From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Francisco (Franz) Benkö (Benkő, Benko) (24 June
1910 – 11 January 2010) was a German–Argentine chess master and problemist.
He was born in Berlin into a Jewish family. His father, Richard
Wilhelm Benkö, came from Hungary, and his mother, Alice Josephine
Helene Pick, from Austria. In 1928 and 1929, he drew simultaneous
games with Alexander Alekhine in Berlin. In
1935, Franz Benkö was the first Jewish chess master in Berlin. In
spring 1936, he emigrated from Germany via Holland to Argentina,
because of Nazi policy.
Francisco Benkö has played many times in Argentine Chess
Championship, from 1937 till 2004 (aged 94). Among
others, he took 11th in Torneo Mayor 1937 (Jacobo
Bolbochán won), took 20th in 1938 (Roberto Grau won), took 11th in 1939 (Juan Traian Iliesco won), took 12th in 1940
Guimard won), tied for 9–10th in 1941 (Markas Luckis won), took 13th in 1945 (Herman Pilnik won),
shared 5th in 1947 (Héctor Rossetto won), took 5th in 1948
Bolbochán won), tied for 5–6th in 1949, and tied for 5–7th in
1953. At last, he has taken part in the 2004 Argentine
Championship, finishing 91st.
In other tournaments, he tied for 9–10th at Buenos Aires 1939
(Círculo de Ajedrez, Miguel Najdorf and Paul Keres won), took
13th at Buenos Aires 1941 (Najdorf won), took
8th at Buenos Aires 1945 (Círculo de Ajedrez, Najdorf
6th at Remedios de Escalada 1949 (Julio Bolbochán won), tied
for 15-16th at Mar del Plata chess
tournament 1949 (Rossetto won), and
tied for 14-15th at Mar del Plata / Buenos Aires 1954 (the 2nd
Torneio Zonal Sulamericano, Oscar Panno won).
Chess composition and
Benkö was the longest living member of the Schwalbe,
joining in 1928, and honorary member from 2009 until his death on
11 January 2010 in Buenos Aires. He built a collection of 30,000
compositions. When Benkö lived in Germany, he was acquainted with a
few famous composers, including Ado Kraemer, Erich Zepler and Eduard Birgfeld. He also
was a friend of Wolfgang Heidenfeld. Benkö knew
some players in Berlin, too, but only managed to win against Friedrich
Sämisch and Jacques Mieses while losing against Carl Ahues, Kurt Richter and Willi Schlage. In
Buenos Aires 1939 Benkö met Alexander Alekhine, who solved some
of Benkö's problems. In 1992 Benkö met Mikhail Tal who also tried to solve a chess
problem (see below) but failed twice, still solving it afterwards.
Upon the original publication of the problem, more than 500 people
tried to solve it with half of them guessing incorrectly.
British Chess Magazine