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Kalanchoe pinnata illustrated in Blanco's Flora de Filipinas

Francisco Manuel Blanco (1778 in Navianos – 1845 in Manila) was a Spanish friar and botanist.



He was a member of the Augustinian order. His first assignment was in Angat in the province of Bulacan in the Philippines. He subsequently had a variety different assignments. Towards the end of his life, he became the delegate of his order in Manila, traveling throughout the archipelago. He is the author of the first comprehensive flora of the Philippines, Flora de Filipinas. Según el sistema de Linneo (Flora of the Philippines according to the system of Linnaeus). The first two editions (Manila, 1837 and 1845) were unillustrated. Celestine Fernandez Villar (1838-1907) together with others including Antonio Llanos, published an illustrated posthumous edition from 1877 to 1883, printed by C. Verdaguer of Barcelona. [1]

The botanist Carl Ludwig Blume (1789-1862) named the genus Blancoa of the family Palmae in Blanco's honor. Template:Botanist-inline


  • Flora de Filipinas. Según el sistema sexual de Linneo, Manila: 1837.
  • Flora de Filipinas. Según el sistema sexual de Linneo... Segunda impression &c., Manila: 1845.
  • Flora de Filipinas, según el sistema sexual de Linneo. Adicionada con el manuscrito inédito del. fr. Ignacio Mercado, las obras del fr. Antonio Llanos, y de un apéndice con todas las nuevas investigaciones botanicas referentes al archipiélago Filifino [sic]. Gran edicion., Manila: 1877-1883


  1. ^ Invaluable

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Up to date as of January 23, 2010

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