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The Right Honourable
 The Viscount Chelmsford 
GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GBE, PC


In office
4 April 1916 – 2 April 1921
Monarch George V
Prime Minister H.H. Asquith
David Lloyd George
Preceded by The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst
Succeeded by The Earl of Reading

In office
28 January 1924 – 7 November 1924
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald
Preceded by Leo Amery
Succeeded by William Bridgeman

Born 12 August 1868
London, England
Died 1 April 1933
London, England
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Alma mater Magdalen College, Oxford
Profession Politician
Religion Anglican

Frederic John Napier Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GBE, PC (12 August 1868 – 1 April 1933) was a British statesman who served as Viceroy of India from 1916 to 1921.

Thesiger was the son of the 2nd Baron Chelmsford. Educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, Thesiger was elected to a Fellowship at All Souls College. He served on the London County Council. Succeeding his father in 1905 to become 3rd Baron, Chelmsford was appointed Governor of Queensland (1905-09), and then became Governor of New South Wales (1909-13). He left Australia that year to command a regiment in India. Rising quickly, he became Viceroy in 1916, succeeding Lord Hardinge.

His viceregency was a time of unrest in India, seeing the implementation of the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms (named for the Viceroy and Edwin Samuel Montagu, the Secretary of State for India), which gave greater authority to local Indian representative bodies, but also violent resistance, culminating in the implementation of martial law and the Amritsar Massacre of 1919. This led the Indian National Congress to boycott the first regional elections in 1920, and Chelmsford returned home under a cloud, generally accused of incompetence, which did not prevent him from being raised to the dignity of Viscount.

In 1924, despite being a life-long Conservative, Chelmsford was persuaded to join the Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 as First Lord of the Admiralty, though this was a technical post and he never joined the Party. After the fall of the government he retired from political life, devoting his later years to work on the Miners' Welfare Committee and to educational projects.

He was a Freemason and in 1910 he was elected the Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of NSW and held the position until 1913. In 1909 Freemason Lodge Chelmsford 261 was established in New South Wales in his honour The Lodge still exists.

References

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Herbert Chermside
Governor of Queensland
1905 – 1909
Succeeded by
Sir William MacGregor
Preceded by
Sir Harry Rawson
Governor of New South Wales
1909 – 1913
Succeeded by
Sir Gerald Strickland
Preceded by
The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst
Viceroy of India
1916 – 1921
Succeeded by
The Earl of Reading
Political offices
Preceded by
Leopold Stennett Amery
First Lord of the Admiralty
1924
Succeeded by
William Clive Bridgeman
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Chelmsford
1921 – 1933
Succeeded by
Andrew Thesiger
Preceded by
Frederic Thesiger
Baron Chelmsford
1905 – 1933







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