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Franklin County, Missouri
Seal of Franklin County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Seat Union
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

931 sq mi (2,411 km²)
923 sq mi (2,391 km²)
8 sq mi (21 km²), 0.84%
PopulationEst.
 - (2008)
 - Density

100,898
109/sq mi (41.9/km²)
Founded 1818
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Website www.franklinmo.org

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri on the south side of the Missouri River. Franklin County is part of the St. Louis Metro Area and contains many of the St. Louis exurbs. A 2008 estimate showed the county's population to be 100,898; making it the 10th most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Union.[1] The county was organized in 1818 and is named after Founding Father Benjamin Franklin. The county has wineries included in the Hermann American Viticultural Area and is part of the area known as the Missouri Rhineland. Franklin County also has the notorious reputation as a county with one of the highest methamphetamine lab busts in Missouri and was featured in a documentary on A&E about methamphetamine entitled "Meth: A County in Crisis."

Contents

History

The region was settled during the rule of the Spanish Empire. Washington was the location of the Spanish log fort San Juan del Misuri (1796-1803). Family and followers of Daniel Boone settled the area starting in 1799.

In 1833 substantial numbers of anti-slavery German families began to move to the area, and soon they overwhelmed the existing population of slaveowners. Residents of German descent became strong supporters of the Union during the U.S. Civil War; the area was ransacked by Confederate General Sterling Price's troops during the war.

The county quickly became a railroad and steamboat transportation center and its manufacturing industry has remained strong from the end of the Civil War until today.

Bias Vineyard near the small city of Berger is located within the Hermann American Viticultural Area (AVA), designated in 1983. Röbller Vineyard and Winery near New Haven is also in the Hermann AVA. Wineries in this area along both sides of the Missouri River are part of the Missouri Rhineland, whose vineyards were started by German immigrants in the mid-19th century. The state's wine industry had to be completely rebuilt after the years during Prohibition, but the vineyards in the area have produced award-winning wines in recent decades.

Education

The highest educational attainment in Franklin County consists of the following:

  • High School Graduates: 59.1%
  • Associate Degree: 10.6%
  • Bachelor's Degree: 10.9%
  • Graduate Degree: 7.5%
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Public Schools

  • Meramec Valley R-III School District - Pacific
    • Meramec Valley Community School (PK) - Pacific
    • Meramec Valley Early Childhood Center (PK) - Pacific
    • Truman Elementary School (K-05) - Pacific
    • Robertsville Elementary School (K-05) - Robertsville
    • Zitzman Elementary School (K-05) - Pacific
    • Nike Elementary School (K-05) - Catawissa
    • Coleman Elementary School (K-05) - Villa Ridge
    • Riverbend School (08) - Pacific
    • Meramec Valley Middle School (06-07) - Pacific
    • Pacific High School (09-12) - Pacific
  • Sullivan School District - Sullivan
    • Sullivan Primary School (PK-01)
    • Sullivan Elementary School (02-05)
    • Sullivan Middle School (06-08)
    • Sullivan High School (09-12)
  • Union R-XI School District - Union
    • Beaufort Elementary School (K-06) - Beaufort
    • Central Elementary School (K-03) - Union
    • Clark-Vitt Elementary School (04-06) - Union
    • Union Middle School (07-08) - Union
    • Union High School (09-12) - Union
  • Washington School District - Washington
    • Family Resource Center (PK) - Washington
    • Washington West Elementary School (PK-06) - Washington
    • South Point Elementary School (K-06) - Washington
    • Marthasville Elementary School (K-06) - Marthasville
    • Labadie Elementary School (K-06) - Labadie
    • Fifth Street Elementary School (PK-06) - Washington
    • Clearview Elementary School (PK-06) - Union
    • Campbellton Elementary School (K-06) - New Haven
    • Augusta Elementary School (PK-06) - Augusta
    • Washington Middle School (07-08) - Washington
    • Washington High School (09-12) - Washington
  • Franklin County R-II School District - New Haven
    • Franklin County Elementary School (K-08) - New Haven
  • Gerald Elementary School District - Gerald
    • Gerald Elementary School (K-05) - Gerald

