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Frankfort, Kentucky
—  City  —
State Capitol
Location of Frankfort, Kentucky
Coordinates: 38°11′50″N 84°51′47″W / 38.19722°N 84.86306°W / 38.19722; -84.86306
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Franklin
Established 1786
Incorporated February 28, 1835
Government
 - Type Council/Manager
 - Mayor Gippy Graham
Area
 - Total 15.0 sq mi (38.8 km2)
 - Land 14.7 sq mi (38.1 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 509 ft (155 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 27,741
 Density 1,883.2/sq mi (727.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code 40601-40604, 40618-40622
Area code(s) 502
FIPS code 21-28900
GNIS feature ID 0517517
Website City website

Frankfort is a city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky that serves as the state capital and the county seat of Franklin County.[1] The population was 27,741 at the 2000 census; by population, it is the 5th smallest state capital in the United States. Frankfort is the principal city of the Frankfort, Kentucky Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Franklin and Anderson counties.

Contents

History

In 1786 James Wilkinson purchased the 260-acre (1.1 km2) tract of land on the north side of the Kentucky River that is now downtown Frankfort. He was an early promoter to make Frankfort the country's capital.Frankfort was also called:Frankfurt.

The town of Frankfort probably received its name from an event that took place in 1780s when Indians attacked a group of pioneers from Bryan’s Station who were making salt at a ford in the Kentucky River. One of the pioneers, Stephen Frank, was killed and the crossing became known as "Frank’s Ford." Later this name was shortened to Frankfort.

After Thomas Kennedy (Madison County), and Robert Todd (Fayette County). A number of communities competed for this honor, but Frankfort won by perseverance and, according to early histories, the offer of Andrew Holmes' log house as capitol for seven years, a number of town lots, £50 worth of locks and hinges, 10 boxes of glass, 1,500 pounds of nails, and $3,000 in gold.[2]

Frankfort had a post office by 1794, with Daniel Weisiger as postmaster.[3]

John Brown, a Virginia lawyer and statesman, built a home, now called Liberty Hall, in Frankfort in 1796. Before statehood he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress (1777–78) and the U.S. Congress (1789–91). While in Congress he introduced the bill granting statehood to Kentucky. Once that was accomplished, he was elected a U.S. Senator for Kentucky.

The Kentucky General Assembly appropriated funds to provide a house to accommodate the governor in 1796. Construction was completed in 1798. The Old Governor's Mansion is reputed to be the oldest official executive residence still in use in the United States.

In 1829 the Old Capitol, the third Capitol of Kentucky, was built in the Greek Revival style by Gideon Shryock. The building served Kentucky as its Capitol from 1830 until 1910.

During the American Civil War fortifications overlooking downtown Frankfort were built on what is now called Fort Hill. The Confederate Army occupied Frankfort for a short time.

On February 3, 1900 Governor-elect William Goebel was assassinated in Frankfort while walking to the capitol to be inaugurated. Former Secretary of State Caleb Powers was later found guilty in a conspiracy to kill Goebel.

The city has seen considerable growth since the 1960s. A modern addition to the State Office Building was completed in 1967. The original building was completed in the 1930s on the location of the former Kentucky State Penitentiary. Some of the stone from the old prison was used for the walls surrounding the office building. Capitol Plaza was established in the 1960s. The Plaza consists of the Capitol Plaza Office Tower, the Capitol Plaza Hotel (formerly the Holiday Inn, Frankfort), and the Fountain Place Shoppes. The Capital Plaza Office Tower opened in approximately 1968. In August 2008, officials revealed a plan to demolish the Capital Plaza Office Tower and redevelop the area over a period of years, replacing the Tower with a smaller, four- or five-story building.[1]

Frankfort is home to several major distilleries of Kentucky Bourbon whiskey, including Buffalo Trace Distillery (formerly Ancient Age).

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Historic churches

Geography

Downtown Frankfort, across the Kentucky River from the Capitol
Bird's eye view of the city of Frankfort, the capital of Kentucky 1871. Downtown Frankfort is seen in the foreground, while South Frankfort lies across the river in the background. Fort Hill is in the lower left hand corner.
Hilltop view of modern day Frankfort. The Kentucky River is visible on the left.

