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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Frederick II
Elector of Saxony
Landgrave of Thuringia
Margrave of Meissen
Frederick the Gentle
Electorate of Saxony
Reign 4 January 1428 – 7 September 1464
Predecessor Frederick I
Successor Ernest
Landgrave of Thuringia
Reign 7 May 1440 - 1445
Predecessor Frederick IV
Successor William II
Margrave of Meissen and Duke of Saxony
Reign 4 January 1428 – 7 September 1464
Predecessor Frederick IV/I
Successor Albert IV/III
Spouse Margarete of Austria
Princess Amalia, Duchess of Bavaria
Princess Anna, Electress of Brandenburg
Prince Frederick
Prince Ernest, Elector of Saxony
Prince Albert, Duke of Saxony
Princess Margarete
Princess Hedwig
Prince Alexander
House House of Wettin
Father Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Mother Katharina of Brünswick-Lüneburg
Born 22 August 1412(1412-08-22)
Died 7 September 1464 (aged 52)

Frederick II, Elector of Saxony (Frederick the Gentle) (Leipzig, 22 August 1412 – 7 September 1464 in Leipzig) was Elector of Saxony (1428-1464) and was Landgrave of Thuringia (1440-1445).



Frederick was the eldest of the seven children of Frederick I, Elector of Saxony and Katharina of Brünswick-Lüneburg.

After the death of his father in 1428 he took over the government together with his younger brothers William III, Henry and Sigismund. In 1433 the Wettins finally concluded peace with the Hussites. In 1438 it was considered the first federal state parliament of Saxony. The parliament received the right to find together in case of innovations in fiscal matters also without summoning by the ruler.

After Henry's death in 1435, and Sigismund was forced to renounce and became a bishop in (1440), Frederick and William divided their possessions. In the Division of Altenburg in 1445, William III received the Thuringian and Frankish part, and Frederick got the Eastern part of the principality. The mines remained common possessions. Disputes over the distribution led however in 1446 to the Saxon Brother War, which found an end only on 27 January 1451 with the peace of Naumburg. In the Treaty of Eger in (1459), elector Friedrich, Duke William III and the king of Bohemia George of Podebrady fixed the borders between Bohemia and Saxony, at the height of the Erzgebirge and the middle of the Elbe which still holds today. It belongs therefore to the oldest still existing borders of Europe.

After the death of Frederick, both of his sons, Ernest and Albert, first took over the government together. After Duke William III died in 1482, Thuringia returned to Frederick's line.


Frederick's ancestors in three generations
Frederick II, Elector of Saxony Father:
Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Matilde of Bavaria
Paternal Grandmother:
Katherina von Henneberg
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Heinrich XII von Henneberg
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Judith of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
Catherine of Brunswick
Maternal Grandfather:
Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Catherine of Anhalt
Maternal Grandmother:
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Wratislav VI, Duke of Pomerania
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Anna of Mecklenburg-Stargard

Family and children

In Leipzig on 3 June 1431 Frederick married Margarete of Austria, the daughter of Ernest of Austria and Cymburgis of Masovia. They had eight children:

  1. Amalia (b. Meissen, 4 April 1436 - d. Rochlitz, 19 October 1501), married on 21 March 1452 to Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria.
  2. Anna (b. Meissen, 7 March 1437 - d. Neustadt am Aisch, 31 October 1512), married on 12 November 1458 to Albert III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg.
  3. Frederick (b. Meissen, 28 August 1439 - d. Meissen, 23 December 1451).
  4. Ernest, Elector of Saxony (b. Meissen, 24 March 1441 - d. Colditz, 26 August 1486).
  5. Albrecht, Duke of Saxony (b. Grimma, 31 July 1443 - d. Emden, 12 September 1500).
  6. Margarete (b. Meissen?, 1444 - d. Seusslitz?, ca. 19 November 1498), Abbess of Seusslitz.
  7. Hedwig (b. Meissen?, 31 October 1445 - d. Quedlinburg, 13 June 1511), Abbess of Quedlinburg (1458).
  8. Alexander (b. Meissen, 24 June 1447 - d. Meissen, 14 September 1447).


Preceded by
Frederick I
Elector of Saxony
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Frederick I
Duke of Saxony
Succeeded by


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