The Full Wiki

More info on Frederick George Jackson

Frederick George Jackson: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Frederick George Jackson at the age of 37. Portrait by Leslie Ward, 1897

Frederick George Jackson (1860–13/03/1938), British Arctic explorer, was educated at Denstone College and Edinburgh University.

His first voyage in Arctic waters was on a whaling cruise in 1886—1887, and in 1893 he made a sledge-journey of 3000 miles across the frozen tundra of Siberia lying between the Ob and the Pechora. His narrative of this journey was published under the title of The Great Frozen Land (1895).[1]

On his return, he was given the command of the Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic expedition (1894—1897). Sponsored by the Royal Geographical Society, this expedition had for objective the general exploration of Franz Josef Land. Whilst leading this expedition, Jackson and his men were contacted on June 17, 1896, by the Norwegian arctic explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his companion Hjalmar Johansen who had been missing, presumed dead, for three years, and who were trying to reach Spitsbergen by kayak. Jackson informed him that they were in fact on Franz Josef Land, and with Jackson's help, Nansen and Johansen were able to return home, departing aboard the Windward on August 7th. Jackson and his party wintered at their camp according to plan.[2] The Jackson-Harmsworth expedition proved that Franz Josef Land is nothing more than an archipelago of small islands.[3]

In recognition of his services he received a knighthood of the first class of the Norwegian Royal Order of St Olaf in 1898, and was awarded the gold medal of the Paris Geographical Society in 1899. His account of the expedition was published under the title of A Thousand Days in the Arctic (1899).

He served in South Africa with the 5th (Militia) Battalion, Manchester Regiment, during the Second Boer War, reaching the rank of Captain. He transferred to the 4th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment in 1905, serving in the First World War and reaching the rank of Major. He resigned his commission in 1917.

His travels also include a journey across the Australian deserts.

He is buried in the churchyard of St Michael and St Mary Magdalene at Easthampstead in Berkshire, and there is a memorial plaque on the wall of the church near the font.

The plaque reads:-
In memory of
Frederick George Jackson
Major. East Surrey Regiment
Commander of the Jackson-Harmsworth
polar expedition. 1894-1897.
He discovered. mapped. and named
the greater part of Franz Joseph Land
and rescued Dr Nansen.
Died 13 March 1938 aged 78 years

Sans Peur et Sans Reproche

His memorial is in St Pauls Cathedral.
His grave is in this churchyard.

R.I.P.

See also

References

  1. ^ Jackson, Frederick George (1895). The Great Frozen Land. London: Macmillan & Co.  
  2. ^ Nansen, Fridtjof (1897). Farthest North. vol. 2. New York: Harper & Brothers. pp. 522-577.  
  3. ^ Jackson, Frederick George (1899). A Thousand Days in the Arctic. vol. 2. New York: Harper & Brothers.  

External links

Wikisource-logo.svg "Jackson, Frederick George". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.  

Advertisements

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FREDERICK GEORGE JACKSON (1860-), British Arctic explorer, was educated at Denstone College and Edinburgh University. His first voyage in Arctic waters was on a whalingcruise in 1886-1887, and in 1893 he made a sledge-journey of 3000 miles across the frozen tundra of Siberia lying between the Ob and the Pechora. His narrative of this journey was published under the title of The Great Frozen Land (1895). On his return, he was given the command of the Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic expediton (1894-1897), which had for its objective the general exploration of Franz Josef Land. In recognition of his services he received a knighthood of the first class of the Danish Royal Order of St Olaf in 1898, and was awarded the gold medal of the Paris Geographical Society in 1899. His account of the expedition was published under the title of A Thousand Days in the Arctic (1899). He served in South Africa during the Boer War, and obtained the rank of captain. His travels also include a journey across the Australian deserts.


<< Cyril Jackson

Helen Maria Jackson >>


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message