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Franklin Carmichael
Frank Carmichael, 1930
Born May 4, 1890(1890-05-04)
Orillia, Ontario, Canada
Died October 24, 1945 (aged 55)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Nationality Canadian
Field Painting
Movement Group of Seven
Influenced by Arthur Lismer ,Tom Thomson
Influenced Canadian Group of Painters

Franklin Carmichael (May 4, 1890 – October 24, 1945) was a Canadian artist. He was the youngest original member of the Group of Seven.


The youngest of the Group of Seven, Franklin Carmichael was born in 1890. His father was a carriage maker. Carmichael arrived at Toronto when he was 20 years old and entered the Ontario College of Art in Toronto, where he studied with William Cruickshank and George Reid. In 1911, he began working as an apprentice at Grip Ltd. for $2.50 a week. He then joined Tom Thomson and other painters who were training to be serious artists. On weekends, Carmichael went on sketching trips with the other artists. In 1913, Carmichael went to Belgium to study painting but came back to Ontario to rejoin with the rest of the artists. After returning to Canada because of World War I, he painted watercolours and oils of Northern Ontario landscapes. Carmichael was greatly influenced by Tom Thomson and shared space with him at the Studio Building in 1914. Carmichael got married in 1915 and spent a lot of his time with his family. He was also on the fringe of the group because of his difference in age and was closely associated with the newer members of the Group of Seven.

Carmichael along with and founded the Ontario Society of Painters in Watercolour in 1925. He also founded the Canadian Group of Painters in 1933. He taught at the Ontario College of Art from 1932 to 1945.

Many of his paintings depict small towns in Ontario. He was famous for his watercolour painting and was influenced by other Group of Seven artists.


  • Harper, Russell. Painting in Canada: A History 2nd ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981. ISBN 0802063071
  • Reid, Dennis A Concise History of Canadian Painting 2nd Edition. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1988. ISBN 019540663X.


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