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Frederic Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton: Wikis

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Leighton
Bt Kt PRA
Self portrait of Leighton (1880)
Born 3 December 1830(1830-12-03)
Scarborough, England
Died 25 January 1896 (aged 65)
London, England
Nationality English
Field painting and sculpture
Training Edward von Steinle
Movement Academicism
Works Flaming June
Influenced Dicksee, Godward
Awards Prix de Rome,
Légion d'honneur

Frederic Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton, Bt, Kt, PRA (3 December 1830–25 January 1896) was an English painter and sculptor. His works depicted historical, biblical and classical subject matter. Leighton was bearer of the shortest-lived peerage in history; after only one day his hereditary peerage became extinct. [1]

Contents

Biography

Leighton was born in Scarborough to a family in the import and export business. He was educated at University College School, London. He then received his artistic training on the European continent, first from Eduard Von Steinle and then from Giovanni Costa. When in Florence, aged 24, where he studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti, he painted the procession of the Cimabue Madonna through the Borgo Allegri. He lived in Paris from 1855 to 1859, where he met Ingres, Delacroix, Corot and Millet.

In 1860, he moved to London, where he associated with the Pre-Raphaelites. He designed Elizabeth Barrett Browning's tomb for Robert Browning in the English Cemetery, Florence in 1861. In 1864 he became an associate of the Royal Academy and in 1878 he became its President (1878–96). His 1877 sculpture, Athlete Wrestling with a Python, was considered at its time to inaugurate a renaissance in contemporary British sculpture, referred to as the New Sculpture. His paintings represented Britain at the great 1900 Paris Exhibition.

Icarus and Daedalus

Leighton was knighted at Windsor in 1878, and was created a baronet eight years later. He was the first painter to be given a peerage, in the New Year Honours List of 1896. The patent creating him Baron Leighton of Stretton in the County of Shropshire, was issued on 24 January 1896; Leighton died the next day of angina pectoris.

Sir Frederick Leighton in his studio in 1888

As he was unmarried, after his death his Barony was extinguished after existing for only a day; this is a record in the Peerage. His house in Holland Park, London has been turned into a museum, the Leighton House Museum. It contains a number of his drawings and paintings, as well as some of his sculptures (including Athlete Wrestling with a Python). The house also features many of Leighton's inspirations, including his collection of Iznik tiles. Its centrepiece is the magnificent Arab Hall. The Hall is featured in issue ten of Cornucopia.[2]

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Timeline

Selected works

Cimabue's Celebrated Madonna is carried in Procession through the Streets of Florence, 1853-1855
  • Death of Brunelleschi (1852), oil on canvas
  • The Fisherman and the Siren, c. 1856 - 1858 (66.3 x 48.7 cm)
  • Cimabue's Celebrated Madonna is carried in Procession through the Streets of Florence (1853-5),[3] oil on canvas. This was his first major work and was exhibited at the Royal Academy. Queen Victoria was so taken with it that she bought it for 600 guineas on the opening day of the exhibition.
  • The Discovery of Juliet Apparently Lifeless (c.1858)[4]
  • The Villa Malta, Rome (1860s),[5] oil on canvas
  • The Painter's Honeymoon, c. 1864 (83.8 x 77.5 cm)
  • Mother and Child, c. 1865, (48.2 x 82 cm)
  • Actaea, the Nymph of the Shore (1868),[6] oil on canvas, (57.2 x 102.2 cm) National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
  • Daedalus and Icarus, c. 1869, (138.2 x 106.5 cm)
  • Hercules Wrestling with Death for the Body of Alcestis (1869-71) (132.4 x 265.4 cm)
  • Greek Girls Picking up Pebbles by the Sea, 1871 (84 x 129.5 cm)
  • Teresina (circa 1874) Christchurch Art Gallery Te Puna o Waiwhetu, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Music Lesson, c. 1877, (92.8 x 118.1 cm)
  • An Athlete Wrestling with a Python (1877),[7] bronze sculpture
  • Nausicaa, c. 1878 (145 x 67 cm)
  • Winding the Skein, c. 1878, (100.3 x 161.3 cm)
  • Light of the Harem, c. 1880, (152.4 x 83.8 cm)
  • Wedded, (c. 1881 - 1882) (145.4 x 81 cm)
  • Captive Andromache, c. 1888 (197 x 406.5 cm)
  • The Bath of Psyche, (c. 1889−90) (189.2 x 62.2 cm) Tate Gallery
  • The Garden of the Hesperides, c. 1892, (169 x 169 cm)
  • Flaming June (1895), oil on canvas, Museo de Arte de Ponce, Puerto Rico (120.6 x 120.6 cm)
  • The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins (Fresco)[8]
  • The armlet
  • Phoebe (55.88 x 60.96 cm)
  • A Bather
  • The Leighton Frescoes, The Arts of Industry as Applied to War and The Arts of Industry as Applied to Peace

Gallery

See also

References

External links

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Sir Francis Grant
President of the Royal Academy
1878–1896
Succeeded by
Sir John Everett Millais
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Leighton Baronets
1886–1896
Succeeded by
Extinct
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baron Leighton
1896
Succeeded by
Extinct

This article incorporates text from the article "Frederick_Leighton,_Baron_Leighton" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.


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