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Frankfurt/Rhine-Main
Metropolitan Region

Metropolregion Frankfurt/Rhein-Main
map of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main metropolitan region
Country  Germany
States  Hesse
 Rhineland-Palatinate
 Bavaria
Largest Cities Frankfurt am Main
Darmstadt
Mainz
Offenbach
Wiesbaden
Government [1]
 - Type Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Conurbation Planning Association
 - Verbandsdirektor Stephan Wildhirt (SPD)
Area
 - Metro 14,800 km2 (5,714.3 sq mi)
Population
 Metro 5,800,000
 - Metro Density 391.89/km2 (1,015/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
GRP 2004
Nominal €152.1 billion (6th in EU)
Website http://www.planungsverband.de/

The Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region, often simply referred to as Frankfurt Rhine-Main, Frankfurt Rhine-Main area or Rhine-Main area (German: Frankfurt/Rhein-Main, abbreviated FRM) is the second largest metropolitan region in Germany, with a total population exceeding 5.8 million. The metropolitan region is located in the central western part of Germany, and stretches over parts of three federal states: Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria, as well as the cities of Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Offenbach, Mainz, Darmstadt and Aschaffenburg.

The polycentric region is named after its core city Frankfurt am Main and the two rivers Rhine and Main. The Frankfurt Rhine-Main area is officially designated as a European Metropolitan region by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs and covers an area of roughly 13,000 square kilometers (5,019.3 sq mi).

Contents

Subdivisions

Rhine-Main is a polycentric metropolitan region, but the economic size and political weight of the city of Frankfurt sets it into a very monocentric relation with her commuter belt. Since the early 1970s the Frankfurt am Main metropolitan area (German: Ballungsraum Frankfurt/Rhein-Main) is defined as an area encompassing the cities of Frankfurt and Offenbach and their directly neighboring districts. The Regierungsbezirk Darmstadt of the state of Hesse could be seen as the next administrative division, as it lies entirely within the metropolitan region and further includes the cities of Darmstadt and Wiesbaden and a number of larger districts. Only on a level further, the metropolitan region also includes the cities and districts of Mainz and Aschaffenburg in the two adjoing federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria.

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Metropolitan area/metropolitan region

hierarchy of planning bodies major cities area population
Frankfurt am Main 248 km² 670,095
+ Offenbach am Main 45 km² 118,245
Frankfurt am Main metropolitan area[2] 4,305 km² 2,517,561
+ Wiesbaden 204 km² 275,489
+ Darmstadt 122 km² 142,191
Regierungsbezirk Darmstadt 7,445 km² 3,778,689
+ Mainz 98 km² 196,784
+ Aschaffenburg 63 km² 68,646
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main metropolitan region 14,800 km² 5,800,000

Larger Urban Zones

Eurostat's Urban Audit splits the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region into four Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). These four Urban Zones do exclude a number of districts in the metropolitan area.

Larger Urban Zone major cities area population
Frankfurt am Main Larger Urban Zone[3][4][5] 4,305 km² 2,517,561
Frankfurt am Main 248 km² 670,095
Offenbach am Main 45 km² 118,245
Wiesbaden Larger Urban Zone[6][7] 1,015 km² 459,633
Wiesbaden 204 km² 275,489
Darmstadt Larger Urban Zone[8][9] 781 km² 430,993
Darmstadt 122 km² 142,191
Mainz Larger Urban Zone[10][11] 704 km² 386,173
Mainz 98 km² 196,784
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main

Cities and districts

Frankfurt is the most important city of the Rhein-Main area
Old town of Mainz
Castle of Johannisburg in Aschaffenburg
German House of Goldsmiths (German: Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus) in Hanau (old town hall)
city or district area population
Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt
248 km² 670,095
Offenbach am Main
Offenbach port
45 km² 118,245
Landkreis Offenbach
Frankfurt Airport
356 km² 337,986
Main-Kinzig-Kreis
Schlüchtern in Main Kinzig Kreis
Wetteraukreis
Lohrberg
122 km² 142,191
Hochtaunuskreis
Bad Homburg
Main-Taunus-Kreis
Frankfurt-Höchst
122 km² 142,191
Darmstadt
Darmstadt
122 km² 142,191
Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg
Darmstadt
659 km² 289,102
Landkreis Groß-Gerau
Rüsselsheim
453.05 km² 253,502
Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden
204 km² 275,489
Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis
Rüdesheim am Rhein
98 km² 196,784
Subtotal Hesse 7,445 km² 3,778,689
Mainz
Mainz
98 km² 196,784
Mainz-Bingen
Bingen am Rhein
606 km² 201,451
Subtotal Rhineland-Palatinate 704 km² 398,235
Aschaffenburg
Aschaffenburg
63 km² 68,646
Landkreis Aschaffenburg
Spessart
699 km² 173,946
Landkreis Miltenberg
Miltenberg
716 km² 130,009
Subtotal Bavaria 1,478 km² 372,601
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main
metropolitan region
14,800 km² 5,800,000

Traffic

The growth of the area is chiefly to be traced to the favorable communications, that promoted an early industrialization. Today however, the importance of productive industries are to a great extent substituted by banking, trade and logistics. Frankfurt lies within the populous blue banana, which runs along the Rhine valley and the city is also a stepping stone from and to various parts of Switzerland and Southern Germany. The Rhine-Ruhr is accessible via a one hour trip on the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed rail line and the air route Frankfurt-Berlin is the busiest in German domestic air travel.

Frankfurt International Airport is the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany and one of the three busiest airports in Europe. Thereby, along with a strong railway connection, the area also serves as a major transportation hub.

Education

The Frankfurt/Rhine-Main metropolitan region is home to five universities and over 20 partly postgraduate colleges, with a total of over 200.000 students. Largest and oldest university is the University of Mainz (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz), originally founded in 1477 AD. Other universities include:

Notable colleges and universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen) include:

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.planungsverband.de/index.phtml?La=1&mNavID=1.100&object=tx|1169.342.1|1169.2.1
  2. ^ http://www.planungsverband.de/index.phtml?mNavID=1169.50&sNavID=1169.50&La=1
  3. ^ http://www.urbanaudit.org/CityProfiles.aspx?CityCode=DE005C&CountryCode=DE
  4. ^ http://www.staedtestatistik.de/505.html
  5. ^ http://www.frankfurt.de/sixcms/media.php/678/2003_1_R%C3%A4umlichen_Ebenen_des_UrbanAudit.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.urbanaudit.org/CityProfiles.aspx?CityCode=DE020C&CountryCode=DE
  7. ^ http://www.staedtestatistik.de/527.html
  8. ^ http://www.urbanaudit.org/CityProfiles.aspx?CityCode=DE025C&CountryCode=DE
  9. ^ http://www.staedtestatistik.de/523.html
  10. ^ http://www.urbanaudit.org/CityProfiles.aspx?CityCode=DE037C&CountryCode=DE
  11. ^ http://www.staedtestatistik.de/528.html

External links

Coordinates: 50°06′N 8°42′E / 50.1°N 8.7°E / 50.1; 8.7


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