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Frederick County, Maryland
Seal of Frederick County, Maryland
Map of Maryland highlighting Frederick County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the U.S. highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Seat Frederick
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

667 sq mi (1,728 km²)
663 sq mi (1,717 km²)
4 sq mi (10 km²), 0.67%
PopulationEst.
 - (2005)
 - Density

220,701
295/sq mi (114/km²)
Founded 1748
Website FrederickCountyMD.gov

Frederick County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia. It is a part of the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Area, and is often recognized as part of Western Maryland. The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. The county seat is Frederick, which was home to several celebrated historical figures like Francis Scott Key, Thomas Johnson (governor), Roger B. Taney and Barbara Fritchie. The county (and the county seat) may have been named for Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore.[1]

Contents

History

Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's County and Baltimore County.

In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the easternmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The central portion remained Frederick County.

In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Law, government and politics

Frederick County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland. The County Attorney for Frederick County is John Stephen Mathias, Sr. The President of the Frederick County Board of County Commissioners is Jan Gardner. The sheriff of Frederick County is Chuck Jenkins. The Executive Director for the Frederick County Office of Economic Development is Laurie Boyer.

Frederick County has not voted for a Democrat for president since 1964 when it voted for Lyndon B. Johnson. In 2004 George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 59-39%.[3] In 2008 John McCain defeated Barack Obama 49.62%-48.58% or a margin of 1,157 votes.[4]

Geography

A farm in Frederick County, Maryland

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 667 square miles (1,728 km²), making it the largest county in Maryland area-wise.[5] 663 square miles (1,717 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (12 km²) of it (0.67%) is water.

Attractions in the Frederick area include the Clustered Spires, a monument to Francis Scott Key, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Monocacy National Battlefield and South Mountain battlefields, and the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.

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Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways

Demographics

Map of urban areas in Frederick County

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 195,277 people, 70,060 households, and 51,914 families residing in the county. The population density was 295 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 73,017 housing units at an average density of 110/square mile (43/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.33% White, 6.36% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 2.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.7% were of German, 12.9% American, 12.3% Irish and 10.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 70,060 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 32.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

Economy

The median income for a household in Frederick county is $60,276, and the median income for a family was $67,879. Males had a median income of $42,378 versus $30,564 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,404. About 2.90% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Fort Detrick is the largest employer in Frederick County. The largest employers aside from the government are the Frederick Memorial Healthcare System, Bechtel, SAIC and Wells Fargo.[7] Frederick County has a strong agricultural component of its economy, and it is the largest producer of milk in Maryland.[8]

Communities

Brunswick
Burkittsville
Emmitsburg
Frederick, the county seat and largest community in Frederick County.
Middletown

Frederick County contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Ballenger Creek
  2. Braddock Heights
  3. Clover Hill
  4. Discovery-Spring Garden (a combination of the communities of Discovery and Spring Garden recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  5. Green Valley
  6. Linganore-Bartonsville (a combination of the communities of Linganore and Bartonsville recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)

Other unincorporated areas include:

  1. Adamstown
  2. Buckeystown
  3. Graceham
  4. Ijamsville
  5. Jefferson
  6. Knoxville
  7. Ladiesburg
  8. Lewistown
  9. Libertytown
  10. Lake Linganore
  11. Monrovia
  12. New Midway
  13. Petersville
  14. Point of Rocks
  15. Rocky Ridge
  16. Sabillasville
  17. Sunny Side
  18. Tuscarora
  19. Urbana
  20. Utica
  21. Wolfsville

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Frederick County, Maryland — Government". Maryland State Archives. March 5, 2008. http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/mdmanual/36loc/fr/html/fr.html. Retrieved 2008-08-16.  
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  
  3. ^ 2004 election results
  4. ^ 2008 election results
  5. ^ "Frederick News-Post Local Section". The Frederick News-Post. http://www.fredericknewspost.com/sections/local/. Retrieved March 16 2007.  
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  7. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development
  8. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development (Fast Facts#Brief Economic Facts)

External links

Coordinates: 39°28′N 77°24′W / 39.47°N 77.40°W / 39.47; -77.40


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Frederick County, Maryland
Seal of Frederick County, Maryland
Map
File:Map of Maryland highlighting Frederick County.png
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the USA highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1748
Seat Frederick
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.67%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2005)
 - Density

220701
Website: www.co.frederick.md.us

Frederick County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia. It is a part of the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Area, and is often recognized as part of Western Maryland. The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. The county seat is Frederick, which was home to several celebrated historical figures like Francis Scott Key, Thomas Johnson, Roger B. Taney and Barbara Fritchie. The county may have been named for Frederick Calvert.

Contents

History

Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's County and Baltimore County.

In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the easternmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The central portion remained Frederick County.

In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County.

Law/Government

Frederick County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland.

Geography

A farm in Frederick County, Maryland

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,728 km² (667 sq mi), making it the largest county in Maryland area-wise.[1] 1,717 km² (663 sq mi) of it is land and 12 km² (4 sq mi) of it (0.67%) is water.

Attractions in the Frederick area include the Clustered Spires, a monument to Francis Scott Key, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Monocacy National Battlefield and South Mountain battlefields, and the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.

Adjacent counties

Major Highways



Demographics

Map of urban areas in Frederick County

As of the census² of 2000, there were 195,277 people, 70,060 households, and 51,914 families residing in the county. The population density was 114/km² (295/sq mi). There were 73,017 housing units at an average density of 43/km² (110/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 89.33% White, 6.36% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 2.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.7% were of German, 12.9% American, 12.3% Irish and 10.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 70,060 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 32.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

Economy

The median income for a household in Frederick county is $60,276, and the median income for a family was $67,879. Males had a median income of $42,378 versus $30,564 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,404. About 2.90% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Fort Detrick is the largest employer in Frederick County. The largest employers aside from the government are the Frederick Memorial Healthcare System, Bechtel, SAIC and Wells Fargo [2]. Frederick County has a strong agricultural component of its economy, and it is the largest producer of milk in Maryland [3].

Cities and towns

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Ballenger Creek
  2. Braddock Heights
  3. Clover Hill
  4. Discovery-Spring Garden (a combination of the communities of Discovery and Spring Garden recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  5. Green Valley
  6. Linganore-Bartonsville (a combination of the communities of Linganore and Bartonsville recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)

Other unincorporated areas include:

  1. Adamstown
  2. Graceham
  3. Ijamsville
  4. Jefferson
  5. Knoxville
  6. Ladiesburg
  7. Lewistown
  8. Libertytown
  9. Lake Linganore
  10. Monrovia
  11. New Midway
  12. Point of Rocks
  13. Rocky Ridge
  14. Sabillasville
  15. Sunny Side
  16. Tuscarora
  17. Urbana
  18. Wolfsville

Miscellaneous

The newspaper of record is The Frederick News-Post. The County Attorney for Frederick County is John Stephen Mathias, Sr. The President of the Frederick County Board of County Commissioners is Jan Gardner. The Executive Director for the Frederick County Office of Economic Development is Laurie Boyer.

References

Notes

  1. ^ Frederick News-Post Local Section. The Frederick News-Post. Retrieved on March 16, 2007.
  2. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development
  3. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development (Fast Facts#Brief Economic Facts)

External links

Coordinates: 39°28′N 77°24′W / 39.47, -77.40

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick County, Maryland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Frederick County, MarylandRDF feed
County names Frederick County, Maryland  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Maryland  +
Short name Frederick County  +

This article uses material from the "Frederick County, Maryland" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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