Private Schools

Alternative Schools

  • Autumn Hill State School (K-12) - Union - Handicapped/Special needs
  • Franklin County Special Education Cooperative (PK-12) - St. Clair - Special Education
  • Four Rivers Career Center (09-12) - Washington - Vocational/Technical

Colleges/Universities

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 931 square miles (2,411 km²), of which, 923 square miles (2,391 km²) of it is land and 8 square miles (20 km²) of it (0.84%) is water.

The center of the Missouri River forms the nominal northern border of the county, although the river has changed its course since boundaries were first established: a portion of St. Charles County near St. Albans is now south of the river, while a portion of Franklin County near Augusta is north of the river.

The Bourbeuse River runs for 107 miles in the county. It cuts a deep, narrow valley and is very crooked. It empties into the Meramec River near Union. This river is mostly undeveloped, with limited access and few bridges over it. During low water, a number of fords allow crossing.

The county is located in the Ozarks region, with steep hills and deep valleys, caves, springs, and sinkholes characteristic of karst areas. The underlying rock is typically carbonate, including limestone and dolomite. Mining activity in the county included ores of lead, copper, zinc, and deposits of refractory clay. The soils in most of the county tend to be thin, rocky red clay, and are poor for most agriculture, while the soil near the Missouri River is dark, rich, and thick, and used primarily for row crops such as corn, wheat, and soybeans. Much of the county is covered with thick forests, reestablished since in the 1920s.

Urbanization is increasing in the county, especially surrounding Washington and Union, and along Interstate 44. St. Albans is now a continuation of the suburban region of St. Louis County while the majority of the county retains a rural character and includes extensive wilderness areas, typical of exurban areas.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 93,807 people, 34,945 households, and 25,684 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile (39/km²). There were 38,295 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.47% White, 0.94% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Approximately 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.9% were of German, 13.0% American, 10.7% Irish and 7.7% English ancestry, according to Census 2000.

There were 34,945 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $54,392, and the median income for a family was $62,969. Males had a median income of $35,849 versus $23,344 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,529. About 4.50% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.90% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The unemployment rate in Franklin County is 11.5% as of September, 2009, above state and national averages.

Manufacturing accounts for the most (23.8%) employment in Franklin County, primarily in the city of Washington, followed by trade, transportation and utilities (18.8%), education and health care (17.7%), and construction (11.3%).

The biggest employers in Franklin County are the manufacturing firms of Magnet LLC, Cardinal Brands Hazel Division, GDX Automotive, Sporlan Value Company, and Meramec Group Inc. as well as the Meramec Valley R-III School District in the public education sector and Schatz Underground Cable Inc. in the construction industry. Small farms and wineries also greatly contribute to the economy in Franklin County.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Other places

Politics

Local

Politics at the local level in Franklin County is predominantly controlled by the Republican Party. In fact, all but three of Franklin County’s elected officials are Republicans.

Office Incumbent Party
Assessor Tom Copeland Republican
Auditor Ralph E. Sudholt, Jr. Republican
Commissioner – District 1 Terry Wilson Republican
Commissioner – District 2 Ann Schroeder Democratic
Circuit Clerk Bill D. Miller Republican
Clerk Debbie Door Republican
Collector Linda Emmons Republican
Presiding Commissioner Edward D. Hillhouse Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Robert E. Parks Republican
Public Administrator Carol Eckelkamp Democratic
Recorder Sharon L. Birkman Republican
Sheriff Gary F. Toelke Republican
Treasurer Alvin "Squeaky" Marquat Democratic

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 46.82% 22,896 51.29% 25,082 1.89% 921
2004 56.33% 25,557 42.31% 19,195 1.36% 617
2000 54.75% 21,336 41.61% 16,216 3.64% 1,418
1996 46.18% 15,540 50.44% 16,973 3.38% 1,137