Frankfort is located at 38°11′50″N 84°51′47″W / 38.19722°N 84.86306°W / 38.19722; -84.86306 (38.197274, -84.863110)[4]. It is in the (inner) Bluegrass region of Central Kentucky.

The city is bisected by the Kentucky River, which makes an s-turn as it passes through the center of town. The river valley widens at this point, which creates four distinct parts of town. The valley within the city limits contains "downtown" and "south" Frankfort districts, which lie opposite one another on the river. A small neighborhood with its own distinct identity, Bellepoint, is located on the west bank of the river to the north of Benson Creek, opposite the river from the "downtown" district. The suburban areas on either side of the valley are referred to as "west" Frankfort and "east" Frankfort, respectively.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.0 square miles (39 km2), of which 14.7 square miles (38 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) is water.

Frankfort does not have a commercial airport and travelers generally fly into Bluegrass Airport in Lexington or Louisville International Airport.

Climate

Frankfort is located at the northern extreme limit of the humid subtropical climate of the Southeastern United States. It is proximal to the climatic transition zone where the subtropical Southeast blends with and then eventually changes to a humid continental climate further north (roughly just beyond Cincinnati, Ohio and Indianapolis, Indiana).

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1800 628
1810 1,099 75.0%
1820 1,679 52.8%
1830 1,682 0.2%
1840 1,917 14.0%
1850 3,308 72.6%
1860 3,702 11.9%
1870 5,396 45.8%
1880 6,958 28.9%
1890 7,892 13.4%
1900 9,487 20.2%
1910 10,465 10.3%
1920 9,805 −6.3%
1930 11,626 18.6%
1940 11,492 −1.2%
1950 11,916 3.7%
1960 18,365 54.1%
1970 21,902 19.3%
1980 25,973 18.6%
1990 25,968 0%
2000 27,741 6.8%
Est. 2008 27,322 −1.5%

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 27,741 people, 12,314 households, and 6,945 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,883.2 per square mile (727.1 /km2). There were 13,422 housing units at an average density of 911.2 per square mile (351.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.84% White, 14.70% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.48% of the population.

There were 12,314 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.6% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.

The age distribution was 21.6% under 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,980, and the median income for a family was $47,855. Males had a median income of $31,339 versus $25,361 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,512. About 9.5% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Frankfort is the focal point of a micropolitan statistical area consisting of Frankfort and Franklin County as well as adjacent Lawrenceburg and Anderson County. The city is also classified in a combined statistical area with Lexington and Richmond to the east.

Education

Frankfort is the home of the Kentucky State University, a historically black university situated near the downtown area. Two school districts serve the city, with three public high schools within the city limits:

  • Frankfort Independent Schools, whose boundaries roughly coincide with downtown, South Frankfort, and the Bellepoint and Tanglewood neighborhoods:

Private high school:

Frankfort, Franklin County and the surrounding area also have a considerable homeschooling population Motivating Independence Nurturing Development

Sister cities

Frankfort has one sister city:

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ Kentucky Historical Society website, Kentucky Historical Marker number 1774
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1993) Kentucky's Bluegrass: A Survey of the Post Offices, p. 91, p. 99. Lake Grove, Oregon: The Depot, ISBN 0-943645-31-X (PO Department records were destroyed by a fire in 1836; October 1, 1794 is the date of the first quarterly account sent to Washington by Mr. Weisiger)
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links

Coordinates: 38°11′50″N 84°51′47″W / 38.197274°N 84.86311°W / 38.197274; -84.86311


