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Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed

film poster by Tom Chantrell
Directed by Terence Fisher
Produced by Anthony Nelson Keys
Written by Bert Batt
Starring Peter Cushing
Freddie Jones
Simon Ward
Veronica Carlson
Music by James Bernard
Cinematography Arthur Grant
Editing by Gordon Hales
Distributed by Hammer Studios
Warner Bros.-Seven Arts
Release date(s) May 22, 1969
Running time 98 min/USA: 101 min.
Country UK
Language English
Preceded by Frankenstein Created Woman
Followed by The Horror of Frankenstein

Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed is a British horror film directed by Terence Fisher for Hammer Film Productions in released in 1969. The cast includes Peter Cushing (Baron Frankenstein), Freddie Jones (the Creature), Veronica Carlson and Simon Ward. The film is the fifth in a series of Hammer films centering on Dr. Frankenstein. It was preceded by Frankenstein Created Woman and was followed by The Horror of Frankenstein.

Of all Hammer movies, Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed comes closest of all Hammer's films to Mary Shelley's original concept. For the first time, the Baron's creation is a sensitive, articulate, misunderstood being who finally turns the tables on and destroys his maker.

The Baron is at his most ruthless here. He had begun life in The Curse of Frankenstein as a hopeless disciple of scientific progress at all costs, and capable of murder to further his own ends. He had mellowed slightly in The Revenge of Frankenstein, taken on a heroic dimension in The Evil of Frankenstein, and even become almost fatherly in Frankenstein Created Woman. But in Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed, he is not above blackmail, rape, and murder. Conversely, the Creature here is probably the most sympathetic of any in the Hammer canon.

In the mid to late 1970s, the Welsh television station HTV Cymru/Wales broadcast a version dubbed into the Welsh language called Rhaid Dinistrio Frankenstein, a more-or-less literal translation of the English title. This was one of three films that were dubbed into Welsh, another being Shane, with Alan Ladd.


Plot summary

Baron Victor Frankenstein is staying at a boarding house while a former fellow-scientist resides in a nearby insane asylum, slowly dying through lack of oxygen in the brain.

After discovering that the landlady's fiance has been stealing narcotics in order to support an ailing mother, Frankenstein blackmails them to help to transfer the brain of his friend into another body, thus saving him.

While he recovers, Frankenstein and the lovers relocate the Creature to a deserted manor house as the police begin to close in. The Creature awakens, and horrified by his appearance, escapes to his wife, who is too terrified to believe he is her husband. Wanting revenge, he pours paraffin around the house and allows his wife to go free.

Meanwhile, Frankenstein notices the Creature has escaped. He then finds the Creature at its wife's house where the Creature sets it alight, stating:

"...You must choose between the flames and the police, Frankenstein..."



  • The scene where Frankenstein rapes Anna was filmed over the objections of both Peter Cushing and Veronica Carlson. It was not in the original script but the scene was added at the insistence of Hammer executive James Carreras, who was under pressure to keep American distributors happy. This explains why there is no mention of the rape subsequently by Anna or Frankenstein.

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