Frederick C. Weyand: Wikis

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Frederick Carlton Weyand
Born September 15, 1916 (1916-09-15) (age 93)
Frederick C Weyand.jpg
General Frederick C. Weyand
Place of birth Arbuckle, California
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1938-1976
Rank General
Commands held 25th Infantry Division
II Field Force
Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
U.S. Army, Pacific
U.S. Army Chief of Staff
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal(5)
Silver Star
Bronze Star (2)
Commander of the Legion of Merit

Frederick Carlton Weyand (born in Arbuckle, California, September 15, 1916) is a former U.S. Army General. Weyand was the last commander of American military operations in the Vietnam War from 1972-1973, and served as the 28th US Army Chief of Staff from 1974-1976.

Contents

Career Summary

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Early career

Weyand was commissioned a second lieutenant through the Reserve Officers Training Corps program at the University of California at Berkeley, where he graduated in May 1938. He married Arline Langhart in 1940.

World War Two

From 1940-1942 Weyand was assigned to active duty and served with the 6th Field Artillery. He graduated from the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in 1942 and served as adjutant of the Harbor Defense Command in San Francisco from 1942–1943. He moved on to the Office of the Chief of Intelligence for the War Department General Staff in 1944. He became assistant chief of staff for intelligence in the China-Burma-India Theater from 1944–1945. In the immediate aftermath of the war he was in the Military Intelligence Service in Washington from 1945–1946

Service After World War Two and During the Korean War

He was chief of staff for intelligence, United States Army Forces, Middle Pacific from 1946–1949. He graduated from the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning in 1950. He became commander of the 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment and the assistant chief of staff, G–3, of the 3d Infantry Division during the Korean War from 1950–1951.

Prior to the Vietnam War

He served on the faculty of the Infantry School from 1952 to 1953. Following this assignment he attended the Armed Forces Staff College, and upon graduation became military assistant in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management until 1954. He moved on to become military assistant and executive to the Secretary of the Army from 1954 to 1957. He then graduated from the Army War College in 1958, moving on to command the 3d Battalion, 6th Infantry Regiment, in Europe, 1958–1959. He served in the Office of the United States Commander in Berlin in 1960 then became chief of staff for the Communications Zone, United States Army, Europe from 1960–1961;. He was the deputy chief and chief of legislative liaison for the Department of the Army from 1961–1964.

Vietnam War Service

Lieutenant General Weyand as Commander of II Field Force in Vietnam.

Weyand became commander of the 25th Infantry Division, stationed in Hawaii, in 1964. He continued to lead the division as it was introduced into operations in Vietnam in 1965 and 1966. He served as the head of the 25th Division until 1967, when he became deputy, then acting commander, and finally commander of II Field Force, Vietnam responsible for III Corps Tactical Zone comprising the 11 provinces around Saigon. In 1968, he became chief of the Office of Reserve Components.

A dissenter from General William Westmoreland's more conventional war strategy, Weyand's experience as a former intelligence officer gave him a sense of the enemy's intentions. He realized that "the key to success in Vietnam was in securing and pacifying the towns and villages of South Vietnam" (Mark Salter, John McCain "Hard Call: The Art of Great Decisions"). Weyand managed to convince a reluctant General Westmoreland to allow him to redeploy troops away from the Cambodian border area closer to Saigon, significantly contributing to making the 1968 Tet Offensive a military catastrophe for North Vietnam.

In 1969, he then was named the military advisor to Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge at the Paris Peace Talks. In 1970 he became assistant chief of staff for force development. Later in 1970, he became deputy commander and commander of the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. He succeeded General Creighton Abrams, who became the army Chief of Staff, as Commander of MACV on June 30, 1972. By the end of 1972 General Weyand had overseen the withdrawal of all United States military forces from South Vietnam

Post-Vietnam Commands and Chief of Staff

He was commander in chief of the United States Army, Pacific, 1973; was vice chief of staff of the United States Army, 1973–1974; was chief of staff of the United States Army, October 3, 1974–September 31, 1976; supervised Army moves to improve the combat-to-support troop ratio, to achieve a sixteen-division force, to enhance the effectiveness of roundout units, and to improve personnel and logistical readiness; retired from active service, October 1976.

Confidential Source for 1967 New York Times Article

In an editorial in the New York Times on December 11, 2006, Murray Fromson, a reporter for CBS during the Vietnam War, stated that General Weyand had agreed to reveal himself as the confidential source for New York Times reporter R.W. Apple's August 7, 1967 story "Vietnam: The Signs of Stalemate." General Weyand, then commander of III Corps in Vietnam, told Apple and Fromson (who reported the same story for CBS) that "I’ve destroyed a single division three times . . . I’ve chased main-force units all over the country and the impact was zilch. It meant nothing to the people. Unless a more positive and more stirring theme than simple anti-communism can be found, the war appears likely to go on until someone gets tired and quits, which could take generations." This story was the first intimation that war was reaching a stalemate, and contributed to changing sentiment about the war.[1]

Promotion dates

Rank Temporary Permanent
2nd Lieutenant May 1938 1938
1st Lieutenant June 1941 ?
Captain February 1942 July 1948
Major November 1942 July 1953
Lieutenant Colonel March 1945 September 1961
Colonel July 1955 September 1966
Brigadier General July 1960 August 1968
Major General November 1962 August 1968
Lieutenant General August 1968 ?
General October 1970 ?

External Sources

Military offices
Preceded by
Creighton W. Abrams
Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
1972–1973
Succeeded by
Command disbanded
Preceded by
Creighton W. Abrams
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Bernard W. Rogers

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