth-Century America and Today," Daedalus 90 (Fall 1961): 650-673, reprinted in Henry Steele Commager, Freedom and Order (New York: George Braziller, 1966).
  • Joseph J. Ellis.^ The new century tested the leadership and its new institutions.
    • Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815 (Oxford History of the United States) - gigapedia.com 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC gigapedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joseph Bressani , Jesuit , tortured by Mohawks, but rescued, New York.
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Catholic Indian Missions of the United States 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Figure 38 , from Exemplar of Liberty, Native America and the Evolution of Democracy , Chp.11, " The Persistence of an Idea, Impressions of Iroquois liberty after the eighteenth century " .
    • The Six Nations: Oldest Living Participatory Democracy on Earth 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000), winner of the Pulitzer Prize for History.
  • Joanne B. Freeman, Affairs of Honor: National Politics in the New Republic (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001).
  • Jack P. Greene.^ Perkins himself nearly missed that accomplishment -- on the way from Norfolk, Virginia, to New York to perform the show on national TV again, Perkins and his band were in a car crash.
    • WNEW | Where Rock Lives: Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.wnew.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It has been described as "The Age of Passion" for one simple reason; political dialogue within the highest echelons of the revolutionary generation was a decade-long shouting match.

    ^ His founding U.S. History work has appeared in hundreds of print and digital publications including U.S. News & World Report 2006 cover story, Washington?
    • Who was the First President of the United States?: The U.S. Founding Half-Dollar Coin Act - Forgotten Founders Corporation 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.forgottenfounders.org [Source type: Original source]

    ."The Social Origins of the American Revolution: An Evaluation and an Interpretation," Political Science Quarterly, Vol.^ At the same time, she demonstrates that an examination of the American reception of Paradise Lost contributes to an understanding of the ideological origins of the American Revolution."
    • History of American Religion Books: Jonathan Edwards, Founding Fathers, Great Awakening, Anne Hutchinson, Cotton Mather 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.scuttlebuttsmallchow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But all else is political and social trash, part of that human side of the Churchs Tradition which can easily be shed when reason and science and the inspired eighteenth century American aristocracy has spoken.
    • Dr. John C. Rao: Founding Fathers vs. Church Fathers: 666-0 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC jcrao.freeshell.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the telling, this story also seeks to demolish what remains of stereotypical assumptions that American Indians were somehow too simpleminded to engage in effective social and political organization.
    • The Six Nations: Oldest Living Participatory Democracy on Earth 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: Original source]

    88, No. 1 (Mar., 1973), pp. .1-22 online in JSTOR.
  • P.M.G. Harris, "The Social Origins of American Leaders: The Demographic Foundations, " Perspectives in American History 3 (1969): 159-364.
  • Mark E. Kann; The Gendering of American Politics: Founding Mothers, Founding Fathers, and Political Patriarchy (New York: Frederick Praeger, 1999).
  • Adrienne Koch; Power, Morals, and the Founding Fathers: Essays in the Interpretation of the American Enlightenment (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1961).
  • Frank Lambert.^ Once called “the first American university” by educational historian Frederick Rudolph, Cornell University represents a distinctive mix of eminent scholarship and democratic ideals.
    • Top 25 Universities Of The World (World University Rankings 2009) » South Indian Cinema 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.southdreamz.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Political Cortex: Separation of Church and States: Republicans vs. Founding Fathers Political Cortex: Brain Food for the Body Politic .
    • Political Cortex: Separation of Church and States: Republicans vs. Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.politicalcortex.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "The New Testament, they tell us, is founded upon the prophecies of the Old; if so, it must follow the fate of its foundation.''
    • Our Founding Fathers Were NOT Christians 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC freethought.mbdojo.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America. (Princeton, NJ> Princeton University Press, 2003).
  • Martin, James Kirby.^ The U.S. Constitution The United States Constitution serves as the law of the land for America and indicates the intent of our Founding Fathers.
    • Faith of Our (Founding) Fathers - Backpage.com Forums 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC forums.backpage.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The founding fathers opposed both government suppression and government establishment of religion.
    • Misquoting Our Founding Fathers 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Partisans of various stripes have long invoked quotations from the founding fathers to lend credence to their own views on religion and politics.
    • History of American Religion Books: Jonathan Edwards, Founding Fathers, Great Awakening, Anne Hutchinson, Cotton Mather 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.scuttlebuttsmallchow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Men in Rebellion: Higher Governmental Leaders and the coming of the American Revolution, (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1973; reprint, New York: Free Press, 1976).
  • Morris, Richard B. Seven Who Shaped Our Destiny: The Founding Fathers as Revolutionaries (New York: Harper & Row, 1973).
  • Robert Previdi; "Vindicating the Founders: Race, Sex, Class, and Justice in the Origins of America," Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol.^ And must not the developed countries, for their part, come to renounce strictly utilitarian approaches and develop new approaches inspired by greater justice and solidarity?
    • To the United Nations, Address of John Paul II 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To be COMPLETELY factually correct…these men could ALL be termed the “ founding fathers .” But let’s face it, there are a handful of figures ( generally seven of them ) that are universally considered the true “ framers “… and I will focus my attention on them.
    • The Founding Fathers: An Examination of Beliefs and Intentions | Reality Liberation Front 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC realityliberationfront.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "How can we take it to the streets and educate the past couple of generations who never really got a chance to learn the truth about the founding of our Country?"
    • Founding Fathers Were Not Men Of Faith? | The Hive 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC thehive.modbee.com [Source type: Original source]

    29, 1999
  • Cokie Roberts. .Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation (New York: William Morrow, 2005)
  • Gordon S. Wood.^ "How can we take it to the streets and educate the past couple of generations who never really got a chance to learn the truth about the founding of our Country?"
    • Founding Fathers Were Not Men Of Faith? | The Hive 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC thehive.modbee.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After the war he established himself as a successful lawyer in New York, founded the Bank of New York and the New York Post , and wrote widely on the problems confronting the new nation.
    • AmericanHeritage.com / Happy Birthday, Whenever, Alexander Hamilton 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC www.americanheritage.com [Source type: News]

    ^ It would be difficult to name a single Founding Father who did not believe in a God who judges men and nations in this life or in the life to come.
    • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists" and "Infidels?" 25 January 2010 17:39 UTC vftonline.org [Source type: Original source]

    Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different (New York: Penguin Press, 2006)

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Founding Fathers of the United States, which are similar to those in the above article.








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