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FRANKFORT, the capital city of Kentucky, U.S.A., and the county-seat of Franklin county, on the Kentucky river, about 55 m. E. of Louisville. Pop. (1890) 7892; (1900) 9487, of whom 33 16 were negroes; (estimated 1906) 10,447. The city is served by the Chesapeake & Ohio, the Louisville & Nashville, and the Frankfort & Cincinnati railways, by the Central Kentucky Traction Co. (electric), and by steamboat lines to Cincinnati, Louisville and other river ports. It is built among picturesque hills on both sides of the river, and is in the midst of the famous Kentucky "blue grass region" and of a rich lumber-producing region. The most prominent building is the Capitol, about 400 ft. long and 185 ft. wide, built of granite and white limestone in the Italian Renaissance style, with 70 large Ionic columns, and a dome 205 ft. above the terrace line, supported by 24 other columns. The Capitol was built in 1905-1907 at a cost of more than $2,000,000; in it are. housed the state library and the library of the Kentucky State Historical Society. At Frankfort, also, are the state arsenal, the state penitentiary and the state home for feeble-minded children, and just outside the city limits is the state coloured normal school. The old capitol (first occupied in 1829) is still standing. In Franklin cemetery rest the remains of Daniel Boone and of Theodore O'Hara (1820-1867), a lawyer, soldier, journalist and poet, who served in the U.S. army in 1846-1848 during the Mexican War, took part in filibustering expeditions to Cuba, served in the Confederate army, and is best known as the author of "The Bivouac of the Dead," a poem written for the burial in Frankfort of some soldiers who had lost their lives at Buena Vista. Here also are the graves of Richard M. Johnson, vice-president of the United States in 1837-1841, and the sculptor Joel T. Hart (1810-1877). The city has a considerable trade with the surrounding country, in which large quantities of tobacco and hemp are produced; its manufactures include lumber, brooms, chairs, shoes, hemp twine, canned vegetables and glass bottles. The total value of the city's factory product in 1905 was $1,747,338, being 31.6% more than in 1900. Frankfort (said to have been named after Stephen Frank, one of an early pioneer party ambushed here by Indians) was founded in 1786 by General James Wilkinson, then deeply interested in trade with the Spanish at New Orleans, and in the midst of his Spanish intrigues. In 1792 the city was made the capital of the state. In 1862, during the famous campaign in Kentucky of General Braxton Bragg (Confederate) and General D. C. Buell (Federal), Frankfort was occupied for a short time by Bragg, who, just before being forced out by Buell, took part in the inauguration of Richard J. Hawes, chosen governor by the Confederates of the state. Hawes, however, never discharged the duties of his office. During the bitter contest for the governorship in 1900 between William Goebel (Democrat) and William S. Taylor (Republican), each of whom claimed the election, Goebel was assassinated at Frankfort. (See also Kentucky.) Frankfort received a city charter in 1839.


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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Frankfort, Kentucky
State Capitol
State Capitol
Location of Frankfort, Kentucky
Location of Frankfort, Kentucky
Coordinates: 38°11′50″N, 84°51′47″WLatitude: 38°11′50″N
Longitude: 84°51′47″W
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Franklin
History  
Settled 1786
Government  
 - Mayor William I. May
Population  
 - City (2000) 27741
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: City website

Frankfort is the capital of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, a state of the United States of America. It is also the county seat of Franklin County. The city has a population of 27,077 (July 2006 est.).

Contents

History

Gen. James Wilkinson purchased, in 1786, the 260-acre tract of land on the north side of the Kentucky River, which is now downtown Frankfort. He was an early promoter to make Frankfort the state capital. General Wilkinson is called by some the father of Frankfort.

The town of Frankfort probably received its name from an event that took place in the 1780s when Indians attacked a group of pioneers from Bryan’s Station who were making salt at a ford in the Kentucky River. One of the pioneers, Stephen Frank, was killed, and the crossing became known as “Frank’s Ford.” Later this name was shortened to Frankfort.

After Kentucky became a state, five commissioners were appointed on June 20, 1792, to choose a location for the state capital. They were John Allen and John Edwards (both from Bourbon County), Henry Lee (Mason County), Thomas Kennedy (Madison County), and Robert Todd (Fayette County). A number of communities competed for this honor, but Frankfort won by perseverance and, according to early histories, the offer of Andrew Holmes' log house as capitol for seven years, a number of town lots, £50 worth of locks and hinges, 10 boxes of glass, 1500 pounds of nails, and $3000 in gold.[1]

John Brown a Virginia lawyer and statesman, built a home, now called Liberty Hall in Frankfort in 1796. Before statehood he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress (1777-1778) and the U.S. Congress (1789-1791). While in Congress he introduced the bill granting Statehood to Kentucky. Once that was accomplished, he was elected a U.S. Senator for Kentucky.

The Kentucky General Assembly appropriated funds to provide a house to accommodate the governor in 1796. Construction was completed in 1798. The Old Governor's Mansion is reputed to be the oldest official executive residence still in use in the United States.

