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The Founding of a Republic
建国大业

Film poster
Directed by Huang Jianxin
Han Sanping
Release date(s) 16 September 2009 (Mainland China)
20 September 2009 (Hong Kong)
1 October 2009 (Australia)
2010 (Taiwan)
Country People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Language Mandarin
Budget US$8.8–$10 million

The Founding of a Republic (simplified Chinese: 建国大业traditional Chinese: 建國大業pinyin: Jiàngúo dàyè; literally "The Great Cause of Founding a Country") is a Chinese historical film commissioned by China's film regulator and made by the state-owned China Film Group (CFG) to mark the 60th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. The film was directed by Huang Jianxin and China Film Group head Han Sanping.

Although the film premiered on September 17, 2009 in mainland China, it has yet to receive publicity in Taiwan. It has been described as "propaganda" for the Communist Party. [1] [2] While the Taiwan government has asserted that it has no plans to actively censor the film, it has yet to be released because Taiwan's 2009 annual quota of 10 mainland films was already reached.[3]

The film retells the tale of the Communist ascendancy and triumph, and has a star-studded cast including Andy Lau, Ge You, Hu Jun, Leon Lai, Zhang Ziyi, Jackie Chan, Jet Li, Zhao Wei, and directors Jiang Wen, Chen Kaige and John Woo, many of whom make cameo appearances so brief they could be easily missed; the leading roles are played by actors equally renowned in China, such as Tang Guoqiang and Zhang Guoli, but they are less well-known internationally. A CFG spokesman said many stars answered Han Sanping's call to appear in the film, and waived their fee. Thus, the movie kept to its modest budget of 60–70 million yuan (US$8.8–$10 million). According to the executive at one of China's top multiplex chains, the film unusually marries "the core of an 'ethically inspiring' film with commercial packaging."[4]

Contents

Plot

In 1945 after the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Mao Zedong and members of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) traveled to Chongqing for a meeting with Chiang Kai-Shek and the Kuomintang (KMT). With help from the China Democratic League, the Double Tenth Agreement was signed between the KMT and CCP, with both sides agreeing to stop the civil war and to establish a multi-party government in China.

The following year, Chiang Kai-Shek called for a National Assembly in Nanjing and was elected as President of the Republic of China (ROC). The peace negotiations failed and the civil war continued. Other political figures, such as Zhang Lan, Soong Ching-ling and Li Jishen, supported the CCP because they opposed Chiang's government, even though they were in other non-battleground areas such as Shanghai and Hong Kong.

In May 1948, the CCP declared the opening of a "War of Liberation" against Chiang's ROC government, with many other political parties responding to the call and taking the CCP's side. The CCP scored victories against the ROC in subsequent battles and eventually Chiang's forces retreated to Taiwan in December 1949. On 1 October 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China with its capital at Beijing, marking the start of a new era for China.

Cast

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Main figures

Actor Persona
Tang Guoqiang Mao Zedong
Zhang Guoli Chiang Kai-shek
Liu Jin Zhou Enlai
Wang Xueqi Li Zongren
Chen Kun Chiang Ching-kuo
United States Wu Junmei Soong May-ling
Xu Qing Soong Ching-ling

Alliance actors

Actor Persona
Wang Wufu Zhu De
Wang Jian Ren Bishi
Huang Wei Deng Yingchao
Chen Hao Fu Dongju
Chen Daoming Yan Jinwen
Jin Xin Li Jishen
Hong Kong Leon Lai Cai Tingkai
Chen Kaige Feng Yuxiang
France Jiang Wen Mao Renfeng
Hong Kong Hu Jun Gu Zhutong
Hong Kong Andy Lau Yu Jishi
Chen Baoguo Zhou Zhirou
Wang Bing Zhang Lan
Feng Xiaogang Du Yuesheng

Chinese Communist Party figures

Actor Persona
Liu Sha Liu Shaoqi
Shi Xin Deng Xiaoping
Zong Liqun Peng Dehuai
You Liping Lin Biao
Zhao Yong He Long
Che Xiaotong Liu Bocheng
Ao Yang Nie Yinzhen
Gu Wei Chen Yi
Wang Jun Xu Xiangqian
Ye Jin Ye Jianying
Hou Yong Chen Geng
Zhao Ningyu Liu Yalou
Sun Jitang Luo Ronghuan
Xie Gang Gao Gang
Wang Huaying Pan Hannian
Hong Kong Huang Xiaoming Li Yinqiao
Xu Fan Liao Mengxing
Hong Kong Zhang Ziyi Gong Peng  

Kuomintang figures

Actor Persona
Singapore Jet Li Chen Shaokuan
Xiao Wenge He Yingqin
You Yong Bai Chongxi
Xiu Zongdi Fu Zuoyi
Li Qiang Chen Cheng
Tong Dawei Kong Lingkan
Cao Kefan K. C. Wu
Zhong Xinghuo Huang Shao
Xia Gang Shaolizi
Ding Zhicheng Lu Guangsheng
Tao Zeru Wu Tiecheng
Xu Huanshan Yu Youren
Zhao Xiaoshi Sun Fo
Hong Kong Sun Xing Du Yuming
Lin Dongfu Gan Jiehou
Zhang Hanyu Liu Congwen
Hong Kong John Woo Liu Wenhui

China Democratic League figures

Actor Persona
United States Donnie Yen Tian Han
Deng Chao Xu Beihong
Zhang Shizhong Shen Junru
Bi Yanjun Luo Longji
Wu Gang Wen Yiduo
Li Bin He Xiangning
Zhang Qiufang Li Dequan
Liu Yiwei Li Huang

Other notable historical figures

Actor Persona
Feng Yuanzheng Philip Fugh

Foreign political figures

Actor Persona
Russia Aleksandr Pavlov Александр Павлов Joseph Stalin
United States Donald Eugene McCoy George Marshall
United States Leslin H Collings John Leighton Stuart

Fictional characters

Actor Persona
Fan Wei Guo Bencai, Mao Zedong's cook
Hong Kong Jackie Chan Reporter interviewing Li Jishen
Chen Hong Reporter interviewing Zhang Lan
Li Youbin Head of the newspaper agency
Sun Honglei Hu Liwei, reporter from Central Daily News
Eva Huang Broadcaster from Xinhua News Agency
Guo Degang Cameraman
Hong Kong Lian Jin Zhou Zhirou's deputy
Zhang Jianya Chiang Kai-Shek's deputy
Sun Xing Yu Jishi's deputy
Zhang Shen Translator accompanying Liu Shaoqi to USSR
Ge You PLA Fourth Division leader
Wang Baoqiang PLA Fourth Division soldiers
Wang Xuebing
Liu Ye PLA old soldier
Liu Ye KMT police officers
Huang Zixuan
Guo Xiaodong NRA officer
Gong Beibi PLA female soldiers
He Lin
Yang Ruoxi
Che Yongli
Hong Kong Tony Leung Ka-Fai CPPCC members
Feng Gong
Zhao Wei
Miao Pu
Dong Xuan
Chen Shu
Ning Jing
Shen Aojun
Wang Yajie
Zhao Baoyue
Wang Fuli

References

External links


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