Franklin County is divided into five legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives:

  • District 98: State Representative Brian Nieves (R-Union). In 2008, Nieves defeated Democratic challenger Jim Mense with 59.98% of the vote while Mense received 40.02%.
  • District 105: State Representative Michael Frame (D-Eureka). In 2008, Frame ran unopposed and was reelected with 100% of the vote.
  • District 109: State Representative Scott Dieckhaus (R-Washington). In 2008, Dieckhaus defeated Democratic challenger Kent Cunningham with 57.18% of the total district vote while Cunningham received 42.82%; the Franklin County precincts backed Dieckhaus with 56.74% and Cunningham with 43.26%.
  • District 110: State Representative Belinda Harris (D-Hillsboro). In 2008, Harris ran unopposed and was reelected with 100% of the vote.
  • District 111: State Representative Charles Schlottach (R-Owensville). In 2008, Schlottach defeated Democratic challenger Tod C. DeVeydt with 56.48% of the total district vote while DeVeydt received 43.52%; the Franklin County precincts backed Schlottach with 55.82% and DeVeydt with 44.18%.

Franklin County is also a part of Missouri’s 26th Senatorial District and is currently represented by State Senator John Griesheimer (R-Washington). In 2006, Washington defeated Democratic challenger Gene Tyler with 63.44% of the vote while Tyler received 36.56%; Franklin County gave Griesheimer 62.83% of the vote and 37.17% to Tyler. The 26th District includes all of Franklin and Warren counties and well as the western portions of St. Louis County.

In Missouri's gubernatorial election of 2008, Democratic Governor Governor Jay Nixon solidly defeated Republican U.S. Representative Kenny Hulshof with 58.40 percent of the total statewide vote. Nixon performed extremely well and won many of the counties in the state, including Franklin County. Nixon received 51.29% of the vote in Franklin County to Hulshof's 46.82%.

Federal

In the U.S. House of Representatives, Franklin County is a part of Missouri's 9th Congressional District and is currently represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-Columbia).

Political Culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 55.31% 27,355 42.98% 21,256 1.71% 847
2004 58.32% 26,429 40.95% 18,556 0.73% 333
2000 55.78% 21,863 41.26% 16,172 2.96% 1,159
1996 40.66% 13,715 41.23% 13,908 18.12% 6,111

At the presidential level, Franklin County is fairly independent-leaning, but, like many exurban and mostly rural counties, its voters often favor Republican and conservative issues. While Bill Clinton did manage to narrowly carry the county both times in 1992 and 1996, George W. Bush strongly carried Franklin County in 2000 and 2004 and like many of the rural counties in Missouri, Franklin County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008.

Like most predominantly rural areas, voters in Franklin County generally strongly support socially and culturally conservative principles and therefore tend to be more amendable to voting Republican. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Franklin County with 76.89 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Franklin County with 56.13 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Franklin County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Franklin County with 77.61 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

2008 Missouri Presidential Primary

Republican

U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) won Franklin County with 35.68 percent of the vote. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts) came in a close second place with 30.51 percent while former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) finished third with 27.70 percent of the vote in Franklin County. Libertarian-leaning U.S. Representative Ron Paul (R-Texas) finished a distant fourth with 4.07 percent in Franklin County.

Huckabee slightly led Missouri throughout much of the evening until the precincts began reporting from St. Louis which McCain won and put him over the top of Huckabee. In the end, McCain received 32.95 percent of the vote to Huckabee’s 31.53 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. McCain received all of Missouri’s 58 delegates as the Republican Party utilizes the winner-take-all system.

Democratic

Then-U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) carried Franklin County with 55.83 percent of the vote. Then-U.S. Senator Barack Obama (D-Illinois) received 40.28 percent of the vote from Franklin County Democrats, one of his more impressive showings in a predominantly rural albeit exurban county. Although he withdrew from the race, former U.S. Senator John Edwards (D-North Carolina) still received 2.96 percent of the vote in Franklin County.

