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Fox–Fordyce disease
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 L75.2
ICD-9 705.82
DiseasesDB 30029
eMedicine derm/160
MeSH D005588

Fox–Fordyce disease, or apocrine miliaria, is a chronic blockage of the sweat gland ducts with a secondary, non-bacterial inflammatory response to the secretions and cellular debris in the cysts.[1]:709 Hidradenitis is very similar, but tends to have a secondary bacterial infection so that pus-draining sinuses are formed. It is a very devastating skin disease that does not have universally curative treatments.

Contents

Eponym

It is named for George Henry Fox and John Addison Fordyce.[2][3]

Treatment

The mainstay treatment is surgical removal of the skin tissue containing affected sweat glands. Irradiation therapy may also be used and antibiotics are used to reduce the inflammatory response.

No treatment is required for Fordyce granules, except for cosmetic removal of labial lesions. Inflamed glands can be treated topically with clindamycin. When surgically excised, recurrence does not occur. Neoplastic transformation is very rare but has been reported.

See also

References

  1. ^ Freedberg, et. al. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0071380760.
  2. ^ synd/1512 at Who Named It?
  3. ^ G. H. Fox, J. A. Fordyce. Two cases of a rare papular disease affecting the axillary region. Journal of Cutaneous and Genitourinary Diseases, Chicago, 1902, 20: 1-5.
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