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Prince Frederick
Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway
Hereditary Prince Frederick
Spouse Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Juliana Maria
Christian VIII of Denmark
Juliane, Princess of Hesse-Philippstal-Barchfeld
Charlotte, Princess of Hesse-Kassel
Ferdinand, Hereditary Prince of Denmark
Father Frederick V of Denmark
Mother Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Born 11 October 1753(1753-10-11)
Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
Died 7 December 1805 (aged 52)
Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark

Frederick (Danish: Frederik) (11 October 1753, Copenhagen – 7 December 1805, Copenhagen), was a Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway. He was the surviving son of the second marriage of King Frederick V of Denmark with Juliana Maria of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel.

Hereditary Prince Frederick acted as regent on behalf of his half-brother King Christian VII from 1772 to 1784. He is said to have been physically disabled.


Early life

Frederick was born at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen on 11 October 1753. To provide for his future position, at the age of 3 he was elected coadjutor in the Prince-Bishopric of Lübeck. This meant that in time he would succeed the Prince-Bishop then in office, Frederick August. This plan had to be abandoned, however, and Frederick stayed in Denmark as a junior member of the royal family.


He married Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1758-1794) in Copenhagen on 21 October 1774. She was a Princess and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a daughter of Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.


Hereditary Prince Frederick in 1790

His half-brother King Christian VII of Denmark having gone insane, and divorced from his wife (then exiled) Queen Caroline Mathilde, Prince Frederick was designated as Regent of Denmark in 1772, when 18 years old. His regency was mostly nominal, the power being held by his mother Queen Juliane Marie, and minister Ove Høegh-Guldberg.

He acted as regent until the coup of 1784, when Crown Prince Frederick (the future Frederick VI of Denmark), the then 16-year-old son of King Christian, took power and regency.

Later life

After the coup, Hereditary Prince Frederick was left without much influence at the court. As Crown Prince Frederick did not have any surviving sons, Hereditary Prince Frederick remained heir to the throne. Eventually, his son Christian Frederick would succeed Frederick VI as King.

After Christiansborg Palace was destroyed by fire in 1794, Hereditary Prince Frederick moved with his family to Amalienborg Palace. Sophia Frederica died the same year, shortly after the move. Hereditary Prince Frederick outlived his wife by 11 years and died at Amalienborg Palace on 7 December 1805.


Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Juliana Marie Christiansborg, 2 May 1784 Copenhagen, 28 October 1784 died in infancy
Prince Christian Frederick 18 September 1786 20 January 1848 married (1) 1806 Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; had issue; divorced 1810;
married (2) 1815 Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg; no issue
Princess Juliane Sophie Copenhagen, 18 February 1788 Copenhagen, 9 May 1850 married at Frederiksborg 22 August 1812 Wilhelm, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (Barchfeld, 10 August 1786 – Copenhagen, 30 November 1834); had issue
Princess Louise Charlotte 30 October 1789 28 March 1864 married 1810 William, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel); had issue
Hereditary Prince Ferdinand 22 November 1792 29 June 1863 married 1829 Caroline of Denmark; no issue


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