Clinton had a large initial lead in Missouri at the beginning of the evening as the rural precincts began to report, leading several news organizations to call the state for her; however, Obama rallied from behind as the heavily African American precincts from St. Louis began to report and eventually put him over the top. In the end, Obama received 49.32 percent of the vote to Clinton’s 47.90 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. Both candidates split Missouri’s 72 delegates as the Democratic Party utilizes proportional representation.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 7,177, than any candidate from either party in Franklin County during the 2008 presidential primary. Barack Obama received 5,179 in the Missouri Democratic Primary. Both Democratic candidates each received more votes than John McCain in the Republican Primary in Franklin County, who received 4,032 votes, quite telling for a Republican-leaning county.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading

Historical Review of Franklin County, Missouri, 1818-1968. (Melvin B. Roblee & Vera L. Osiek, editors) (1968). Union, Missouri: Franklin County Sesqui-centennial Corporation.

External links

Coordinates: 38°25′N 91°05′W / 38.41°N 91.08°W / 38.41; -91.08


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Franklin County, Missouri
Seal of Franklin County, Missouri
Map
File:Map of Missouri highlighting Franklin County.png
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded information needed
Seat Union
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.84%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2005)
 - Density

101579
Website: www.franklinmo.org

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. Franklin County is part of the St. Louis Metro Area. As of 2005, the population was 101,579. Its county seat is Union6. The county was organized in 1818 and is named for Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,410 km² (931 sq mi). 2,390 km² (923 sq mi) of it is land and 20 km² (8 sq mi) of it (0.84%) is water.

The center of the Missouri River forms the nominal northern border of the county, although the river has since changed its course in places: a portion of Saint Charles County near St. Albans is now south of the river, while a portion of Franklin County near Augusta is north of the river.

The Bourbeuse River runs for 107 miles in the county. It cuts a deep, narrow valley, and is very crooked, it empties into the Meramec River near Union. This river is largely undeveloped and has limited access and few bridges over it: during low water, a number of fords allow crossing.

The county is in the Ozarks region, with steep hills and deep valleys, and caves, springs, and sinkholes charatersitic of karst areas. The underlying rock is typically carbonate, including limestone and dolomite. Mining activity in the county included ores of lead, copper, and zinc, and deposits of refractory clay. The soils in most of the county tend to be thin, rocky red clay, and is poor for most agriculture, while the soil near the Missouri River is dark, rich, and thick, and used primarily for rowcrops such as corn, wheat, and soybean. Much of the county is covered with thick forests, reestablished since in the 1920s.

Urbanization is increasing in the county, especially surrounding Washington and Union, and along Interstate 44. St. Albans is now a continuation of the suburban region of St. Louis County. The majority of the county retains a rural character, and includes extensive wilderness areas. Washington is the biggest town in Franklin County.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

History

The region was settled during the rule of the Spanish Empire. Washington was the location of the Spanish log fort San Juan del Misuri (1796-1803). Family and followers of Daniel Boone settled the area, starting in 1799.

Substantial numbers of anti-slavery German families started moving to the area in 1833, and they soon overwhelmed the existing population of slaveowners, and became a strong supporter of the Union during the American Civil War; the area was ransaked by General Sterling Price's troops during the war. The county became a railroad and steamboat transportation center, and its manufacturing industry has remained strong from the end of the civil war until today.

Franklin County was featured in the A&E special, "Meth: A County in Crisis".

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 93,807 people, 34,945 households, and 25,684 families residing in the county. The population density was 39/km² (102/sq mi). There were 38,295 housing units at an average density of 16/km² (42/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.47% White, 0.94% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 34,945 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,474, and the median income for a family was $50,122. Males had a median income of $35,849 versus $23,344 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,705. About 4.50% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.90% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

External links


Coordinates: 38°25′N 91°05′W / 38.41, -91.08

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Franklin County, Missouri. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Franklin County, MissouriRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Missouri  +
Short name Franklin County  +

This article uses material from the "Franklin County, Missouri" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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