In 1829 the Old Capitol, the third Capitol of Kentucky was built in the Greek Revival style by Gideon Shryock. The building served the Commonwealth as its Capitol from 1830 until 1910.

During the American Civil War fortifications overlooking downtown Frankfort were built on what is now called Fort Hill. The Confederate Army occupied Frankfort for a short time.

On February 3, 1900, Governor-elect William Goebel was assassinated in Frankfort while walking to the capitol to be inaugurated. Former-Secretary of State Caleb Powers was later found guilty in a conspiracy to kill Goebel.

The city has seen considerable growth since the 1960's. The State Office Building (SOB) was completed in 1967. Capitol Plaza was established in the 1970's. The Plaza consists of the Capitol Plaza Office Tower, the Capitol Plaza Hotel (formerly the Holiday Inn, Frankfort), and the Fountain Place Shoppes.

Frankfort is home to several major distilleries of Kentucky Bourbon whiskey, including Buffalo Trace Distillery (formerly Ancient Age).

Historic Churches

Geography

File:Frankfort bird eye.jpg
Bird's eye view of the city of Frankfort, the capital of Kentucky 1871. Downtown Frankfort is seen in the foreground, while South Frankfort lies across the river in the background. Fort Hill is in the lower left hand corner.
Hilltop view of modern day Frankfort. You can see the Kentucky River the left.

Frankfort is located at 38°11′50″N, 84°51′47″W (38.197274, -84.863110)GR1. It is in the Bluegrass region of Central Kentucky.

The city is bisected by the Kentucky River, which makes an s-turn as it passes through the center of town. The river valley widens at this point, which creates four distinct parts of town. The valley within the city limits contains "downtown" and "south" Frankfort districts, which lie opposite one another on the river. The suburban areas on either side of the valley are referred to as "west" Frankfort and "east" Frankfort, respectively.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.9 km² (15.0 mi²). 38.2 km² (14.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (1.87%) is water.

Frankfort does not have a commercial airport and all travelers should either fly into Bluegrass Airport (Lexington) or Louisville International Airport.

Climate

Frankfort is located at the northern extreme limit of the humid subtropical climate of the Southeastern United States. It is proximal to the climatic transition zone where the subtropical Southeast blends with and then eventually changes to a humid continental climate further north (roughly just beyond Cincinnati and Indianapolis).

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 27,741 people, 12,314 households, and 6,945 families residing in the city. The population density was 727.1/km² (1,883.2/mi²). There were 13,422 housing units at an average density of 351.8/km² (911.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.84% White, 14.70% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 1.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,314 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.6% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,980, and the median income for a family was $47,855. Males had a median income of $31,339 versus $25,361 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,512. About 9.5% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Frankfort is the focal point of a micropolitan statistical area consisting of Frankfort and Franklin County as well as adjacent Lawrenceburg and Anderson County. The city has also achieved classification into a combined statistical area with Lexington and Richmond to the east.

Education

Frankfort is the home of Kentucky State University, a historically black university situated near the downtown area. Two school districts serve the city, with two public high schools and one city high school located within the city limits:

Frankfort also has several private schools:

  • The Frankfort Christian Academy (P-12)
  • Capital Day School (P-8)
  • Good Shepherd School (K-8)

Sister City

Frankfort has one sister city:

Notable residents

References

    1. ^ (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

External links

Maps and aerial photos



This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Frankfort, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Frankfort, KentuckyRDF feed
Coord 38°11′50″N, 84°51′47″W  +info.pngGoogle Earth
Localities of nation United States  +
Localities of nation-subdivision1 Kentucky  +
Localities of nation-subdivision2 Franklin County, Kentucky  +
Short name Frankfort, Kentucky  +

This article uses material from the "Frankfort, Kentucky" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

File:KY State
The Kentucky State Capitol

Frankfort is the capital city of the U.S. state of Kentucky. It has been the state capital since December 8, 1792. It is the county seat of Franklin County, and has been since 1795.

Frankfort is beside the Kentucky River. This is how the city earned its name, because the land was owned by pioneer Stephen Frank. First called "Frank's Ford", the name was soon shortened to Frankfort.

Within a century the population of Frankfort grew from 9,487 in 1900, to 27,741 in 2000. The members of the city commission and the mayor are elected by the citizens.

The mayor of Frankfort in 2006 is William May.

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