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The Viscount Maugham 
PC, KC

In office
9 March, 1938 – 3 September, 1939
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
Preceded by The Viscount Hailsham
Succeeded by The Viscount Caldecote

Born 20 October 1866(1866-10-20)
Died 23 March 1958 (aged 91)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Helen Romer
(1872-1950)
Alma mater Trinity Hall, Cambridge

Frederic Herbert Maugham, 1st Viscount Maugham PC, KC (20 October, 1866-23 March, 1958) was a British lawyer and judge who served as Lord Chancellor from 1938 until 1939 despite having virtually no political career at all.

Contents

Background and education

Maugham was the son of Robert Ormond Maugham by his wife, Edith, daughter of Major Charles Snell. The author W. Somerset Maugham was his younger brother. He was educated at Dover College and the Trinity Hall, Cambridge where he became President of the Cambridge Union Society in Lent Term 1889.

Political and legal career

Maugham was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1890, and then embarked upon a legal career, becoming a King's Counsel in 1913. In 1922 he briefly considered entering politics as a Conservative Member of Parliament but could not find a seat. He was a Judge of the High Court of Justice (Chancery Division) from 1928 to 1934 and a Lord Justice of Appeal from 1934 to 1935. He was knighted in 1928 and sworn of the Privy Council in 1934. In 1935 he became a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, made a life peer and entered the House of Lords as Baron Maugham, of Hartfield in the County of Sussex. Three years later he was offered the role of Lord Chancellor by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. Such was Maugham's lack of political experience that Chamberlain and he had never met before. He was offered the role because there were very few obvious available choices amongst the ranks of parliamentary supporters of the National Government to replace the ailing Lord Hailsham, as the obvious successor, Sir Thomas Inskip, could not be moved from the position of Minister for Coordination of Defence.

As Maugham was already 71 years old it was widely expected that he would prove to be a mere stop-gap appointment, to be succeeded by Inskip as soon as it was possible for the latter to leave Defence. However by the time this occurred in early 1939, Chamberlain was sufficiently impressed with Maugham's work to offer to retain him, whilst allowing Inskip the opportunity to defer choosing between becoming Lord Chancellor and remaining in the House of Commons with the possibility of becoming Prime Minister (a choice that Hailsham had always regretted) and intended to make a change at the next general election, which was expected to take place that year.

However war intervened and Chamberlain carried out a fullscale reconstruction of his government. As part of this Maugham was allowed to retire, to be finally succeeded by Inskip, who was ennobled as Viscount Caldecote. Maugham took the retirement honour of Viscount Maugham, of Hartfield in the County of Sussex, which, unlike his barony, was hereditary. He again served as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary until 1941.

Family

Maugham married Helen Mary, daughter of Sir Robert Romer, in 1896. They had four children:

  • The Hon. Kate Mary Maugham (1897-1961, married Robert Charles Bruce)
  • The Hon. Edith Honor Maugham (1901-1996, married Sebastian Earl)
  • The Hon. Diana Julia Maugham (1908-2007, married Kenneth Marr-Johnson)[1]
  • Robert Cecil Romer Maugham (1916-1981), 2nd Viscount. He wrote about his father in two volumes of autobiography, Escape from the Shadows (1970) and Search for Nirvana (1977).

Lady Maugham died in October 1950, aged 78. Lord Maugham survived her by eight years and died in March 1958, aged 91. He is buried in the grounds of the parish church in Hartfield, Sussex, alongside his wife and son.

Publications

  • The Case Of Jean Calas published by W. Heinemann (1928)
  • The Tichbourne Case (1936)
  • The Truth About The Munich Crisis (1944)
  • U.N.O. and War Crimes (1951)
  • At The End of The Day (autobiography) (1951)

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Hailsham
Lord Chancellor
1938–1939
Succeeded by
The Viscount Caldecote
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Viscount Maugham
1939–1958
Succeeded by
Robert Cecil Romer Maugham
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